Movie Reflection: Ten Commandments

The Ten Commandments 1956 Movie – YouTube

Who was Moses?

Who Was Moses? – YouTube

Exodus 2 GOD’S WORD Translation (GW)-
Pharaoh’s Daughter Adopts Moses
biblegateway.com
“2 A man from Levi’s family married a Levite woman. 2 The woman became pregnant and had a son. She saw how beautiful he was and hid him for three months. 3 When she couldn’t hide him any longer, she took a basket made of papyrus plants and coated it with tar and pitch. She put the baby in it and set it among the papyrus plants near the bank of the Nile River. 4 The baby’s sister stood at a distance to see what would happen to him.

5 While Pharaoh’s daughter came to the Nile to take a bath, her servants walked along the bank of the river. She saw the basket among the papyrus plants and sent her slave girl to get it. 6 Pharaoh’s daughter opened the basket, looked at the baby, and saw it was a boy. He was crying, and she felt sorry for him. She said, “This is one of the Hebrew children.”

7 Then the baby’s sister asked Pharaoh’s daughter, “Should I go and get one of the Hebrew women to nurse the baby for you?”

8 She answered, “Yes!” So the girl brought the baby’s mother.

9 Pharaoh’s daughter said to the woman, “Take this child, nurse him for me, and I will pay you.”

She took the child and nursed him. 10 When the child was old enough, she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. Pharaoh’s daughter named him Moses [Pulled Out] and said, “I pulled him out of the water.”..”

MOSES & Exodus part 1

Who Was Moses? Was He More than an Exodus Hero? biblicalarchaeology.org


Discovering the Biblical Moses
“..Moses’ story is told in the Book of Exodus, but it starts in Genesis with the story of Abraham and his family with whom God makes a covenant. Generations later the Biblical Moses draws the extended family together in the form of a nation with a structure and code of law, given to him on Mount Sinai. Below, Peter Machinist explores the story of Moses, the Exodus hero, in “The Man Moses.”

Some might say that God himself was the E..”

Judaism
*see Now You Know: Interesting Jewish “Stuff” goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

The Life of Moses – Rabbi Dr. David Gottlieb – YouTube

Who Was Moses In Judaism? – YouTube


Moses and the Passover Story – The Kids Version – YouTube

Christians
*see Religion: What is Christianity? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Who was Moses and what is his importance for Christians? bustedhalo.com
“..It is no surprise then, that when Jesus comes on the scene centuries later, one of his biggest tasks is to persuade the people that he is greater than Moses. It is the Gospel of Matthew that highlights this more than any other Gospel, emphasizing that Jesus taught his new commandments of love in his Sermon on the Mount, echoing Moses’ receiving of the Law on Mount Sinai. For Christians, then, Moses is a crucial figure because Jesus fulfills the Law that Moses brought down from the mountain. It is no coincidence that, when Jesus’ is transfigured on the mountaintop, Moses and Elijah appear with him. Moses symbolizes the Law and Elijah symbolizes the prophets. The Transfiguration is telling us without a doubt that Jesus is the fulfillment of the Law and the Prophets. ..”
20 Things You Didn’t Know about Moses in the Bible crosswalk.com
“.. But there’s much more to Israel’s mighty leader than what makes the headlines. In the list below, I’ve collected 20 fascinating but little known details about this great hero of the faith. ..”

Islam
*see Religion: Different beliefs within Islam? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Story of Moses in the Quran whyislam.org
“..Among the prophets mutually revered by Islam and Judaism is the prominent figure of Moses or Musa, peace be upon him (pbuh). A descendant of Joseph, also known as Yusuf, (pbuh), Moses played a definitive role in restoring freedom to the Israelites. While he encountered many victories, he also experienced hardships in his life….

According to Jewish tradition, the Torah was revealed to Moses by God. While the original Torah is no longer extant, great care has been taken in preserving the remaining manuscripts of the Torah by the Jewish people. These date back centuries to a time quite close to Moses’ time. Even though the Jewish scholars deem these manuscripts to be essentially the text which was revealed to Moses, Muslims do not believe that this Torah is the one originally given to Moses. Furthermore, Muslims believe that the Quran (also spelled ‘Koran’) supersedes the Torah since the Quran is the final revelation of God; as such, it is the definitive Guide and Law. (Learn more: Quran, the Word of God)..”


The Story of Prophet Moses (Musa) – Prophets of Islam – 1/4 – YouTube

History Facts?

Ethiopia

10 Fascinating Facts About The Ten Commandments (The Movie) huffingtonpost.com
“..1 ) Moses, Conquerer of Ethiopia
The grown-up Moses is introduced in The Ten Commandments when he returns to Pharoah after bringing Ethiopia into alliance with Egypt. There is no record of Moses conquering Ethiopia on behalf of Pharaoh. However, there is a Midrash (narrative from the Oral Torah) that details how, after fleeing Egypt, Moses went to Ethiopia and was named king. This occurred before he came to the tent of Jethro, where he married and became a shepherd…”

The Ten Commandments – Moses Raises an Obelisk (Ancient Egypt …

Moses & Pharaoh biblehistory.net

“.. The Bible says that the Israelites built Raamses, and since Ramesses the second, who began his rule around 1290 B.C., built a royal city named Pi-Ramesses, many just assume him to be the pharaoh of the Exodus.
But the Bible never specifically identifies the pharaoh of the Exodus by name, although it does tell us the exact date of the Exodus.
1Kings 6:1 states that Solomon began building the Temple in the fourth year of his reign, 480 years after the Exodus. The temple was started in 1012 B.C., which was derived by adding up ..

The calculation is as follows: Total reign of the Judean kings & Solomon = 434 years x 360 day Biblical year/365= 428 years + 587 B.C. = 1015 B.C. the beginning of Solomon’s reign. The temple was started in the 4th year of his reign which would be 1012 B.C.
Bishop Usher also calculated 1012 B.C. in his work “Annals of the World” way back in 1650 A.D.
So the approximate date of the Exodus can be calculated: 1012 + (480 x 360 day Biblical year/365) = 1486 B.C. And according to history, Pharaoh Ramesses did not begin his reign until around 1290 B.C., so he couldn’t have been the Exodus pharaoh….
The interesting thing about Avaris was that it was a major city of the “shepherd kings” whom some refer to as “Hyskos” while others refer to them as “Asiatics.” You see Joseph brought his father Jacob and his brothers, who were shepherds, into the land of Egypt and they were given the land of Goshen in which to raise their flocks. Pharaoh also made them the chief herdsman over all his livestock.
They basically were allowed to live independently in Goshen as subject to Joseph, who was second only to Pharaoh. After Joseph died this arrangement continued. Israel had their own rulers in the land of Goshen subject only to Pharaoh. And the capital of their kings appeared to be the supply city of Avaris, which later became part of Raamses…”

