Hacksaw Ridge (2016)imdb.com
“..WWII American Army Medic Desmond T. Doss, who served during the Battle of Okinawa, refuses to kill people, and becomes the first man in American history to receive the Medal of Honor without firing a shot. ..”
Hacksaw Ridge (2016) historyvshollywood.com
“…When did Desmond Doss join the U.S. Army?
In researching the Hacksaw Ridge true story, we learned that Desmond Doss was drafted into the United States army in April 1942. He could have gotten a deferment because he worked as a ship joiner at a shipyard in Newport News, Virginia, but he wanted to serve his country. Electing not to bear arms, he made his way into the army medical corps. During March 1944, he shipped out along with the rest of the 77th Division (the Statue of Liberty Division) for the Pacific Theater, first to Guam, then to Leyte in the Philippines, and finally to partake in the allied invasion of Okinawa, an island 340 miles south of mainland Japan (only the latter is chronicled in the movie). “I felt like it was an honor to serve God and country,” Desmond said. “We were fightin’ for our religious liberty and freedom.” -The Conscientious Objector Documentary
Why did Desmond T. Doss refuse to bear arms during WWII?
Fact-checking Hacksaw Ridge confirmed that he refused to carry a weapon because of his personal and religious beliefs as a Seventh-day Adventist, which is part of the Protestant sect of Christianity. “My dad bought this Ten Commandments and Lord’s Prayer illustrated on a nice frame, and I had looked at that picture of the Sixth Commandment, ‘Thou shalt not kill.’…
There’s a picture that had Cain and he killed his brother Abel, and I wonder how in the world could a brother do such a thing? I’ve pictured Christ for savin’ life, I wanna be like Christ go savin’ life instead of takin’ life and that’s the reason I take up medicine.”
Hacksaw Ridge Movie CLIP – Cowardice (2016) – Andrew Garfield Movie
Matthew 5:38-40 Eye for Eye biblegateway.com
38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’[a] 39 But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also. 40 And if anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, hand over your coat as well. ..
Did fellow soldiers really accuse Desmond of being a coward and pick on him?
Yes. “He knew he was gonna have difficulty,” said his sister Audrey, “because he doesn’t use a gun.” He went to South Carolina to join the 77th Division and begin his basic training at Fort Jackson. The army initially refused his request to be a medic and assigned him to a rifle company, figuring that peer pressure (and intimidation) might convince him to handle a weapon. His fellow soldiers regarded him as a pest and thought he was putting on an act. The Hacksaw Ridge true story confirms that, like in the movie, they ridiculed him and didn’t want to associate with him. “They made fun of me,” says Desmond, who always carried a Bible in his pocket and prayed before bed. They called him “Holy Jesus” and “Holy Joe.”..
What does it mean to live by the sword and die by the sword? gotquestions.org
Jesus: For War or Peace? tektonics.org
“..Some would say that this seems to be a strong indictment against war, and place it against certain verses where Jesus seems to advocate fighting.
We’ll look at those in a moment, but it should first be noted that this verse is in the form of proverbial wisdom, and is therefore not an advocation of pacifism — nor, by reason of its proverbial nature, is it absolute, as is obvious since not every single person who has drawn a sword (or other weapon) has died by the same means…”
What Does the Bible Say About War? christianbiblereference.org
“…Just War Theory
Clearly, the Christian ideal is total elimination of war and brotherly love among all people. However, in this imperfect world, war may be forced on those who do not desire it. Christian theologians St. Augustine of Hippo (354 – 430) and St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) are primarily responsible for formulating the theory of the Just War which has remained the majority Christian approach to war to this day. There are many variations on the just war theory, but these are the basics:
There must be a just cause for the war.
War must be waged only in response to certain, grave and lasting damage inflicted by an aggressor.
The motive for war must be advancement of good or avoidance of evil.
The ultimate objective of war must be to bring peace.
Revenge, revolt, a desire to harm, dominate, or exploit and similar things are not justification for war.
How close did Desmond Doss come to being killed or wounded while rescuing 75 of his fellow soldiers?
The real Desmond Doss considers it a miracle that he made it off the ridge on Okinawa. “When you have explosions and bursts so close you can practically feel it, and not get wounded up there when I should have been killed a number of times. I know who I owe my life to as well as my men. That’s why I like to tell this story to the glory of God, because I know from the human standpoint, I should not be here.” The true story reveals that he spent 12 hours up on the ridge rescuing the men, averaging one man every 10 minutes. -Medal of Honor: Oral Histories
Did they put the final assault to take the ridge on hold while Desmond read his Bible?
Yes. The final assault to take the Maeda Escarpment happened on the morning of May 5, 1945, a Saturday, the day of Sabbath, which the Fourth Commandment says should be devoted to prayer. Given that Desmond was the only medic left in B Company, he agreed to go but requested that he first be given time to read his Bible. The delay was approved up the chain of command and the assault was put on hold until Desmond finished his devotions. That day, the 307th Infantry Regiment of the 77th Infantry Division overtook Hacksaw Ridge for good. -The Conscientious Objector Documentary..”
FilmIsNow Movie Bloopers & Extras
“Published on Jan 8, 2017
Mel Gibson and Andrew Garfield discuss Hacksaw Ridge”
The True Story of Hacksaw Ridge and Desmond Doss: the Medal of Honor Winner Who Never Fired a Shot
By Mike Miller Updated February 24, 2017 at 6:29pm EDT people.com
“..The fighting took place on the hellish Maeda Escarpment in April 1945. The battlefield, located on top of a sheer 400-foot cliff, was fortified with a deadly network of Japanese machine gun nests and booby traps. The escarpment, nicknamed Hacksaw Ridge for the treacherously steep cliff, was key to winning the battle of Okinawa. The mission was thought to be near-impossible, and when Doss’s battalion was ordered to retreat, the medic refused to leave his fallen comrades behind.
Facing heavy machine gun and artillery fire, Doss repeatedly ran alone into the kill zone, carrying wounded soldiers to the edge of the cliff and singlehandedly lowering them down to safety. Each time he saved a man’s life, Doss prayed out loud, “Lord, please help me get one more.” By the end of the night he had rescued an estimated 75 men. (The always modest Doss reckoned he saved about 50, but his fellow soldiers gauged it closer to 100. They decided to split the difference.)
The unbelievable story has come to life in the Mel Gibson-directed Hacksaw Ridge, with Andrew Garfield starring as Doss. The film earning a 10-minute standing ovation at its red carpet world premiere at the Venice Film Festival in September…”
Gibson’s ‘Hacksaw Ridge’ Gets 10 Minute Standing Ovation , from youtube.com
“Published on Aug 20, 2016
A documentary by Terry Benedict about a Seventh-day Adventist war hero, Desmond Doss, who was a Conscientious Objector and not only refused to kill but refused to carry a weapon into combat because of his personal beliefs as a Christian.
He served as a medic and you will hear many miraculous examples of the super-human measures Doss was empowered to perform in saving the lives of many of his comrades, while adhering to his religious convictions. It will become very evident that the Power who strengthened Doss was the same Power he so faithfully adhered to.
He received a Medal of Honor given in recognition of the risks he took to save the lives of so many comrades.”
Hacksaw Ridge (2016) historyvshollywood.com
“…Did Desmond T. Doss nearly get blown up by a hand grenade?
Yes. On the night of May 21, 1945, just a half mile past the escarpment on Okinawa, Desmond’s unit inadvertently walked into a company of Japanese soldiers. The unit engaged in hand-to-hand combat with the enemy and Desmond scrambled to treat the wounded. “They begin to throw these hand grenades,” recalled Desmond. “I saw it comin’. There was three other men in the hole with me. They were on the lower side, but I was on the other side lookin’ when they threw the thing. I knew there was no way I could get at it. So I just quickly took my left foot and threw it back to where I thought the grenade might be, and throw my head and helmet to the ground. And not more than half a second later, I felt like I was sailin’ through the air. I was seein’ stars I wasn’t supposed to be seein’, and I knew my legs and body were blown up.” The blast left 17 pieces of shrapnel embedded in Desmond’s body, mostly in his legs. -The Conscientious Objector Documentary..”
“Published on Oct 17, 2016
“This episode of the This Is Your Life television program features the World War II hero that never carried a gun.””
“Published on Nov 4, 2016
When Camp Meeting was previously held beginning Memorial Day weekend, a special feature was part of every Monday evening program. In 2003, Florida Camp Meeting was honored by the presence of Desmond T. Doss to joined the program.”
Desmond Doss Funeral
To all the videos above..
Thanks for posting…very inspirational true story of #desmonddoss https://goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com/2017/06/04/inspirational-desmond-doss-of-hacksaw-ridge-movie/
Any other reflections, remarks, comments, etc..?
Awareness of Native Tribes
Since this movement, the nation and worlds’ interest has grown on understanding of knowing more of the indigenous people..
“Published on Nov 18, 2016
standing rock news | standing rock protest | 7 history lessons that help explain the Dakota Access Pipeline protests
The safety of the water supply is the immediate issue at Standing Rock, but the discussions at camp go well beyond Dakota Access. There’s talk of treaties, discovery doctrines, environmental racism and centuries of unkept promises undergirding the pipeline fight.
