Now You Know: Impact of WWII Holocaust History and Present

Documenting Numbers of Victims of the Holocaust and Nazi Persecution encyclopedia.ushmm.org
The Holocaust is the best documented case of genocide. Despite this, calculating the numbers of individuals who were killed as the result of Nazi policies is an impossible task. There is no single wartime document that spells out how many people were killed. And in some cases, contrary to popular opinion, records were not kept.

Documenting Numbers of Victims
of the Holocaust & Nazi Persecution
jewishvirtuallibrary.org
“…These estimates are calculated from wartime reports generated by those who implemented Nazi population policy, and postwar demographic studies on population loss during World War II.
Number of Deaths

Jews: up to 6 million

Soviet civilians: around 7 million (including 1.3 Soviet Jewish civilians, who are included in the 6 million figure for Jews)

Soviet prisoners of war: around 3 million (including about 50,000 Jewish soldiers)

Non-Jewish Polish civilians: around 1.8 million (including between 50,000 and 100,000 members of the Polish elites)

Serb civilians (on the territory of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina): 312,000

People with disabilities living in institutions: up to 250,000

Roma: 196,000–220,000

Jehovah’s Witnesses: around 1,900

Repeat criminal offenders and so-called asocials: at least 70,000

German political opponents and resistance activists in Axis-occupied territory: undetermined

Homosexuals: hundreds, possibly thousands (possibly also counted in part under the 70,000 repeat criminal offenders and so-called asocials noted above)..”

Number of deaths in the WW2 per country


Top 10 Most Horrific Genocides In History
toptenz.net
“..
Top 10 Most Horrific Genocides In History
151
By Jeff Danelek on November 14, 2012 History

The term “genocide” is one of those controversial terms that can lead to all kinds of problems. The problem is that the term has been so politicized, and frequently used to attack leaders or countries that one dislikes, that it has come to mean different things to different people. For instance, the term has frequently been used to describe what white settlers did to the Native Americans over the last few centuries, when much of the indigenous population of the United States was wiped out. However, the overwhelming majority of those deaths were due to smallpox being inadvertently introduced into a native population that lacked the biological means to resist it which, while devastating, was not a genocide as it was not done intentionally.

For something to qualify as genocide, it has to be a deliberate, calculated decision by a particular ethnic or religious group, leader, or a government to exterminate, or otherwise destroy, a specific group of people for religious, cultural, racial, or political reasons. This can be done either through direct action (murder) or through indirect means (deportation or starvation). Using this general definition, then, what were the most horrific acts of genocide committed throughout history? It will always be something of an exercise in subjectivity to determine which were the worst, as how does one go about measuring such a thing? Is it a matter of sheer number of victims? Duration? Political ramifications? Nevertheless, here is my attempt to list the ten largest, most horrific, or best-known genocides in human history…”

Heinrich Himmler
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
“..Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (German: [ˈhaɪnʁɪç ˈluːɪtˌpɔlt ˈhɪmlɐ] (About this soundlisten); 7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany. Himmler was one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany and one of the people most directly responsible for the Holocaust. ..

. From 1943 onwards, he was both Chief of German Police and Minister of the Interior, overseeing all internal and external police and security forces, including the Gestapo (Secret State Police). Himmler had a lifelong interest in occultism, interpreting Germanic neopagan and Völkisch beliefs to promote the racial policy of Nazi Germany, and incorporating esoteric symbolism and rituals into the SS. ..

In August 1941, Himmler attended the shooting of 100 Jews at Minsk. Nauseated and shaken by the experience,[124] he was concerned about the impact such actions would have on the mental health of his SS men. He decided that alternate methods of killing should be found.[125][126] On his orders, by early 1942 the camp at Auschwitz had been greatly expanded, including the addition of gas chambers, where victims were killed using the pesticide Zyklon B.[127] Himmler visited the camp in person on 17 and 18 July 1942. He was given a demonstration of a mass killing using the gas chamber..

The Nazis planned to kill Polish intellectuals and restrict non-Germans in the General Government and conquered territories to a fourth-grade education.[140] The Nazis wanted to breed a master race of racially pure Nordic Aryans in Germany. As an agronomist and farmer Himmler was acquainted with the principles of selective breeding, which he proposed to apply to humans. He believed that he could engineer the German populace, for example, through eugenics, to be Nordic in appearance within several decades of the end of the war.[141]..”

Jewish Persecution

*see GoodnewsEverybody.com: Middleeastern-Israelites Persecuted History middleeastern.goodnewseverybody.com

Holocaust speaker to be in Hancock, Morris By news@stevenscountytimes.com on Nov 23, 2018 at 6:29 p.m. stevenscountytimes.com
“…After retiring as a professor from the University of Minnesota Minneapolis in 2001, where he was employed for 50 years as a professor of communication and creativity, Fred Amram has spent most of his time in retirement addressing his history as a Holocaust survivor. He’s given lectures to students, military members and government agencies, and published a memoir titled “We’re in America Now: A Survivor’s Stories,” which details his upbringing in Germany and in America.

Amram wrote about witnessing the national wave of violent anti-Jewish attacks known as Kristallnacht and the Gestapo raiding his home; he watched British bombers from his balcony, when Jews were banned from air raid shelters; he saw his father forced into slave labor; and he lost extended family members in the ghettos and concentration camps.

Amram will speak at the Stevens County Historical Society Museum at 7 p.m. on Tuesday, Nov. 27, and to students at Hancock Schools on Wednesday, Nov. 28, a news release said.

He was 2 when the Nazi Party passed the Nuremberg Laws in 1935, which deprived Jews of their citizenship and prohibited them from marrying or having relations with Germans.

Amram and his parents would endure four more years of anti-Semitism, air raids and repeated Gestapo searches before fleeing their home in Hanover in November 1939. They eventually settled in New York City and were granted American citizenship. (It was less than two months ago when Amram regained his German Citizenship.)..”
Fred Amram

Portraying Fred Amram

CHGSumn
Published on Feb 27, 2014
Fred Amram was born September 19, 1933 in Hanover Germany, where he experienced the early years of the Holocaust. An only child, he and his parents found their way to Antwerp, Belgium in November 1939 before escaping later that month to New York City. For many years the family had no idea the fate their extended families members had suffered until Fred, learned after doing research at Yad Vashem that his 3 ½ year old cousin, Aaltje, and Aunt Käthe died at Auschwitz on February 19, 1943. After attending the New York State College of Forestry and graduating from Syracuse University, he became a graduate student at the University of Minnesota and ultimately a professor of Speech Communication in the University’s General College. He has published three academic books, and dozens of scholarly articles. He currently writes about his experiences in the Holocaust and as a refugee in his adopted country.