Hyksos ancient.eu
“..The Hyksos were a Semitic people who gained a foothold in Egypt c. 1782 BCE at the city of Avaris in Lower Egypt, thus initiating the era known in Egyptian history as the Second Intermediate Period (c. 1782 – c. 1570 BCE). Their name, Heqau-khasut, translates as ‘Rulers of Foreign Lands’ (given by the Greeks as Hyksos), suggesting to some scholars that they were kings or nobility driven from their homes by invasion who found refuge in the port city of Avaris and managed to establish a strong power base during the decline of the 13th Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom (2040-1782 BCE). Most likely, they were traders who were at first welcomed at Avaris, prospered, and sent word to their friends and neighbors to come join them, resulting in a large population which was able to finally exert political and then military power…”

Avaris (Tell ed-Dab’a) – the capital of the Hyksos Written by Felgr Pavel on 06 April 2013. ancientegypt.eu
“…We have documents from Avaris (Tell ed-Dab’a) with information that an Asian community operated there already in the beginning of the 13th dynasty. But this is the only convincing archaeological proof of Asian population in Egypt (who lived in a different way of life in comparison with the Egyptians) from the Middle Kingdom. There are mentions about “Asian workers camps” in contemporary texts…”

Tell el-DabaM google.com

‘.. “Pharaoh’s daughter, Thermthis, was walking along the river bank. Seeing a basket floating by, she called to her swimmers to retrieve it for her. When her servants came back with the basket, she was overjoyed to see the beautiful little infant inside . . . Thermuthis gave him the name Moses, which in Egyptian means “saved from the water” . . . Having no children of her own, she adopted him as her own son.”..”

“.. The Bible also says in Psalm 136:13-15: “To him who divided the Red Sea asunder, and brought Israel through the midst of it, but swept Pharaoh and his army into the Red Sea.”
These passages seem to indicate that Pharaoh was killed during this event…


“.. Unlike Hatshepsut and Thutmose III who said no Asiatic remained in Egypt, Thutmose I indicates the Hebrews were still in the land during his life. He states: “He who smites the Nubians and overthrows the Asiatics . . . From the marshes of Kebeh (near Heliopolis) to Elephantine. The sand dwellers bore their tribute like that made from the south (Ethiopia) and that of the North (Asiatics/Hebrews).” ..”

“.. Thutmose I also had a son by the name of Amenmose who was his eldest son and designated heir to his throne. Yet he predeceased his father, possibly in the firstborn plague. He also had another daughter named Nefrubity who also seems to have died very young. This and the fact that the mummy, of what was once identified as Thutmose I, is no longer considered to be his, gives a high probability that he is the Exodus pharaoh. For if his mummy is missing, this could possibly account for his death in the Red sea, while the mummies of all the other pharaohs who lived during the Exodus time frame have been found..”

Midianites

10 Fascinating Facts About The Ten Commandments (The Movie) huffingtonpost.com
“..5) Muslims in Midian
Jethro and his seven daughters are subtly presented as followers of an Islam-like faith. They claim Ishmael as their forefather and state that Ishmael was the son brought to the mountain as a sacrifice to God. While Jethro is portrayed in the Midrash as a man who tried a wide variety of religions and who was serving as a priest in Midian when Moses met him, he is never associated with Islam — perhaps because Islam developed hundreds of years later. Even if one were to assume that he was part of a pre-Islamic tribe descended from Ishmael, this would be false because the Midianites were descendants of Abraham and Keturah (his wife after Sarah) and not from Ishmael….”

Burning Bush

Burning Bush Scene-How can we hear God today?… – YouTube

Passover

Leaving Egypt

Crossing of the Red Sea

Moses Parts the Sea – The Ten Commandments (6/10) Movie CLIP …

Judaism: Moses Parts the Red Sea (Prince of Egypt) – YouTube

Ten Commandments

TEN COMMANDMENTS – YouTube

Miscellaneous

11 Things “The Ten Commandments” Movie Got Wrong | | Jew in the City jewinthecity.com
“.. In the Torah account of the story, although Moshe was taken from the Nile by Batya and lived in Pharoah’s house, he continued to maintain a relationship with his birth family –..

3) Moses’ Oratory Skills: Unlike Charlton Heston, a classically-trained, masterful orator, the Torah says that Moshe had a severe speech impediment, and had to relay all of his messages through his brother, Aaron..

Full Movie

The Ten Commandments 1956 Full Movie Charlton Heston … – YouTube

The Ten Commandments 1956

The Ten Commandments 2007 Full Movie HD – YouTube

Good News Movies
https://www.facebook.com/groups/162875853862124/

Archaeology

EXODUS REVEALED!!- Hard Evidence in Red Sea of Israel’s Escape From Egypt

SAUDI ARABIA

Mount Sinai

Mount Sinai- proof of the supernatural

The Real Mount Sinai Found!

Tabuk journey (Elim in saudi arabia 12 wells of water & 70 palm trees …

-Elim

The Exodus Route: Elim bible.ca

Other Languages


The Ten Commandments Movie in urdu Part 1 – Video Dailymotion

Good News Movie
https://www.facebook.com/groups/162875853862124/

Deep Thought: Where are the “original” Tribes of Israel?

12 Tribes of Israel Today: Who Are They? lifehopeandtruth.com

“..Two kingdoms

After they spent time as slaves in Egypt, God delivered Abraham’s descendants and allowed them to form the ancient nation of Israel. Over time, 10 of the tribes formed the northern kingdom of Israel and two of the tribes formed the southern kingdom of Judah. Due to their breaking of His laws, God allowed the northern kingdom to be taken captive by the Assyrians and, later, the southern kingdom to be taken by the Babylonians…”

The 12 Tribes Of Israel And Who They Are – YouTube

Where are the 10 Lost Tribes of Israel Today? The Prophecy of the Return

What Are Judaism’s Lost Tribes? By MJL Staff myjewishlearning.com
Who were they and where are they now?

“..After King Solomon died around 922 BCE, the tribes split into two kingdoms as a result of a power struggle. The northern kingdom consisted of Reuben, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Ephraim, and Menasseh. The southern kingdom was composed of Judah, Simeon, and most of Benjamin (often it was referred to simply as Judah).

In 722 BCE Assyria invaded Israel, and the northern kingdom was conquered. Many of the people who lived in the northern kingdom were exiled, mainly to Assyria, Media, and Aram-Naharaim…”

Northern Kingdom-10 Tribes

THE NORTHERN KINGDOM ISRAEL – YouTube

Quest for the Lost (10) Tribes of Israel – Documentary [Full] – YouTube

The Ten Lost Tribes | Where They Went, What They Are … – YouTube

Where Are the Ten Lost Tribes? By Yehuda Shurpin chabad.org/
The saga of the ten lost tribes of Israel—Part 3
“..So, Where Are They?

While there haven’t been any other major reports of “actual” emissaries from the ten lost tribes, there have been many other supposed discoveries and sightings of the ten lost tribes by travelers and explorers throughout history.27 This has resulted in an abundance of theories, however far-fetched they may be, about their present-day whereabouts. The list includes places such as Africa, Japan, China, India, Afghanistan, Kurdistan, the Caucasus, Yemen, Persia, and even the Americas.