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From 280 Tribes, a Protest on the Plains By JACK HEALY SEPT. 11, 2016 Related Article nytimes.com
“NEAR CANNON BALL, N.D. — When visitors turn off a narrow North Dakota highway and drive into the Sacred Stone Camp, where thousands have come to protest an oil pipeline, they thread through an arcade of flags whipping in the wind. Each represents one of the 280 Native American tribes that have flocked here in what activists are calling the largest, most diverse tribal action in at least a century, perhaps since Little Bighorn.
They have come from across the Plains and the Mountain West, from places like California, Florida, Peru and New Zealand. They are Oglala Lakota, Navajo, Seneca, Onondaga and Anishinaabe. Their names include Keeyana Yellowman, Peter Owl Boy, Santana Running Bear and Darrell Holy Eagle.
Some came alone, driving 24 hours straight across the Plains when they saw news on social media about the swelling protest. Some came in caravans with dozens of friends and relatives. One man walked from Bismarck. ..”
“Celebrities” and Known Leaders “Standing-up”
Susan Sarandon irate over North Dakota pipeline from youtube.com
Legislation Pressure on the Oil Pipeline Industry
Feds Order Correction to Plan to North Dakota Pipeline Owner By The Associated Press BILLINGS, Mont. — Dec 21, 2016, 2:59 PM ET abcnews.go.com
“… Federal regulators have outlined corrective steps that must take place before a company may restart a pipeline that leaked 176,000 gallons of oil into and along a creek in western North Dakota.
The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration issued the order Tuesday to Belle Fourche (foosh) Pipeline Co.
Company spokeswoman Wendy Owen says the order is under review.
A landowner spotted the spill Dec. 5, after the company’s monitoring equipment failed to detect the rupture.
The company says erosion of a hillside might have ruptured the pipe, but the cause is still being investigated. A precise location of the break is unknown.
The federal agency’s order requires the company to excavate the pipeline in the area of the break, including where it’s placed 45 feet below the creek bed…”
*see North Dakota: Oil Impact on Communities Archives
“… President Barack Obama’s administration is expected to push through long-delayed safety measures for the nation’s sprawling network of oil pipelines in its final days, despite resistance from industry and concern that incoming president Donald Trump may scuttle them.
The measures are aimed at preventing increasingly frequent accidents such as a 176,000-gallon spill that fouled a North Dakota creek earlier this month. Thousands more spills over the past decade caused $2.5 billion in damages nationwide and dumped almost 38 million gallons of fuel.
Fights over pipelines have intensified in recent years, illustrated by the dispute over TransCanada’s Keystone XL plan and efforts by American Indians to stop the Dakota Access Pipeline from crossing beneath the Missouri River near the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation…
*see Neutral Perspective: Dakota Access pipeline project’s Pros & Cons
From Standing Rock to Trans Mountain, dissent is in the pipeline Shawn McCarthy AND Justine Hunter OTTAWA AND VICTORIA The Globe and Mail (includes correction) Last updated: Thursday, Dec. 15, 2016 4:52PM EST theglobeandmail.com
The fragile victory by protesters at Standing Rock has galvanized indigenous communities north of the border, with some leaders now pledging to block the bitterly contested Trans Mountain pipeline. With his recent approval of that project, write Shawn McCarthy and Justine Hunter, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s biggest challenge may be yet to come
“.. “We are a part of that movement that happened at Standing Rock – a lot of us have been awakened,” said Andre Bear, a Cree from Saskatchewan who is co-chair of the Assembly of First Nations’ youth council. “You see the revitalization that is really bursting out after years of oppression.”
Mr. Bear, a student at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, visited Standing Rock in August and was impressed by the alliance of indigenous and non-indigenous people. ..”
Model Path of Peace & Love for Reconciliation
Deep Thought: Different Faiths With One Spirit goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
*Note: Some others my think otherwise due to the violence in both sides (e.g. law enforcement and “protestors”), but from my personal experience during the first weekend. It was prayfully and peaceful.
Above are just “some” of the “good” that came out of this social movement (see Neutral Perspective: Dakota Access Pipeline Projects Pros & Cons ), which I pray and hope to continue in 2017. Any others that you would like to add?
“Pic I took while at Standing Rock: Oceti Sakowin Camp”
Veterans For Peace at Standing Rock veteransforpeace.org
“…The Standing Rock Sioux and their many Indigenous allies have inspired thousands of others to join them on the front lines at Standing Rock. Activists from a spectrum of struggles, including the peace and environmental movements to the Movement for Black Lives and Muslim civil rights, stood on the ground in solidarity. As a result, millions of people have been attracted to the cause. The arrival of thousands of veterans to Standing Rock, covered by national and international media, almost certainly put additional pressure on the Obama administration to do the right thing. The effort and outcome thus far is an example of the power of solidarity and non-violent resistance to right injustice. The people have won an important victory the struggle…”
“Published on Dec 2, 2016
Listen to this patriot explain is experience at Standing Rock”
AIM Co-Founder Talks about Forgiveness, Nonviolence, and What Comes After Standing Rock Posted: December 7, 2016 Dennis J. Bernstein progressive.org
“…Among the veterans at Standing Rock Monday was Bill Means, a Vietnam vet who returned from fighting a bloody U.S. war of aggression overseas to take on the U.S. government at Wounded Knee. Bill Means is a founding member of the International Indian Treaty Council and co-founder of the American Indian Movement (AIM). Means is a key adviser to the Standing Rock Tribe on their resistance to the pipeline. I spoke with him shortly after he met with the Standing Rock leaders this week about future strategies for the tribe on its continuing resistance to the pipeline…
Bill Means: I feel a brotherhood to those veterans. I was there in Vietnam representing the United States, but one of the things that was beautiful about coming home from that terrible war was that our people still honored us, not because we fought for America but because we fought for the honor of our people. When I returned from Vietnam my cousin gave me an Indian name, my friend gave me a horse, and I was welcomed back to the community with open arms. I think that helped us in our healing from what they now call post traumatic stress. “
*see Deep Thought: What can “we” do to help Veterans with P.T.S.D.? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
“…I met a farmer from Iowa, a World War II veteran, who said he had to join the fight against this black snake, this pipeline, because the corporations had taken his land under what they call eminent domain. He told me,
“Years ago they had taken some of my father’s land. But it was for a highway, they took some school or churches. But now, they’re taking our land for private corporations, for corporate America. … So, I found out what it is to be an American Indian.”
*see Neutral Perspective: Pro & Anti-Pipeline goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
The Causes of the Vietnam War – History Learning Site Citation: C N Trueman “The Causes of the Vietnam War” historylearningsite.co.uk. The History Learning Site, 27 Mar 2015. 16 Aug 2016.
“..Before World War Two, Vietnam had been part of the French Empire. During the war, the country had been overrun by the Japanese. When the Japanese retreated, the people of Vietnam took the opportunity to establish their own government lead by Ho Chi Minh. However, after the end of the war, the Allies gave back South Vietnam to the French while the north was left in the hands of the non-communist Chinese. The Nationalist Chinese treated the North Vietnamese very badly and support for Ho Chi Minh grew. He had been removed from power at the end of the war. The Chinese pulled out of North Vietnam in 1946 and the party of Ho Chi Minh took over – the Viet Minh…
South Vietnam also had a population of 16 million. Its first proper leader was Ngo Dinh Diem who was a fanatical catholic. As communism hated religion, Diem hated all that communism stood for. This is why he got America’s support – he had a poor record on human rights but his rule was in the era of the “Domino Theory” and anybody who was anti-communist in the Far East was likely to receive American backing – regardless of their less than savoury background. Ngo ruled as a dictator along with his brother – Nhu. Their government was corrupt and brutal but it was also backed by America…”
Why we went to war in Vietnam BY MICHAEL LIND Dec 20, 2012 legion.org
Confronting the Ugly Truth about America’s Dirty War in Vietnam by William J. Astore 2-11-13 historynewsnetwork.org
“..“to kill Communists and to kill as many of them as possible. Stack ’em like cordwood. Victory was a high body-count … war a matter of arithmetic. The pressure [from the top] on unit commanders to produce enemy corpses was intense, and they in turn communicated it to their troops. This led to such practices as counting civilians as Viet Cong. ‘If it’s dead and Vietnamese, it’s VC,’ was a rule of thumb in the bush It is not surprising, therefore, that some men acquired a contempt for human life and a predilection for taking it.”..
..A line that has always stayed with me from Caputo’s memoir came from one of his NCOs, a Sergeant Colby, who in 1965 told then-Lieutenant Caputo that, “Before you leave here, sir, you’re going to learn that one of the most brutal things in the world is your average nineteen-year-old American boy.” Turse’s study plumbs the depths of such brutality, to include a racist subculture (dehumanizing the Vietnamese as “gooks” and “slopes”) within the U.S. military that facilitated it. Draft an American teenager, teach him to kill, send him to an utterly foreign land in which he can’t distinguish friend from foe, give him power over life and death against a dehumanized enemy, and reward him for generating a high body count in which “If it’s dead and Vietnamese, it’s VC,” and you have an ineluctable recipe for murderous violence…
It’s time our nation found the courage to face those twenty (or fifty) walls of Vietnamese dead. It’s time we faced them with the same sorrow and same regret we reserve for our own wall of dead. Only after we do so can our nation stop glorifying war. Only after we do so can our nation fully heal.