Glimpses of Jewish Life before the Holocaust – YouTube

The Development of the “Final Solution”

Why???

Hitler’s tipping point: When extermination of the Jews became official Nazi policy By JP O’ Malley 5 March 2017, 11:16 am timesofisrael.com
It was somewhere in the first half of 1942, argues Holocaust scholar Laurence Rees, that the Final Solution became the only solution

“..“The key thing to understanding [the Holocaust] in Lithuania is the hated occupation by the Soviets as the consequence of the Nazi-Soviet pact,” Rees explains.

“Many in Lithuania believed the lie that the Nazis were peddling at the time, that communism equals Judaism and that Jews were aiding the Soviet authorities,” the historian adds.

If there had not been the Soviet occupation of the Baltic states immediately preceding the Nazi invasion, Rees says the Holocaust in Lithuania might have gone very differently and many Jews could have possibly survived…

“The Nazis knew that if they kept shooting people they would have psychological problems for the killers. So the gas chambers solved this problem,” says Rees…”

Collaborators

-Jews
*see Deep Thought: Where are the “original” Tribes of Israel? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Nazi Collaborators 9: Jews Who Fought for Hitler

Other Groups

USTAŠE- THE FASCISTS THAT MADE THE NAZI’S LOOK LIKE BOYSCOUTS June 16, 2016 by dirkdeklein dirkdeklein.net

“..The ideology of the movement was a blend of fascism, Roman Catholicism and Croatian nationalism.The Ustaše supported the creation of a Greater Croatia that would span the River Drina and extend to the border of Belgrade.The movement emphasized the need for a racially “pure” Croatia and promoted genocide against Serbs, Jews and Romani people, and persecution of anti-fascist or dissident Croatians.

..

The Ustaše were fiercely Catholic, identifying it with Croatian nationalism. They declared that the Catholic and Muslim faiths were the religions of the Croatian people. They claimed the Islam of the Bosniaks was a religion which “keeps true the blood of Croats”.

..

“Increased activity of the bands [of rebels] is chiefly due to atrocities carried out by Ustaše units in Croatia against the Orthodox population. The Ustaše committed their deeds in a bestial manner not only against males of conscript age, but especially against helpless old people, women and children. The number of the Orthodox that the Croats have massacred and sadistically tortured to death is about three hundred thousand”

..The history textbooks in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia cited 700,000 as the total number of victims at Jasenovac. According to the Simon Wiesenthal Center (citing the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust), “Ustasa terrorists killed 500,000 Serbs, expelled 250,000 and forced 250,000 to convert to Catholicism. They murdered thousands of Jews and Gypsies.”..

In contrast, clergymen such as Archbishop of Mostar Alojzije Mišić and priest Marko Oršolić publicly condemned the Ustaše yet suffered no repression…

At the end of war, Ustaše continued fighting for a short while after the formal surrender of German Army Group E on 9 May 1945, and many refugees attempted to escape to Austria. Pavelić, however, with the help of associates among the Franciscans, managed to escape and hide in Austria and Rome, later fleeing to Argentina..”

World War II Serb Holocaust No Fiction MAY 12, 1994 nytimes.com
“..In June 1941, Milan Budak, then Croatian minister of education, is on record as stating that Croatia was to be a state of two religions: Roman Catholicism and Islam. Bosnia-Herzegovina was part of wartime Croatia, and the Bosnian Muslims were encouraged to massacre Serbs; the Bosnian Muslim Handzjar unit of the SS was particularly effective in this regard. According to Budak’s openly stated policy, Serbs should be dealt with in three ways: one-third to be exterminated, one-third deported and the rest converted to Catholicism…”

Update:
Croatia should apologize for World War II genocide before joining the EU April 2, 2010 By James Bissett csmonitor.com

‘…Just this week, the Serbian parliament apologized for its role in the infamous Srebrenica massacre of 1995 that killed some 7,000 Bosnian Muslims. Such an apology was considered unthinkable even a few years ago, yet the pressures of joining the EU helped nudge that nation to account for this war crime.
..

In 2001, Croatian President Stepjan Mesic apologized to Jews in an address delivered at the Israeli Knesset. In 2003, he joined Serbia’s president in a mutual apology for “all the evils” each side had brought during the Balkan conflict.

..
..”

Bosnian Genocide history.com
“..In May 1993, the U.N. Security Council created the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) at The Hague, Netherlands. It was the first international tribunal since the Nuremberg Trials in 1945-46, and the first to prosecute genocide, among other war crimes.
..

..After a trial lasting more than four years and involving the testimony of nearly 600 witnesses, the ICTY found Mladic, who had been dubbed the “Butcher of Bosnia,” guilty of genocide and other crimes against humanity in November 2017. The tribunal sentenced the 74-year-old former general to life in prison. Coming on the heels of Karadzic’s conviction for war crimes the previous year, Mladic’s long-delayed conviction marked the last major prosecution by the ICTY.

.”

Blacks

In Germany’s extermination program for black Africans, a template for the Holocaust By Edwin Black 5 May 2016, 12:05 pm 32 25,491 timesofisrael.com
Decades before the Nazis turned to the Jews, German colonialists in Southwest Africa – now Namibia – dehumanized, built death camps for, and slaughtered tens of thousands of tribespeople in a systematic genocide. Here, Edwin Black reveals the full horrors of an eerie and odious precursor of the Shoah, and its legacy in the US
“..Beginning in 1884, Germany colonized four territories across the breadth of the continent: Togoland, the Cameroons, Tanganyika, and a main coastal presence in Southwest Africa, now known as Namibia. In Southwest Africa, German settlers were able to establish lucrative plantations by exploiting the labor of local Herero and Nama (also known as Hottentot) indigenous peoples. German banks and industrialists combined to provide needed economic support and investment. Berlin dispatched a small military contingent to protect white settlers as they confronted the lightly armed African natives considered subhuman in Germany’s twisted notion of racial hierarchy…”

Denial

Why Do People Still Deny The Holocaust?

5 Facts That The Holocaust Never Happened

NSTruth1488
Published on Jun 19, 2017

Jews and the African Slave Trade BY MJL myjewishlearning.com
Like many others, Jews participated in the trans-Atlantic slave trade, but they by no means dominated it.

“..The participants in the Atlantic slave system included Arabs, Berbers, scores of African ethnic groups, Italians, Portuguese, Spaniards, Dutch, Jews, Germans, Swedes, French, English, Danes, white Americans, Native Americans, and even thousands of New World blacks who had been emancipated or were descended from freed slaves but who then became slaveholding farmers or planters themselves.

