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Standing Rock and the Dakota Access Pipeline drcinfo.org
“…Furthermore, this characterization of water protector violence is a distraction from the lawlessness the state administration has allowed to occur in the Bakken, the heart of oil and gas extraction. The State does not seem to be concerned with the seemingly constant environmental crimes that occur from countless oil and salt water spills, wasted uncaptured natural gas, and abandoned radioactive waste. The companies responsible of these crimes are not fined or taken to jail. The damage to farmers, ranchers, and others who’ve lived and worked here are considered by the state as “collateral damage” and efforts to help are rejected by the Oil and gas extraction has brought in a massive influx of out-of-state workers, overwhelming demands for infrastructure, urban sprawl, and negative social impacts to communities…”
The “Indian Problem”
“Published on Mar 3, 2015
As American power and population grew in the 19th century, the United States gradually rejected the main principle of treaty-making—that tribes were self-governing nations—and initiated policies that undermined tribal sovereignty. For Indian nations, these policies resulted in broken treaties, vast land loss, removal and relocation, population decline, and cultural decimation.
The “Indian Problem” was produced to serve as the central video in the exhibition “Nation to Nation: Treaties Between the United States and American Indian Nations,” on view at the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC. This video introduces visitors to the section of the exhibition titled “Bad Acts, Bad Paper.””
*see Deep Thought: Broken Promises-Who to trust? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
Two Approaches to Economic Development on American Indian Reservations: One Works, the Other Doesn’t · January 2006 with 21 Reads researchgate.net
“..There are concrete, bottom-line payoffs to tribal self-rule. For example, a Harvard Project study of
75 tribes with significant timber resources found that, for every timber-related job that moved
from BIA forestry to tribal forestry—that is, for every job that moved from federal control to tribal
control—prices received and productivity in the tribe’s timber operations rose.
tribes do a better job of managing their forests because these are their forests.
But the evidence is even broader. After fifteen years of research and work in Indian Country, we
cannot find a single case of sustained economic development in which an entity other than the
Indian nation is making the major decisions about development strategy, resource use, or internal
organization. In short, practical sovereignty appears to be a necessary (but not sufficient) condition
for reservation economic development. ..”
Like oil and water
The Middle East has always had a rich abundance of natural resources, although which resources are coveted and valued has changed over time. Today, abundant petroleum fields dominate the area’s economy. The Middle East is similarly disproportionately rich in natural gas (32 percent of the world’s known natural gas reserves are in the region) and phosphate (Morocco alone has more than half of the world’s reserves).
Water has always been an important resource in the Middle East — for its relative scarcity rather than its abundance. Disputes over rights to water (for example, building a dam in one country upstream from another) are a fundamental part of the political relationships in the region. Water for irrigation is necessary for many of the ecosystems to sustain crops…”
Humans and Energy: Crash Course World History 207
“Published on Aug 28, 2014
In which Stan Muller subs for John Green and teaches you about energy and humanity. Today we discuss the ideas put forth by Alfred Crosby in his book, Children of the Sun. Historically, almost all of the energy that humans use has been directly or indirectly generated by the sun, whether that be food energy from plants, wind energy, direct solar energy, or fossil fuels. Stan looks into these different sources, and talks about how humanity will continue to use energy in the future as populations grow and energy resources become more scarce.
You can directly support Crash Course at https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we’re doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content.
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How resource scarcity is driving the third Industrial Revolution mckinsey.com
“..Will shortages of energy, materials, food, and water put the brakes on global growth? Far from it. By combining information technology with industrial technology, as well as through harnessing materials science and biotechnology, innovators are showing that it is possible to produce more with less and to access resources at far lower costs…”
The End Of The Oil Age, How Much Is Left And What Will Happen When We Run Out
“…What we use it for-
Oil is the life blood that is pumped though our modern world, with out it we could not fly to popular holiday destinations, travel to work in the comfort of our vehicles or maybe even watch this video on YouTube, plus many more little perks of modern life. We rely on oil to power many applications within our lives and as of early 2015, the IEA Oil Market Report forecast the average demand would be 34 billion barrels of oil for the year. At this rate, how long can we go on pumping oil out of the ground without exhausting our supplies?
The Hidden Costs of Fossil Fuels ucsusa.org
The costs of coal, natural gas, and other fossil fuels aren’t always obvious—but their impacts can be disastrous.
“..There are two main methods for removing fossil fuels from the ground: mining and drilling. Mining is used to extract solid fossil fuels, such as coal, by digging, scraping, or otherwise exposing buried resources. Drilling methods help extract liquid or gaseous fossil fuels that can be forced to flow to the surface, such as conventional oil and natural gas. Both processes carry serious health and environmental impacts…”
Why can’t we quit fossil fuels? theguardian.com
“..So coal use kept rising too – and oil use in turn kept increasing as cleaner gas, nuclear and hydro came on stream, helping power the digital age, which unlocked more advanced technologies capable of opening up harder-to-read fossil-fuel reserves…
Indeed, though our governments now subsidise clean-power sources and efficient cars and buildings – and encourage us all to use less energy – they are continuing to undermine all that by ripping as much oil, coal and gas out of the ground as possible. And if their own green policies mean there isn’t a market for these fuels at home, then no matter: they can just be exported instead…
This extraordinary double-think is everywhere to be seen. Take the US. Obama boasts that American emissions are now falling due to rising auto efficiency standards and gas displacing dirtier coal in the energy mix. But the US is extracting carbon and flowing it into the global energy system faster than ever before. Its gas boom has simply allowed it to export more of the coal to other countries such as China – which of course uses it partly to produce goods for US markets. Not happy with increasing US carbon extraction, Obama is also set to approve the Keystone XL Pipeline that will enable Canada to flood the global markets with crude produced from dirty tar sands. So much for carbon cuts.
Or take Australia, which in the same year introduced a carbon tax and started debating plans for a series of “mega-mines” that would massively increase its coal exports, helping build confidence among the companies and governments planning no fewer than 1,200 new coal-fired power stations around the world. Even the UK, with its world-leading carbon targets, gives tax-breaks to encourage oil and gas recovery and has been growing its total carbon footprint by relying ever more on Chinese factories – and therefore indirectly its reliance on American and Australian coal. And not just that. Although it rarely gets commented on, Britain – along with other supposedly green nations such as Germany – regularly begs Saudi Arabia and the other Opec nations to produce not less oil, but more. As journalist George Monbiot once put it, nations are trying simultaneously to “reduce demand for fossil fuels and increase supply”…
How would all this affect the global economy, or pension funds, or the financial health of the Middle East, the US and other carbon-rich nations doing most to resist a global climate deal? For all the confident opinion on both sides, no one can say for sure, just as no one can be certain how human society will fare in a warming world. But with so much money and power bound up with oil, coal and gas, one thing seems clear: constraining global fossil fuel supplies will take bigger thinking, harder politics and – crucially – a whole lot more public pressure. Voluntary carbon cuts are a great start but they are no match for a system-level feedback in human energy use…”
Will Natural Gas Power the Future? August 9, 2012 pbs.org
“Colorado, like many other states around the country, gets most of its energy from burning coal. Skeptics have criticized coal for being a pollutant, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has increased regulations on emissions from electric power plants, thereby making companies scale back their involvement with coal.
In order to meet the EPA guidelines, some power plants in Colorado are converting some of their plants to burn natural gas instead of coal, and shutting some coal-burning plants down altogether.
Natural gas is currently cheaper than coal and more environmentally friendly. It was therefore an easy decision for U.S. Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar to endorse as a centerpiece of his platform for America’s energy future.
At the same time, the low prices of natural gas are making it difficult for renewable energy sources like wind and solar to make a case for being cost-effective. While environmentalists are worried that the push for natural gas will simply get us hooked on another fossil fuel, Salazar says that the government will continue to pursue both gas and renewable energy sources going forward.
However, change may be slow and coal companies are not willing to give up their market share to newcomers. It is estimated that at the end of the decade, 48% of our energy will still come from coal-fired plants, but natural gas and renewables will make up a larger market share than ever before. “
*see Deep Thought: Does it matter if your part of another “ethnicity or race”? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
Avatar hit by accusations of racism
By Anita Singh, Showbusiness Editor
6:31PM GMT 11 Jan 2010 telegraph.co.uk
James Cameron’s $1 billion sci-fi epic Avatar has been hit by accusations of racism.
“..vatar is set on a distant planet populated by the Na’vi, an eco-conscious, blue-skinned alien tribe with no understanding of modern technology. A disabled Marine, played by the Australian actor Sam Worthington, is sent to infiltrate the tribe but soon “goes native” and leads them in a defence of their homeland against the white invaders.
He also falls in love with an alien woman, who rejects a Na’vi suitor and becomes his wife. The main Na’vi characters are played by black actors, including Zoe Saldana and Laz Alonso.
David Brooks, a columnist writing in the New York Times, said: “Avatar is a racial fantasy par excellence … It rests on the stereotype that white people are rationalist and technocratic while colonial victims are spiritual and athletic. It rests on the assumption that non-whites need the White Messiah to lead their crusades. It rests on the assumption that illiteracy is the path to grace…
The ruthless treatment of the Na’vi has been interpreted as a metaphor for the plight of American Indians. Brooks said Avatar followed a long tradition of “white Messiah” movies which began in the 1970s with A Man Called Horse, , starring Richard Harris as an English aristocrat who is captured by a Sioux Indian tribe and becomes their leader, and which includes Kevin Costner’s Dances With Wolves and the Tom Cruise film, The Last Samurai…”
*see Avatar the Movie Reflections-Importance of Cultural Awareness goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
*see Deep Thought: Is “Oil” causing wars? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
9 Wars That Were Really About Commodities Mamta Badkar Aug. 15, 2012, 2:27 PM businessinsider.com
“..The recent rise in tensions over the disputed South China Sea has drawn attention to the possibility that the conflict is really about natural resources located in the islands of the South China Sea.
With the help of Waverly Advisors we point out that wars over commodities go back centuries.
We re-examine the real motivations behind the Pearl Harbor attack and the German invasion of Russia. We also consider more current geo-political tensions that are being driven by commodities…”
Iron, Steel and Oil – The Fight For Resources I THE GREAT WAR Week 18
“Published on Nov 27, 2014
Four months after the outbreak of the war, a new objective develops: the fight for the most valuable resources. The modern warfare and its war machines need one thing more than anything: Oil, iron, steel or cole can be a matter of life and death. The British advance into the Ottoman Empire and conquer the city Basra. Their goal is to secure their drilling facilities at the Arab Gulf. Meanwhile, the situation at the front is gridlocked, especially in the trenches on the Western Front.
The communication and organisation in the trenches becomes far more complex in course of time. If you want to know how life was in the trenches and how the structure works, click here and watch our special about trenches: http://bit.ly/1vT9Wxr
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-Syria & Russia vs. U.S. & Allies (e.g. Turkey, Saudi Arabia, etc..)?
*see Peace: Avoiding War?
Refugee Crisis & Syria War Fueled By Competing Gas Pipelines By Mnar Muhawesh @mnarmuh | September 9, 2015 mintpressnews.com
“…Media outlets and political talking heads have found many opportunities to point fingers in the blame game, but not one media organization has accurately broken down what’s driving the chaos: control over gas, oil and resources.
Indeed, it’s worth asking: How did demonstrations held by “hundreds” of protesters demanding economic change in Syria four years ago devolve into a deadly sectarian civil war, fanning the flames of extremism haunting the world today and creating the world’s second largest refugee crisis?
While the media points its finger to Syrian President Bashar Assad’s barrel bombs and political analysts call for more airstrikes against ISIS and harsher sanctions against Syria, we’re four years into the crisis and most people have no idea how this war even got started…
Foreign meddling in Syria began several years before the Syrian revolt erupted. Wikleaks released leaked US State Department cables from 2006 revealing U.S. plans to overthrow the Syrian government through instigating civil strife, and receiving these very orders straight from Tel Aviv. The leaks reveal the United State’s partnership with nations like Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Qatar and even Egypt to use sectarianism to divide Syria through the Sunni and Shiite divide to destabilize the nation to weaken Iran and Hezbolla. Israel is also revealed to attempt to use this crisis to expand its occupation of the Golan Heights for additional oil exploration, according to Wikileaks editor Julian Assange…
It’s no secret that Syria’s government is a major arms, oil and gas, and weapons ally of Iran and Lebanon’s resistance political group Hezbollah.
But it’s important to note the timing: This coalition and meddling in Syria came about immediately on the heels of discussions of an Iran-Iraq-Syria gas pipeline that was to be built between 2014 and 2016 from Iran’s giant South Pars field through Iraq and Syria. With a possible extension to Lebanon, it would eventually reach Europe, the target export market…
This “civil war” is not about religion..”