“How the U.S. Got Involved In Vietnam”
By Jeff Drake vietvet.org
“… By the end of 1943, small groups of Vietminh commandos were penetrating into Tonkin, led by Vo Nguyen Giap,(13) the future strategist of Dienbienphu and eventual Commander in Chief of the armies of North Vietnam. By 1945, the Vietminh controlled wide regions of the northernmost provinces and had engaged the full attention of most of the Japanese 21st Division.(14)
Being the only recognized force of some strength opposing the Japanese, the Vietminh received support from the American OSS (Office of Strategic Services). In return, the Vietminh helped rescue downed pilots and provided important intelligence information to OSS agents. A number of OSS officers voiced their admiration for the Vietminh and helped convince OSS leaders to back the Vietminh’s struggle for independence.(15) The Vietnamese fully expected American support due to Roosevelt’s Atlantic Charter, which emphasized self-determination for all peoples — not merely Europeans. In addition, the Vietnamese listened to broadcasts from the US Office of War Information, which often cited US support for colonial peoples struggling for their freedom. ..
As Japan faced defeat at the hands of the Allies, the Vietminh looked forward to Allied support in any future struggle against French colonialism. After all, the Vietminh had given valuable support to the Allies, and Ho expected support and recognition for his newly-established government, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, in turn. A statement to this effect was even included in his government’s Declaration of Independence, established on September 2, 1945, which stated: “We are convinced that the Allied nations… will not refuse to acknowledge the independence of Viet Nam.”…
With the British and the Chinese finally gone, the Vietminh came under direct pressure from the French. By this time it was obvious that Ho Chi Minh would be receiving no aid from either the US or Russia. Indeed, from Ho’s perspective he had been abandoned by the international community and left alone to deal with France. Economic disaster, spurred by the Chinese occupational forces, and starvation due to Allied bombing of Northern damns, strengthened France’s position. On March 6th, 1946, Ho Chi Minh felt compelled to reach a compromise with the French. Essentially, Ho was forced to make the maximum concessions possible short of forfeiting his dominant position within the Vietnamese nationalist movement. It took everything Ho could do to quell the dissatisfaction of other various nationalist groups with this agreement.
[Note that during 1945 to 1946, Ho Chi Minh had written at least eight letters to Truman and the State Department, asking for America’s help in winning Vietnam’s independence from the French. Ho wrote that world peace was being endangered by French efforts to reconquer Indochina and he requested that the four powers (US, USSR, China and Great Britain) intervene in order to mediate a fair settlement and bring the Indochinese issue before the United Nations.
This was a remarkable repeat of history, for in 1919 following the First World War, Ho Chi Minh had appealed to US Secretary of State Robert Lansing, to gain America’s help in achieving basic civil liberties and an improvement in the living condition for the colonial subjects of French Indochina. This plea was also ignored and no admission was even made that the US had even received the letters.(19)] ..”
What Really Happened in Vietnam The North, the South, and the American Defeat Review Essay November/December 2012 Issue By Fredrik Logevall foreignaffairs.com
“…Victory never came. Despite the more than half a million U.S. soldiers President Lyndon Johnson sent to Vietnam, and the more than eight million tons of bombs the U.S. Air Force dropped on Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1962 to 1973, Washington could not achieve its core objective: to preserve an independent, noncommunist South Vietnam for the indefinite future. In January 1973, U.S. and North Vietnamese negotiators signed a cease-fire agreement in Paris; two months later, the last U.S. ground troops left South Vietnam. Both the North and the South soon violated the cease-fire, and large-scale war resumed. On April 29, 1975, the South Vietnamese government collapsed, and Vietnam was reunified under a communist government based in Hanoi. By the time the fighting stopped, it had claimed the lives of three to four million Vietnamese, hundreds of thousands of Cambodians and Laotians, and more than 58,000 Americans. Now, Hanoi’s War, a pathbreaking new book by the historian Lien-Hang Nguyen, illuminates the decision-making behind the North’s relentless resistance, helping readers better understand why the struggle lasted as long as it did and why all those people died. ..”
Vietnam War: What really happened
The Truth about the Vietnam War Jun 23, 2014 Presented by Bruce Herschensohn prageru.com
“..Did the United States win or lose the Vietnam War? We are taught that it was a resounding loss for America, one that proves that intervening in the affairs of other nations is usually misguided. The truth is that our military won the war, but our politicians lost it. The Communists in North Vietnam actually signed a peace treaty, effectively surrendering. But the U.S. Congress didn’t hold up its end of the bargain. In just five minutes, learn the truth about who really lost the Vietnam War..”
The Vietnam War: 5 things you might not know By Katie McLaughlin, CNN Updated 3:47 PM ET, Mon August 25, 2014 cnn.com
“..The Vietnam War began in the decade before, but the conflict, and especially U.S. involvement, escalated in the 1960s. For the first time, Americans witnessed the horrors of war, played out on television screens in their living rooms.
This week’s episode of “The Sixties” explores the war and its impact on American culture, then and now. Here are five facts from the episode that may surprise those too young to remember the Vietnam War:..
“What Vietnam did to America via television was introduce us to a new kind of America,” said author Lawrence Wright. “One that was not pure, one that committed the same kinds of atrocities that are always committed in war, but we had never allowed ourselves to see them.”
Reporter Morley Safer recalled the shock of witnessing Marines burn down 150 houses on the outskirts of the village of Cam Ne. An officer told the newsman that he had been ordered to level the area. Three women were wounded in the attack, one baby was killed, and four people were taken prisoner.
Safer asked a soldier if he had regrets about leaving people homeless, and the soldier replied, “You can’t expect to do your job and feel pity for these people.”
Another soldier told Safer, “I think it’s sad in a way, but I don’t think there’s any other way you can get around it in this kind of a war.”
Americans back home were stunned when the CBS report about the Cam Ne village hit the news.
After the broadcast, Johnson reportedly called then-CBS president, Frank Stanton, and said, “Frank, this is your President, your boys just s–t on the flag of the United States.”..”
The Vietnam War Was Worse Than You Could Ever Imagine | Alternet alternet.org
Facts, information and articles about The Vietnam War historynet.com
“..Vietnam War summary: Summary of the Vietnam War: The Vietnam War is the commonly used name for the Second Indochina War, 1954–1973. Usually, it refers to the period when the United States and other members of the SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization) joined the forces of the Republic of South Vietnam in contesting communist forces comprised of South Vietnamese guerrillas and regular-force units, generally known as Viet Cong (VC), and the North Vietnamese Army (NVA). The U.S. had the largest foreign military presence and basically directed the war from 1965 to 1968. For this reason, in Vietnam today it is known as the American War. It was a direct result of the First Indochina War (1946–1954) between France, which claimed Vietnam as a colony, and the communist forces then known as Viet Minh. In 1973 a “third” Vietnam war began—a continuation, actually—between North and South Vietnam but without significant U.S. involvement. It ended with communist victory in April 1975.
The Vietnam War was the longest in U.S. history, until the war in Afghanistan that began in 2002 and continues at this writing (2013). It was extremely divisive in the U.S., Europe, Australia and elsewhere. Because the U.S. failed to achieve a military victory and the Republic of South Vietnam was ultimately taken over by North Vietnam, the Vietnam experience became known as “the only war America ever lost.” It remains a very controversial topic that continues to affect political and military decisions today..”
Pray for Vietnam War vets and Inodochina region (e.g. Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Hmong people, etc..)
This is an on-going topic I’ll be researching for a long time. Feel free to share any additional insights (e.g. websites) that may help with this “controversial” war…
How Mercenaries Work science.howstuffworks.com
“..The reasons for using mercenaries have changed over the years. In ancient times, mercenaries were a necessity. Standing armies weren’t available, so rulers had to look elsewhere for soldiers after they exhausted their supply of able-bodied citizens available to fight.
For example, the Hundred Years’ War, which lasted from 1337 to 1453, took its toll on the English and French armies. As the prolonged war grew in dimension, so did the number of mercenaries. Edward of Woodstock, also known as the Black Prince, made good use of mercenaries to carry out a method of warfare known as chevauchée. In chevauchée, small groups of mounted soldiers stormed through a territory, burning and pillaging everything in their path. Chevauchée was very effective, and it made being a mercenary a lucrative profession. Soldiers from all over Europe flocked to France to get their share of the loot, which included both salary and whatever they could plunder.
As a result of the conflict in Africa and the unsavory mercenary activity it inspired, the international community strongly discouraged the use of mercenaries. Countries continued to hire foreign soldiers, but they exerted much more control. They also limited the activities of these soldiers to supporting roles only, freeing the regular army to focus on dangerous or mission-critical activities. Today, several companies exist to provide this new breed of mercenary. They are known as private military companies, or PMCs. On the next page, we’ll examine PMCs more closely. ..”
10 Things You Don’t Know About Mercenaries Posted By: Under the Radar May 12, 2016 By Sean McFate, co-author of Shadow War: A Tom Locke Novel undertheradar.military.com/
…3. Contracting may be the new American Way of War
“Why did the US, with the world’s most powerful military, need contractors? Because the All Volunteer Force could not recruit enough American’s to sustain two “long wars.” In 2002, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said the Iraq War would last: “Five days or five weeks or five months, but it certainly isn’t going to last any longer than that.” When it didn’t, policy makers faced ugly choices. They could withdraw and cede the fight to al Qaeda. They could have a Vietnam-like draft to fill the ranks. Or they could contract out the difference. They went with contractors. In Iraq, 50% of the US force was contracted. In Afghanistan it was 70%. In WW2, it was only 10%. Is contracting America’s new way of war? It’s a fair question.