Before the entire globe was explored, people postulated that perhaps the tribes were in some yet undiscovered region. Speculation spiked with the discovery of the Americas, the “new world.”28 In 1655, the great Jewish philosopher and advocate Rabbi Manasseh ben Israel used the theory that the Native Americans were descended from the ten tribes to support his petition to Oliver Cromwell for the Jews’ readmittance into Britain.29 (They had been expelled by King Edward I in 1290.)..”

Where are the Ten Lost Tribes? pbs.org

Americas

-Multiculturally Diverse

Who are the 12 tribes of Israel today?

-Natives (Ephraim)

Are Native Americans Part of the Ten Lost Tribes? By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz October 25, 2016 , 12:30 pm breakingisraelnews.com
“..Unmistakable traces of Jewish prayer echo in the voice of Joseph Riverwind, the Amahura (war chief) of the Northern Arawak Nation, the indigenous peoples of South America and Caribbean, as he sings, “Shema, shema, nayena, popaska hoya yah”. He translated this ancient Native American song for Breaking Israel News:

“Listen, listen, people, as you gather together, we will dance before the creator.” This is strongly reminiscent of the Jewish prayer, Shema, which literally means ‘hear’. ..

“Among my people, our ancient name for God is Yah Yah ‘The Supreme Spirit of Spirits’, very similar to Yahweh,” Chief Riverwind explained. “Among my wife’s ancestors, the AniKituwahYah (Cherokee), they called God YoHeWaH. And the similarities don’t stop there. They carried an ark into battle, celebrate seven feasts, kept a seventh day of rest, had cities of refuge, and don’t eat pork.”..

“Some Anishnabi (Chippewa) believe they are from the Tribe of Ephraim,” Chief Riverwind explained. “Anishnabi” is amazing similar to the Hebrew words, “Anshe Navi” (people of the Prophet). “They lived on the coast, but their legends say that before that, they came from across the great waters. We have cave-drawings of these ships that are very similar to drawings of Phoenician ships in history books.”..”

=> Gad

WE ARE FALSELY CALLED INDIANS. WE ARE THE TRIBE OF GAD. 1 OF THE 12 TRIBE OF ISRAEL

Native Elder Speaks With Israelites

Southern Kingdom-2 Tribes

Good News Yeshua
https://www.facebook.com/groups/1388157841493644/

Now You Know: Native Indigenous Tribal Cultures in America?

How many Native American tribes are in the U.S.? Lake County updated: 6/7/2011 9:45 AM dailyherald.com
“…Within the U.S., there are 562 Native American tribes. The largest are Navajo, Cherokee and Sioux. More than 3 million people in the U.S. are Native people..

…”
500 Nations – The story of native Americans – part I

Native American societies before contact | Period 1: 1491-1607 | AP US History | Khan Academy

-Understanding the Treaties of Standing Rock Sioux
*see Neutral Perspective: Dakota Access pipeline project’s Pros & Cons goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Fort Laramie Treaty APRIL 29, 1868 standingrock.org
“..REATY WITH THE SIOUX– BRULÉ, OGLALA, MINICONJOU, YANKTONAI, HUNKPAPA, BLACKFEET, CUTHEAD, TWO KETTLE, SANS ARCS, AND SANTEE–AND ARAPAHO
15 Stat., 635.
Ratified, Feb. 16, 1869.
Proclaimed, Feb. 24, 1869

Articles of a treaty made and concluded by and between Lieutenant-General William T. Sherman, General William S. Harney, General Alfred H. Terry, General C. C,. Augur, J. B. Henderson, Nathaniel G. Taylor, John B. Sanborn, and Samuel F. Tappan, duly appointed commissioners on the part of the United States, and the different bands of the Sioux Nation of Indians, by their chiefs and head-men, whose names are hereto subscribed, they being duly authorized to act in the premises.

ARTICLE 1. From this day forward all war between the parties to this agreement shall forever cease. The Government of the United States desires peace, and its honor is hereby pledged to keep it. The Indians desire peace, and they now pledge their honor to maintain it…”
Broken Promises: Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Cites History of Government Betrayal in Pipeline Fight By EVAN SIMON Nov 22, 2016, 4:31 AM ET abcnews.go.com
“..The proposed route passes through land that was once set aside for the Sioux in the 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie. That historic agreement ensured the Sioux could retain portions of five states, but ceded all of their land east of the Missouri River to the U.S. government in exchange for money, agricultural aid and strict rules about any access to Sioux territory by outsiders. However, the agreement was short-lived. ..
Things only got worse for the Sioux after gold was discovered at the headwaters of the Missouri River in 1861, prompting a flood of settlers. The tribes repeatedly objected to the intrusions and demanded government recognition of the 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty, but their complaints fell on deaf ears.

By 1868, the U.S. government and representatives of various Sioux tribes convened once again at Fort Laramie. The resulting treaty established a much smaller territory known as the Great Sioux Reservation, but under Article 12 no further land loss could occur unless approved by three-fourths of adult Sioux males.

Nevertheless, after gold was discovered in the sacred Black Hills of South Dakota deep in Sioux territory, Congress passed the Act of 1877 which ceded the Black Hills to the United States without tribal approval in one of the most controversial land grabs in U.S. history. ..

Since then, the Standing Rock Reservation’s borders have essentially remained the same, though the tribe claims it lost thousands of acres of its best lands to flooding after the government erected several dams along the Missouri River without consulting the tribe in the mid-20th century. ..”
*see Deep Thought: Broken Promises-Who to trust? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Road Trip Vlog Pt. 4: Driving from NE Region SD to SE Mobridge SD

Phyllis Young from Standing Rock Sioux Nation in Denver, Colorado <-click on youtube video , ..

“…We want no pipeline. We want no oil going through our river, through our land. We want alternative energy sources—the sun is our brother. The sun is our natural world, and we need to utilize the solar and the natural energies that probably will devastate the capitalist world, but that’s how it has to be. We’re at a new threshold of human rights. It’s not about just us. It’s about the whole world. It’s about Mother Earth, having endured her suffering for this long, she needs our help. She needs our protection. She’s a female, and Indigenous people are the keepers of Mother Earth. We’re obligated to keep her water for her, and maintain the life as created, and for us. We have deep spiritual obligation to protect our place—so we’re petitioning the United Nation’s Human Rights Commission to send observers here, and we’re petitioning the commission to eliminate racial discrimination with a formal charge on the Bismarck route being changed to Standing Rock. We are invoking all of our rights to the water, to the treaty crossing, and we need allies to help us continue … We are here for the long haul. We are here. We’re staying here until there is no pipeline…”15 Indigenous Women on the Frontlines of the Dakota Access Pipeline Resistance ecowatch.com
*see Neutral Perspective: Pro & Anti-Pipeline

-Prophecy?