*see Neutral Perspective: Pro & Anti-Pipeline
Thoughts, feedback, comments, etc..?
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non-renewable energy nationalgeographic.org
Once the oil has been drilled, it must be refined. Oil contains many chemicals besides carbon, and refining the oil takes some of these chemicals out.
We use oil for many things. About half of the world’s petroleum is converted into gasoline. The rest can be processed and used in liquid products such as nail polish and rubbing alcohol, or solid products such as water pipes, shoes, crayons, roofing, vitamin capsules, and thousands of other items.
Everyday Petroleum-based Products
“Published on Oct 2, 2013
Did you know that last year 36% of our energy consumption came from petroleum? What petroleum-based items do we use on a daily basis? Sneakers, bubblegum, bath soap and sweaters? These are only a few things made from petroleum. Watch this video and find out more!”
In the video above, some “renewable energy” sources are “dependent” on petroleum ..
Can You Make a Wind Turbine Without Fossil Fuels? February 25, 2014 by Robert Wilson theenergycollective.com
“..The current feasibility of 100% renewable energy is easily tested by asking a simple question. Can you build a wind turbine without fossil fuels? If the machines that will deliver 100% renewable energy cannot be made without fossil fuels, then quite obviously we cannot get 100% renewable energy…
What is it made of? Lots of steel, concrete and advanced plastic. Material requirements of a modern wind turbine have been reviewed by the United States Geological Survey. On average 1 MW of wind capacity requires 103 tonnes of stainless steel, 402 tonnes of concrete, 6.8 tonnes of fiberglass, 3 tonnes of copper and 20 tonnes of cast iron. The elegant blades are made of fiberglass, the skyscraper sized tower of steel, and the base of concrete…
However I will note at the outset that the requirement for fiberglass means that a wind turbine cannot currently be made without the extraction of oil and natural gas, because fiberglass is without exception produced from petrochemicals…
Now, none of this is to argue against wind turbines, it is simply arguing against over-promising what can be achieved. It also should be pointed out that we cannot build a nuclear power plant, or any piece of large infrastrtucture for that matter, without concrete or steel. A future entirely without fossil fuels may be desirable, but currently it is not achievable. Expectations must be set accordingly.”
The Solar Power Paradox: Alternative Energy Can’t Run on Oil .. altenergymag.com
“…As demand for alternative energy increases and green technologies progress at an unprecedented rate, the solar industry has undoubtedly taken massive strides toward making the world a greener place. Global photovoltaic (PV) production is currently the world’s fastest-growing energy technology – doubling every two years by an average of 48 percent per year. However, the reality remains that the manufacture of PV solar modules (like many green renewable energy sources) is heavily petroleum dependent, presenting a fundamental contradiction in the green energy movement…”
Products Made from Oil and Natural Gas .oilandgasinfo.ca
Products Made from Oil and Natural Gas
What’s the first thing that comes to mind when you think about something made from petroleum? Gasoline, probably. Or maybe plastic bags. But there are actually thousands of products made from crude oil and natural gas!
Even if you don’t drive a car or carry your groceries home in plastic bags, you still use dozens – or even hundreds – of petroleum-based products every day.
Click a group of products below to see for yourself. It’s amazing what oil and natural gas become…”
Comfort comes with a cost
Convenience comes with a cost
List of Ways to Reduce the Use of Fossil Fuels education.seattlepi.com
“..Nearly 85 percent of the U.S. energy supply comes from fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas and oil. Fossil fuels take millions of years to form and are thus considered to be nonrenewable. Higher energy demands and poor efficiency practices have increased fossil fuel usage, and it’s now critical to find alternative means of energy generation before depleting the global supply. It takes individual and community actions to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels…”
Reducing Dependency on Fossil Fuels April 29, 2010• Fossil Fuels• by EconomyWatch economywatch.com
“..Reducing dependency on fossil fuels is a major challenge for most economically advanced countries of the world as there is a very important link between the usage of fossil fuels and the economic conditions of individual.
One of the major reasons behind the increasing demand to reduce the reliance on fossil fuels is the fact that they are expected to run out at a certain point of time in the future. This is where sustainable energy is expected to be useful as it would last longer than any other form of fuel source…”
Investing in a Clean Energy Future: Reducing Dependence on Foreign Oil (2012)
“..Published on Apr 9, 2012
March 10, 2012..”
Learned anything new? What “action” can we take now ? How can we decrease the “dependence” of fossil fuels? Consume less?
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Are All These Pipelines Really Necessary? Legislators and Citizens Want FERC to Answer
By Robbie Harris • Oct 26, 2015 wvtf.org
“..“We believe that pipelines are unnecessary and reviews them together with existing infrastructure, it will determine that there is currently enough capacity in our pipelines that are already in place to carry the gas the Marcellus region through Virginia and North Carolina.
At a news conference, local landowners and Republican and Democratic state legislators cautioned FERC to resist the temptation to compare the advantages of natural gas to coal, and instead compare them to renewable energy, when making its determination about whether the projects are the best way to go to address climate change and energy demand…”
Natural gas study stirs up controversy over Atlantic Coast Pipeline By Caleb Stewart | Posted: Mon 7:12 PM, Sep 12, 2016 whsv.com
“…”The fact is, demand for natural gas in Virginia and North Carolina is growing significantly – by 165 percent over the next 20 years,” said Ruby. “Existing pipelines in the region are constrained and operating at full capacity. They are not capable of meeting that huge growth in demand. In Hampton Roads, Virginia, for example, natural gas service is already being curtailed for large industrial customers during high-demand periods because existing pipelines are so constrained. Utilities have looked at expanding that infrastructure for years, and it just isn’t feasible. That’s why we urgently need new infrastructure like the Atlantic Coast Pipeline.”..
In North Carolina, there is currently only one pipeline serving the entire state, and it predominantly serves the western North Carolina.,” said Ruby. “That leaves entire communities in eastern North Carolina with limited or no access to natural gas. Upgrading the existing system or using available capacity, as the authors of this report propose, won’t do anything to expand service in eastern North Carolina. That’s why you need the Atlantic Coast Pipeline – it will actually be located in eastern North Carolina where these communities are located.”
“The reality is, the existing pipelines in our region are constrained and operating at full capacity during those peak demand periods. We need new infrastructure to alleviate those constraints,” said Ruby. “That’s why we’re proposing the Atlantic Coast Pipeline..
—DEPENDENCE ON NATURAL GAS?—
The pipelines, if approved, would provide the mid-Atlantic with natural gas for 80 years, the lifetime of the pipelines. The SELC argues that that would lock the region in to dependence on natural gas.
“An investment of billions of dollars in natural gas will further discourage these utilities from moving towards renewable energy, like solar and wind power that could save their customers more money,” Buppert said.
The two proposed pipelines would transport fracked natural gas from wells in West Virginia to customers in Virginia and the Carolinas. The pipelines would transect natural and recreation areas, along with cities, towns and farms. A number of citizen groups and businesses in several states have formed to oppose the pipelines.
—EXPORTING NATURAL GAS—
The report also raises the possibility of another utility-driven incentive to push for these projects:
“Because the supply of natural gas is abundant, utilities are exploring options to export the fuel overseas. That would require more capacity to move natural gas to the mid-Atlantic’s coastal ports. Therefore, ‘pipeline developers … have an additional motivation to expand their ownership interests in natural gas supply infrastructure,’ the researchers said.”…”
WATCH: First Nations man confronts anti-pipeline protesters
“Published on Nov 21, 2016
Christopher Wilson runs into a pro-oil and gas industry First Nations man who speaks up about the hypocrisy of anti-Kinder Morgan protesters in Vancouver, including his confrontation with an anti-oil Grand Chief in attendance. MORE: http://www.therebel.media/watch_first…
http://www.Facebook.com/JoinTheRebel *** http://www.Twitter.com/TheRebelTV”
New Technology Could End The Debate Over Pipeline Safety
By James Stafford – Aug 27, 2014, 6:16 PM CDT oilprice.com
“… They corrode and rupture, which threatens workers and nearby communities. In 2013 alone, over 119,000 barrels of oil were spilled in 623 incidents.
America’s existing pipelines are getting older and more prone to corrosion, and over the next five to 10 years, there will be a significant increase in the number of new pipelines.
And that is creating a huge opportunity for better pipeline safety technology.
Monitoring and detecting corrosion in pipelines is still a crude affair (no pun intended). Pipeline companies tend to underspend on safety, concerned only with meeting the minimum regulatory requirements.
One of the major ways pipeline operators detect corrosion is with a “pig,” a machine that travels down the inside of a pipeline looking for problems.
Pigs are not new — the industry has long relied heavily on them—and the newest generation of pigs, known as “smart pigs,” is considered an improvement over the pigs of yesterday. Smart pigs give a read on the state of the pipeline, such as cracks, corrosion, and metal loss. Operators receive this information in a control room and can then dispatch crews to fix the problem. As of 2012, 93 percent of pipeline inspections were conducted using smart pigs…
So alternative methods to detect trouble spots are needed. One method for detecting corrosion uses a device from outside the pipeline. A series of sensors placed on the outside of the pipeline can search for corrosion without interfering in operations.
Pipeline safety company Fox-Tek, a subsidiary of Augusta Industries (CVE: AAO), uses such a system to detect corrosion, as well as a fiber optic system to detect bends, strains and stress in pipelines.
But the real innovation in Fox-Tek’s system is its data analytics package. Companies that use smart pigs usually need to spend months doing post-inspection analysis, but Fox-Tek has developed proprietary software that does continuous and automatic analysis. ..”
Structural health monitoring of buried pipelines under static dislocation … researchgate.net
Did you know that last year 36% of our energy consumption came from petroleum? What petroleum-based items do we use on a daily basis? Sneakers, bubblegum, bath soap and sweaters? These are only a few things made from petroleum. Watch this video and find out more!”
Pipelines vs Oil Trains May 26, 2015/0 Comments/in Articles, Data and Analysis, News and Information /by Guest Author fractracker.org By Juliana Henao, Communications Intern
Natural Gas: Pros and Cons by RP Siegel on Tuesday, Apr 3rd, 2012 triplepundit.com
Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline Pros and Cons By Scott Steele May 31, 2013 RSS PDF newswire.net
“..Looking at the advantages it is certain the pipeline will provide jobs to boost economic growth in communities along the pipeline, provincially and nationally. Enbridge Inc. (NYSE:ENB) (TSE:ENB) notes on its website that the, “Northern Gateway Project will create 550 long-term jobs in B.C., 380 in Alberta and 210 in the rest of Canada for a total of 1150 long term jobs. Also there will be 270 billion in growth to Canada’s GDP over 30 years.”
Pipe fabrication & manufacturing is done according to industry standards and specifications to ensure safe delivery of oil and gas fuels. After the pipe is manufactured it undergoes various testing phases and inspection services including visual inspection, protective coatings inspection, x-ray inspection to name a few.
Pipelines have been proven to be the safest and most reliable mode of transport. According to Canadian Energy Pipeline Association (CEPA), “Our most recent statistics show that 99.99 per cent of liquid products were transported safely between 2002 and 2011.”
The Transportation Safety Board of Canada report that only five pipeline accidents were reported to the TSB in 2011, down from the 2010 total of 11, and below the 2006–2010 average of 9.
Another advantage is the difficulties in handling large amount of products by rail from one loading point is reduced. Findings also show minimum transit loss.
The disadvantages to laying pipelines, including the initial cost of environmental studies, pipeline construction is very expensive. Over time the pipeline could corrode and cause leakage. The Pembina Institute, natural Resources Defense Council and the Living Oceans Society, which issued a joint report on the proposed pipeline in November 2011 stated, “Diluted bitumen may weaken pipelines at a quicker rate than conventional oil because of its acidic, sulphuric, abrasive and viscous nature.”
This is minimized by treatment of the pipe with anti-corrosive coating supplemented with cathodic protection along with increased inspections and pipeline maintenance. New and innovative technologies like digital sensors are being tested, these sensors would help lower the risks of leakage even further.
Pipelines can become damaged by natural disasters or sabotage resulting in contamination of soil and groundwater the costs for clean-up could be astronomical. These occurrences are a lot harder if not impossible to control. Some other disadvantages are slower delivery to a limitation of fixed points.
“Oilfield Directory offers oil and gas company information, recognizing the need for inspection services such as pipe inspection, tank inspection, infrared thermography, calibrations services and more we have oil and gas companies and contractors who are committed to the safety of individuals as well as the environment .” notes a company spokesman for oilfielddirectory.com..”