4. Most contractors who fight for America aren’t even American
When I was in the industry, I worked alongside people from all over the world: Mexico, Ghana, Australia, Canada and so forth. Private military companies are just like any other multinational corporation: they recruit globally. They also pay people different wages. For example, a specialforces soldier from Honduras with similar training and background as me would get paid much less. Just like shirt sweat shops around the world, the private military industry looks for cheap labor….
Published on May 28, 2015
“American mercenary groups have been training and preparing to join the fight against the Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) abroad, looking to push back the extremists where they say that the US government has failed. Maria Finoshina reports from Homestead, Florida on a group of private mercenary fighters who are organizing to support people facing the threat of ISIS in the Philippines, and explores their motivations in depth.
Published on Oct 20, 2015
Who Controls America? (with photographs)
-Standing Rock Sioux Tribal Reservation
“Published on Sep 3, 2016
These peaceful Native American protesters are being treated as near enemy combatants when Dakota Access private security sick guard dogs on protesters full of men, women and children and pepper spray the crowd before shutting down for the day. No doubt sooner or later Dakota Access will escolate to the use of firearms. THEN the feds get to come in and kill the natives after the guards are dealt with in one form or another.
But remember the US federal government has very little jurisdiction on this land. They have no real environmental jurisdiction and its almost like being on foreign soil. “
L.A. protest calls out security firm for involvement in attack on DAPL protesters
September 8, 2016| 5:51 PM CST| | By Chauncey K. Robinson peoplesworld.org
“..The American Indian Movement of Southern California, Idle No More Los Angeles, and 350.org issued a joint public statement to the operators of G4S, declaring; “Your actions on September 3, 2016 at the Dakota Access Pipeline protests near Standing Rock Sioux reservation were witnessed across this country and around the world. Your use of attack dogs to intimidate and injure the protestors, including women and children, was reminiscent of the brutal tactics that have been historically used against both Native Americans and other people of color for centuries. Your company continues to perpetuate this historical discrimination and violence against our people and our allies.” The statement went further to say that the security company could “no longer hide its involvement with the Dakota Access Pipeline project.” and that the organizations would continue to “expose and resist any and all attempts to intimidate and harm our people.”..”
Hillary Clinton’s Corporate Mercenaries ATTACKS Native Americans with K9 Dogs & Pepper Spray
“..ENTER the American Demilitarized Zone : On September 3, the Dakota Access pipeline company attacked Native Americans ( Which Hillary Clinton Created * Please Share ) with attack dogs and pepper spray as they protested against the $3.8 billion pipeline’s construction. If completed, the pipeline would carry about 500,000 barrels of crude per day from North Dakota’s Bakken oilfield to Illinois. The project has faced months of resistance from the Standing Rock Sioux tribe and members of nearly 100 more tribes from across the U.S. and Canada. ..”
“Published on Sep 26, 2016
Credit to Anna News https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGib…
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‘White Helmets’ — pawns for U.S. militarism By Sara Flounders posted on September 21, 2016 workers.org
“..NBC News praised the featured group as “Angels on the Front Line.” The Washington Post, New York Times and Wall Street Journal sang the movie’s praises and White Helmets’ “selfless, humanitarian role.”
The White Helmets defines itself as unpaid, unarmed first responders in Syria, claims 3,000 members and alleges it is a Syrian Civil Defense group. It claims to have saved 40,000, even 60,000 lives in Syria, by rescuing survivors from bombsites.
Most claims about the White Helmets are unverified self-promotion on social media. Interviews with and media coverage of the grouping show desperate appeals for an increase in U.S./NATO military action in Syria — not peace and reconciliation. New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof and other journalists have quoted its calls for a no-fly zone as a “humanitarian” option.
The much-hyped White Helmets is not a Syrian organization, nor was it created by Syrians, nor is it educational. It is a U.S.-British creation. Former British Army officer James Le Mesurier, self-described as a British “security” specialist, founded it. He previously worked for Blackwater, the mercenary organization universally condemned for its murderous brutality in Iraq….
The White Helmets has never functioned as a neutral force. While attacking the Syrian government and calling for more U.S., British and NATO bombing, the group functions exclusively in Syrian areas held by the Nusra Front, a terrorist organization linked to al-Qaida. This well-funded group operates on the ground with U.S.-, British-, Israeli- and Saudi-funded militias committed to destroying Syria’s government.
While claiming to be “unarmed,” the White Helmets appears in videos with weapons, surrounded by armed militias.”
White Helmets NGO: A “Rescue and Assist” Operation under Guise of Human Rights By Brandon Turbeville
Global Research, May 13, 2016 Activist Post 10 May 2016 globalresearch.ca
“..Raed Saleh, head of White Helmets (aka Syrian Civil Defense) has publicly called for the implementation of a “No-Fly Zone” over Syria by the United Nations Security Council, an act that is tantamount to direct military warfare, an example of which can be seen in the rubble of Libya. Indeed, such a decision would simply be a repeat of the Libyan tragedy..”
The U.S./UK Financed “White Helmets” Shtick – Fake “Child Rescued” Videos June 01, 2016 moonofalabama.org
“..The group was created with the help of Purpose Inc, a U.S. company specialized in regime change NGO operations. Purpose Inc is also behind Avaaz which early on peddled fake war on Syria video propaganda. The White Helmets are financed, like all “Free Syrian Army” media propaganda, by USAID with some $23 million and by the UK Foreign Office with a total of some £23 million. The Netherlands and Japan also donated money to the scheme. The group was build up and trained since mid 2013 by a “former” UK military intelligence operator residing in Abu Dhabi. These are propaganda artists camouflaged as humanitarians.
The “White Helmets” cooperate closely with al-Qaeda. One of its leaders was recently denied an entry visa to the United States. More details about the group researched by Vanessa Beeley can be found here and here…”
Graphic Warning: The Syria White Helmets Exposed as US UK Agents Embedded with Al Nusra and ISIS liveleak.com
“..White Helmets: Follow the Money
The White Helmets were established in March 2013, in Istanbul, Turkey, and is headed by James Le Mesurier, a British “security” specialist and ‘ex’ British military intelligence officer with an impressive track record in some of the most dubious NATO intervention theatres including Bosnia and Kosovo, as well as Iraq, Lebanon, and Palestine. Le Mesurier is a product of Britain’s elite Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, and has also been placed in a series of high-profile pasts at the United Nations, European Union, and U.K. Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
The origins of The White Helmet’s initial $300k seed funding is a little hazy, reports are contradictory but subs..”
At Least 2,000 Veterans Arrive at Standing Rock to Protest Dakota Pipeline By Michael Edison Hayden Catherine Thorbecke EVAN SIMON
Dec 4, 2016, 2:29 PM ET abcnews.go.com
“.. Chicago native David Hulse, 34, a Navy veteran who served in Iraq told ABC News that he decided at the last minute to join the protests, describing his involvement as “not a mission of war, but a mission of peace.”
“Seeing so many veterans show up,” Hulse said. “Out here, it’s brotherhood.” ..
Among the veterans are some high-profile names, including U.S. Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard, Democrat of Hawaii, who gained prominence when she left the Democratic National Committee to campaign for Sen. Bernie Sanders during his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination this year. Gabbard has frequently voiced support for the Dakota Access protest movement over social media. ..”
The band of US veterans who stood with protesters at Standing Rock have announced their next stop Written by Lila MacLellan December 07, 2016 qz.com
“…To the nation’s surprise, a day after 2,000 veterans and first responders appeared out of nowhere to support the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe’s protest of the Dakota Access Pipeline, the US Army Corps of Engineers effectively shut down the project. Now that same veterans group has announced plans to take their army for social justice on the road, giving hope to environmentalists and peace activists everywhere.
The presence of the veterans heightened the dramatic tension in what was largely seen as a noble battle between a small group of Native Americans and environmentalists against heavily armed police. During the course of the protests there were several high-profile clashes, including some in which police used rubber bullets and tear gas on activists. One night the police turned a water cannon on men and women despite sub-freezing temperatures. Opponents of the oil pipeline had spent months working to derail its construction because its planned route would cross within a half-mile of the Standing Rock Sioux reservation border. A breach would have put the local water supply at risk….
Now the leaders of the veterans group have announced plans to take their “peaceful, unarmed militia” to Flint, Michigan, where their presence will bring reporters and cameras, once again in service of a struggle for clean water.
Last year, regulators found that Flint’s water supply contained illegally high levels of lead. The problem had been essentially ignored for more than a year after residents first complained of rashes, headaches and a foul odor from the brown or yellowish water that ran from their taps. As an investigation into the crisis surfaced stunning cases of overlooked illnesses and warnings, Flint—where 40% of the 100,000 residents live in poverty, and the majority of residents are black—came to represent the fallout from America’s tolerance of extreme inequality. Public attention has since faded, however, even though the crisis has not been fully resolved…”
-Vets Views on Situation
“..Published on Nov 11, 2016
Reporting from Standing Rock in North Dakota
Visit http://therealnews.com for more videos.