Native American Prophecy Chief Red Cloud about Earths Destruction


“Published on Jul 22, 2010

HD Version – See my channel for Non-HD Version. World in Peril: Chief Red Cloud, Native American leaders, Medicine Men and Medicine women talk about an Environment in Crisis. About the BP oil spill and water shortage. We must live and teach Love and Respect for everything.”
*see Deep Thought: Who to “blame” for the world’s corruption? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

-History

500 Nations – The story of native Americans – part I


Apocalypto (2006) imdb.com
“..As the Mayan kingdom faces its decline, the rulers insist the key to prosperity is to build more temples and offer human sacrifices. Jaguar Paw, a young man captured for sacrifice, flees to avoid his fate. ..”
THE TRUTH OF NATIVE AMERICANS BEFORE THE GENOCIDE from youtube.com
“..Published on Aug 24, 2014

Still Celebrate Thanksgiving?! TRUE Native American History (Pre-American Colonialism) The American “Education” System Is A Joke. The TRUTH Shall Prevail In The End! (No Copyright Infringment Intended) Source: Russia Today News LINK : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lHZWG_&#8230;.”

Theory?:
The American Indian: Descended From The Ten Lost Tribes? (Part II) By: Dr. Yitzchok Levine
Published: February 4th, 2015 jewishpress.com
“..If the American Indians were of Hebrew descent, their DNA would correlate with Middle Eastern genetic markers, which it does not. Thus, DNA testing contradicts the doctrine that the aborigine peoples living here when the New World was discovered were descended from the ten lost tribes…”
Anomalous Native American DNA: New Tests Show Middle East Origins? By Tara MacIsaac, Epoch Times October 26, 2014 AT 1:24 PM Last Updated: May 3, 2016 9:41 am theepochtimes.com
“..He found what he sees as strong evidence that Cherokee Native Americans have Middle Eastern ancestry—ancestry that cannot be accounted for by modern admixture, but which is rooted in the ancient origins of the people…”

-Map

Maps of United States Indians by State native-languages.org
The Map Of Native American Tribes You’ve Never Seen Before June 24, 2014·4:03 PM ET Heard on All Things Considered native-languages.org npr.org
“..For more than a decade, he consulted history books and library archives, called up tribal members and visited reservations as part of research for his map project, which began as pencil-marked poster boards on his bedroom wall. So far, he has designed maps of the continental U.S., Canada and Mexico. A map of Alaska is currently in the works.

What makes Carapella’s maps distinctive is their display of both the original and commonly known names of Native American tribes, according to Doug Herman, senior geographer at the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C.
..”

Tribes by State – Native American SuperSite! 500nations.com
Different Native American Tribes


“..Published on Sep 12, 2016

Alphabetic listing of Native American Indian tribes of South, Central, and North America, … Vocabulary lists from the languages of various American Indian tribes. In the United States, an Indian tribe, Native American tribe, tribal nation or similar concept is. The term is also used to refer to various groups of Native Americans bound together for social, political, or religious purposes, including descendants .Native Americans – Tribes/Nations HistoryOnTheNetThere is a list of federally recognized tribes in the contiguous United States of America. There are also federally recognized Alaska Native tribes. As of January . 0 Tribe (Native American) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaApr 8, 2014 – There were many different Native American tribes and those with similar characteristics formed a main tribe or nation. Each had its own .List of federally recognized tribes – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Native American Cultures – Native American History – HISTORYFind out more about the history of Native American Cultures, including. It was also more diverse: Its estimated 100 different tribes and groups spoke more .

TOP 50 QUESTIONS ABOUT AMERICAN INDIAN TRIBES Frequently.Comprehensive guide to Indian Tribes including the Apache, Sioux, Cherokee,. The clothes and clothing of all the different tribes of Native American Indians.Diversity of Native American Groups [ushistory]Because many Native American Indian tribes have occupied North America for. Various types of tribal rolls are used by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and .Native Indian Tribes ***There were over 200 North American tribes speaking over 200 different languages. The United States used the uniqueness of the Navajo language to its .

My experience at #Standing Rock increased my interest in the Native culture that will be an on-going learning lesson…

South Centeral

American Indian Tribes and the United States Government by James Riding In


“Uploaded on Feb 14, 2011

Nebraska State Historical Society Brown Bag Lecture “American Indian Tribes and the United States Government” by Dr. James Riding In filmed on November 16, 2010 at the Nebraska History Museum in Lincoln, NE.”

SOUTHEASTERN

Meet the State-Recognized Virginia Indian Tribes home.nps.gov
Virginia Indians: Meet the Tribes


“Published on Nov 25, 2013

Meet the 11 state recognized Indian tribes of Virginia in this video from the Virginia Department of Education.”

Famous Known Natives

Top 10 Most Famous Native Americans

-Sitting Bull

Mix Ethnicity/Racial Backgrounds

Deep Thought: Does it matter if your part of another “ethnicity or race”? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Gospel Resources

Gospel Resources for Native Americans ethnicharvest.org
“A special welcome to all visitors of Native American heritage! This page contains links to Bibles, stories and web sites written in First Nation languages which tell about Jesus and His love for the Native American people.

Many followers of Jesus are praying that God will bless the Native American people, and some of the links on this page have information to help them learn more about Native American languages and culture.

Thank you for visiting. May the grace and peace of God be yours today! ..”

Good News Circles of Tribes

Deep Thought: What “good” has come out of this #StandingRock ?

Awareness of Native Tribes

Since this movement, the nation and worlds’ interest has grown on understanding of knowing more of the indigenous people..

Standing rock news | standing rock protest | 7 history lessons of the Dakota Access Pipeline


“Published on Nov 18, 2016

standing rock news | standing rock protest | 7 history lessons that help explain the Dakota Access Pipeline protests
The safety of the water supply is the immediate issue at Standing Rock, but the discussions at camp go well beyond Dakota Access. There’s talk of treaties, discovery doctrines, environmental racism and centuries of unkept promises undergirding the pipeline fight.
Thank you for seeing our videos
My blog link : https://goo.gl/zcQnw8
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From 280 Tribes, a Protest on the Plains By JACK HEALY SEPT. 11, 2016 Related Article nytimes.com
“NEAR CANNON BALL, N.D. — When visitors turn off a narrow North Dakota highway and drive into the Sacred Stone Camp, where thousands have come to protest an oil pipeline, they thread through an arcade of flags whipping in the wind. Each represents one of the 280 Native American tribes that have flocked here in what activists are calling the largest, most diverse tribal action in at least a century, perhaps since Little Bighorn.

They have come from across the Plains and the Mountain West, from places like California, Florida, Peru and New Zealand. They are Oglala Lakota, Navajo, Seneca, Onondaga and Anishinaabe. Their names include Keeyana Yellowman, Peter Owl Boy, Santana Running Bear and Darrell Holy Eagle.

Some came alone, driving 24 hours straight across the Plains when they saw news on social media about the swelling protest. Some came in caravans with dozens of friends and relatives. One man walked from Bismarck. ..”