Keystone XL Pipeline Facts: Pros and Cons Published 6:04 pm EST, November 14, 2014 Updated 12:23 pm EST, November 15, 2014 2 Comments By Emer Hughes heavy.com
The Pro’s and Con’s of the Keystone Xl Pipeline
(see Environment: Clean Water Rights? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com)
Oil Pipelines and Spills cla.auburn.edu
“..Ponca City, Oklahoma is an example of one of the cities that is being affected by the expansion of the Keystone pipeline. Ponca City is now receiving an increased amount of toxic emissions from tar sand transport. Tar sand is composed of sand, petroleum, and mineral salts; a highly toxic class of chemicals are also added (Tar Sands Blockade). Tar sand produces 17% more greenhouse gases than traditional crude oil (NPR). The air quality has become life threatening, and residents are forced to breathe in dangerous emissions. Children in surrounding the new pipeline are 56% more likely to develop leukemia versus children that live ten miles away. Even though the Keystone XL website states that it will be the “safest pipeline” in North American, shabby construction work has already had to be redone. If a leak does occur once the pipe is built, residents will be at risk of toxic exposure. In every instance of a tar sand leak in populated areas, toxic chemical exposure through respiration has occurred. Toxic chemical exposure can lead to migraines, painful rashes, breathing complications, nausea, chemical sensitivities, and exacerbated cancer activity (Tar Sands Blockade). Tar sand sinks into water, making the cleanup extraordinarily expensive. When tar sand is exposed to air, the harmful chemicals that are added as diluents evaporate into the air forming heavy toxic clouds close to ground level…”
‘Pipe Dreams’- The Keystone XL Documentary Narrated by Daryl Hannah
“Published on Mar 24, 2016
This award winning documentary explores the implications of one of today’s most controversial issues – the construction of the Keystone XL Pipeline. Pipe Dreams is a new 40-minute documentary by Leslie Iwerks on the proposed Keystone XL pipeline. It is narrated by Daryl Hannah, who was arrested in Washington, DC at the sit-in protest in front of the White House calling on US President Barack Obama to reject the pipeline.
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The Real Impact of the Dakota Access Pipeline By Staff Writer Taylor Veracka ‘18 November 7, 2016 jhupolitik.org
“..With all the chaos surrounding the DAPL it’s hard to make out what exactly is the truth and what is not. There are some things that are strikingly clear, however. The Sioux Nation feel that they have been done (yet another) injustice by the US government. They feel their culture and environmental health is at risk, and that they are being taken advantage of. Clearly, many Americans agree. Regardless of the economic benefits of the pipeline, it is important to recognize the problems that the Sioux are facing, and to remember that the majority of the people making political decisions on oil transportation do not completely understand tribal connections to their land. This pipeline represents another opportunity to exploit already endangered and disadvantaged population, and their voices must be considered with the same weight as economic concerns. ..”
Map Displays Five Years of Oil Pipeline Spills
by Amanda Starbuck, 6/22/2015 foreffectivegov.org
“..Since 2010, over 3,300 incidents of crude oil and liquefied natural gas leaks or ruptures have occurred on U.S. pipelines. These incidents have killed 80 people, injured 389 more, and cost $2.8 billion in damages. They also released toxic, polluting chemicals in local soil, waterways, and air.
Over 1,000 of these incidents occurred on pipelines carrying crude oil. High Country News, a nonprofit news organization in Colorado, mapped these spills:..”
-Texas to Mexico
Inspired by Standing Rock, West Texans take action to fight another pipeline Sasha von Oldershausen The Nation Thu, 08 Dec 2016 12:12 UTC Map sott.net
“..Two residents of the 6,000-person city of Alpine were arrested early Tuesday morning on grounds of trespassing after they chained themselves to the entrance gates of a pipeline-construction site owned and operated by Energy Transfer Partners (ETP), the Dallas-based energy company responsible for the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL). Dozens more stood by, holding electric tea lights and signs denouncing the energy company.
Inspired by the fight against the DAPL near the Standing Rock Reservation in North Dakota, the group was protesting a different ETP pipeline project. The Trans-Pecos Pipeline will cut through the spare and pristine Big Bend region of Texas to the border of Mexico, transporting natural gas into Mexico’s interior. ..
…This week’s victory at Standing Rock, in which the Army Corps of Engineers announced it would not permit the pipeline to be drilled under the Missouri River, underscored the power of direct action. Indigenous organizers and, eventually, thousands of supporters camped on the banks of the Cannonball River to protect their ancestral lands and water source. Their united action, even in the face of police violence, proved that last resorts can work.
“[Standing Rock] in North Dakota has really reinvigorated the whole movement,” said Trans-Pecos Pipeline opponent David Keller, an archeologist who earlier this year watched as ETP pummeled through an ancient Native American site at Trap Spring, whose State Archeological Landmark status was pending at the time.
In fact, the events at Standing Rock have inspired the opposition to rethink their approach entirely. At a recent meeting, during which the opposition clandestinely discussed plans for Tuesday’s action, they talked about shifting the verbiage of their protest to more closely resemble that of the protest in North Dakota. ..
..Others see it as a collective fight. “We’re not piggybacking,” Glover said. “This is one big fight that we have before us and it’s scary but it’s also a wonderful opportunity for us because this is not just about our little space here or their space up in North Dakota. This is about how our water is going to be protected all over America.” ..
..In West Virginia and Virginia, for example, residents concerned about the $3.5 billion Mountain Valley natural gas pipeline have formed an alliance to oppose the project, which they say threatens their underground water supplies. Resistance is also gathering against the Bayou Bridge pipeline, another ETP project, which would snake through 60 miles of Louisiana and Texas. Still, few outside these and other municipalities engaged in local pipeline fights have taken notice….
Opponents of the Trans-Pecos Pipeline are eager to do the same. “Even if we don’t stop it altogether, we’re bringing a lot of awareness to this issue in order to pressure, to get our government to change oil and gas infrastructure regulation,” Glover said. …”
-Pipeline War or Not?
The Syrian Pipeline War: How Russia Trumped USA Energy War in the Mideast Wed, Sep 21, 2016 | russia-insider.com
There is a crucial hydrocarbon component to the great power contest in and around Syria says F. William Engdahl
“..In a fundamental sense the entirety of the five-year-long war over Syria, as well as the entire Arab Spring from Libya to Egypt to Iraq has been about control of hydrocarbon resources—oil and natural gas– and of potential hydrocarbon pipelines to the promising markets of the European Union.
Dick Cheney’s 2001 War on Terror was primarily about providing the excuse for a direct US military takeover of the vast oil fields of Iraq and other key Middle East countries. Washington’s War on Syria has been less a war for control of oil. Rather, it’s about who controls whose natural gas flows via which pipelines through which borders to the vast EU gas market.
At this point it looks more and more as if Russia’s geopolitical and geo-economic strategy is trumping (no Donald pun intended) Washington’s very troubled game in the region. Turkey is apparently deciding to become a key ally in this Russian energy trump…”
The Truth About Pipeline Politics in the Syrian Proxy War
“Published on Oct 7, 2015
Oil politics in the Syrian civil war is a complex web of money deception and proxy war. What began as non-violent grassroots rebellion against Bashar al Assad and the Syrian state has morphed into a complex proxy war involving countless factions and alliances competing for control of oil, and territory. Various nation states and world powers who have their own financial interests in the region are supporting the armies on the ground. This is because of Syria’s strategic importance as a potential gatekeeper between oil reserves from the gulf and oil markets in Europe. There are two different proposed pipelines that will have to run through Syria in order for this to happen. One sponsored by the gulf states called the “Qatar-Turkey pipeline” and one sponsored by the Iranians and Syrians nicknamed the “Islamic pipeline”.
Since the 1990s, Europe has been increasingly dependent on Russian natural gas and oil. In 2014 it was estimated that 42% of the European Union’s natural gas imports originated from Russia. This dependence has limited Europe’s ability to make a show of force against Russia. Last year the U.S introduced economic sanctions against Russia in retaliation for its annexation of Crimea. When the US asked the EU to participate, there was a heated debate amongst the European nations about how exactly to impose sanctions. Eastern Europeans felt especially threatened by Russia’s actions and wanted to enact the harshest penalties possible, however, Western Europeans were well aware that cutting off economic trade with Russia would destabilize their economies. As a result the European Union (EU) has desperately been looking for other sources of natural gas. The “pipeline” which will carry natural gas from Azerbaijan into Europe will help to offset dependence on Russian gas, but will take years to reach full capacity and will not rid Europe of Russian dependence altogether. On top of which European demand for natural gas is expected to rise dramatically in the next 30 years. There is only one known source of gas that can solve Europe’s long term energy needs and that’s source resides in the Middle East underneath the Persian Gulf.
WORLD BANK WHISTLEBLOWER ON SYRIA [THE IRAN, IRAQ, SYRIA PIPELINE PROJECT]
“Published on Sep 6, 2013
THE WAR ON SYRIA: [PIPELINES & THE U.S. DOLLAR ARE KEY. ALSO READ “WHICH PATH TO PERSIA? http://bit.ly/R1qbQp, AND THE VIDEO INTERVIEW WITH US GENERAL WESLEY CLARK: “WE”RE GOING TO TAKE OUT 7 COUNTRIES IN 5 YEARS: IRAQ, SYRIA, LIBYA, SOMALIA, SUDAN & IRAN…” http://youtu.be/tYBc92Jw724
WORLD BANK WHISTLEBLOWER : WHO IS KAREN HUDES?
Karen Hudes studied law at Yale Law School and economics at the University of Amsterdam. She worked in the US Export Import Bank of the US from 1980-1985 and in the Legal Department of the World Bank from 1986-2007. In 2007 Karen warned the US Treasury Department and US Congress that the US would lose its right to appoint the President of the World Bank if the current American President of the World Bank did not play by the rules.
THE IRAN, IRAQ, SYRIA PIPELINE PROJECT (LARGEST PIPELINE PROJECT IN MIDDLE EAST)
“In July 2011, as the NATO and Gulf states’ destabilization operations against Assad in Syria were in full swing, the governments of Syria, Iran and Iraq signed an historic gas pipeline energy agreement which went largely unnoticed…” “This Iran-Iraq-Syria pipeline would be the largest gas pipeline in the Middle East and would span from Iran’s gas-rich South Pars field to the Mediterranean coastline in Lebanon, via Iraq and Syria.
8/23/06: WikiLeaks Cable: Shell aggressively attempting to acquire oil & gas investments in Syria: http://bit.ly/12xcxx1
2/14/11: Syria, Iraq to Transfer Gas from Iran to Europe: http://bit.ly/16ZaGP9
7/25/11: Iran, Iraq, Syria sign major gas pipeline deal: http://bit.ly/1bM99nm
4/30/12: Busy Day For The FSA: Terrorism, Abductions, Theft, Assassinations, Bomb Blasts And Sabotage of Pipelines:
8/12/12: NATO: Is Syria about the oil?: http://bit.ly/QUPCpe
5/3/12: Nabucco’s Future and Syria’s Convenient Civil War: The End of the Iran-Iraq-Syria Pipeline: http://bit.ly/19Rcrm9
7/28/12: Why Qatar wants to invade Syria: http://bit.ly/Snvwk0
10/8/12: A Primer On the REAL Global Geopolitical Battle: http://bit.ly/RpqkO8
10/11/12: Syria, Turkey, Israel, Oil And The Greater Middle East War: http://bit.ly/SV3Aua
10/14/12: Syria: NATO Sets Its Sights On Gas Pipeline: http://bit.ly/QEkb0A
11/21/12: Iran-Iraq-Syria gas pipeline back on track: http://bit.ly/XBAent
2/20/12: Iraq green lights gas pipeline deal with Iran, Syria: http://bit.ly/12p74qW
3/4/13: New Gas Pipeline will Connect Iran and Syria: http://www.naturalgaseurope.com/iran-…
3/10/13: Iran, Iraq resume talks on gas deal: http://bit.ly/14GrgmH
6/7/13: Oil and Pipeline Geopolitics: The US-NATO Race for Syria’s Black Gold
Syria’s proven oil reserves, amounting to 2.5 billion barrels: http://bit.ly/Zh5fHD
6/18/13: The US Wants Syrian Oil, Not Democracy: http://bit.ly/16ESwVM
6/28/13: Another Oil War? Is the US Playing With Gas in Syria? http://bit.ly/18mZt1d
7/10/13: Syria: The Mediterranean Piece: http://bit.ly/1dvECvV [“We do not want stability in Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, and even Saudi Arabia…The real issue is not whether, but how to destabilize.”]