Davis went on to note that in the American South in 1830 there were “120 Jews among the 45,000 slaveholders owning twenty or more slaves and only twenty Jews among the 12,000 slaveholders owning fifty or more slaves.”…”

HISTORY: Jewish Slavetrade Documentary

Ford’s Anti-Semitism .pbs.org
“..Henry Ford’s anti-Semitic views echoed the fears and assumptions of many Americans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Anti-Semitism in America saw a change in expression and virulence when increased immigration from Europe brought millions of Jews to the U.S. during Ford’s childhood in the latter half of the 19th century. It reached its peak during the mid-1920s: a time when Ku Klux Klanmembership had reached four million, Prohibition restricted alcohol consumption, and discriminatory immigration policies were enacted favoring immigrants from northern and western Europe over other parts of the world.

A close friend recalled a camping trip in 1919 during which Ford lectured a group around the campfire. He “attributes all evil to Jews or to the Jewish capitalists,” the friend wrote in his diary. “The Jews caused the war, the Jews caused the outbreak of thieving and robbery all over the country, the Jews caused the inefficiency of the navy…”..

What did the Jewish community think about Ford’s paper?
For the Jews who are reading Ford’s rants in The Dearborn Independent, this is very frightening. Jewish publications in English and in Yiddish are reporting on the material that comes out in The Dearborn Independent. They’re really tracking this…

In 1938, Ford received an award from the Nazi regime called the “Grand Cross of the German Eagle.” How do we make sense of this award? What does it mean?
The Germans honor Ford, we could say, for a couple reasons. ..

From the point of view of anti-Semitism, Hitler could look at Ford as somebody who was — let’s call him an age-mate. They were both in the 1920s beginning to write and disseminate information about what they both considered to be this great powerful threat, “the Jew.”..

…”
How American Racism Influenced Hitler- Scholars are mapping the international precursors of Nazism. By Alex Ross April 30, 2018 Issue

“..The Nazis idolized many aspects of American society: the cult of sport, Hollywood production values, the mythology of the frontier. From boyhood on, Hitler devoured the Westerns of the popular German novelist Karl May. In 1928, Hitler remarked, approvingly, that white settlers in America had “gunned down the millions of redskins to a few hundred thousand.” When he spoke of Lebensraum, the German drive for “living space” in Eastern Europe, he often had America in mind…

Ron Rosenbaum, in his 1998 book “Explaining Hitler,” gives a tour of the more outré theories. It has been suggested, variously, that the key to understanding Hitler is the fact that he had an abusive father; that he was too close to his mother; that he had a Jewish grandfather; that he had encephalitis; that he contracted syphilis from a Jewish prostitute; that he blamed a Jewish doctor for his mother’s death; that he was missing a testicle; that he underwent a wayward hypnosis treatment; that he was gay; that he harbored coprophilic fantasies about his niece; that he was addled by drugs; or—a personal favorite—that his anti-Semitism was triggered by briefly attending school with Ludwig Wittgenstein, in Linz. At the root of this speculative mania is what Rosenbaum calls the “lost safe-deposit box” mentality: with sufficient sleuthing, the mystery can be solved in one Sherlockian stroke…

American eugenicists made no secret of their racist objectives, and their views were prevalent enough that F. Scott Fitzgerald featured them in “The Great Gatsby.” (The cloddish Tom Buchanan, having evidently read Lothrop Stoddard’s 1920 tract “The Rising Tide of Color Against White World-Supremacy,” says, “The idea is if we don’t look out the white race will be—will be utterly submerged.”) California’s sterilization program directly inspired the Nazi sterilization law of 1934. There are also sinister, if mostly coincidental, similarities between American and German technologies of death. In 1924, the first execution by gas chamber took place, in Nevada. In a history of the American gas chamber, Scott Christianson states that the fumigating agent Zyklon-B, which was licensed to American Cyanamid by the German company I. G. Farben, was considered as a lethal agent but found to be impractical. Zyklon-B was, however, used to disinfect immigrants as they crossed the border at El Paso—a practice that did not go unnoticed by Gerhard Peters, the chemist who supplied a modified version of Zyklon-B to Auschwitz. Later, American gas chambers were outfitted with a chute down which poison pellets were dropped. Earl Liston, the inventor of the device, explained, “Pulling a lever to kill a man is hard work. Pouring acid down a tube is easier on the nerves, more like watering flowers.” Much the same method was introduced at Auschwitz, to relieve stress on S.S. guards…

When Hitler praised American restrictions on naturalization, he had in mind the Immigration Act of 1924, which imposed national quotas and barred most Asian people altogether. For Nazi observers, this was evidence that America was evolving in the right direction, despite its specious rhetoric about equality. The Immigration Act, too, played a facilitating role in the Holocaust, because the quotas prevented thousands of Jews, including Anne Frank and her family, from reaching America. In 1938, President Roosevelt called for an international conference on the plight of European refugees; this was held in Évian-les-Bains, France, but no substantive change resulted. The German Foreign Office, in a sardonic reply, found it “astounding” that other countries would decry Germany’s treatment of Jews and then decline to admit them…”

References:

Eugenics in California: A Legacy of the Past? – YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BrF1Q0G4g5o
*see 16 minute mark

History of the Jews in the Philippines
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
“..It was during the era of the Philippine Commonwealth, 1935–1946, that Jewish refugees from Europe sought a safe haven in Manila. The migration of Jews escaping Europe between 1935 and 1941 was the last major immigration of Jews to the Philippines. The first German Jews to arrive in Manila actually came from the Jewish community in Shanghai. With the occupation of Peking by the Japanese in 1937, the four million inhabitants of Shanghai were endangered. Germany’s shift of alliance from China to Japan at this time alarmed German Jews in Shanghai, fearing German pressure on Japan to adopt Nazi anti-Jewish policies. Fearing for them as well, the Jewish Community in Manila, led by the Frieder Brothers of Cincinnati,[8] organized the Jewish Refugee Committee of Manila (JRC) with the intention of rescuing German members of the Shanghai Jewish community.[9] These Jews had already been deprived of their German citizenship, and the Gestapo presence that was taking root in Japanese areas threatened Jewish existence in Shanghai as well. When the Sino-Japanese War broke out in 1937, the JRC received a telegram from Shanghai asking for assistance for Shanghai’s refugee Jews. With the help of Feng-Shan Ho, the Chinese Consul-General in Austria, Austrian Jews were able to escape to other countries, including the Philippines,[10] when Adolf Hitler annexed Austria to Germany in 1938.[1] Manila then received 30 German Jewish refugee families from Shanghai, which then started a larger program that would eventually rescue 1300 refugee Jews from Europe between 1937 and 1941, the largest influx of Jews in Philippine history. ..