“Celebrities” and Known Leaders “Standing-up”

Passionate Mark Ruffalo Amazing Uncut Speech At Standing Rock #wniwiconi #Share! 11/18/16 , from youtube.com

Susan Sarandon irate over North Dakota pipeline from youtube.com

Legislation Pressure on the Oil Pipeline Industry

Feds Order Correction to Plan to North Dakota Pipeline Owner By The Associated Press BILLINGS, Mont. — Dec 21, 2016, 2:59 PM ET abcnews.go.com
“… Federal regulators have outlined corrective steps that must take place before a company may restart a pipeline that leaked 176,000 gallons of oil into and along a creek in western North Dakota.

The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration issued the order Tuesday to Belle Fourche (foosh) Pipeline Co.

Company spokeswoman Wendy Owen says the order is under review.

A landowner spotted the spill Dec. 5, after the company’s monitoring equipment failed to detect the rupture.

The company says erosion of a hillside might have ruptured the pipe, but the cause is still being investigated. A precise location of the break is unknown.

The federal agency’s order requires the company to excavate the pipeline in the area of the break, including where it’s placed 45 feet below the creek bed…”
*see North Dakota: Oil Impact on Communities Archives

“… President Barack Obama’s administration is expected to push through long-delayed safety measures for the nation’s sprawling network of oil pipelines in its final days, despite resistance from industry and concern that incoming president Donald Trump may scuttle them.

The measures are aimed at preventing increasingly frequent accidents such as a 176,000-gallon spill that fouled a North Dakota creek earlier this month. Thousands more spills over the past decade caused $2.5 billion in damages nationwide and dumped almost 38 million gallons of fuel.

Fights over pipelines have intensified in recent years, illustrated by the dispute over TransCanada’s Keystone XL plan and efforts by American Indians to stop the Dakota Access Pipeline from crossing beneath the Missouri River near the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation…
*see Neutral Perspective: Dakota Access pipeline project’s Pros & Cons

-Canada

From Standing Rock to Trans Mountain, dissent is in the pipeline Shawn McCarthy AND Justine Hunter OTTAWA AND VICTORIA The Globe and Mail (includes correction) Last updated: Thursday, Dec. 15, 2016 4:52PM EST theglobeandmail.com
The fragile victory by protesters at Standing Rock has galvanized indigenous communities north of the border, with some leaders now pledging to block the bitterly contested Trans Mountain pipeline. With his recent approval of that project, write Shawn McCarthy and Justine Hunter, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s biggest challenge may be yet to come
“.. “We are a part of that movement that happened at Standing Rock – a lot of us have been awakened,” said Andre Bear, a Cree from Saskatchewan who is co-chair of the Assembly of First Nations’ youth council. “You see the revitalization that is really bursting out after years of oppression.”

Mr. Bear, a student at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, visited Standing Rock in August and was impressed by the alliance of indigenous and non-indigenous people. ..”

Model Path of Peace & Love for Reconciliation

Deep Thought: Different Faiths With One Spirit goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

*Note: Some others my think otherwise due to the violence in both sides (e.g. law enforcement and “protestors”), but from my personal experience during the first weekend. It was prayfully and peaceful.

Above are just “some” of the “good” that came out of this social movement (see Neutral Perspective: Dakota Access Pipeline Projects Pros & Cons ), which I pray and hope to continue in 2017. Any others that you would like to add?

Good News Sociology
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North Dakota: Oil Impact on Communities Archives

Bakken Oil Fields

Bakken Formation: News, Map, Videos and Information Sources geology.com
“..The Bakken Formation is one of the largest contiguous deposits of oil and natural gas in the United States. It is an interbedded sequence of black shale, siltstone and sandstone that underlies large areas of northwestern North Dakota, northeastern Montana, southern Saskatchewan and southwestern Manitoba. ..”
A Brief History of North Dakota Oil Production northdakotaoil.wordpress.com

In North Dakota’s Bakken oil boom, there will be blood By Jennifer Gollan / June 13, 2015 revealnews.org
“…Brendan Wegner, 21, had been scrambling down a derrick ladder when the well exploded, consuming him in a fiery tornado of oil and petroleum vapors. Rescuers found his body pinned under a heap of twisted steel pipes melted by the inferno. His charred hands were recovered later, still gripping the derrick ladder. It was his first day on the rig.

Hardy died the next day of his burns. Twinn had his lower legs amputated. Dogged by post-traumatic stress disorder, he killed himself in October 2013. Each left behind three children. Hysjulien suffered debilitating third-degree burns over half of his body. He is the lone survivor.

To this day, the explosion – pieced together from interviews, court documents and federal and local reports – remains the worst accident in the expansive Bakken oil fields since the boom began in 2006…”

Saltwater Spill in Bear Den Bay
July 11, 2014
By Ali Guio mss-lawfirm.com
“..Over the Fourth of July weekend, a pipe carrying saltwater (also called “brine”) separated near North Dakota’s badlands and spilled an estimated one million gallons of the oil and gas production byproduct. Brine is ten to thirty times saltier than seawater. The saltwater spill extended nearly two miles down a steep ravine and left a swath of dead vegetation in its path. The polluted ravine flows into Bear Den Bay, which is a tributary to man-made Lake Sakakawea. Lake Sakakawea provides drinking water to the nearby Fort Berthold Indian Reservation. The natural resources administrator for the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara tribes expressed concern that because the spill occurred at the top of a craggy bluff, the terrain would hinder efforts preserve the Reservation’s drinking water supply. An investigation Thursday by the Environmental Protection Agency revealed that the saltwater reached Bear Den Bay, but that most of the spill was pooled into the ground or held behind beaver dams. The pipeline in question was not equipped with a monitor that would have alerted the company to the spill before this large amount of brine had escaped. The spill was discovered when the company noticed a discrepancy in production loss reports and investigated. ..”

Did the N Dakota Pipeline Poisoned Drinking Water?


“..Published on Jan 27, 2015

Tyson Slocum, Public Citizen’s Energy Program, joins Thom. Residents of North Dakota are dealing with a toxic spill of brine – an oil and gas production byproduct – while more news is coming out about a massive oil spill in the Yellowstone River. How much damage are these spills doing to our environment – and why aren’t we moving beyond fossil fuels?
..”

Persistent Water and Soil Contamination Found at N.D. Wastewater Spills
By Zahra Hirji
May 5, 2016 dailyyonder.com
“..The results “indicate that the water contamination from brine spills is remarkably persistent in the environment,” Duke scientists wrote in their study published last week in the journal Environmental Science & Technology. The contamination included high levels of selenium, known to be toxic to fish and wildlife, and radioactive radium…

More than 4,000 spills have occurred in North Dakota since 2001, state records show. While many of these spills involve small amounts of wastewater, an investigation by Inside Energy last year showed these spills are increasing in size and frequency. In a move to curb these spills, state regulators are drafting new stricter construction and monitoring requirements for wastewater pipelines…

Two of the largest spills were the subject of the recent study. The biggest was discovered in January 2015 when a pipeline sprung a leak in the northwestern corner of the state near the town of Williston. Approximately 3 million gallons of wastewater was released, contaminating at least two waterways, including Blacktail Creek. (This same pipeline leaked againearlier this year close to the previous spill site.) In July 2014, about a million gallons of wastewater spilled out of a different pipeline in western North Dakota. Called the Bear Den Bay spill, it occurred in the Fort Berthold Reservation and impacted a tributary of Lake Sakakawea..”