7/21/13: Iran, Iraq, Syria to form troika to export gas to Europe: http://bit.ly/159SHbo
7/23/13: War against Iran, Iraq AND Syria? http://bit.ly/163lfCa
7/26/13: The Syrian conflict and gas pipeline routes: http://bit.ly/14cssP7
8/2/13: OILPRICE.COM: Iran-Iraq-Syria Pipeline Must Tempt Europe: http://bit.ly/13BBMiv
7/27/13: Why Syria?: http://bit.ly/1dlfGpQ
8/28/13: Syria: The path of the pipeline: http://bit.ly/14Idt2Z
8/28/13: The war on Iran begins…in Syria: http://bit.ly/1dlZW5L
U.S. ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION (EIA) | Overview of oil and natural gas in the Eastern Mediterranean region | August 13, 2013
“Syria possesses the largest proved reserves of crude oil in the eastern Mediterranean countries. The Oil & Gas Journal estimated Syria’s proved reserves at 2.5 billion barrels in January 2013, a total larger than all of Syria’s neighbors except for Iraq. The Oil & Gas Journal also reported at the end of 2012 that Syria held proved reserves of 8.5 Tcf of natural gas. This gives Syria the largest conventional hydrocarbon resource base of the countries in this report,… http://www.eia.gov/countries/regions-…
*Note/Clarification: This is an excerpt from an at-length interview by Greg Hunter. While the interview is not about Syria, Hudes makes mention of Syria as an example of current-day, political theatre. In the original interview, while Hudes is correct regarding the true intent of the demonization/destabilization of Syria (natural gas/pipelines), her facts are reversed. The Saudis offered to purchase $15 billion in Russian arms & to restrict oil output for Russia to maintain their market & price. (Hudes states this info. the other way around.) Original interview: http://youtu.be/gHVgRgYdCsQ”
-Not a Pipeline War
The War Against the Assad Regime Is Not a ‘Pipeline War’
by Gareth Porter, September 24, 2016 original.antiwar.com
“…Even more important, the immediate problem for Qatar’s proposal was not Syria but Saudi Arabia, whose territory the Qatari gas would have to cross to get to Syria. In January 2010, The National, a daily UAE [United Arab Emirates] newspaper reported that the main obstacle to the idea of a pipeline to carry Qatari natural gas to Turkey and then to Europe “was likely to be Saudi Arabia, which has a track record of obstructing regional pipeline development” and still had very bad relations with Qatar. And Middle East geopolitical analyst Felix Imonti reported at Oilprice.com in 2012 that Qatar had been forced to abandon the pipeline idea in 2010 because Saudi Arabia had not agreed to have it built across its territory…
If it’s not a pipeline war, why is the US intervening in Syria? The US decision to support Turkey, Qatar and Saudi Arabia in their ill-conceived plan to overthrow the Assad regime was primarily a function of the primordial interest of the US permanent war state in its regional alliances. The three Sunni allies control US access to the key US military bases in the region, and the Pentagon, the CIA, the State Department and the Obama White House were all concerned, above all, with protecting the existing arrangements for the US military posture in the region.
After all, those military bases are what allow the United States to play at the role of hegemonic power in the Middle East, despite the disasters that have accompanied that role. The degree to which the US determination to preserve its present military profile in the region is illustrated by the case of US-Qatar relations over that tiny monarchy’s arming of extremist Sunni groups in Syria in 2012. The Obama administration was very unhappy with Qatar’s choice of proxies in Syria, and the National Security Council discussed a proposal to pull a squadron of US fighter planes from Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar as a way of putting pressure on the government over the issue, according to a story in the Wall Street Journal.
But the US Central Command (CENTCOM), which had moved its headquarters to Al Udeid in 2003, argued that the base was critical to its operations in the region, and that it was about to renegotiate its agreement with Qatar over the use of it. The Pentagon supported CENTCOM’s opposition to any move that would disturb relations with Qatar over the issue and vetoed any such pressure on Qatar. The administration ended up doing nothing about the issue, and in 2013, the US-Qatar Defense Cooperation Agreement originally reached in 2003 was renewed for another ten years.
The massive, direct and immediate power interests of the US war state – not the determination to ensure that a pipeline would carry Qatar’s natural gas to Europe – drove the US policy of participation in the war against the Syrian regime. Only if activists focus on that reality will they be able to unite effectively to oppose not only the Syrian adventure but the war system itself.”
I’m still currently researching on this growing “hot topic” in our nation and planet. Feel free to share any additional resources (e.g. sites) to help argue either side as we call can learn from each other…
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Top 10 Largest Oil Spills In History
“..Published on Nov 16, 2014
Welcome to Top10Archive. From Fergana Valley, to the Amoco Cadiz Incident, in this video we will look at the top 10 largest oil spills in recorded history. In all fairness, we have omitted the Kuwait oil fires and oil lakes of 1991, as they were intentional oil spills.
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10. Amoco Cadiz Oil Tankers – 1.6 to 1.7 Million Barrels
9. The Castillo De Bellver – 1.85 Million Barrels
8. ABT Summer – 1.8 to 1.9 Million Barrels
7. Iran-Iraq War – 1.9 Million Barrels
6. Fergana Valley – 2+ Million Barrels
5. The Atlantic Empress – 2.1 to 2.4 Million Barrels
4. Ixtoc – 3+ Million Barrels
3. BP Oil Spill – 4.7 to 4.9 Million Barrels
Deepwater Horizon Documentary – The Largest Oil Spill In American History [HD]
“Published on Feb 4, 2016
Deepwater Horizon Documentary The Largest Oil Spill In American History Oil Spill Documentary The Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill BP oil spill BP oil disaster Macondo blowout
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill, the BP oil disaster, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, and the Macondo blowout) began on 20 April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect. Following the explosion and sinking of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, a sea-floor oil gusher flowed for 87 days, until it was capped on 15 July 2010. Eleven people went missing and were never found and it is considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry, an estimated 8% to 31% larger in volume than the previously largest, the Ixtoc I oil spill. The US Government estimated the total discharge at 4.9 million barrels (210 million US gal; 780,000 m3). After several failed efforts to contain the flow, the well was declared sealed on 19 September 2010. Reports in early 2012 indicated the well site was still leaking.
A massive response ensued to protect beaches, wetlands and estuaries from the spreading oil utilizing skimmer ships, floating booms, controlled burns and 1.84 million US gallons (7,000 m3) of Corexit oil dispersant. Due to the months-long spill, along with adverse effects from the response and cleanup activities, extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats and fishing and tourism industries was reported. In Louisiana, 4.6 million pounds of oily material was removed from the beaches in 2013, over double the amount collected in 2012. Oil cleanup crews worked four days a week on 55 miles of Louisiana shoreline throughout 2013. Oil continued to be found as far from the Macondo site as the waters off the Florida Panhandle and Tampa Bay, where scientists said the oil and dispersant mixture is embedded in the sand. In 2013 it was reported that dolphins and other marine life continued to die in record numbers with infant dolphins dying at six times the normal rate. One study released in 2014 reported that tuna and amberjack that were exposed to oil from the spill developed deformities of the heart and other organs that would be expected to be fatal or at least life-shortening and another study found that cardiotoxicity might have been widespread in animal life exposed to the spill.
Numerous investigations explored the causes of the explosion and record-setting spill. Notably, the U.S. government’s September 2011 report pointed to defective cement on the well, faulting mostly BP, but also rig operator Transocean and contractor Halliburton. Earlier in 2011, a White House commission likewise blamed BP and its partners for a series of cost-cutting decisions and an insufficient safety system, but also concluded that the spill resulted from “systemic” root causes and “absent significant reform in both industry practices and government policies, might well recur”.
In November 2012, BP and the United States Department of Justice settled federal criminal charges with BP pleading guilty to 11 counts of manslaughter, two misdemeanors, and a felony count of lying to Congress. BP also agreed to four years of government monitoring of its safety practices and ethics, and the Environmental Protection Agency announced that BP would be temporarily banned from new contracts with the US government. BP and the Department of Justice agreed to a record-setting $4.525 billion in fines and other payments. As of February 2013, criminal and civil settlements and payments to a trust fund had cost the company $42.2 billion.
In September 2014, a U.S. District Court judge ruled that BP was primarily responsible for the oil spill because of its gross negligence and reckless conduct.
In July 2015, BP agreed to pay $18.7 billion in fines, the largest corporate settlement in U.S. history.”
2. The Gulf War Oil Spill – 8 Million Barrels
1. The Midway-Sunset Oil Field – Lakeview Gusher – 9 Million Barrels..”
Native American Prophecy + Enbridge Oil Spill History
“Published on May 27, 2012
A History of Enbridge Oil Pipeline Spills –
http://www.seankheraj.com/?p=1176 – FACTBOX-Enbridge has history of US pipeline spills:
“Enbridge Inc. (ENB.TO) ruptured in southern Michigan on Monday, spilling between 800,000 and 1 million gallons (19,047 to 23,809 barrels) of crude into a creek feeding the Kalamazoo River, which flows into Lake Michigan.
November, 2007: Two workers are killed after an Enbridge-operated pipeline catches fire in Northern Minnesota. The same line had recently been repaired. Following the incident, which resulted in a pipeline closure, up to 20 percent of U.S. crude imports were temporarily halted. Enbridge was fined for having allowed pressure on the pipeline to exceed recommended limits”
Pollution charges laid in 2007 Burnaby oil pipeline rupture
Companies plead guilty in 2007 pipeline rupture
Burnaby oil spill turns into crude geyser, what a scene!
Leaking pipeline reopens, but industry concerns remain
oil spill in Abbotsford: Timely reminder of pipeline expansion dangers
Piping tar sands oil through Ontario protested
National Energy Boards hearing on Enbridge pipeline reversal shutdown
NO TANKERS ON B.C. COAST at the Art Gallery, 26 March, 2012
First Nations Song
Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill pic FROM http://gulfofmexicooilspillblog.com/
MP fears B.C. pipeline could force people from homes http://www.ctvbc.ctv.ca/servlet/an/lo…
aND ctvglobalnothings, don’t even try to hit me with an infringement copyright BS again!”
30 Years of Oil and Gas Pipeline Accidents, Mapped George Joseph @georgejoseph94 Nov 30, 2016 citylab.com
The sheer number of incidents involving America’s fossil fuel infrastructure suggests environmental concerns should go beyond Standing Rock.
The 1,172 mile Dakota Access Pipeline, stretching from North Dakota to Illinois, would carry 470,000 barrels of crude oil a day if completed. But its future is still uncertain. Last week, the Army Corps of Engineers announced plans to close the Standing Rock Sioux camp by Dec. 5, but later claimed it had “no plans for forcible removal” and “is seeking a peaceful and orderly transition to a safer location,” after public backlash. In recent weeks, police have used increasingly aggressive means to confront protesters, including water cannons, tear-gas grenades, and sound weapons. In response, thousands of veterans have pledged to travel to Standing Rock next week to serve as human shields for the protesters, who call themselves “water protectors.”
Regardless of what happens at Standing Rock, Zizi says he expects deadly pipeline accidents will continue to flare up nationwide. “I live in Richmond, California and experienced the 2012 Chevron refinery explosion,” says Zizi. “That was scary, living six blocks away and seeing the black smoke covering the sun. They said there’s nothing wrong with this, just stay in your house. But this is contaminating our land, our soil, our air, our water. Once things are contaminated, it is hard to go back.”..”
Federal data: As oil production soars, so do pipeline leaks By Tribune wire reportsContact Reporter May 22nd 2015 chicagotribune.com
“The oil pipeline leak that fouled a stretch of California coastline this week reflects a troubling trend in the nation’s infrastructure: As U.S. oil production has soared, so has the number of pipeline accidents.
Since 2009, the annual number of significant accidents on oil and petroleum pipelines has shot up by almost 60 percent, roughly matching the rise in U.S. crude oil production, according an analysis of federal data by The Associated Press.
Nearly two-thirds of the leaks during that time have been linked to corrosion or material, welding and equipment failures, problems often associated with older pipelines, although they also can occur in newer ones, too. Other leaks were blamed on natural disasters or human error, such as a backhoe striking a pipeline.
Industry officials and federal regulators say they have adequate means of gauging the safety of pipelines, but the aging infrastructure is a source of lingering concern for outside experts….
With new drilling techniques such as hydraulic fracturing, the U.S. is in a period of sustained growth in oil production. New frontiers, such as parts of North Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas and Pennsylvania, have lifted domestic output to near historic highs.
The federal pipeline safety agency recently issued guidance — though not a rule — that lays out steps pipeline operators should take to evaluate the risks of aging pipelines.
After previous pipeline spills, federal safety regulators have considered requiring greater use of valves that can automatically seal off breached lines. Also proposed are better leak-detection systems and an expanded definition of areas that are considered “high-consequence” during a pipeline break, such as heavily populated or environmentally sensitive locations….”