While it was important to have the cooperation and consent of President Quezon in this refugee rescue plan,[2][3][8][9] all issues of Philippine foreign affairs was still totally in the hands of the U.S. State Department and would be until the Philippines was granted independence in 1946. What is unique to the rescue of refugee Jews in the Philippines is that the Jewish Community in Manila was granted authority by High Commissioner Paul McNutt and Philippine President Quezon to operate a selection committee to choose those who would be granted visas by the U.S. State Department.[1] By an application and review process, Jewish refugees in Germany and Austria obtained visas for immigration from U.S. consular officers who had been instructed by the U.S. State Department to issue visas based on recommendations from the JRC in Manila. This successful Frieder-McNutt selection rescue plan led to the larger resettlement rescue plan that focused on the island of Mindanao as a destination for the mass resettlement of 10,000 refugee Jews.[11] For the refugees who did manage to settle in the Philippines, the JRC organised committees to aid in finding employment and new homes for them in Manila..”

Stories of Rescues



“..Key to the Philippines’ decision to open its door to Jewish refugees was the lobbying of the Frieder family of Cincinnati, four of whose sons took turns running a family-owned tobacco factory in Manila. One of the brothers, Alex Frieder, played poker regularly with Manuel Quezon, president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. They were joined by Paul V. McNutt, the American high commissioner, and Col. Dwight D. Eisenhower, who at the time was serving as an American military adviser to the Filipino army. ..”

An Open Door The Story of Rescue of Over 1300 Jews by … – YouTube

Update:

ISRAEL: “Thank You, Philippines!” (Why Jews have a Close Friendship with Filipinos) February 18, 2015 ourawesomeplanet.com
“..In November 2013, Danny Pins, who is the son of a Holocaust Survivor in Manila, Margot Casell Pins, joined the American-Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to be the first ones on the ground in Tacloban and help the Typhoon Haiyan Victims…”

Global Country Spotlight: Europe-Germany goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

On-going Ant-Semitism (anti-Semitic )

MMohamed Mohamed, LA Hate Crime Suspect: 5 Fast Facts By Erin Laviola Updated Nov 26, 2018 at 5:33 heavy.com
“..Mohamed Mohamed is the 32-year-old suspect accused of trying to run down two Jewish men in Los Angeles with his vehicle. The incident happened on November 23, 2018, as the two worshippers left a synagogue in the neighborhood of Hancock Park. ..

The FBI has also joined the investigation, as officials look into the suspect’s background. Officials said Mohamed was born in Somalia and had been in the Los Angeles area for only a few days prior to the incident.

Here’s what you need to know…”

What can be done to fight anti-Semitism in the US? | The Stream

Robert Bowers appears in court after Pittsburgh synagogue massacre

11 Killed in Pittsburgh Synagogue Shooting; Gunman Yelled ‘All Jews Must Die’ Amir Tibon, Noa Landau, Judy Maltz, The Associated Press and Allison Kaplan Sommer Oct 28, 2018 1:05 AM haaretz.com

Pittsburgh synagogue shooting: Who is suspect Robert Bowers?

PennLive.com
Published on Oct 27, 2018
Robert Bowers, 46, of Pittsburgh, the man arrested in the mass shooting Saturday at a Pennsylvania synagogue during a bris, appears to have made virulently anti-Semitic posts on a social media platform popular with far-right extremists, including one made shortly before the attack.
(Video by Janet Pickel, PennLive.com, via Wochit)

Synagogue shooter was obsessed with Jewish refugee agency The Associated Press | Tuesday, Oct. 30, 2018, 11:36 a.m. triblive.com
“.. Just moments before the Pittsburgh synagogue shooting that left 11 people dead, the suspect is believed to have posted a final social media rant against a Jewish refugee settlement agency most people had never heard of, but which has increasingly become the target of right-wing rage and conspiracy theories. ..”

Robert Bowers, Pittsburgh Shooting Suspect, Appears in Court
By Campbell Robertson Oct. 29, 2018 .nytimes.com
“..The Pittsburgh chapter of Bend the Arc: Jewish Action, a progressive Jewish group focused on social justice in the United States, said in an open letter to Mr. Trump that he was “not welcome in Pittsburgh until you fully denounce white nationalism.”

The letter, which had 26,000 signatures on Monday morning, said Mr. Trump’s language had given confidence to white nationalists.

“For the past three years your words and your policies have emboldened a growing white nationalist movement,” the letter said. “You yourself called the murderer evil, but yesterday’s violence is the direct culmination of your influence.”..”

America’s dark history of organized anti-Semitism re-emerges in today’s far-right groups
November 29, 2018 6.38am EST theconversation.com
“..Local discrimination
Some forms of American anti-Semitism have been examined and confronted. Many existed at the local level and had a major impact on Jewish communities all over the U.S.

For decades, restrictive covenants in home deeds forbade Jews from buying homes in certain neighborhoods. Some country clubs excluded Jews from membership or even playing their courses as guests. Some Ivy League universities set quotas limiting the number of Jewish students they would admit…”

Action

Good News Education
https://www.facebook.com/groups/707482649266495/

Neutral Perspective: Support or NOT for a Palestinian “State”?

Palestinians support indigenous Dakota pipeline protests: “We stand with Standing Rock” Ben Norton Friday, Nov 18, 2016 12:05 PM CST salon.com
WATCH: Gazans express solidarity with the NoDAPL Native American-led resistance against the Dakota Access pipeline
“…“Like you, we don’t control our natural resources,” Suliman continued in her letter. “Just as you were not consulted about the Dakota Access Pipeline that will traverse your land and contaminate your water supply if installed, we are not consulted by Israel, which wants to mine the gas supply in our harbor for its own use and monopolizes the water supply in the West Bank for the green lawns of its own residents — leaving Palestinians parched and dry.”..”