Lauretta Prevost with Mirrors and Hammers Productions,www.mirrorsandhammers.com..”
NODAPL: Veterans are coming to support the Standing Rock tribe , from youtube.com
Protesters at Standing Rock celebrate an unexpected victory
This story is a part of Across Women’s Lives PRI’s The World pri.org December 05, 2016 · 2:30 PM EST By Jasmine Garsd
“..The very first man I met upon arriving at the camp was a Navajo vet, named John Shirley. “I’m here to be, basically, a human shield,” he explained.
Shirley is a veteran of the first Iraq War. He came from Arizona to guard the protesters. I met him at the entrance to the sprawling camp, where, in recent weeks, protesters have clashed with National Guard soldiers and local police. And that’s when veterans like Shirley decided to come help people. To be that human shield.
To “stand there, close my eyes, and take whatever comes at me. As long as I can block and deflect whatever it may be … you know, that’s the way we was trained,” he says.
Like many veterans, he felt outraged at the way protesters were being treated by police. And he was also frustrated that Native lands and resources could be endangered by the pipeline. “I never thought I would be doing this on American soil,” he says. “Protecting the American people from their own government. I never thought that would happen, you know?”
Several thousand veterans felt the same way, pouring into the camp over the weekend. At a meeting Saturday night, in a warehouse outside Standing Rock, veterans were instructed to be nonviolent. Sage burned while men and women in uniform received marching orders: “We will not instigate.” They were told to spread the orders among themselves. No direct confrontation, and nothing that could harm the cause.
At that warehouse, there was a sense the pipeline was inevitable. By the next afternoon, they found out that wasn’t the case.
At the camp, Brandi King, a Nakota veteran of Iraq, said nonviolence is a challenging order for a warrior. “Fighting for peace is a lot harder than — I mean anyone can pull a trigger. … Actually being peaceful, and fighting for that — that takes a warrior. It takes a strong person to be peaceful.”….
King said after 10 years of not knowing what to do with herself, she finally began to heal at Standing Rock. “This — seeing people together, seeing people support each other, that provides healing for me. Seeing my indigenous brothers and sisters being able to stand up with pride, provides a healing for me.”
One Veteran On Why He Will Stand For Standing Rock 05:36
November 30, 2016 wbur.org
“…Thousands have registered to go. Here & Now’s Robin Young speaks with one of those vets, Dakota Blue Serna (@dakotabusmc), a former Marine.
On his motivation to go to Standing Rock
“I think a lot of veterans share my feelings that with these last couple of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan that we got cheated. We were lied to from our government, and we went and we fought a war based on a lie. So a lot of our guys are feeling that our service really was for nothing, and so now we’re going out there because this is what we signed up for, this is where our passion is, this is what we signed up to defend, are the people here in our country against all enemies, foreign and domestic. And right now, I love my government, I love my country, but the government is kind of cracking down on peaceful protesters, and it broke my heart to watch these people being sprayed with water in 25-degree temperatures. That’s inhumane, that’s unethical and that’s un-American.”
On where he stands on the issue
“I’ve got friends on both sides. I understand both sides of the story here and that’s a little bit unfortunate — you catch flak from both ends. … I will say that the general consensus of those guys, they do agree with me when I say we need to find alternative sources of energy and we have the means and the technology to do so. And we need to move away from sucking the earth’s life blood out of the ground and polluting our air. And it’s possible, and I don’t understand why people are — you know, the people with the money who make those decisions — are pushing away from that.”..”
*see Deep Thought: Is “Oil” causing wars? , goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
Veteran at Standing Rock:”I killed people…we were killing people for the wrong fucking reasons.” , from youtube.com
“Published on Dec 13, 2016
Wait for it…
Veteran at Standing Rock has frank conversation with other veterans who were marching in blizzard conditions DEC,5,2016. The man speaking was one of the thousands of U.S. military veterans that converged from around the country to Standing Rock North Dakota in a show of solidarity to pipeline protesters or “water protectors” as they prefer to be called.
This is RAW unedited video. There is some audio interference but I was filming in a blizzard, so it was unavoidable. Please like, share and feel free to use in your own projects. Love and respect to everyone out there.”
*see Neutral Perspective: Iraq War was justified or not? from goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
Veteran Finds Forgiveness, Peace in Standing Rock Fight Dec 9 2016, 10:41 pm ET by Daniel A. Medina and Rebecca Davis nbcnews.com
“…As a Native American U.S. Army veteran, Monroe, 35, has for years struggled with regret. He struggled with fighting in the Iraq War for a nation that had displaced millions of his people. When he was deployed in Iraq, he says, he noticed the parallels between Iraqis and Native Americans. ..
“I’m able to forgive myself now for some of the stuff that went on in Iraq,” Monroe said. “Feels good now that I’m forgiven and when I go to the other side and I cross the other side that I can be proud of this life I lived.” ..
As a member of the Nakoda tribe, Monroe’s roots trace back to Cannon Ball. As his ancestors fought foreign invaders to save their land from dispossession, Monroe says he and his peers fight with peaceful protest.
“We’re fighting a spiritual battle,” Monroe said. “And that’s why we’re winning.”
Veterans Going to Standing Rock, you have been completely scammed and Duped by Wes Clark Jr. , form youtube.com
“Published on Nov 28, 2016
Whatever you decide, I do want to thank you for your service, and I appreciate the sentiment of why you may have been fooled here. It says that you have character and you would sacrifice to help the needy. Unfortunately that is not the cause here anymore.”
“Published on Dec 1, 2016
Michael Sean encouraging veterans not to travel up to Standing Rock.”
*Statement about ..
Sewer Runoff from Standing Rock Casino Potentially Impacting Lake Oahe Drinking Water Posted on September 23, 2016 standingrockfactchecker.org
“..The map below shows the Prairie Knight Casino & Resort and the tributary system that eventually flows into Lake Oahe. It’s fair to speculate that the casino could currently be discharging their waste into the same water source the Dakota Access Pipeline is being criticized for crossing…”
Did the Dakota Access Pipeline Company Deliberately Destroy Sacred Sioux Burial Sites?
Tuesday, 06 September 2016 00:00 By Amy Goodman, Democracy Now! | Video Interview truth-out.org
Complaints grow over whites turning Dakota Access protest into hippie festival By Valerie Richardson – The Washington Times – Monday, November 28, 2016 washingtontimes.com
Tension brews as outsiders trash camps, mooch off tribe
“…“They are coming in, taking food, clothing etc and occupying space without any desire to participate in camp maintenance and without respect of tribal protocols,” she wrote. “These people are treating it like it is Burning Man or The Rainbow Gathering and I even witnessed several wandering in and out of camps comparing it to those festivals.”
Her Nov. 14 post, now making the rounds on social media, said outsiders are “literally subsisting entirely off the generosity of native people (AND YOUR DONATIONS if you have been donating) who are fighting to protect their water just because they can.”
A local deputy who asked to remain anonymous told WDAY AM’s Rob Port that most of the protesters are white, and that some have used racial slurs against black, Hispanic and American Indian officers.
Standing Rock Sioux Chairman David Archambault II, who is leading the protest, raised concerns about sanitation in a ..”
“Published on Dec 5, 2016
Veterans for Standing Rock, December 5, 2016
Standing Rock, ND”
“Published on Dec 5, 2016
TYT Politics Reporter Jordan Chariton spoke with veterans and tribal leaders on December 5th, 2016 following a powerful ceremony where veterans asked Native Americans for forgiveness for the original sins of America perpetrated against Native Americans.”
Dakota Access Pipeline Threat: What You Need to Know Chelsey Luger 3/19/16 indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com
There’s a new oil pipeline
All permits have been filed, all four states have approved the project, and at least 90 percent of landowners along the route have agreed to voluntary easements. The project promises economic development, jobs, tax revenue, and hefty payouts to the landowners along the way…”.
In North Dakota, People Vs. Oil Pipeline Protest Strengthens By james macpherson, associated press ·NEAR THE STANDING ROCK SIOUX RESERVATION, N.D. — Aug 13, 2016, 10:59 AM ET abcnews.go.com
“Dallas-based Energy Transfer Partners announced the four-state pipeline in 2014, days after North Dakota Republican Gov. Jack Dalrymple urged industry and government officials to build more pipelines to keep pace with the state’s prolific oil production, saying that would reduce truck and train traffic, curb natural gas flaring and create more markets for the state’s oil and gas…”
5 things to know about the Dakota Access Pipeline Updated 7:54 AM ET, Wed August 31, 2016
By Madison Park, CNN cnn.com
“2. Why is the pipeline being constructed?
The project developer, Dakota Access, a subsidiary of Energy Transfer Crude Oil, says the pipeline would help the United States become less dependent on importing energy from unstable regions of the world. It says a pipeline is the safest, most cost-effective and environmentally responsible way to move crude oil, removing dependency on rails and trucks.
It also estimates the pipeline would bring an estimated $156 million in sales and income taxes to state and local governments as well as add 8,000 to 12,000 construction jobs.
The proposal comes as a glut of cheap oil has devastated North Dakota’s economy. The state had enjoyed a major boom, but after hitting highs in 2014, it suffered a major economic downturn.