178 barrels of oil spill into Colorado’s only designated wild and scenic river Published time: 21 Jun, 2014 10:03 rt.com
“..A 7,500-gallon storage tank of crude oil has completely drained into the scenic Cache La Poudre, Colorado’s only designated National Wild and Scenic River, southeast of Fort Collins…”
Suncor refinery accident released 75,600 pounds of sulfur dioxide, 150 times daily limit
Suncor admits sulfur dioxide release was 150 times higher than limits but says there were no health risks By BRUCE FINLEY email@example.com PUBLISHED: October 28, 2016 at 3:58 pm | UPDATED: October 31, 2016 at 1:07 pm .denverpost.com
“…The Suncor oil refinery upwind of Denver that recently belched pumpkin-colored gas and dust into the sky, worrying residents and prompting highway closures, released far more sulfur dioxide than previously known — 75,600 pounds, 150 times beyond a 24-hour limit that triggers an investigation, according to a company letter obtained Friday.
Suncor spokeswoman Lisha Burnett told reporters shortly after the Oct. 14 event that no sulfur dioxide had been detected near the refinery, but company officials later acknowledged the sulfur dioxide release had exceeded the daily limit of 500 pounds. The company and state officials say the release did not pose any health risks…”
BP pipeline ruptures into CO river By Marlee Kokotovic – December 27, 2016 | News Report nationofchange.org
The county where this spill took place has experienced 19 reported spills in 2016, 12 of those incidents were BP.
“…Last week, a BP pipeline ruptured in Colorado for “unknown” reasons, spilling coal-bed methane-contaminated wastewater into the river. Upon the discovery of the spill, an earthen dam was constructed to prevent a majority of the toxic chemicals from traveling further downstream. So far, we know the contaminated water has traveled at least 2,300 feet along the tributary bed…”
BP Pipeline Ruptures in Colorado, Spills Into Sauls Creek
by Jonathan Romeo / The Durango Herald Thursday, December 22nd, 2016 earthfirstjournal.org
“..As of Dec. 19, there have been 19 reported spills in La Plata County in 2016 accounting for approximately 350 barrels of spilled substances, mostly produced water.
BP has accounted for 12 of those incidents, spilling about 165 barrels, according to COGCC data.
Two spills (including this recent one) did not have estimates for amounts leaked.
America’s aging pipelines
“A CNN investigation into the deteriorating pipelines buried all over America. CNN’s Rene Marsh reports.Source: CNN”
Largest Leak In State History: North Dakota Pipeline Leaks Crude Oil, 3mn Gallons of Fracking Fluid
“…Published on Jan 23, 2015
Nearly 3 million gallons of saltwater and an as yet unknown amount of crude oil have leaked from a northwest North Dakota pipeline into a creek that feeds into the Missouri River. Officials have called the leak the largest of its kind in state history.
The leak in the 4-inch saltwater collection line, owned by Summit Midstream Partners LP and operated by subsidiary Meadowlark Midstream Co., was discovered earlier this month and was reported to the state on January 7, according to Reuters.
Yet some of the brine made it to the Missouri River, the Williston Herald reported, and the state found “high readings” of contamination at the confluence of the Little Muddy and Missouri Rivers southeast of Williston, according to Karl Rockeman, the director of water quality at the Department of Health.
Williston sits in the middle of North Dakota’s oil boom, and the saltwater is said to be a byproduct of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking.
Weather Affects Oil Pipeline Spill Cleanup in North Dakota By james macpherson, associated press BISMARCK, N.D. — Dec 8, 2016, 5:32 PM ET abcnews.go.com
“..A company with a history of oil field-related spills in North Dakota and Montana is being hampered by winter weather in its cleanup of a “significant” pipeline break that leaked crude oil into a tributary of the Little Missouri River in western North Dakota, a regulator said Thursday.
Bill Suess, an environmental scientist with the North Dakota Health Department, said the Belle Fourche Pipeline Co. spill was discovered Monday by a landowner near Belfield. The cause of the leak is under investigation and the amount of the spill is unknown, in part because of recent blizzards and subzero temperatures throughout North Dakota, he said.
“Anytime you have cold temperatures, it’s going to hinder cleanup and the investigation,” Suess said.
He said the spill migrated about 2? miles from the spill site along Ash Coulee Creek, and it fouled an unknown amount of private and U.S. Forest Service land along the waterway. He said state and federal inspectors have been monitoring the spill and that it appeared to be contained. The creek was free-flowing when the spill occurred but has since frozen over.
The spill in the creek is about 20 miles upstream of the Little Missouri River. Suess said it did not appear that any of the oil reached the river and no drinking water sources were affected.
US Has Had 220 Oil Pipeline Leaks This Year, And No One Is Paying Attention
“Published on Oct 29, 2016
The amount of oil being spilled on American soil is increasing at an alarming rate, but the corporate-controlled media has said almost nothing about it, and our elected officials are doing even less about this growing problem. SUBSCRIBE to Ring Of Fire: https://www.youtube.com/user/golefttv”
Find Pipelines Near You (see map) pipelineawareness.org
“Pipelines are all around you. More than two million miles of pipelines cross the United States connecting to other pipelines, manufacturing and refining centers, distribution hubs, businesses and your home. Pipelines safely transport natural gas, crude oil, gasoline, propane, ethanol and other energy products every day…
Crude Oil Transportation: A Timeline of Failure riverkeeper.org
Crude Oil by Rail
“In 2013, far more oil was spilled from rail accidents in the U.S.—more than 1.15 million gallons—than in the previous four decades, combined. Read about it…”
Oil Train Spills Hit Record Level in 2014 by Tony Dokoupil
News Jan 26 2015, 8:49 am ET nbcnews.com
“..American oil trains spilled crude oil more often in 2014 than in any year since the federal government began collecting data on such incidents in 1975, an NBC News analysis shows.
The record number of spills sparked a fireball in Virginia, polluted groundwater in Colorado, and destroyed a building in Pennsylvania, causing at least $5 million in damages and the loss of 57,000 gallons of crude oil.
By volume, that’s dramatically less crude than trains spilled in 2013, when major derailments in Alabama and North Dakota leached a record 1.4 million gallons — more than was lost in the prior 40 years combined. But by frequency of spills, 2014 set a new high with 141 “unintentional releases,” according to data from the federal Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA). By comparison, between 1975 and 2012, U.S. railroads averaged just 25 spills a year. ..”
Why Is Transporting Oil So Dangerous?
“Published on Mar 2, 2015
Transporting oil by rail has come under scrutiny after the recent explosions near residential communities in Virginia and Ontario. So, how dangerous are oil trains? “
Crude-by-Rail Across America earthjustice.org
“..Oil trains are not subject to the same strict routing requirements placed on other hazardous materials; trains carrying explosive crude are permitted to pass directly through cities—with tragic results. In the absence of more protective regulations, communities across the country are beginning to take matters in their own hands…”
Pick Your Poison For Crude — Pipeline, Rail, Truck Or Boat James Conca , Contributor Apr 26, 2014 @ 10:35 AM 124,381 views forbes.com
“..The short answer is: truck worse than train worse than pipeline worse than boat (Oilprice.com). But that’s only for human death and property destruction. For the normalized amount of oil spilled, it’s truck worse than pipeline worse than rail worse than boat (Congressional Research Service). Different yet again is for environmental impact (dominated by impact to aquatic habitat), where it’s boat worse than pipeline worse than truck worse than rail…”
Better Ways to Stop Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Posted on March 9, 2015 by Andrew Campbell energyathaas.wordpress.com
“.. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), which sets rates for the country’s interstate natural gas pipelines, launched a new docket last November. FERC proposes to allow pipelines to recover capital expenditures made to enhance reliability, improve safety and meet environmental objectives. This would be allowed outside of the normal rate-setting process…
The rapidly falling cost of communicating sensors and cloud computing is enabling real-time measurement that was cost prohibitive in the past. This trend is called the “Internet of Things” or Industry 4.0, in the industrial context. Now it’s feasible to monitor natural gas pipelines and compressors at many locations on a real-time basis….
The Environmental Defense Fund and Google have launched an initiative that demonstrates one new approach to leak monitoring. In city after city they are conducting drive-by leak surveys using car-mounted measurement devices. Street View meets leak detection. In the sample maps below, each circle signifies a leak, with darker colors representing bigger leaks. The incidence of leaks varies significantly between and within cities….”
Oil spills Solutions, personal.psu.edu
“..According to EPA’s website the best way we can best avoid the environmental and economic effects of oil spills by preventing and containing them in the first place. For more than two decades, EPA’s Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasures, or SPCC program, has worked at several hundred thousand oil storage facilities to prevent the discharge of all kinds of oil into the waters of the United States. EPA’s approach to preventing oil spills combines planning and enforcement measures. To prevent oil spills, EPA requires owners or operators of certain oil storage facilities to prepare and implement SPCC Plans that detail the facility’s spill prevention and control measures. EPA also enforces the oil spill liability and penalty provisions under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, which provide incentives to facility owners/operators to take the necessary steps to prevent oil spills. EPA also conducts on-site facility inspections to ensure that facilities take adequate measures to prevent an accidental discharge…”
How to Prevent Deepwater Spills by Peter Fairley
June 10, 2010 technologyreview.com
Safety upgrades are critical but could mean higher prices for oil and gas.
“…One inherently safer option that many petroleum engineers are considering is bringing BOPs to the surface. In this scheme the BOP on the wellhead thousands of feet below the ocean surface is backed up by a second BOP on the drill rig that would be accessible for more regular inspection and testing. Doing so would mean hardening the risers that link the wellhead and the drill rig to handle extreme pressures…”
Learned anything new? Was there something else you know that you would like to contribute to this that was missed? Thoughts, suggestions, feedback, etc..?
Tags: abuse, Access, accidents, affect, Americans, Army, attacks, Bakken, Ball, bible, Bismark, boom, Cannon, cons, Corps, Coverage, crude, curb, Dakota, defend, DiCaprio, disaster, dogs, drilling, effect, energy, Engineers, Environmental, facts, Field, gas, greedy, green, hazard, impact, Indian, injustice, Iowa, leaders, leak, Leonardo, media, Missouri, N., Native, natural, neutral, North, of, oil, partners, peace, perspective, pipeline, poor, prayer, prevent, project's, pros, Protest, reservation, rights, River, rock, shipment, Sioux, South, Standing, traffic, train, Transfer, tribal, truck, truth, U.S., verse, water, weapons
Dakota Access Pipeline Threat: What You Need to Know Chelsey Luger 3/19/16 indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com
There’s a new oil pipeline
All permits have been filed, all four states have approved the project, and at least 90 percent of landowners along the route have agreed to voluntary easements. The project promises economic development, jobs, tax revenue, and hefty payouts to the landowners along the way…”.
In North Dakota, People Vs. Oil Pipeline Protest Strengthens By james macpherson, associated press ·NEAR THE STANDING ROCK SIOUX RESERVATION, N.D. — Aug 13, 2016, 10:59 AM ET abcnews.go.com
“Dallas-based Energy Transfer Partners announced the four-state pipeline in 2014, days after North Dakota Republican Gov. Jack Dalrymple urged industry and government officials to build more pipelines to keep pace with the state’s prolific oil production, saying that would reduce truck and train traffic, curb natural gas flaring and create more markets for the state’s oil and gas…”
5 things to know about the Dakota Access Pipeline Updated 7:54 AM ET, Wed August 31, 2016
By Madison Park, CNN cnn.com
“2. Why is the pipeline being constructed?
The project developer, Dakota Access, a subsidiary of Energy Transfer Crude Oil, says the pipeline would help the United States become less dependent on importing energy from unstable regions of the world. It says a pipeline is the safest, most cost-effective and environmentally responsible way to move crude oil, removing dependency on rails and trucks.
It also estimates the pipeline would bring an estimated $156 million in sales and income taxes to state and local governments as well as add 8,000 to 12,000 construction jobs.
The proposal comes as a glut of cheap oil has devastated North Dakota’s economy. The state had enjoyed a major boom, but after hitting highs in 2014, it suffered a major economic downturn.
The project developers say the $3.7 billion project will “bring significant economic benefits to the region that it transverses.”..”
The Stream – Pipeline standoff at Standing Rock
Al Jazeera English
“Published on Aug 29, 2016
On The Stream: Native Americans protest a massive oil pipeline in the US state of North Dakota.”
Not all the Standing Rock Sioux are protesting the pipeline
By Jessica Ravitz, CNN
Updated 5:21 PM ET, Thu November 3, 2016 cnn.com
“…Wishing they’d go home
No one makes this clearer than Robert Fool Bear Sr., 54, district chairman of Cannon Ball. The town he runs, estimated population of 840, is just a few miles from the action. It’s so close that, given the faceoffs with law enforcement, you have to pass through a police checkpoint to reach it.