History

Origin of the Name Palestine palestinefacts.org
Where did the name Palestine come from?
The name Palestine is given to the region spreading from eastern Mediterranean coast to the Jordan Valley to the area covering Galilee Lake in the north and southern Negev Desert. The origin of this word lies in Pleshethâ€. This is a name appearing frequently in the Bible and have started being known as Philistine in English. The world root of Pleshethâ lies in the word palahâ was is a term used generally in the sense of migratory, referring to the Palestinian’s conquest of the coast of Mediterranean. These people were mostly originates of Asia Minor and Greece and gradually became a part of the Arab world…”

In AD 135, the Emperor Hadrian blotted out the name Provincia Judea and renamed it Provincia Syria Palaestina. This was the Latin version of the Greek name and soon became a name to be used as an administrative unit. This name was shortened to Palaestina and the name Palestine was derived from it as a modern and anglicized version. No changes occurred to this name until after the fourth century had passed when Palestine was divided in to three regions, following the imperial reorganization. The name Palestine was used by the Christian Crusades to regard all three of the divided regions in general and continued to be used for the regions on both sides of the Jordan River in general. Palestine went under the rule of the Ottoman Turks for 400 years where its administration was attached to Damascus. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, the name Palestine was revived and was applied to the land falling under the British Mandate for Palestine. Arabs use the name Falastinâ for Palestine which is an Arab pronunciation of the Roman word Palaestina. ..

The Deception of The Nations youtube.com
*start at 20:50
*see Deep Thought: Who to “blame” for the world’s corruption? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Zuheir Mohsen en.wikiquote.org
“..The Palestinian people does not exist. The creation of a Palestinian state is only a means for continuing our struggle against the state of Israel for our Arab unity. In reality today there is no difference between Jordanians, Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese. Only for political and tactical reasons do we speak today about the existence of a Palestinian people, since Arab national interests demand that we posit the existence of a distinct “Palestinian people” to oppose Zionism. Yes, the existence of a separate Palestinian identity exists only for tactical reasons, Jordan, which is a sovereign state with defined borders, cannot raise claims to Haifa and Jaffa, while as a Palestinian, I can undoubtedly demand Haifa, Jaffa, Beer-Sheva and Jerusalem. However, the moment we reclaim our right to all of Palestine, we will not wait even a minute to unite Palestine and Jordan.
James Dorsey, “Wij zijn alleen Palestijn om politieke reden”, Trouw, 31 March 1977…”

SUPPORT

Americas

In U.N. Speech, Noam Chomsky Blasts United States for Supporting Israel, Blocking Palestinian State

“Published on Oct 22, 2014

http://democracynow.org – As U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announces plans to set up an investigation into the attacks on United Nations facilities during Israel’s recent assault on the Gaza Strip, we broadcast the speech of world-renowned political dissident Noam Chomsky, who recently spoke in the hall of the U.N. General Assembly at an event sponsored by the United Nations Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People. “The pattern that was set in January 1976 continues to the present,” said Chomsky, Institute Professor Emeritus at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. “Israel rejects a settlement of these terms and for many years has been devoting extensive resources to ensuring it will not be implemented with the unremitting and decisive support of the United States — military, economic, diplomatic and ideological.”

Watch the full 50-minute discussion with Noam Chomsky at the United Nations aired on Democracy Now!: http://www.democracynow.org/appearanc…

..”

Europe

Five Reasons to Recognise a Palestinian State ecfr.eu
“… Consistency

Recognition of a Palestinian state is consistent with the EU’s long-standing support for achieving a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and builds on both its landmark 1980 Venice Declaration and subsequent 1999 Berlin statement, which announced the EU’s “readiness to consider the recognition of a Palestinian State”.
..”

Religions

-Christianity

->Catholic
Why The Vatican’s Recognition Of A Palestinian State Comes As No Great Surprise 05/13/2015 11:28 pm ET | Updated May 14, 2015 huffingtonpost.com
“..
Three years ago, Vatican officials applauded the U.N.’s move, which gave Palestine the same status as the Vatican before the international organization. In the years since, the Holy See has listed Palestine as a state in its official yearbook, and Pope Francis referred to the Palestinian state during his 2014 visit to the West Bank.

But even before U.N. recognition, the Vatican supported the creation of a Palestinian nation.
..”

OIC asks world to support creation of Palestinian state , from youtube.com

->Jewish background

Why Palestinian Davids will defeat the Zionist Goliath By Kevin Barrett on November 1, 2015 veteranstoday.com
“..The current outbreak of what looks to become the Third Intifada is rooted in the belligerent, uncompromising, expansionist and genocidal policies of the state of Israel, which have continued regardless of what the Palestinians do. We’ve seen the Israelis “mowing the lawn in Gaza” every few years, killing thousands of innocent civilians. We see ongoing brutalization of the Palestinian population that is clearly designed to make life unlivable for the Palestinians. And this amounts to genocide, as professor Lawrence Davidson of West Chester University has said. He is from a Jewish background himself. And he is far from the only person from a Jewish background who recognizes that the current policies of the Israeli government amount to genocide. So given that there has been absolutely no progress on the political front, and given that the Zionist leadership is under the domination of a certified psychopath, Benjamin Netanyahu, one of the principle authors of the September 11th Zionist coup d’état in the United States, it is clear that the only way the Palestinians have any hope of maintaining their struggle over the long term, which is what is required, is to admit that negotiations currently are not possible – and to opt for military resistance…

The cost of the Zionist occupation of Palestine is getting higher and higher. Here in the United States, more and more Americans are waking up and realizing that since the coup of September 11th, which about one-third of Americans realize was an inside job, the United States has spent trillions of dollars – as much as four or five trillion dollars according to some counts – in wars designed to destabilize Israel’s enemies, and to ultimately work for the interests of Israel, not the United States. So the costs of the Zionist project have reached a ridiculous level. The economy of the United States has been crippled by the 9/11 wars for Israel. This (asymmetry) is perhaps the most important dimension of the asymmetric struggle between the Palestinians and the Zionists. The Zionists have to spend millions of millions of dollars to try to defend against what the Palestinians can do with a two dollar knife or a ten dollar per month internet connection.”
*see Deep Thought: Who to “blame” for the world’s corruption? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

No Longer David: The State of Israel As Goliath al-monitor.com

NEUTRAL

Wars

-November 2018

=>Palestinian Perspective

Israel blows up Gaza ceasefire Ali Abunimah Rights and Accountability 13 November 2018 electronicintifada.net
“..Israel carried out air raids across Gaza on Monday night with Palestinian resistance factions firing some 300 rockets into Israel in retaliation for an Israeli raid Sunday that killed seven members of the Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas…

It remained to be seen if Israel’s security cabinet, which was due to meet Tuesday, would agree to return to the ceasefire that Israel violated.”

‘Everything is a target’: Gaza residents decry Israeli strikes
by Farah Najjar & Maram Humaid
7 hours ago aljazeera.com
“..On Tuesday, the armed wing of Hamas, the group that administers the Gaza Strip, warned it would increase attacks and fire rockets at the Israeli towns of Ashdod and Beersheba if Israel continues to carry out air raids on civilian buildings.