Some water samples had metal concentrations exceeding federal environmental and drinking water regulations. Selenium levels at most spill sites were 35 times higher than those recommended for freshwater aquatic life. And the radium levels observed were 10 to 100 times higher than the levels found at non-spill sites, with the potential to linger in the soil for centuries…”
*see Environment: Clean Water Rights? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Health Issues

(Health: Effects from Water Contaminated by Oil Spills goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com)

Potential Health and Environmental Effects of Hydrofracking in the Williston Basin, Montana -Author: Joe HoffmanHow to Teach Controversial Topics » serc.carleton.edu
“…Health Effects of Fracking:

A 2011 article in the journal, Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, examined the potential health impacts of oil and gas drilling in relation to the chemicals used during drilling, fracking, processing,and delivery of natural gas. The paper compiled a list of 632 chemicals (an incomplete list due to trade secrecy exemptions) identified from drilling operations throughout the U.S. Their research found that 75% of the chemicals could affect the skin, eyes,and other sensory organs, and the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. Approximately 40–50% could affect the brain/nervous system, immune and cardiovascular systems, and the kidneys; 37% could affect the endocrine system; and 25% could cause cancer and mutations.

Health impacts from fracking are only now being examined by health experts, since such large-scale drilling is a recent phenomenon. Exposure to toxic chemicals even at low levels can cause tremendous harm to humans; the endocrine system is sensitive to chemical exposures measuring in parts-per-billions, or less. Nevertheless, many of the health risks from the toxins used during the fracking process do not express themselves immediately, and require studies looking into long-term health effects.

Despite the complexities of the on-site mixtures of chemicals and their specific contributions to health and environmental problems involved in fracking–conventional drilling practices are more old school and do have known health consequences. Researchers at the Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, analyzed existing research of exposure to conventional petroleum hydrocarbons in occupational settings, and residences near refineries, in conjunction with known pollutants associated with fracking (nonconventional), in order to assess health risks to those residents living near fracking operations. Their basic conclusions were: the closer you live to drilling operations, the greater your health risk. Sounds obvious, but if you were to sue an oil company for the suspected killing a loved one via cancer, you would need a little more legal ammunition than “it just makes common sense” against an army of corporate lawyers.
..”

In North Dakota and Nationwide, A Boom in Health Problems Accompanies Fracking By Nicholas Kusnetz May 21, 2012 archive.onearth.org
“..Although a handful of North Dakota residents have complained about odors or health effects from drilling near their homes, the Schilkes are the first in the region to report such widespread and sustained health problems. But while their symptoms may be new to North Dakota, they mirror those reported in recent years in gas fields from the Rockies to the Appalachians. Residents of several states have experienced a suite of symptoms — including rashes, congestion, dizziness, nausea, and even cancer — that they say began when drilling and fracking came to their neighborhoods…”

North Dakota Spill Leaks 120,000 Gallons of Oil & Wastewater By James Burgess – May 23, 2016, 11:08 AM CDT oilprice.com
“…Health investigators continue to monitor the spill, which Denbury believes was ultimately caused by a power outage that led to sensor failure.

Huge vacuums were being used to suck up the spilled waste from the pastureland and then crews were forced to dig around 18 inches into the ground to remove the contaminated layer of pastureland
..”

Oil Pipeline Shut Down After Spill, Just 200 Miles From Standing Rock Energy| Dec. 06, 2016 06:05PM EST Dan Zukowski ecowatch.com
“..A six-inch crude oil pipeline operated by Belle Fourche Pipeline Company in western North Dakota was shut down following discovery of a leak on Monday. The amount of the spill was not immediately known, but oil has leaked into the Ash Coulee Creek in Billings County.

The site of the spill is about 200 miles from the camp where members of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and their supporters have been protesting the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline.
..”

-Others
*see Now you Know: History of Oil Spills goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

North Dakota oil spill 3 times larger than first estimated
BLAKE NICHOLSON,Associated Press 5 hours ago (Friday, March 24th 2017) yahoo.com
“BISMARCK, N.D. (AP) — A December oil pipeline spill in western North Dakota might have been three times larger than first estimated and among the biggest in state history, a state environmental expert said Friday.

About 530,000 gallons of oil is now believed to have spilled from the Belle Fourche Pipeline that was likely ruptured by a slumping hillside about 16 miles northwest of Belfield in Billings County, Health Department environmental scientist Bill Seuss said. The earlier estimate was about 176,000 gallons.

No decision has been made on any fines against Wyoming-based True Cos., which operates the pipeline. The company says it is committed to cleaning up the spill and that the job is about 80 percent done.

“There’s no timeline for completion, spokeswoman Wendy Owen said. “We will be there until it is” done.

A company’s efforts to clean up after an oil spill are a large factor in how much of a fine is levied, according to Seuss.

“We tend to hold off on those. It’s kind of a motivator,” he said.

The largest oil pipeline spill in North Dakota was 840,000 gallons, in a wheat field near Tioga in September 2013.

In the December spill, an unknown amount of oil flowed into Ash Coulee Creek, which feeds into the Little Missouri River, a tributary of the Missouri River. Seuss said no oil made it into those rivers or into any drinking water source, but that the focus is on cleaning up the creek before spring grazing season, since cattle drink from the waterway.

There have been no confirmed cases of livestock or wildlife deaths related to the spill. One rancher reported some cattle deaths but refused to allow the state veterinarian to do a necropsy, according to Seuss. Cleanup crews also found a dead beaver, but it’s not known what caused the death.

The pipeline had been leaking since being restarted Dec. 1 following routine maintenance, Seuss said. A landowner discovered the spill on Dec. 5.

There is still oil seeping out of the hillside but it’s being contained. Soil remediation work could take “a year or more,” Seuss said.”

In North Dakota and Nationwide, A Boom in Health Problems Accompanies Fracking By Nicholas Kusnetz

May 21, 2012 archive.onearth.org
“..Schilke lost 25 pounds in the summer of 2009 and started having trouble breathing. She had constant diarrhea and would get lightheaded. Her husband Steve’s asthma worsened, frequently leaving him tired and short of breath. The couple began getting unusual muscle aches. The following winter, Jacki got another rash, a quarter-sized spot on her leg that wouldn’t go away. She visited a neurologist who couldn’t explain what was happening. She noticed an ammonia-like smell in the house and started looking for a source, thinking that might be what was making them sick. “Hell, I hauled shit out of here by truckloads,” Jacki says. “I threw everything away. There wasn’t even a bottle of cleaner left in this house.”..”
News Releases – North Dakota Department of Health health.nd.gov

..
Truck Accident Causes Produced Water Spill in Dunn County (12/5/2016)
The North Dakota Department of Health (NDDoH) has been notified of a produced water spill resulting from a truck accident in Dunn County. Produced water is a by-product of oil and gas development. The spill occurred Friday, Dec. 2, approximately 6 miles north of Killdeer and was reported by Creek Energy Services on Saturday, Dec. 3.