It’s about time people heard from folks like him, he says…
The crackdown also maddens Valandra’s 25-year-old daughter, Elaina, who works here at “the Z,” as locals call it. She grew up believing racism didn’t exist; not anymore.
She brings up the recent acquittal of Ammon Bundy and six others, who occupied a federal wildlife refuge earlier this year.
“The Bundys were armed to the teeth, and they’re acquitted,” she says.
She pulls up a Facebook post, showing a photo of a number scrawled on a man’s arm after he was arrested Thursday and words likening the treatment to what Nazis once did. Online comments and the stereotyping of her people leave her stunned. She wants people to know this battle isn’t about race.
“It’s about water, not just native people,” she says. “We don’t get another Earth.”…
…A shrug of indifference
Ten miles west of the protests, a man who doesn’t want to be named, for fear of retribution, admits he looks forward to the pipeline. It’ll mean fewer trucks barreling down these rural highways and fewer trains flying down the tracks.
Back at Cannon Ball, however, Carl Bruce, 52, isn’t afraid to say his piece. For this Standing Rock Sioux who has lived his life here, the pipeline doesn’t matter. If it breaks, he says he’d just work around it…”
“…The PSC is using the best techniques possible to keep our water safe.
“The pipe itself is heavier duty when crossing a water body. There are block valves on both sides of the water crossing to allow for shut down of the pipeline,” says Julie Fedorchak, ND Public Service Commissioner.
Fedorchak says pipelines are the safest and cleanest option available.
But people not in favor of pipelines say there should be more choices to.
“We’re often asked if you’re not for pipelines then you’re obviously for more train traffic. More train traffic, more trucks. I think that we’re limiting our options,” says Nicole Donaghy, Field Organizer, Dakota Resource Council.
And the Dakota Resource Council says many pipelines in operation are owned by offenders of repeat spills. They say the company which was responsible for the Bear Den Bay Spill had a record of spills.
“That same company Crestwood Arrow had four previous spills that year. So we have repeat offense, we have repeat offenders here in North Dakota that are running these pipelines,” says Donaghy.
The commission says it’s impossible to build anything that is 100 percent safe
“You can’t ensure that there’s never going to be a leak. I mean, that’s an impossible task, just like you can’t ensure that a train is never going to come off the tracks or that a truck is never going to crash carrying any of these kinds of products that we use every day,” says Fedorchak.
But Fedorchak says all pipelines go through incredible scrutiny and are as safe as possible.
Fedorchak reiterated that the Dakota Access Pipeline will not come into physical contact with the Missouri River, as it will be deep underneath the river bottom sometimes as deep as 90 feet.”
Voices from Standing Rock | The Washington Post Video by Zoeann Murphy, McKenna Ewen Published on December 2, 2016 washingtonpost.com
“…Most were peaceful and shouted “Water is life.” But one young man suddenly tried to push his way through the line of riot police, who threw him to the ground and cuffed him. The man screamed “Help!” and “I’m being kidnapped!” over and over and spat at the officers.
Bryson shook his head. To him, it was obvious the man had provoked arrest, for the benefit of the news cameras.
“This is what the community is tired of,” Bryson said. “We are one pin-drop away from this escalating to a really violent situation.”
….Recently, the protest has been “hijacked by extremist environmentalists” from out of state who harass workers, one of whom was beaten up at a gas station because he was wearing a safety vest with the company logo, Bryson said. People have put dirt into gas tanks of heavy machinery, smashed windshields and committed other acts of vandalism, reports confirmed by local police.
“Guys have gotten a lot smarter — traveling in groups, not wearing company branding or labels,” Bryson said. He himself received an anonymous email that included a photo of himself, his wife and his three small children taken from his Facebook page and his home address. It said: “We hope you enjoy burning in your home with your children.” He turned it over to police.
And it’s the out-of-towners, he said, who have turned the Dakota Access standoff into “a racial issue.”
“The only people creating a race issue or anything along those lines is out-of-state people that are just adding fuel to the fire, most of them being white themselves,” he said.
Bryson said Native American culture has always been “a big part of the community” in North Dakota. He said that he went to school with Native Americans who were “like brothers” to him: “We slept at each other’s houses, ate dinner together all the time as children.”
He is sympathetic to concerns about burial grounds and water purity but said that he thinks the project still can be completed safely and sensitively.
“To say that we’re doing this because we don’t care about them is totally not what it’s about at all,” he said.
Bryson said about 15 of his union members working on the pipeline were Standing Rock Sioux from the reservation. But nearly half of them have asked to be taken off pipeline work because “they were getting a lot of heat” from family members and others in their community…”
Why One Standing Rock Pastor Won’t Preach About the Pipeline-Tonya White Mountain lives out the Christian call to be a peacemaker Interview by Kate Shellnutt/ December 5, 2016 christianitytoday.com
“…During a recent trip, a truck tried to drive her off the road. After her twin sister recounted several incidents of aggression toward Native American drivers and cars with bumper stickers opposing the planned Dakota Access pipeline (DAPL), she realized it might not have been a random case of road rage.
For locals like White Mountain, the contentious pipeline debate isn’t constrained to the protest sites covered on the news. The tension spills over to the roadways, the hair salons, and even the church pews.
The greatest challenge for churches like hers, Good News Assembly of God Church in McLaughlin, South Dakota, is being a faithful witness amid political and racial polarization…
Speaking as a Native American, I have to say that the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe has never ceded the lands north of the Cannonball River. Those were lands that were “given” to the Standing Rock tribe during the treaty of Fort Laramie. Our tribe never did cede those lands back. They were chipped away at over the years. It’s an issue that for me, personally, I feel strongly about. But being that it’s a personal issue as a Native American, I did not, have not, and will not take a stand behind the pulpit. To me, it’s more of a political issue…
… In my travels, I noticed—all over the country—wherever there’s a minority, there’s going to be issues of discrimination. But it’s not really discrimination. It does boil down to the fact that it is the sin nature of human beings. As strongly as I feel about the whole DAPL issue, it does boil down to the fact that we are dealing with a fallen race. Until our Lord returns, there will always be issues that divide…
Every time I mention it when I’m behind the pulpit or in prayer meetings, I remind people that we are called to pray for everyone, and we are called to pray for those in authority over us. I reminded the congregation that whether or not we agree with either side, we are to pray for souls. I remind them that the things we see on Facebook or TV, we should be praying for the safety of the people—the police included. Anytime I ask for people to pray for the water protectors, I also reminded them to pray for the police, the military, and even the DAPL security. We’re all souls in need of saving…”
Dakota Access Pipeline Threat: What You Need to Know Chelsey Luger 3/19/16 indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com
But to those who oppose the pipeline, the environmental impacts are not worth the money. They are more concerned with the health and well-being of their people and land, and with the health and well-being of future generations. The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe is trying to stop the pipeline—and might be the only entity with the ability to actually prevent the project from moving forward…”
1 mn gallons of oil-drilling byproducts leaked into N. Dakota drinking water
Published time: 10 Jul, 2014 17:28 rt.com
“…The cleanup is expected to last for weeks, according to Miranda Jones, vice president of environmental safety at Crestwood Midstream Partners LP. A subsidiary of Crestwood – Arrow Pipeline LLC – owns the underground pipeline.
Jones believes the leak started over the Fourth of July weekend, but was only detected when the company was sorting through production loss reports, according to AP.
“This is something no company wants on their record, and we are working diligently to clean it up,” Jones said.
Yet Karolin Rockvoy, a McKenzie County emergency manager, visited the site of the leak and said, based on the amount of devastation done to local vegetation, the spill had probably gone undetected for some time.
The pipeline was not equipped with technology that alerts operators of a leak, Jones said. Last year, the state legislature rejected legislation mandating pipeline flow meters and cutoff switches.
It is as yet unknown how much of this saltwater – between 10 and 30 times saltier than sea water and considered an environmental hazard by the state of North Dakota – found its way into Bear Den Bay, which leads to Lake Sakakawea.
The lake supplies water for the reservation, where the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara tribes live in an area of western North Dakota that is experiencing an unprecedented drilling boom.
Leonardo DiCaprio Stands With Great Sioux Nation to Stop Dakota Access Pipeline
Lorraine Chow By Lorraine Chow ecowatch.com
“…The people of Standing Rock, often called Sioux, warn that a potential oil spill into the river would threaten the water, land and health of their reservation.
In DiCaprio’s tweet, the Oscar-winning actor and clean energy advocate said he was “standing with the Great Sioux Nation to protect their water and lands,” and linked to a Change.org petition that urges the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to stop the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline.
The petition was written by 13-year-old Anna Lee Rain YellowHammer on behalf of Standing Rock youth. It states:
A private oil company wants to build a pipeline that would cross the Missouri River less than a mile away from the Standing Rock Reservation and if we don’t stop it, it will poison our river and threaten the health of my community when it leaks.
My friends and I have played in the river since we were little; my great grandparents raised chickens and horses along it. When the pipeline leaks, it will wipe out plants and animals, ruin our drinking water and poison the center of community life for the Standing Rock Sioux.
Rezpect Our Water: Sign our petition
“..Published on Apr 27, 2016
We, the Standing Rock Youth, oppose the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline through the Missouri and Cannon Ball River because it poses a serious threat to our water and our land. This campaign echoes our belief that together, we can protect our water and our future.
Join our mission for clean safe water by signing our petition urging the Army Corps of Engineer NOT to sign off on a construction permit for the Dakota Access Pipeline. With YOUR help we can work to maintain and protect this sacred land.
SIGN OUR PETITION: http://www.change.org/RezpectOurWater
Spread the word: @rezpectourwater
Whistleblower John Bolenbaugh tears up explaining Standing Rock’s importance, from youtube.com
“..Published on Nov 18, 2016
Whistleblower John Bolenbaugh, (a former oil employee), who has spent his life savings documenting oil spills– and who turned down a 60 million dollar settlement explains the dangers of oil pipelines everywhere, and why they are designed to fail. Oil companies profit from the insurance companies who pay them to clean up their own messes. These messes are poisonous because of the molotov cocktail of chemicals used to thin the tar sands. As John puts it, he is definitely not a tree-hugger, and was not an environmentalist in any way until he saw how it was making people sick. When he realized the gravity of the situation, (as he says in his own words), “he had to do something about it or go to hell.”
John is an encyclopedia of the horrors of big oil. I hope there are more interviews to come.
#NoDAPL, #StandingRock, #JohnBolenbaugh #MassMovement
Also– Watch John’s eye-opening evidence on video– you won’t want to miss it!
**It should be noted that DAPL workers were the one’s who beat me up and put the cut on my forehead. John corrects himself after he says “police,” but I wanted that to be clear.
DAPL’s Worst Nightmare: Big Oil EXPOSED By Whistleblower from youtube.com
“Published on Nov 21, 2016
Energy Transfer Partners: (214) 981-0700
U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers: (202) 761-0010; (202) 761-0014
Department of Justice: (202)-353-1555; (202)-514-2000
White House: (202)-456-1414; (202)-456-1111
#NoDAPL Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list…
Full documentary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SALGY…
TYT Politics Reporter Jordan Chariton (https://twitter.com/JordanChariton) spoke with John Bolenbaugh, a whisteblower who exposed the oil industry’s cover up of major oil spills throughout the United States. These spills have polluted water, giving fish and other animals tumors, as well as causing debilitating illnesses in human beings.
For more, subscribe to TYT Politics: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuMo…
Veterans to deploy for Standing Rock By Sophie Lewis, CNN Updated 11:55 AM ET, Wed November 23, 2016 cnn.com
“I’m going for religious reasons. I’m not a leader. I’m not in charge. We are self-organizing this,” Clark said. They are hoping for a turnout of 500, but, “if we only have 20 or 30, that’s what God provides us,” he said.
Clark decided to take action after an elder from Standing Rock called him about the protests. “When she described what was going on, it brought tears to my eyes,” he said. “People are concerned about the way the elders who are praying are being brutalized, and what we are doing to the planet.”
Wood said, “If we don’t stand up for the oppressed, that’s the snowball that starts that leads to everyone else’s oppression.
“It doesn’t matter if you are a libertarian, a conservative, or a progressive, this is everyone’s fight,” he said…”
Debating still to support or not to support, here are some facts I found…
Column: What Dakota Access Pipeline protesters aren’t telling you
By Shawn McCoy on Nov 14, 2016 at 7:58 a.m. .inforum.com/
“…In September 2014 alone, the Corps made five unsuccessful attempts to meet with Standing Rock Sioux leaders. The next month, a meeting was arranged, but “when the Corps timely arrived for the meeting, Tribal Chairman David Archambault told them that the conclave had started earlier than planned and had already ended,” according to a federal judge.