The statement by al-Qassam Brigades was released hours after a rocket from Gaza killed an Israeli man in the coastal town of Ashkelon.

At least seven Palestinians have been killed in Israeli attacks since late on Monday, in the worst flare-up of violence between the two sides since the 2014 Israeli assault on the Strip.

The escalation came after at least seven other Palestinians were killed on Sunday in a covert Israeli operation, to which Hamas responded with rocket fire from Gaza. One Israeli soldier was also killed in the undercover raid near Khan Younis…”

=>Israel Perspective

IDF strikes 160 targets in Gaza Strip after almost 500 rockets fired By Anna Ahronheim
November 13, 2018 19:42 jpost.com
“..Since Sunday night, Palestinian terrorist groups have fired more than 460 rockets and mortars into Israel.

The IDF said it struck more than 160 Hamas and Islamic Jihad terror targets in the Strip, including tunnels, four military compounds in Gaza City, Beit Hanun, Jabalya and Khan Yunis, as well as a Hamas launch site in Khan Yunis and four multi-story buildings…”

ANALYSIS: Israel Readies for Third Gaza War Tuesday, November 13, 2018 | Yochanan Visser .israeltoday.co.il
“..The dramatic announcement, a clear sign Israel is preparing for another war against Hamas and the other Palestinian terror groups in Gaza, came after more than 400 rockets rained down on southern Israel since Monday afternoon.

Magen David Adom, the Israeli first aid organization and ambulance service, said 27 Israelis were injured by the massive missile attacks from Gaza while one resident of the coastal city of Ashkelon was killed by a direct hit on his house Monday night…

The victim appeared to be a Palestinian Arab, 48, from the Hebron area who was only found dead hours after police and the fire brigade arrived at the scene of the devastating blast which destroyed an entire building.

The lead up to what could be the third Gaza war began this weekend when a Palestinian terrorist from Gaza infiltrated an Israeli community in the vicinity of the security fence and set ablaze a greenhouse before being arrested by Israeli security forces.

The incident was followed by a shoot-out between an elite undercover unit of the IDF and members of Hamas’ military wing Izz-a-Din al-Qassam in the area of the Palestinian town of Khan Younis in Gaza on Sunday night.

The secret intelligence-gathering operation went awry when members of Izz-a-Din al-Qassam spotted the IDF unit and tried to stop the private car they were traveling with.

In the ensuing shoot-out, 7 Hamas terrorists were killed, among them Nour Barakeh, a Qassam Brigade commander who reportedly was in charge with Hamas’ terror tunnel project and served as the commander of Hamas’ regional battalion in Khan Younis..

The Israeli PM, who on Sunday said he would do his utmost to prevent a humanitarian disaster in Gaza and allowed Qatar to deliver $15 million in cash to the impoverished enclave, immediately started consultations with the top of the IDF after arriving in Israel.

Hamas, meanwhile, used the funeral of the 7 slain terrorists to ignite the Palestinian street and organized a mass demonstration against “the occupation”.”

-War: November 5th 2008

=>Israel Started it!

Who Broke The Cease Fire – Hamas or Israel 2008

wotdoesitmatter
Published on Jan 10, 2009
A nice little news item where Mark Regev admits Hamas didn’t fire any rockets before Israel broke the cease fire in November.

more…
On November 5, the Guardian reported:

A four-month ceasefire between Israel and Palestinian militants in Gaza was in jeopardy today after Israeli troops killed six Hamas gunmen in a raid into the territory.

“Hamas responded by firing a wave of rockets into southern Israel, although no one was injured. The violence represented the most serious break in a ceasefire agreed in mid-June, yet both sides suggested they wanted to return to atmosphere of calm. (Rory McCarthy, Gaza truce broken as Israeli raid kills six Hamas gunmen, The Guardian, November 5, 2008; http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/…

The Guardian added:

Until now it had appeared both Israel and Hamas, which seized full control of Gaza last summer, had an interest in maintaining the ceasefire.

CNN Confirms Israel Broke Ceasefire First

-2006

Burning Conscience: Israeli Soldiers Speak Out

*see Peacemaking: Various Ways Between Arabs and Jews goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

NOT SUPPORT

An open letter to those who support a Palestinian state World anti-Semitism
By HOWARD KLINEBERG \ 09/24/2015 19:40 jpost.com
“…Now as you proceed on your chosen path towards your goal I had some questions regarding this future ‘Palestine state’.

What will it be like to live in?
Will it be democratic?
How will it treat religions other than Muslim?
What will its attitude be towards Israel?
How will it treat gays, lesbians and cross genders?
Will it allow building of places of worship that are not Mosques?
What will its policy be towards refugees?
Will it have a free press?
Which of its Arab ‘brother’ states will it model itself on?
Who will be its allies?
With whom will it trade?
What will it trade?

A result of all the research I have conducted, from everything I have read and all that I understand to be spoken by President Abbas and from Khaled Mashal this state will probably not be the nicest of places to live in. Additionally, from current evidence it certainly won’t be democratic as both the PA and Hamas are currently well past their constitutional sell by dates. Furthermore the PA have declared that their state will be a no-go area for Jews and that they will never recognize Israel as the Jewish homeland.
..”

Why Palestinians Want This Video Removed

“Jerusalem has been a Jewish holy city since the days of King David . 3000 years ago.
At that time the Arabs were still pagans who used to worship idols such as Al Uzza, Al Lat and Al Mannat at the Kaaba. (Jahiliyya period)

In the year 638 CE the muslims captured Jerusalem from the Byzantines and built a mosque on the site of the Jewish holy Temple.

While Jews pray facing Jerusalem and the Temple mount , Muslims pray towards Mecca.
When Muslims pray in Jerusalem they point their behind to the Dome of the rock and the temple mount.

An Islamic holy site ?
Palestinians use the temple mount as a playground where they have picnics and play soccer.

Sary Nusseibeh , palestinian professor and the president of the Al Quds university had to go underground after admitting that the temple mount is a Jewish holy site.

Ibn Taymiyyah (1263-1328) , whose writings influenced the Wahhabi movement in arabia ruled that sacred islamic sites are to be found only in the Arabian Peninsula and that ” in Jerusalem, there is not a place one calls sacred , and the same holds true for the tombs of Hebron”

Jerusalem is mentioned in the Bible 667 times , while in the Quran : 0 times .

According to the quran , the holy land was written by Allah to Israel (quran 5:21) and that the Jews will return to their land (quran 17:104)

The jews are coming back home from the diaspora .