Oil Spill in Billings County (12/5/2016)
The North Dakota Department of Health (NDDoH) was notified today of an oil spill resulting from a pipeline leak. The location is in Billings County approximately 16 miles northwest of Belfield. The 6-inch in diameter pipeline is operated by Belle Fourche Pipeline.

Source Water Spill Reported in Bowman County (12/2/2016)
The North Dakota Department of Health (NDDoH) has been notified that a 2,000-barrel source water spill occurred approximately 12 miles southwest of Rhame in Bowman County. Source water is used for enhanced oil recovery and is higher in dissolved solids and minerals than fresh water, but does not carry the same environmental implications as produced water. The well is owned by Denbury Onshore.
..”

Environmental Incident Reports ndhealth.gov
Spill Tracker, May 20, 2015 The Editors nrdc.org
An explosion in North American fossil fuel extraction has led to a dangerous rise in pipeline spills and oil train derailments.
Company: Equipment didn’t detect North Dakota oil leak Associated Press Associated Press By JAMES MacPHERSON, Associated Press msn.com 2 hrs ago (Monday, December 12th 2016)
“..BISMARCK, N.D. (AP) — Electronic monitoring equipment failed to detect a pipeline rupture that spewed more than 176,000 gallons of crude oil into a North Dakota creek, the pipeline’s operator said Monday.

It’s not yet clear why the monitoring equipment didn’t detect the leak, Wendy Owen, a spokeswoman for Casper, Wyoming-based True Cos., which operates the Belle Fourche Pipeline, said.

A landowner discovered the spill near Belfield on Dec. 5, according to Bill Suess, an environmental scientist with the North Dakota Health Department.

Suess said the spill migrated about almost 6 miles from the spill site along Ash Coulee Creek, and it fouled an unknown amount of private and U.S. Forest Service land along the waterway. The creek feeds into the Little Missouri River, but Seuss said it appears no oil got that far and that no drinking water sources were threatened. The creek was free-flowing when the spill occurred but has since frozen over…”

Legislation

Tesoro Pipeline Spill: Leak Detection and Public Notification — Two System Failures?


Lawmakers Move to Regulate Pipelines, After a Record Spill in a Drilling Boom
By Zahra Hirji, InsideClimate News Mar 11, 2015
North Dakota has 20,000 miles of largely unregulated ‘gathering lines,’ and that number is expected to increase by around 60% over the next five years.
“..In North Dakota, the number of drilling-related spills occurring annually has steadily increased in recent years, according to an analysis by Inside Energy, a news site. In 2010, there were about 1,000 spills reported. In 2013, there were around twice as many reported.

Since the start of the year, there have been six large spills in North Dakota: five dumped at least 450 gallons of fracking byproduct, and one spilled nearly 500 gallons of oil, according to the state’s online spill databases.

Among those accidents was the largest wastewater spill in North Dakota since the fracking boom kicked off in the early 2000s. On Jan. 6, the spill near Williston was discovered by an employee of the pipeline’s operator, Meadowlark Midstream Company, LLC. Some 2.2 million gallons gushed through a hole 2 inches in diameter­­­––the width of two quarters side-by-side.

Water sampling shows the spill affected at least two local waterways in the Missouri River watershed—Blacktail Creek and Little Muddy River—as well as groundwater around the rupture site. Officials say the spill doesn’t pose a health threat—and that no water wells have been impacted. The pipeline in question measures 4 inches in diameter and is made of a composite material called Fiberspar.

The pipe was immediately shut off after the leak was discovered. The ruptured section of the pipe has been replaced but the line remains shut off. The cause of the spill is still being investigated. According to local news organization Inforum, the pipeline was outfitted with equipment to allow remote monitoring, but the company wasn’t using the technology. Instead, workers checked for leaks using handheld devices.

The wastewater comes from deep underground. When a well is first tapped, flowback, a mix of the slurry cocktail used to blast open the rock and minimal amounts of produced water, comes back up. Once oil and gas start to flow out, produced water continues to gush up for months.
..”

Updates:

This is Mandaree facebook.com
https://www.facebook.com/ThisisMandaree/posts/489277204553293

Oil Companies Running N. Dakota

Oil companies dumping radioactive waste in ND The Rachel Maddow Show 3/12/14 msnbc.com
Oil Companies Dumping Radioactive Waste in North Dakota – The Rachel Maddow Show


Over Residents’ Objections, North Dakota Lets Oil Companies Dump Radioactive Waste August 10, 2016 governing.com
“..Despite some very emotional testimony, calls of “Why aren’t you listening to us?” along with scientific input, the council voted unanimously on Tuesday to ratify the new rules allowing up to 50 picocuries of radioactive waste from oil and gas production in specially permitted landfills.

After the vote, the council’s attorney said it will ask a district court judge for a summary judgment to end the lawsuit filed by the Dakota Resource Council and the North Dakota Energy Industry Waste Coalition. The suit challenges any actions stemming from the original, illegal meeting.

Assistant attorney Jeff Erickson said the request for a summary judgment would be based on the fact that, by replaying and ratifying the entire agenda from last August, “everything that would have happened has happened.”

The groups’ attorney, Sarah Vogel, said she intends to continue the suit. The Health Council scheduled Tuesday’s do-over after the district court threw out its earlier request to have the case dismissed.
..”

North Dakota: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)


“Published on Oct 11, 2015

North Dakota is known for being polite, but perhaps they’ve been a little too hospitable to oil companies.

Connect with Last Week Tonight online…
Subscribe to the Last Week Tonight YouTube channel for more almost news as it almost happens: http://www.youtube.com/user/LastWeekTonight

Find Last Week Tonight on Facebook like your mom would:
http://Facebook.com/LastWeekTonight

Follow us on Twitter for news about jokes and jokes about news:

Visit our official site for all that other stuff at once:
http://www.hbo.com/lastweektonight

Massive 2013 oil spill in North Dakota still not cleaned up by James MacPherson | AP

December 18 at 11:16 AM
“..North Dakota regulators initially thought just 750 barrels of oil was involved in the spill, but later updated the amount exponentially. They also expanded the affected acreage from about 7 — the size of seven football fields — to about 13 acres, Suess said. The cleanup has cost Tesoro more than $49 million to date and is expected to top $60 million, according to recent filings to the state…”

Oil Well View from Amtrak Empire: Montana-North Dakota Train Ride

Good News USA
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Deep Thought: Broken Promises-Who to trust?

Ever been on the other side of a “broken” promise? What was it for? How did it make you feel? Now, let’s flip the coin, have you ever broken a promise to someone?

We are all humans, which we all make mistakes. However, how much is “enough”?

-Family

7 Things That Happen When You Break Promises to Your Children imom.com
“..If our kids’ fleeting disappointment was the only negative outcome from our broken promises, that would be one thing. But our words have power, and when we misuse them, it’s a pretty big deal. Consider these seven things that happen when you break promises to your kids:

1. We teach them not to trust us. If your child can’t trust you in the little promises, how will they trust you in the big ones?..”