At a planned meeting the next month, the tribe took the pipeline off the agenda and refused to discuss it. This stonewalling by tribal leaders continued for a year and a half.
Typical of the misinformation spread during the protests is a comment made by Jesse Jackson, who recently joined the activists in North Dakota. He said the decision to reroute the pipeline so that it crossed close to the Standing Rock Sioux tribe’s water intake was “racism.”
He did not mention, possibly because he did not know, that the company is paying to relocate the tribe’s water intake to a new spot 70 miles from the location of the contested pipeline crossing…”
Dakota Access Pipeline Protests: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know
Published 11:00 pm EST, September 3, 2016 Updated 10:56 pm EST, November 25, 2016 heavy.com
“…The elder, Allard, told the Seattle Times: “I am a common man, a man of prayer. We live our lives in peace and nonviolence.” The newspaper said he persuaded the protesters known as “Water Protectors” to put rocks back in the river and take down barricades. He told the newspaper the tribe would try to win the argument with prayer, not violence.
However, the Water Protectors have claimed they were subjected to human rights abuses, including being placed in what they felt were shelters similar to dog kennels…”
The Protests Over The Dakota Access Pipeline Explained 9:51 AM 11/06/2016 dailycaller.com
The Tribe Never Took Part In The Initial Consulting Process
The Army Corps of Engineers attempted more than a dozen times between 2014 and 2016, according to court documents, to discuss the DAPL route with the Standing Rock. The tribe either failed to respond to requests for consultation or dragged its feet during the process.
The Corps sent a letter to the tribe in October of 2014 with information about the proposed pipeline routes as well as maps documenting the known cultural sites the Corps had identified.
“In addition, the letter requested that any party interested in consulting on the matter reply within thirty days,” the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia wrote in August. “No response was received from the Tribe.”
The head of the North Dakota Public Service Commission mirrored the judge’s decision earlier this week, telling reporters that the tribe had plenty of time to voice concerns before the pipeline’s construction.
Julie Fedorchak, who serves as the chairman of the commission, told National Public Radio in an interview Wednesday that Standing Rock Sioux did not participate in the nearly 30 hours of meetings held to determine the pipeline’s southern route.
..The tribe has attempted to meander around that problem by arguing the land is theirs under the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851.
“This demolition is devastating,” Standing Rock Chairman David Archambault II told reporters in October. “These grounds are the resting places of our ancestors. The ancient cairns and stone prayer rings there cannot be replaced. In one day, our sacred land has been turned into hollow ground.”
The treaty was forged between the U.S. government and the Great Sioux Nation, not Standing Rock. Still, tribe members have challenged the treaty and others like it in court for not being honored…
Check the Facts – Standing Rock Fact Checker
“Published on Sep 21, 2016
Standing Rock Fact Checker is committed to reporting on what’s fact and what’s fiction with regards to the Dakota Access Pipeline protest.
This represents the first in what will become a series of videos aimed at doing just that—focusing on the facts, and refuting erroneous claims.
Despite claims made by pipeline opponents, the opposition has not been peaceful, pipeline workers fear for their lives, and protestors have inaccurately reported the facts.
As always, stay tuned for more from Standing Rock Fact Checker.
CNN caught lying about the situation at Standing Rock FAKE reporting , from youtube.com
Female Water Protectors BRUTALIZED By Oil Police
“TYT Politics Reporter Jordan Chariton (https://twitter.com/JordanChariton) spoke with Angie Spencer, a female water protector and trauma councilor who was arrested near the Standing Rock Sioux camp on October 27th, 2016.
Pipeline Protestor Sophia Wilansky Was NOT Injured By A Concussion Grenade Posted at 12:42 pm on November 25, 2016 by Bob Owens bearingarms.com
‘..There were actually several 1-pound propane canisters recovered from the site of the explosion by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF). You’ll note that the more severely damaged of the two canisters, shown in two different angles in the second and third photos above, seem to have coagulated blood and tissue upon them.
If testing does confirm that the material on the propane cylinder is blood and tissue, then there is clearly enough to get a DNA match to the person who left that genetic material behind.
While the ATF was cataloging the apparent components of a faulty improvised explosive device (IED, a kind of bomb) that domestic terrorists/protestors attempted to deploy against police lines, agents with the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) went to the hospital to acquire Sophia Wilansky’s clothes, and they confiscated it into evidence.
Standing Rock Protester Shot in Face With Tear Gas Canister May Go Blind Justin Glawe
11.29.16 8:10 PM ET thedailybeast.com
“…That’s when police opened fire, according to a lawsuit filed by Dundon on Monday in federal court. The protesters opposing the Dakota Access Pipeline were choked by tear gas and struck by rubber bullets and bean bags, the lawsuit states. In sub-freezing temperatures, police soaked protesters with a water cannon over and over again…”
-Freedom of Press?
November 27 2016, 7:00 a.m. theintercept.com
“..The arrests of journalists and filmmakers covering the front lines of the Dakota Access pipeline fight highlight the limits of press protections and the central role of police, prosecutor, and court discretion in deciding whether or not members of the press should face legal consequences when covering protests. The arrests and violent crowd suppression tactics also reflect the refusal of police to discriminate between peaceful protesters, aggressive agitators, and journalists…”
-History of Oil Spills
Health: Effects from Water Contaminated by Oil Spills goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com
Water Protectors file class action suit for retaliation and excessive force against brutal police
by Lauren C. Regan on November 28, 2016 in Articles, cldc.org
BRAVE Environmental Lawyer Explains Standing Rock Legal Issues
Obama Finally Addresses Standing Rock – Suggests Rerouting The Pipeline , from youtube.com
Standing Rock Chair: Obama Could Stop the Dakota Pipeline Today & Preserve Indigenous Sacred Sites
“Published on Nov 4, 2016
http://democracynow.org – President Obama says the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is considering rerouting the $3.8 billion Dakota Access pipeline, amid months of resistance from the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and members of more than 200 other Native American nations and tribes from across the Americas. “My view is that there is a way for us to accommodate sacred lands of Native Americans,” Obama said. “And I think that right now the Army Corps is examining whether there are ways to reroute this pipeline in a way.” Meanwhile, on Wednesday, police deployed pepper spray and tear gas against dozens of Native American water protectors during a standoff at Cantapeta Creek, north of the main resistance camp. At least two people were shot with nonlethal projectiles. Video and photos show police firing the pepper spray and tear gas at the water protectors, who were peacefully standing in the creek. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers had ordered police to arrest the Native Americans and destroy a bridge that members of the camp had constructed over the creek in order to protect a sacred burial ground they say is being destroyed by construction and law enforcement activity.
Trump sells his stake in Dakota Access Pipeline developer Jacob Pramuk,CNBC 11 hours ago (12.5.16) yahoo.com
Wes Clark Jr. at Standing Rock: General’s activist son heads to N.D., driven by “spiritual fire” and “ready to be killed” Alli Joseph
Monday, Dec 5, 2016 05:30 AM CST salon.com
Gen. Wesley Clark’s son and namesake on why protecting the environment is a human issue, not an Indian issue
“…When Phil Young called me to say that elderly women who were praying were being beaten, children were being bitten by dogs, people were being put into dog kennels, it brought back memories from my childhood where I was sitting in church and hearing the gospel, with Jesus saying, “What you do to my brothers, you do to me.” Suddenly it made sense. Now it’s like a spiritual fire has been lit inside me. So I’m going to do whatever is right for people defending their resources. I’m no Jesus: I’ve been a sinner. But I do believe in “do unto others.”
The most important things in life are kindness, compassion, honesty, caring for neighbors. Most important is forgiveness. I am going out there literally ready to be killed, and if that’s what happens, I don’t want any violence to come out of it. I want forgiveness.
We are raised in America to be spectators. The vast majority of children don’t play sports in school; they watch games. Life is about living not watching other people do it. It’s not enough to go to church and say you believe; you have to live it. I’m nothing special. Everyone is going to Standing Rock with the same idea. We will not stop until this country gets it right, until we live by our proposed ideals…”
Activist: What They Are Not Telling You About the Standing Rock Protest
“Published on Nov 3, 2016
Please Subscribe: American Intelligence Report broadcaster Kristan T. Harris interviews activist and journalist Derrick Broze from the Conscious Resistance about the simmering back story to a looming heritage war near the Standing Rock reservation. (Part 1)
DOWNLOAD our ANDROID APP FREE: https://play.google.com/store/apps/de…
Watch Derrick Broze’s video live from Standing Rock: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QaMpj…
Follow on facebook: https://www.facebook.com/AmericanInte…
Follow on twitter http://twitter.com/kristantharris
Donate towards the broadcast. AIR: Live 100% listener funded”
5 things every non-native needs to consider before visiting Standing Rock by Jen Deerinwater
September 27, 2016 matadornetwork.com
-Weapons used against protestors
concussion grenade merriam-webster.com
Police deploy water hoses, tear gas against Standing Rock protesters
BY Joshua Barajas November 21, 2016 at 10:08 AM EST pbs.org
“…Activists can be heard on several Facebook Live videos shouting “No DAPL!” (Dakota Access pipeline) as law enforcement appeared to use water cannons, tear gas and sound weapons against the people amassed on the bridge….”
Police threw grenade at DAPL protesters – father of activist who faces amputation Published time: 22 Nov, 2016 09:24 Published time: 22 Nov, 2016 09:24
Edited time: 28 Nov, 2016 23:06 rt.com
“…Speaking outside the Hennepin County Medical Center on Tuesday, Wayne Wilansky confirmed his daughter was facing 20 or more surgeries in hope of saving her arm.
Wilansky said that witnesses clearly saw law enforcement officers throwing the concussion grenade.
“This is not Afghanistan, this is not Iraq… we don’t throw grenades at people,” he said, blaming the local and state authorities for Sophia’s injury.
“Even president Obama, who I love, said 3 weeks ago, ‘We’ll wait and see.’ What is there to wait and see? People will die if the situation isn’t stopped,” Wilansky said.
Rezpect Our Water, rezpectourwater.com
“..We, the Standing Rock Youth, oppose the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline through the Missouri and Cannon Ball River because it poses a serious threat to our water and our land.
This campaign echoes our belief that together, we can protect our water and our future.
Join our mission for clean safe water by signing our petition urging the Army Corps of Engineer NOT to sign off on a construction permit for the Dakota Access Pipeline. With YOUR help we can work to maintain and protect this sacred land.
Thousands of Facebook users check in to Standing Rock to confuse police monitoring pipeline protest Andrew Griffin
Monday 31 October 2016
13 comments independent.co.uk
It isn’t clear whether the call originated with people at the North Dakota protest or if it’s a hoax — but people are using it as a way of expressing solidarity all the same
SIGN DOWN BELOW
Why I Stand With Standing Rock (As a Christian Pastor and Human Being)
“500 Clergy Come to Standing Rock by Indigenous Rising Media: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FJjF3…
Veterans Head To Standing Rock To Support ‘We The People’ by The Real News: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lOJ7U…
Trespassing on Your Own Land at Standing Rock by Fusion: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aPlKa…
“Mni Wiconi” Short Film by Divided Films with support from the WK Kellogg Foundation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4FDuq…
BARBARIC Dakota Access Oil Police Cause Mass Hypothermia by TYT Politics:
Robert F. Kennedy Jr. On Obama’s “No Brainer” DAPL Choice by TYT Politics: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LIJgM…
Standing Rock Tribal Council meeting minutes with ETP/DAPL representatives that occurred September 30th 2014, by the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe: https://www.facebook.com/402298239798…
Some of the places you can make donations to (all of these are legitimate, official sources):
Send EXTREME COLD weather gear to:
Kevin care of Lindsey Norton
PO BOX 1281 Cannon Ball ND 58528
Items desperately needed: wool blankets and socks, Visa gift cards, non-cotton thermal underwear, indoor propane heaters, sub zero sleeping bags, extreme weather overalls and gloves, extreme weather coats, feminine hygiene products, incontinence pads, horse supplies, jerky, nuts and dried fruit. NO LIGHTWEIGHT, COTTON ITEMS, PLEASE. Winter on the prairie is no joke!
Dear Pres. Obama: Will you Honor Your Commitment to Protect The People of Standing Rock?
Some Alternative News Sources:
Unicorn Riot: https://www.facebook.com/unicornriot….