Ezekiel 36:24
“For i will take you from among the nations , gather you out of all countries, and bring you back into your own land”

Jeremiah 29:14
“I will be found by you,” declares the LORD, “and will bring you back from captivity. I will gather you from all the nations and places where I have banished you,” declares the LORD, “and will bring you back to the place from which I carried you into exile.”

Isaia 62:1
“For Zion’s sake I will not keep silent, for Jerusalem’s sake I will not remain quiet, till her righteousness shines out like the dawn, her salvation like a blazing torch.”

Religion

“..I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.”..”Genesis 12

This is an on-going topic, which I’ll be updating this frequently. Stay tune! Thoughts, suggestions, comments, feedback, etc..?

Good News Middleeast
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Global Country Spotlight: Middle East~Israel-Jerusalem

Jerusalem District
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

DIY Destinations – Israel Budget Travel Show

“Old City”

Maps of Jerusalem visitjeru.com

JERUSALEM | THE OLD CITY – A TRAVEL TOUR – HD … – YouTube

Building of the Temple

Best video showing that the new Temple of God will be built in the city of David
https://youtu.be/i2eFuSAQiV4
Visual Proof
Published on Jan 29, 2018
“The time of rebuilding the third temple can start now if Israel accepts the truth.
PAYPAL LINK TO DONATE IF YOU FEEL LED TO-
https://www.paypal.me/VisualProofChannel

Third Jewish Temple Will Be Rebuilt! Fulfilling Bible Prophecy

Something Biblical is Going On! (2018-2019)

“25 Signs We Are Near the Last Days” with Don Stewart

Hope For Our Times
Published on Jul 11, 2017
Don Stewart brings a message of hope as he looks at “25 Signs We Near the Last Days”

Connect with Pastor Tom!

George S.
1 month ago
We ARE in the last days Not NEAR the last days

-Archaeology

In-Depth Exploration of The City of David in Jerusalem

JewishPressTV
Published on May 20, 2012
Yishai Fleisher (JewishPress.com) takes us on an adventure in the famous Ir Davide (City of David) in Jerusalem. Connections between the history of the Jewish people in Israel and the modern day discovery of archeological evidence.

The Watchman Episode 50: Inside Jerusalem’s Largest Archaeological Dig

Christ Revealed FULL Episode 1: The #1 Christian Documentary of 2017

Christ Revealed
Published on Nov 7, 2017
The #1 Christian Documentary of 2017

Sign up for FREE NOW: http://www.ChristRevealed.com

Join Gov. Mike Huckabee, J. Warner Wallace the Author of Cold-Case Christianity, Sean McDowell and many others on an epic journey of a lifetime

Faith is Under Attack Like Never Before. Do You Get Questions But Don’t Know How to Answer? Join Us In…
Revealing Astonishing Facts That Will Transform Opinions About the Validity of Christ and the Resurrection.

THE HISTORY:
Christ Revealed brings to life the history of Jesus like never before. Walk in the sacred footsteps of Jesus during his ministry. Hear from the best scholars in the world on this subject.

THE EVIDENCE:
We’ll visit the sites of some of the Savior’s most powerful miracles, and discover astonishing facts that prove without a doubt the existence of Christ.

THE INSPIRATION
In these challenging times of pain and conflict, from Christ Revealed a message of hope and inspiration emerges. No matter what your faith, this documentary will serve as guiding light in your life.

Travel

Jerusalem Tips : The 7 Things Every Visitor Should Know

Jerusalem Travel Guide: Everything you need to know

TheTravelingClatt
“Published on Jul 16, 2017

Jerusalem Travel Guide: Everything you need to know. This is your ULTIMATE Jerusalem Travel guide. Jerusalem is an incredible city filled with beautiful sights, sounds and smells. Today we visited all of the most important sight within the Old City and New. As well we show you where you HAVE to go when your here.”

72 Hours in JERUSALEM (By A Professional Tour Guide)

Others:

Global Country Spotlight: Middle East~Israel-Northern District goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Praying for Peace

Peacemaking: Various Ways Between Arabs and Jews goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

more…
http://middleeastern.goodnewseverybody.com/israelites.html

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Global Country Spotlight: Middle East~Israel-Northern District

Northern District (Israel) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia wikipedia.org

Tiberias

Tiberias (Tveriah) – Israel – Chabad.org

“..Tiberias sits off the pebbly beaches of the Kinneret Sea.

Built along the shore of the Kinneret (Sea of Galilee), near seventeen natural hot springs, the northern Israeli city of Tiberias is known as the “City of Water.” It is considered one of the four “Holy Cities” in Israel.

Some 2,000 years ago, Tiberias was the center of Jewish study and the last seat of the Sanhedrin (Supreme Court of Jewish law). After enduring constant wars throughout the Middle Ages, the city was revived by an influx of kabbalists in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The city’s major attractions are the Kinneret, its natural hot springs and the graves of many historical luminaries…”

Tiberias Israel, traveling around the world…
https://youtu.be/AZlHTlfhvAg
Serbian Traveler
Published on Feb 18, 2018


—(Subtitles/CC: Serbian, English, Portuguese, Bosnian, Croatian)—
00:08 Welcome to Tiberias, one of four very important and holy cities for Jewish people.
00:57 I just arrived to Kinneret lake.
01:34 Jordan river
01:43 Date palm.
02:02 Beautiful fire colored sky.
02:06 Independence day of Israel 11th May 2016.
02:22 Military airplanes for Independence day
02:47 Snake around my hand!
03:00 Tomb of Maimonides
04:16 Memorial of fight in 1948. Brief history.
04:40 Watchtower.
05:08 One very old mosque.
05:49 Kinneret lake, or Sea of Gallile, the lowest fresh water lake and second lowest lake in world.
06:52 The Greek Orthodox Monestery
08:10 Jewish cemetery and some rules about it.
09:14 Swimming in Jordan river-lowest river in the world.
10:08 Thanks for watching.”

WHERE JESUS CHRIST WALKED ON WATER… – Tiberias, Israel

TheTravelingClatt
“Published on Aug 6, 2017

WHERE JESUS CHRIST WALKED ON WATER… – Tiberias, Israel. Jesus Christ was born and raised in Israel. Tiberias is where he walked on water! Today we visit the amazing lake also known as the Sea of Galilee.