The project developers say the $3.7 billion project will “bring significant economic benefits to the region that it transverses.”..”
Al Jazeera English
“Published on Aug 29, 2016
On The Stream: Native Americans protest a massive oil pipeline in the US state of North Dakota.”
Not all the Standing Rock Sioux are protesting the pipeline
By Jessica Ravitz, CNN
Updated 5:21 PM ET, Thu November 3, 2016 cnn.com
“…Wishing they’d go home
No one makes this clearer than Robert Fool Bear Sr., 54, district chairman of Cannon Ball. The town he runs, estimated population of 840, is just a few miles from the action. It’s so close that, given the faceoffs with law enforcement, you have to pass through a police checkpoint to reach it.
It’s about time people heard from folks like him, he says…
The crackdown also maddens Valandra’s 25-year-old daughter, Elaina, who works here at “the Z,” as locals call it. She grew up believing racism didn’t exist; not anymore.
She brings up the recent acquittal of Ammon Bundy and six others, who occupied a federal wildlife refuge earlier this year.
“The Bundys were armed to the teeth, and they’re acquitted,” she says.
She pulls up a Facebook post, showing a photo of a number scrawled on a man’s arm after he was arrested Thursday and words likening the treatment to what Nazis once did. Online comments and the stereotyping of her people leave her stunned. She wants people to know this battle isn’t about race.
“It’s about water, not just native people,” she says. “We don’t get another Earth.”…
…A shrug of indifference
Ten miles west of the protests, a man who doesn’t want to be named, for fear of retribution, admits he looks forward to the pipeline. It’ll mean fewer trucks barreling down these rural highways and fewer trains flying down the tracks.
Back at Cannon Ball, however, Carl Bruce, 52, isn’t afraid to say his piece. For this Standing Rock Sioux who has lived his life here, the pipeline doesn’t matter. If it breaks, he says he’d just work around it…”
“…The PSC is using the best techniques possible to keep our water safe.
“The pipe itself is heavier duty when crossing a water body. There are block valves on both sides of the water crossing to allow for shut down of the pipeline,” says Julie Fedorchak, ND Public Service Commissioner.
Fedorchak says pipelines are the safest and cleanest option available.
But people not in favor of pipelines say there should be more choices to.
“We’re often asked if you’re not for pipelines then you’re obviously for more train traffic. More train traffic, more trucks. I think that we’re limiting our options,” says Nicole Donaghy, Field Organizer, Dakota Resource Council.
And the Dakota Resource Council says many pipelines in operation are owned by offenders of repeat spills. They say the company which was responsible for the Bear Den Bay Spill had a record of spills.
“That same company Crestwood Arrow had four previous spills that year. So we have repeat offense, we have repeat offenders here in North Dakota that are running these pipelines,” says Donaghy.
The commission says it’s impossible to build anything that is 100 percent safe
“You can’t ensure that there’s never going to be a leak. I mean, that’s an impossible task, just like you can’t ensure that a train is never going to come off the tracks or that a truck is never going to crash carrying any of these kinds of products that we use every day,” says Fedorchak.
But Fedorchak says all pipelines go through incredible scrutiny and are as safe as possible.
Fedorchak reiterated that the Dakota Access Pipeline will not come into physical contact with the Missouri River, as it will be deep underneath the river bottom sometimes as deep as 90 feet.”
Voices from Standing Rock | The Washington Post Video by Zoeann Murphy, McKenna Ewen Published on December 2, 2016 washingtonpost.com
“…Most were peaceful and shouted “Water is life.” But one young man suddenly tried to push his way through the line of riot police, who threw him to the ground and cuffed him. The man screamed “Help!” and “I’m being kidnapped!” over and over and spat at the officers.
Bryson shook his head. To him, it was obvious the man had provoked arrest, for the benefit of the news cameras.
“This is what the community is tired of,” Bryson said. “We are one pin-drop away from this escalating to a really violent situation.”
….Recently, the protest has been “hijacked by extremist environmentalists” from out of state who harass workers, one of whom was beaten up at a gas station because he was wearing a safety vest with the company logo, Bryson said. People have put dirt into gas tanks of heavy machinery, smashed windshields and committed other acts of vandalism, reports confirmed by local police.
“Guys have gotten a lot smarter — traveling in groups, not wearing company branding or labels,” Bryson said. He himself received an anonymous email that included a photo of himself, his wife and his three small children taken from his Facebook page and his home address. It said: “We hope you enjoy burning in your home with your children.” He turned it over to police.
And it’s the out-of-towners, he said, who have turned the Dakota Access standoff into “a racial issue.”
“The only people creating a race issue or anything along those lines is out-of-state people that are just adding fuel to the fire, most of them being white themselves,” he said.
Bryson said Native American culture has always been “a big part of the community” in North Dakota. He said that he went to school with Native Americans who were “like brothers” to him: “We slept at each other’s houses, ate dinner together all the time as children.”
He is sympathetic to concerns about burial grounds and water purity but said that he thinks the project still can be completed safely and sensitively.
“To say that we’re doing this because we don’t care about them is totally not what it’s about at all,” he said.
Bryson said about 15 of his union members working on the pipeline were Standing Rock Sioux from the reservation. But nearly half of them have asked to be taken off pipeline work because “they were getting a lot of heat” from family members and others in their community…”
Why One Standing Rock Pastor Won’t Preach About the Pipeline-Tonya White Mountain lives out the Christian call to be a peacemaker Interview by Kate Shellnutt/ December 5, 2016 christianitytoday.com
“…During a recent trip, a truck tried to drive her off the road. After her twin sister recounted several incidents of aggression toward Native American drivers and cars with bumper stickers opposing the planned Dakota Access pipeline (DAPL), she realized it might not have been a random case of road rage.
For locals like White Mountain, the contentious pipeline debate isn’t constrained to the protest sites covered on the news. The tension spills over to the roadways, the hair salons, and even the church pews.
The greatest challenge for churches like hers, Good News Assembly of God Church in McLaughlin, South Dakota, is being a faithful witness amid political and racial polarization…
Speaking as a Native American, I have to say that the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe has never ceded the lands north of the Cannonball River. Those were lands that were “given” to the Standing Rock tribe during the treaty of Fort Laramie. Our tribe never did cede those lands back. They were chipped away at over the years. It’s an issue that for me, personally, I feel strongly about. But being that it’s a personal issue as a Native American, I did not, have not, and will not take a stand behind the pulpit. To me, it’s more of a political issue…
… In my travels, I noticed—all over the country—wherever there’s a minority, there’s going to be issues of discrimination. But it’s not really discrimination. It does boil down to the fact that it is the sin nature of human beings. As strongly as I feel about the whole DAPL issue, it does boil down to the fact that we are dealing with a fallen race. Until our Lord returns, there will always be issues that divide…
Every time I mention it when I’m behind the pulpit or in prayer meetings, I remind people that we are called to pray for everyone, and we are called to pray for those in authority over us. I reminded the congregation that whether or not we agree with either side, we are to pray for souls. I remind them that the things we see on Facebook or TV, we should be praying for the safety of the people—the police included. Anytime I ask for people to pray for the water protectors, I also reminded them to pray for the police, the military, and even the DAPL security. We’re all souls in need of saving…”
Dakota Access Pipeline Threat: What You Need to Know Chelsey Luger 3/19/16 indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com
But to those who oppose the pipeline, the environmental impacts are not worth the money. They are more concerned with the health and well-being of their people and land, and with the health and well-being of future generations. The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe is trying to stop the pipeline—and might be the only entity with the ability to actually prevent the project from moving forward…”
1 mn gallons of oil-drilling byproducts leaked into N. Dakota drinking water
Published time: 10 Jul, 2014 17:28 rt.com
“…The cleanup is expected to last for weeks, according to Miranda Jones, vice president of environmental safety at Crestwood Midstream Partners LP. A subsidiary of Crestwood – Arrow Pipeline LLC – owns the underground pipeline.
Jones believes the leak started over the Fourth of July weekend, but was only detected when the company was sorting through production loss reports, according to AP.
“This is something no company wants on their record, and we are working diligently to clean it up,” Jones said.
Yet Karolin Rockvoy, a McKenzie County emergency manager, visited the site of the leak and said, based on the amount of devastation done to local vegetation, the spill had probably gone undetected for some time.
The pipeline was not equipped with technology that alerts operators of a leak, Jones said. Last year, the state legislature rejected legislation mandating pipeline flow meters and cutoff switches.
It is as yet unknown how much of this saltwater – between 10 and 30 times saltier than sea water and considered an environmental hazard by the state of North Dakota – found its way into Bear Den Bay, which leads to Lake Sakakawea.
The lake supplies water for the reservation, where the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara tribes live in an area of western North Dakota that is experiencing an unprecedented drilling boom.
Leonardo DiCaprio Stands With Great Sioux Nation to Stop Dakota Access Pipeline
Lorraine Chow By Lorraine Chow ecowatch.com
“…The people of Standing Rock, often called Sioux, warn that a potential oil spill into the river would threaten the water, land and health of their reservation.
In DiCaprio’s tweet, the Oscar-winning actor and clean energy advocate said he was “standing with the Great Sioux Nation to protect their water and lands,” and linked to a Change.org petition that urges the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to stop the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline.