Digital Smoke Signals: https://www.facebook.com/DigitalSmoke…
Oceti Sakowin: https://www.facebook.com/OcetiSakowin…
Sacred Stone Camp: https://www.facebook.com/CampOfTheSac…
TYT News Network: https://www.facebook.com/TYTnetwork/?…
Indigenous Rising Media: https://www.facebook.com/Indigenousri…
Democracy Now! https://www.democracynow.org
You can contact me, Nicole at: firstname.lastname@example.org.”
Tucson pastor arrested at North Dakota pipeline protest
By Curt Prendergast Arizona Daily Star Nov 12, 2016 tucson.com
Christian Communities Support Standing Rock Sioux Protection of Land and Water from Dakota Access Pipeline creationjustice.org
“…Join in prayer for Standing Rock. We have collected liturgical resources and prayers from the United Church of Christ, Presbyterian Church (USA) and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ).
A Day of Prayer at Standing Rock #WaterIsLife By PNW Conference – Nov 4, 2016 pnwumc.org
“…Today 544 clergy and people of faith gathered at the Oceti Sakowin Camp. We said prayers, and burned the Doctrine of Discovery with high ceremony. We then were smudged with lovely smoke and walked together to the bridge where militarized police block the road.
Rev. John Floberg had negotiated a truce for a few hours and that allowed us to gather there. We walked up singing Dona Nobis Pacem–after all, we are clergy. We formed an enormous circle, then gathered together again to hear the speakers.
Call to Standing Rock: Dec. 4th Interfaith Day of Prayer standingonthesideoflove.org
Why Christians Should Stand with the Standing Rock Sioux Marlena Graves 11/17/16 thinkchristian.reframemedia.com
“..Standing Rock is more than a protest over water rights. It is an icon beckoning us to behold the litany of atrocities and injustices that have been committed against indigenous peoples. It’s a call to look, listen, and confess of the sins that have been committed against them. Standing Rock is a call to lament and repent. Only when we admit to wrongdoing can we then ask Native Americans how we might produce fruit in keeping with repentance…”
-Make a Difference
Christmas Dream Box waeministries.com
“…In 2012, over three-thousand Christmas gift and food basket donations were generously provided by faithful partners to children, adults, and elders of the Lakota nation on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. However, despite this overflowing demonstration of kindness and charity (the spirit of Christmas, itself), not everyone on Pine Ridge was able to celebrate the tradition of Christ’s birth. Let’s give Christmas Away this year…”
The Seventh Generation: Youth at the Heart of the Standing Rock Protests | ABC News
“Published on Feb 28, 2017
For months, the International Indigenous Youth Council has helped steer the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe’s opposition to the Dakota Access Pipeline.
I decided to go to #StandingRock myself after a high volume of visitors to this blog, so I can build the credibility and share my notes from my personal experience…
Tags: alternatives, CDC, conspiracy, debate, effects, experiences, facts, flu, government, health, influenze, medical, natural, neutral, not, or, parents, perspective, polio, remedies, safe, shot, side, stats, Stories, to, vaccinate, vaccinations
My personal story: I never “called-in” sick the entire winter season this past year and I called in sick only once the winter season before due to the flu. However, I was able to treat it with natural remedies. I missed work only one day. However, I admit that I should’ve stayed home the next day as I wasn’t 100%. All these years, I’ve never had a flu-vaccination. Feel free to check other of my health blogs for prevention-treatment tips. I welcome any feedback, questions, comments, etc.. down below.
Be Informed | Vaccines.gov
“Vaccines are held to the highest standard of safety. The United States currently has the safest, most effective vaccine supply in history. Vaccines undergo a rigorous and extensive evaluation program to determine safety and effectiveness. If a vaccine does receive approval by FDA, it is continuously monitored for safety and effectiveness.
Read more about common questions related to vaccine safety, including:..”
Anti-vaccination concerns not based in fact The Rachel Maddow Show 2/3/15 msnbc.com
” Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, talks with Rachel Maddow about the health risks associated with not being vaccinated, and the importance of dispelling the myths behind the anti-vaccination argument Duration: 4:54 “
Vaccine Safety Facts for Parents from whyichoose.org
“…agree that vaccines are even safer than vitamins. Millions of children and adults are vaccinated every year—safely. Thousands of people take part in clinical trials to test a vaccine before it is licensed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). After it’s licensed, the Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS) helps track any health effect that happens hours, days, weeks, or even months later. Anyone can report a possible side-effect so that it can be studied. This monitoring helps ensure vaccines are safe. To learn more about vaccine safety from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, visit the CDC vaccine safety page. ..
Health Decoder – The Facts About Flu Shots
“Published on Oct 12, 2012
So what’s the truth about flu shots? Do they keep you from getting sick or do they actually make you sick? Here are the facts, Jack (and non-Jacks) about flu shots.
Subscribe to 3V: http://goo.gl/HZVpq
All Episodes of Health Decoder: http://goo.gl/7W2re
More Shows from 3V: http://www.youtube.com/3v
Info on the Flue Vaccine: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/keyfac…
Health Decoder debunks common myths about all things health-related. Get real answers to your biggest questions every week on Health Decoder.”|
Vaccines: Are They Safe and Effective?
“Published on Sep 15, 2015
A virtual debate in which a PhD chemist/biochemist and an MD pediatrician/vaccine inventor/ leading forceable vaccine proponent confront the other. Full HD video of the debate is available at publicaffairsmediainc.blogspot”
Vaccines Articles vaccines.mercola.com
Vaccinations- Myths, Beliefs, and Facts
“Published on Oct 12, 2015
The myth that vaccines are safe and effective needs to be destroyed by scientific facts and the belief system of vaccines needs to change as a result. According to the facts from the CDC and the manufacturers, vaccines are dangerous and ineffective. Get ready for some mind blowing facts on vaccines and viral shedding that may shock and amaze you.
At http://bergmanchiropractic.com and http://Owners-Guide.com we strive to educate people on natural solutions to health.
http://www.theArthritisReversalSystem… is my online video course with 21 videos, 3 manuals and an online forum!
https://www.owners-guide.com/online-c… for online consults.
SUBSCRIBE at http://www.youtube.com/user/johnbchiro
CALL TOLL FREE 1-855-712-0012 to get bonus materials not on YouTube or text your first name and email plus 89869 to 1-817-591-2905.”
Vacciness -The truth behind vaccinations
“Published on Jan 14, 2013
A collection of many documentaries such as:
Shots in the Dark- Silence on Vaccines.
The Greater Good.
Vaccination -The Hidden Truth.
Vaccine and Overdose babies.
and… many many more.
Please support the documentaries above.”
Avoid vaccines and use these top four natural remedies for flu prevention instead
Monday, September 16, 2013 by: PF Louis naturalnews.com
“… Flu vaccinations don’t work.
If you’re not aware of it, that’s understandable. The Cochran Collaboration studies were published in 2010 without any fanfare from the mainstream media. Only recently did Heidi Stevenson of Gaia Health pick up on it, and Jon Rappoport immediately cited her article in a Natural News article.
… Use natural means to improve your immunity against influenza.
Four easy, natural immune system promoters
…Improve lifestyle and diet by avoiding processed foods that contain toxic additives, oils, sweeteners, and GMOs. Include generous amounts of raw garlic with your organic foods. Hydrate often with purified non-fluoridated water. If you can get real spring water, that’s perfect.
Get your own reverse osmosis filtered water to eliminate 85 percent of fluorides. Add lime or lemon…
*see more health & fitness tips
… to that water to balance out the resulting acid (pH) forming property or re-mineralize that water with trace mineral drops or real sea salt. (http://www.naturalnews.com/032129_fluoridation_intelligence.html)
Get plenty of quality sleep and stress less. Make sure your bedroom doesn’t allow any light into it. Keep electronic and EMF devices away from your bed. Meditation, laughter, and mild exercise help handle stress.
Tags: advantages, and, bad, benefits, Cannabis, cigarratte, Colorado, Dagga, debate, Drugs, effects, facts, good, grass, hash, health, hemp, History, legal, legalized, marajuana, medical, myths, National, natural, negatives, neutral, No, not, opinion, or, perspective, positives, remedies, smoke, weed, yes
“Published on Mar 15, 2011
In this myth shattering, information packed documentary, learn from physicians and leading researchers about medicinal cannabis and its demonstrated effects on human health.
This game-changing movie presents the most comprehensive synopsis to date of the real science surrounding the world’s most controversial plant.
Topics include: * What the consensus is from over 1500 scientific and medical trials * What conditions have been proven to benefit from medical marijuana * Its historical use as medicine dating back over 5300 years * Methods of delivery and their different advantages * Government sponsored studies intended to show Marijuana having negative effects that yielded the exact opposite results * Common myths about negative effects of Marijuana and what the research really says about these topics
Directors YT: MindzEyeFilm..
Why Cannabis is the Future of Medicine By Sayer Ji
Contributing Writer for Wake Up World
“…When it comes to cannabis’ medical applications, cannabis’ ‘healing properties’ is a loaded term. In fact, it is extremely dangerous, as far as the medical industrial complex goes, who has the FDA/FTC to enforce it’s mandate: anything that prevents, diagnoses, treats or cures a disease must be an FDA approved drug by law, i.e. pharmaceutical agents which often have 75 or more adverse effects for each marketed and approved “therapeutic” effect…
Let’s look at the actual, vetted, published and peer-reviewed research – bullet proof, if we are to subscribe to the ‘evidence-based’ model of medicine – which includes over 100 proven therapeutic actions of this amazing plant, featuring the following:…
The Healthiest Way To Smoke Marijuana: As Cannabis Culture Evolves, Vaporizers May Be The Safest Way To Avoid Carcinogens
Feb 27, 2014 04:58 PM By Matthew Mientka .medicaldaily.com
“…Everything considered, the healthiest way to smoke marijuana is to not smoke at all. Despite much potential for marijuana as a medicine and safe recreational drug, smoking any herbal blend presents a dangerous long-term health risk to the user, including a possibly increased susceptibility to some cancers. Instead, the magic bullet lies with the vaporizer, a handheld device gaining popularity in the United States and around the world.
Rather than burning marijuana to produce smoke, a vaporizer heats the herb to an optimal temperature of approximately 338 F., just above the threshold at which inhalable vapors are produced, smelling lightly of smoke and, curiously, like popcorn. As for the science, Donald I. Abrams, a professor of clinical medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, reported in 2007 in the Journal of the American Academy of Neurology “there was virtually no exposure to harmful combustion products” using the vaporizing device…”
Smoking Weed Has No Negative Effect On Health | The Rubin Report
“Published on Oct 4, 2013
According to U.S. researchers, marijuana has no negative effects on human health. They that determined that the weed users they studied were no more likely to go see the doctor than non-drug consumers.
This episode of The Rubin Report is brought to you by Coupaw! Click to get 20% off of all your pet needs using promo code “RR” http://bit.ly/18ulXel
Researchers from the Boston Medical Center and the Boston University School of Medicine randomly sampled patients who tested positive for marijuana to see if the marijuana-use had any impact on their health. They found that there’s no difference between people who smoke cannabis daily and those who do not.
Should this study come as a surprise, or are people finally beginning to come around on weed?
Should marijuana be legalized? .debate.org
Should Marijuana Use Be Legalized? usnews.com
The Health Effects of Marijuana
In this installment of a regular feature, the author attempts to present a balanced assessment of the health effects of marijuana.
By Michael Castleman
May/June 1981 motherearthnews.com
Although research into the health effects of marijuana often produced contradictory results, relatively disinterested assessments concluded the smoke irritates the throat and lungs and has as many carcinogenic compounds as tobacco…
Two years ago, investigators at the UCLA Pulmonary Research Laboratory published the abstract of a study on the respiratory effects of heavy marijuana smoking among 75 young men who consumed an average of five marijuana cigarettes, or joints, a day for two months. Among other less dramatic findings, this “Tashkin Report” suggested: “Smoking four joints a week may cause more respiratory impairment than smoking 16 cigarettes a day…”
Health Risks of Marijuana
by Dr. Anna Grace Tagliaferro narconon.org
“…Marijuana is known to causes risks to the lungs, brain, stomach and intestines, and mind. It can also cause birth defects. Here are the details…”
What smoking marijuana does to the brain By DENNIS THOMPSONHEALTHDAYNovember 11, 2014, 9:38 AM cbsnews.com
“…MRI scans revealed that people who use pot for years have a smaller-than-usual orbitofrontal cortex, a region in the frontal lobes of the brain that is involved in decision-making and assessing the expected rewards or punishments of an action, said study author Francesca Filbey, from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas…
How teenagers addicted to cannabis risk damaging their IQ and show signs normally seen in early Alzheimer’s By FIONA MACRAE FOR THE DAILY MAIL
PUBLISHED: 16:07 EST, 27 August 2012 | UPDATED: 10:54 EST, 28 August 2012
What are your personal thoughts, feedback, opinion?