-Government

=>Native Americans

->Neutral Perspective: Dakota Access pipeline project’s Pros & Cons

Green light, red light for Dakota Access Pipeline By Ralph Ellis, Ray Sanchez and Holly Yan, CNN cnn.com
“..First, a federal judge rejected the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe’s efforts to stop construction of the crude oil pipeline that would run from North Dakota to Illinois, saying the tribe failed to show “it will suffer injury that would be prevented by any injunction the court could issue.”

But later in the day, the Army and US Justice and Interior departments jointly announced they would stop — at least temporarily — pipeline work under a lake the tribe considers a crucial water source.
They asked the pipeline company to voluntarily halt construction within 20 miles of Lake Oahe while the Army reconsiders the decision to proceed under the National Environmental Policy Act or other federal laws. ..”

Barack Broken Promise to Native Americans DAPL Pipelines New Bid Misdemeanor No Bail


“..Hundreds protest Dakota Access pipeline at White House
On the 13th of September, hundreds gathered at the White House to demand that President Obama revoke all permits for the Dakota Access Pipeline. One of the speakers reported 22 arrests on Sep 13 at Standing Rock, where Energy Transfer is attempting to continue DAPL construction in defiance of demands from the Dept of the Interior and US Army Corps of Engineers that construction be stopped…”

Standing Rock Sioux Continue Opposition To Dakota Access Pipeline 4:21 October 30, 20165:00 PM ET Heard on All Things Considered npr.org
“..MARTIN: Well, to that end, though, one consideration in this case is the history of the relationship between the Sioux Nation and the U.S. government, which many people see as a history of broken promises, early treaties that were broken to lands like the Black Hills, which were taken during the Gold Rush. And I am wondering how much of the intensity of feeling around this, which has attracted not just the Standing Rock Nation members but also, you know, tribal members from around the country, how much of it is, in part, because of that…”

With more than 500 treaties already broken, the government can do whatever it wants, it seems…
By Samuel Vargo Friday Nov 21, 2014 · 4:06 PM CDT dailykos.com
“..More than 500 treaties have been made between the government and Indian tribes and all were broken, nulllified or amended. Nothing’s changed. The mere fact that the Keystone XL oil pipeline has even been considered is a violation of law and shouldn’t have seen blueprints, let alone having this North American monster voted on by the Senate and House of Representatives…

Nothing’s changed since then, actually. The Senate vote Tuesday was solely based on GREED and self-interest by Self-Serve-a-tive politicians who have been lambasted continually as being mere pawns for Big Oil & Gas, along with the interests of the egregious Koch Brothers.
The South Dakota Black Hills contains some of the most antediluvian mountains in the world, encompassing over 5,000 acres. And the Black Hills have been held sacred by the Lakota people since antiquity. The 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty designated the sovereignty of the Lakota people and prohibited outside settlers to ever occupy their lands. All this changed, though, in 1874 when gold was found in the Black Hills and in other areas held sovereign by the Lakota and non-Indian miners swarmed the Black Hills. Consequently, the federal government reneged on the Fort Laramie Treaties and took total control of the Black Hills again, only a decade after signing the second treaty.

The 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty, by the way, clearly defined boundaries owned by the Lakota people and if the land boundaries of this treaty were actually upheld by the federal government, a very large Indian state about twice the size of Oklahoma would now be situated somewhere in the upper Midwest, probably between Minnesota and Montana. But Wasi’chu had other plans and in 1862, President Abraham Lincoln allowed for a flood of white settlers into Native lands by signing the Homestead Act. In retaliation, there was an Indian uprising in 1863 by the Santee Sioux tribe in Minnesota which resulted in the largest mass-hanging in U.S. history wherein 38 Sioux men were hanged by order of President Abraham Lincoln. Ironically, the mass-execution came only two days after Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation…”
Broken Promises: Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Cites History of Government Betrayal in Pipeline Fight By EVAN SIMON Nov 22, 2016, 4:31 AM ET abcnews.go.com
“…Things only got worse for the Sioux after gold was discovered at the headwaters of the Missouri River in 1861, prompting a flood of settlers. The tribes repeatedly objected to the intrusions and demanded government recognition of the 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty, but their complaints fell on deaf ears.

By 1868, the U.S. government and representatives of various Sioux tribes convened once again at Fort Laramie. The resulting treaty established a much smaller territory known as the Great Sioux Reservation, but under Article 12 no further land loss could occur unless approved by three-fourths of adult Sioux males.

Nevertheless, after gold was discovered in the sacred Black Hills of South Dakota deep in Sioux territory, Congress passed the Act of 1877 which ceded the Black Hills to the United States without tribal approval in one of the most controversial land grabs in U.S. history.
..”

=>Politicians

Tracking politicians’ promises politifact.com
Trust Us: Politicians Keep Most Of Their PromisesBy Timothy Hill Filed under 2016 Election Apr 21, 2016 at 6:33 AM fivethirtyeight.com

=>Presidents

10 Famous Presidential Promises Updated 3:58 PM ET, Fri February 5, 2016 cnn.com
The Top 10 Broken Promises Of The Obama Presidency Broken Promises – January 11, 2016 gop.com

Broken Campaign Promises: A History: Photos
Current Events Dec 12, 2012 03:00 AM ET seeker.com

Media
US Intelligence What Edward Snowden Leaked Was Nothing Compared to What He Didn’t
By Tom Engelhardt

February 20, 2014 .thenation.com

The revelations of whistleblowers lead us to believe that we know a great deal about the secret world of Washington. This is an illusion.

“.. One thing couldn’t be clearer, though: the mania for secrecy has grown tremendously in the Obama years. On entering the Oval Office in 2009, Obama proclaimed a sunshine administration dedicated to “openness” and “transparency.” That announcement now drips with irony. If you want a measure of the kind of secrecy the NSS considers proper and the White House condones these days, check out a recent Los Angeles Times piece on the CIA’s drone assassination program (one of the more overt aspects of Washington’s covert world). ..”

-Terrorist Negotiations

President Obama Broke Promise for Charity Donation, ISIS Hostage Family Says

By Brian Ross
James Gordon Meek
Jonathan Karl
MEGAN CHRISTIE
BRIAN EPSTEIN
Aug 26, 2016, 3:41 PM ET abcnews.go.com
“…“I’m still waiting for that donation, Mr. President,” Carl Mueller said in an ABC News interview broadcast this morning on “Good Morning America,” as part of an hour long investigation to be aired tonight on “20/20.” ..”

IN GOD WE TRUST!

21 Helpful Bible Verses About Making Promises – Bible Reasons biblereasons.com
What does the Bible say about keeping your vows / oaths? gotquestions.org

Forgiveness

Forgiveness and Restoration By Rose Sweet focusonthefamily.com
Does God Forgive Broken Promises?
I promised God I wouldn’t do it again…and then I did.

Carla Barnhill christianitytoday.com

Who can you depend or trust on?

Good News Hope
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