The petition was written by 13-year-old Anna Lee Rain YellowHammer on behalf of Standing Rock youth. It states:
A private oil company wants to build a pipeline that would cross the Missouri River less than a mile away from the Standing Rock Reservation and if we don’t stop it, it will poison our river and threaten the health of my community when it leaks.
My friends and I have played in the river since we were little; my great grandparents raised chickens and horses along it. When the pipeline leaks, it will wipe out plants and animals, ruin our drinking water and poison the center of community life for the Standing Rock Sioux.
“..Published on Apr 27, 2016
We, the Standing Rock Youth, oppose the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline through the Missouri and Cannon Ball River because it poses a serious threat to our water and our land. This campaign echoes our belief that together, we can protect our water and our future.
Join our mission for clean safe water by signing our petition urging the Army Corps of Engineer NOT to sign off on a construction permit for the Dakota Access Pipeline. With YOUR help we can work to maintain and protect this sacred land.
SIGN OUR PETITION: http://www.change.org/RezpectOurWater
Spread the word: @rezpectourwater
Whistleblower John Bolenbaugh tears up explaining Standing Rock’s importance, from youtube.com
“..Published on Nov 18, 2016
Whistleblower John Bolenbaugh, (a former oil employee), who has spent his life savings documenting oil spills– and who turned down a 60 million dollar settlement explains the dangers of oil pipelines everywhere, and why they are designed to fail. Oil companies profit from the insurance companies who pay them to clean up their own messes. These messes are poisonous because of the molotov cocktail of chemicals used to thin the tar sands. As John puts it, he is definitely not a tree-hugger, and was not an environmentalist in any way until he saw how it was making people sick. When he realized the gravity of the situation, (as he says in his own words), “he had to do something about it or go to hell.”
John is an encyclopedia of the horrors of big oil. I hope there are more interviews to come.
#NoDAPL, #StandingRock, #JohnBolenbaugh #MassMovement
Also– Watch John’s eye-opening evidence on video– you won’t want to miss it!
**It should be noted that DAPL workers were the one’s who beat me up and put the cut on my forehead. John corrects himself after he says “police,” but I wanted that to be clear.
DAPL’s Worst Nightmare: Big Oil EXPOSED By Whistleblower from youtube.com
“Published on Nov 21, 2016
Energy Transfer Partners: (214) 981-0700
U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers: (202) 761-0010; (202) 761-0014
Department of Justice: (202)-353-1555; (202)-514-2000
White House: (202)-456-1414; (202)-456-1111
#NoDAPL Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list…
TYT Politics Reporter Jordan Chariton (https://twitter.com/JordanChariton) spoke with John Bolenbaugh, a whisteblower who exposed the oil industry’s cover up of major oil spills throughout the United States. These spills have polluted water, giving fish and other animals tumors, as well as causing debilitating illnesses in human beings.
For more, subscribe to TYT Politics: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuMo…
Veterans to deploy for Standing Rock By Sophie Lewis, CNN Updated 11:55 AM ET, Wed November 23, 2016 cnn.com
“I’m going for religious reasons. I’m not a leader. I’m not in charge. We are self-organizing this,” Clark said. They are hoping for a turnout of 500, but, “if we only have 20 or 30, that’s what God provides us,” he said.
Clark decided to take action after an elder from Standing Rock called him about the protests. “When she described what was going on, it brought tears to my eyes,” he said. “People are concerned about the way the elders who are praying are being brutalized, and what we are doing to the planet.”
Wood said, “If we don’t stand up for the oppressed, that’s the snowball that starts that leads to everyone else’s oppression.
“It doesn’t matter if you are a libertarian, a conservative, or a progressive, this is everyone’s fight,” he said…”
Debating still to support or not to support, here are some facts I found…
Column: What Dakota Access Pipeline protesters aren’t telling you
By Shawn McCoy on Nov 14, 2016 at 7:58 a.m. .inforum.com/
“…In September 2014 alone, the Corps made five unsuccessful attempts to meet with Standing Rock Sioux leaders. The next month, a meeting was arranged, but “when the Corps timely arrived for the meeting, Tribal Chairman David Archambault told them that the conclave had started earlier than planned and had already ended,” according to a federal judge.
At a planned meeting the next month, the tribe took the pipeline off the agenda and refused to discuss it. This stonewalling by tribal leaders continued for a year and a half.
Typical of the misinformation spread during the protests is a comment made by Jesse Jackson, who recently joined the activists in North Dakota. He said the decision to reroute the pipeline so that it crossed close to the Standing Rock Sioux tribe’s water intake was “racism.”
He did not mention, possibly because he did not know, that the company is paying to relocate the tribe’s water intake to a new spot 70 miles from the location of the contested pipeline crossing…”
Dakota Access Pipeline Protests: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know
Published 11:00 pm EST, September 3, 2016 Updated 10:56 pm EST, November 25, 2016 heavy.com
“…The elder, Allard, told the Seattle Times: “I am a common man, a man of prayer. We live our lives in peace and nonviolence.” The newspaper said he persuaded the protesters known as “Water Protectors” to put rocks back in the river and take down barricades. He told the newspaper the tribe would try to win the argument with prayer, not violence.
However, the Water Protectors have claimed they were subjected to human rights abuses, including being placed in what they felt were shelters similar to dog kennels…”
The Protests Over The Dakota Access Pipeline Explained 9:51 AM 11/06/2016 dailycaller.com
The Tribe Never Took Part In The Initial Consulting Process
The Army Corps of Engineers attempted more than a dozen times between 2014 and 2016, according to court documents, to discuss the DAPL route with the Standing Rock. The tribe either failed to respond to requests for consultation or dragged its feet during the process.
The Corps sent a letter to the tribe in October of 2014 with information about the proposed pipeline routes as well as maps documenting the known cultural sites the Corps had identified.
“In addition, the letter requested that any party interested in consulting on the matter reply within thirty days,” the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia wrote in August. “No response was received from the Tribe.”
The head of the North Dakota Public Service Commission mirrored the judge’s decision earlier this week, telling reporters that the tribe had plenty of time to voice concerns before the pipeline’s construction.
Julie Fedorchak, who serves as the chairman of the commission, told National Public Radio in an interview Wednesday that Standing Rock Sioux did not participate in the nearly 30 hours of meetings held to determine the pipeline’s southern route.
..The tribe has attempted to meander around that problem by arguing the land is theirs under the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851.
“This demolition is devastating,” Standing Rock Chairman David Archambault II told reporters in October. “These grounds are the resting places of our ancestors. The ancient cairns and stone prayer rings there cannot be replaced. In one day, our sacred land has been turned into hollow ground.”
The treaty was forged between the U.S. government and the Great Sioux Nation, not Standing Rock. Still, tribe members have challenged the treaty and others like it in court for not being honored…
“Published on Sep 21, 2016
Standing Rock Fact Checker is committed to reporting on what’s fact and what’s fiction with regards to the Dakota Access Pipeline protest.
This represents the first in what will become a series of videos aimed at doing just that—focusing on the facts, and refuting erroneous claims.
Despite claims made by pipeline opponents, the opposition has not been peaceful, pipeline workers fear for their lives, and protestors have inaccurately reported the facts.
As always, stay tuned for more from Standing Rock Fact Checker.
“TYT Politics Reporter Jordan Chariton (https://twitter.com/JordanChariton) spoke with Angie Spencer, a female water protector and trauma councilor who was arrested near the Standing Rock Sioux camp on October 27th, 2016.
Pipeline Protestor Sophia Wilansky Was NOT Injured By A Concussion Grenade Posted at 12:42 pm on November 25, 2016 by Bob Owens bearingarms.com
‘..There were actually several 1-pound propane canisters recovered from the site of the explosion by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF). You’ll note that the more severely damaged of the two canisters, shown in two different angles in the second and third photos above, seem to have coagulated blood and tissue upon them.
If testing does confirm that the material on the propane cylinder is blood and tissue, then there is clearly enough to get a DNA match to the person who left that genetic material behind.
While the ATF was cataloging the apparent components of a faulty improvised explosive device (IED, a kind of bomb) that domestic terrorists/protestors attempted to deploy against police lines, agents with the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) went to the hospital to acquire Sophia Wilansky’s clothes, and they confiscated it into evidence.
Standing Rock Protester Shot in Face With Tear Gas Canister May Go Blind Justin Glawe
11.29.16 8:10 PM ET thedailybeast.com
“…That’s when police opened fire, according to a lawsuit filed by Dundon on Monday in federal court. The protesters opposing the Dakota Access Pipeline were choked by tear gas and struck by rubber bullets and bean bags, the lawsuit states. In sub-freezing temperatures, police soaked protesters with a water cannon over and over again…”
-Freedom of Press?
November 27 2016, 7:00 a.m. theintercept.com
“..The arrests of journalists and filmmakers covering the front lines of the Dakota Access pipeline fight highlight the limits of press protections and the central role of police, prosecutor, and court discretion in deciding whether or not members of the press should face legal consequences when covering protests. The arrests and violent crowd suppression tactics also reflect the refusal of police to discriminate between peaceful protesters, aggressive agitators, and journalists…”
-History of Oil Spills
Health: Effects from Water Contaminated by Oil Spills goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
Water Protectors file class action suit for retaliation and excessive force against brutal police
by Lauren C. Regan on November 28, 2016 in Articles, cldc.org
BRAVE Environmental Lawyer Explains Standing Rock Legal Issues
“Published on Nov 4, 2016
http://democracynow.org – President Obama says the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is considering rerouting the $3.8 billion Dakota Access pipeline, amid months of resistance from the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and members of more than 200 other Native American nations and tribes from across the Americas. “My view is that there is a way for us to accommodate sacred lands of Native Americans,” Obama said. “And I think that right now the Army Corps is examining whether there are ways to reroute this pipeline in a way.” Meanwhile, on Wednesday, police deployed pepper spray and tear gas against dozens of Native American water protectors during a standoff at Cantapeta Creek, north of the main resistance camp. At least two people were shot with nonlethal projectiles. Video and photos show police firing the pepper spray and tear gas at the water protectors, who were peacefully standing in the creek. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers had ordered police to arrest the Native Americans and destroy a bridge that members of the camp had constructed over the creek in order to protect a sacred burial ground they say is being destroyed by construction and law enforcement activity.
Trump sells his stake in Dakota Access Pipeline developer Jacob Pramuk,CNBC 11 hours ago (12.5.16) yahoo.com
Wes Clark Jr. at Standing Rock: General’s activist son heads to N.D., driven by “spiritual fire” and “ready to be killed” Alli Joseph
Monday, Dec 5, 2016 05:30 AM CST salon.com
Gen. Wesley Clark’s son and namesake on why protecting the environment is a human issue, not an Indian issue
“…When Phil Young called me to say that elderly women who were praying were being beaten, children were being bitten by dogs, people were being put into dog kennels, it brought back memories from my childhood where I was sitting in church and hearing the gospel, with Jesus saying, “What you do to my brothers, you do to me.” Suddenly it made sense. Now it’s like a spiritual fire has been lit inside me. So I’m going to do whatever is right for people defending their resources. I’m no Jesus: I’ve been a sinner. But I do believe in “do unto others.”
The most important things in life are kindness, compassion, honesty, caring for neighbors. Most important is forgiveness. I am going out there literally ready to be killed, and if that’s what happens, I don’t want any violence to come out of it. I want forgiveness.
We are raised in America to be spectators. The vast majority of children don’t play sports in school; they watch games. Life is about living not watching other people do it. It’s not enough to go to church and say you believe; you have to live it. I’m nothing special. Everyone is going to Standing Rock with the same idea. We will not stop until this country gets it right, until we live by our proposed ideals…”
“Published on Nov 3, 2016
Please Subscribe: American Intelligence Report broadcaster Kristan T. Harris interviews activist and journalist Derrick Broze from the Conscious Resistance about the simmering back story to a looming heritage war near the Standing Rock reservation. (Part 1)
DOWNLOAD our ANDROID APP FREE: https://play.google.com/store/apps/de…
Watch Derrick Broze’s video live from Standing Rock: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QaMpj…
Follow on facebook: https://www.facebook.com/AmericanInte…
Follow on twitter http://twitter.com/kristantharris
Donate towards the broadcast. AIR: Live 100% listener funded”
5 things every non-native needs to consider before visiting Standing Rock by Jen Deerinwater
September 27, 2016 matadornetwork.com
-Weapons used against protestors
concussion grenade merriam-webster.com
Police deploy water hoses, tear gas against Standing Rock protesters
BY Joshua Barajas November 21, 2016 at 10:08 AM EST pbs.org
“…Activists can be heard on several Facebook Live videos shouting “No DAPL!” (Dakota Access pipeline) as law enforcement appeared to use water cannons, tear gas and sound weapons against the people amassed on the bridge….”
Police threw grenade at DAPL protesters – father of activist who faces amputation Published time: 22 Nov, 2016 09:24 Published time: 22 Nov, 2016 09:24
Edited time: 28 Nov, 2016 23:06 rt.com
“…Speaking outside the Hennepin County Medical Center on Tuesday, Wayne Wilansky confirmed his daughter was facing 20 or more surgeries in hope of saving her arm.
Wilansky said that witnesses clearly saw law enforcement officers throwing the concussion grenade.
“This is not Afghanistan, this is not Iraq… we don’t throw grenades at people,” he said, blaming the local and state authorities for Sophia’s injury.
“Even president Obama, who I love, said 3 weeks ago, ‘We’ll wait and see.’ What is there to wait and see? People will die if the situation isn’t stopped,” Wilansky said.
Rezpect Our Water, rezpectourwater.com
“..We, the Standing Rock Youth, oppose the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline through the Missouri and Cannon Ball River because it poses a serious threat to our water and our land.
This campaign echoes our belief that together, we can protect our water and our future.
Join our mission for clean safe water by signing our petition urging the Army Corps of Engineer NOT to sign off on a construction permit for the Dakota Access Pipeline. With YOUR help we can work to maintain and protect this sacred land.
Thousands of Facebook users check in to Standing Rock to confuse police monitoring pipeline protest Andrew Griffin
Monday 31 October 2016
13 comments independent.co.uk
It isn’t clear whether the call originated with people at the North Dakota protest or if it’s a hoax — but people are using it as a way of expressing solidarity all the same
SIGN DOWN BELOW
“500 Clergy Come to Standing Rock by Indigenous Rising Media: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FJjF3…
Veterans Head To Standing Rock To Support ‘We The People’ by The Real News: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lOJ7U…
Trespassing on Your Own Land at Standing Rock by Fusion: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aPlKa…
“Mni Wiconi” Short Film by Divided Films with support from the WK Kellogg Foundation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4FDuq…
BARBARIC Dakota Access Oil Police Cause Mass Hypothermia by TYT Politics:
Robert F. Kennedy Jr. On Obama’s “No Brainer” DAPL Choice by TYT Politics: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LIJgM…
Standing Rock Tribal Council meeting minutes with ETP/DAPL representatives that occurred September 30th 2014, by the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe: https://www.facebook.com/402298239798…
Some of the places you can make donations to (all of these are legitimate, official sources):
Send EXTREME COLD weather gear to:
Kevin care of Lindsey Norton
PO BOX 1281 Cannon Ball ND 58528
Items desperately needed: wool blankets and socks, Visa gift cards, non-cotton thermal underwear, indoor propane heaters, sub zero sleeping bags, extreme weather overalls and gloves, extreme weather coats, feminine hygiene products, incontinence pads, horse supplies, jerky, nuts and dried fruit. NO LIGHTWEIGHT, COTTON ITEMS, PLEASE. Winter on the prairie is no joke!
Dear Pres. Obama: Will you Honor Your Commitment to Protect The People of Standing Rock?
Some Alternative News Sources:
Unicorn Riot: https://www.facebook.com/unicornriot….
Digital Smoke Signals: https://www.facebook.com/DigitalSmoke…
Oceti Sakowin: https://www.facebook.com/OcetiSakowin…
Sacred Stone Camp: https://www.facebook.com/CampOfTheSac…
TYT News Network: https://www.facebook.com/TYTnetwork/?…
Indigenous Rising Media: https://www.facebook.com/Indigenousri…
Democracy Now! https://www.democracynow.org
You can contact me, Nicole at: firstname.lastname@example.org.”
Tucson pastor arrested at North Dakota pipeline protest
By Curt Prendergast Arizona Daily Star Nov 12, 2016 tucson.com
Christian Communities Support Standing Rock Sioux Protection of Land and Water from Dakota Access Pipeline creationjustice.org
“…Join in prayer for Standing Rock. We have collected liturgical resources and prayers from the United Church of Christ, Presbyterian Church (USA) and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ).
A Day of Prayer at Standing Rock #WaterIsLife By PNW Conference – Nov 4, 2016 pnwumc.org
“…Today 544 clergy and people of faith gathered at the Oceti Sakowin Camp. We said prayers, and burned the Doctrine of Discovery with high ceremony. We then were smudged with lovely smoke and walked together to the bridge where militarized police block the road.
Rev. John Floberg had negotiated a truce for a few hours and that allowed us to gather there. We walked up singing Dona Nobis Pacem–after all, we are clergy. We formed an enormous circle, then gathered together again to hear the speakers.
Call to Standing Rock: Dec. 4th Interfaith Day of Prayer standingonthesideoflove.org
Why Christians Should Stand with the Standing Rock Sioux Marlena Graves 11/17/16 thinkchristian.reframemedia.com
“..Standing Rock is more than a protest over water rights. It is an icon beckoning us to behold the litany of atrocities and injustices that have been committed against indigenous peoples. It’s a call to look, listen, and confess of the sins that have been committed against them. Standing Rock is a call to lament and repent. Only when we admit to wrongdoing can we then ask Native Americans how we might produce fruit in keeping with repentance…”
-Make a Difference
Christmas Dream Box waeministries.com
“…In 2012, over three-thousand Christmas gift and food basket donations were generously provided by faithful partners to children, adults, and elders of the Lakota nation on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. However, despite this overflowing demonstration of kindness and charity (the spirit of Christmas, itself), not everyone on Pine Ridge was able to celebrate the tradition of Christ’s birth. Let’s give Christmas Away this year…”
“Published on Feb 28, 2017
For months, the International Indigenous Youth Council has helped steer the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe’s opposition to the Dakota Access Pipeline.
I decided to go to #StandingRock myself after a high volume of visitors to this blog, so I can build the credibility and share my notes from my personal experience…