Cool rewards on Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/thetravelingc…”

Lake Gennesaret, Tiberias, Israel
https://youtu.be/BS9EuleKWs4
Published on Aug 4, 2017

The view from our apartment on the 4th floor in Tiberias, Israel –
overlooking the Sea of Galilee/Lake Gennesaret (2017-04-07, at 16h23)”

-Sea of Galilee

Sea of Galilee in Israel – YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xQ3hBAxWebI
Drive Thru History
“Published on Sep 6, 2016

Sea of Galilee in Israel

The Sea of Galilee is also known in the Bible as the Sea of Gennesaret, Sea of Tiberias, and Sea of Kinnereth. The Sea of Galilee isn’t really a “sea” per se – it is actually a freshwater lake fed by nearby mountains and springs, which combine at the head of the Jordan River to the north. The Jordan River then passes through the lake, which is about 13 miles long and 8 miles wide. The Sea of Galilee is 686 feet below sea level, making it the lowest freshwater lake in the world.

The landscape around the Sea of Galilee is unique. To the east and west, the ground rises steeply from the shore to fertile plateaus above. The black basalt boulders that cover the hillsides are typical of a landscape that was once volcanic. From the southern shore, you can see the twin peaks of Mount Canaan to the north, with the snow-covered Mount Hermon way beyond in the distance. From the west, you can see the small white houses of Ein Gev over on the eastern shore. Beyond Ein Gev rises a hill that was the site of the Hellenistic town, Hippos. From the east, you can see Magdala Bay on the northwestern shore, which lies just below biblical Tabgha and Capernaum.

The land surrounding the Sea of Galilee today appears rather quiet and barren. However, history tells us that this wasn’t the case during the time of Jesus. This was a hub for agriculture and trade.

CLICK HERE to read more now… https://www.drivethruhistory.com/wp-a…”

Galilee, Israel: Sacred Sites Along the Sea

Rick Steves’ Europe
“Published on Jun 17, 2015

More info about Rick’s travels to Israel: http://www.ricksteves.com/watch-read-… Galilee is famous as the place where Jesus did his three years of ministry, and where so many Bible stories were set.

At http://www.ricksteves.com, you’ll find money-saving travel tips, small-group tours, guidebooks, TV shows, radio programs, podcasts, and more on this destination.”

more…
http://middleeastern.goodnewseverybody.com/israelites.html

Good News Middle East
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Movie Reflection: Ten Commandments

The Ten Commandments 1956 Movie – YouTube

Who was Moses?

Who Was Moses? – YouTube

Exodus 2 GOD’S WORD Translation (GW)-
Pharaoh’s Daughter Adopts Moses
biblegateway.com
“2 A man from Levi’s family married a Levite woman. 2 The woman became pregnant and had a son. She saw how beautiful he was and hid him for three months. 3 When she couldn’t hide him any longer, she took a basket made of papyrus plants and coated it with tar and pitch. She put the baby in it and set it among the papyrus plants near the bank of the Nile River. 4 The baby’s sister stood at a distance to see what would happen to him.

5 While Pharaoh’s daughter came to the Nile to take a bath, her servants walked along the bank of the river. She saw the basket among the papyrus plants and sent her slave girl to get it. 6 Pharaoh’s daughter opened the basket, looked at the baby, and saw it was a boy. He was crying, and she felt sorry for him. She said, “This is one of the Hebrew children.”

7 Then the baby’s sister asked Pharaoh’s daughter, “Should I go and get one of the Hebrew women to nurse the baby for you?”

8 She answered, “Yes!” So the girl brought the baby’s mother.

9 Pharaoh’s daughter said to the woman, “Take this child, nurse him for me, and I will pay you.”

She took the child and nursed him. 10 When the child was old enough, she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. Pharaoh’s daughter named him Moses [Pulled Out] and said, “I pulled him out of the water.”..”

MOSES & Exodus part 1

Who Was Moses? Was He More than an Exodus Hero? biblicalarchaeology.org


Discovering the Biblical Moses
“..Moses’ story is told in the Book of Exodus, but it starts in Genesis with the story of Abraham and his family with whom God makes a covenant. Generations later the Biblical Moses draws the extended family together in the form of a nation with a structure and code of law, given to him on Mount Sinai. Below, Peter Machinist explores the story of Moses, the Exodus hero, in “The Man Moses.”

Some might say that God himself was the E..”

Judaism
*see Now You Know: Interesting Jewish “Stuff” goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

The Life of Moses – Rabbi Dr. David Gottlieb – YouTube

Who Was Moses In Judaism? – YouTube


Moses and the Passover Story – The Kids Version – YouTube

Christians
*see Religion: What is Christianity? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Who was Moses and what is his importance for Christians? bustedhalo.com
“..It is no surprise then, that when Jesus comes on the scene centuries later, one of his biggest tasks is to persuade the people that he is greater than Moses. It is the Gospel of Matthew that highlights this more than any other Gospel, emphasizing that Jesus taught his new commandments of love in his Sermon on the Mount, echoing Moses’ receiving of the Law on Mount Sinai. For Christians, then, Moses is a crucial figure because Jesus fulfills the Law that Moses brought down from the mountain. It is no coincidence that, when Jesus’ is transfigured on the mountaintop, Moses and Elijah appear with him. Moses symbolizes the Law and Elijah symbolizes the prophets. The Transfiguration is telling us without a doubt that Jesus is the fulfillment of the Law and the Prophets. ..”
20 Things You Didn’t Know about Moses in the Bible crosswalk.com
“.. But there’s much more to Israel’s mighty leader than what makes the headlines. In the list below, I’ve collected 20 fascinating but little known details about this great hero of the faith. ..”

Islam
*see Religion: Different beliefs within Islam? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Story of Moses in the Quran whyislam.org
“..Among the prophets mutually revered by Islam and Judaism is the prominent figure of Moses or Musa, peace be upon him (pbuh). A descendant of Joseph, also known as Yusuf, (pbuh), Moses played a definitive role in restoring freedom to the Israelites. While he encountered many victories, he also experienced hardships in his life….

According to Jewish tradition, the Torah was revealed to Moses by God. While the original Torah is no longer extant, great care has been taken in preserving the remaining manuscripts of the Torah by the Jewish people. These date back centuries to a time quite close to Moses’ time. Even though the Jewish scholars deem these manuscripts to be essentially the text which was revealed to Moses, Muslims do not believe that this Torah is the one originally given to Moses. Furthermore, Muslims believe that the Quran (also spelled ‘Koran’) supersedes the Torah since the Quran is the final revelation of God; as such, it is the definitive Guide and Law. (Learn more: Quran, the Word of God)..”


The Story of Prophet Moses (Musa) – Prophets of Islam – 1/4 – YouTube

History Facts?

Ethiopia

10 Fascinating Facts About The Ten Commandments (The Movie) huffingtonpost.com
“..1 ) Moses, Conquerer of Ethiopia
The grown-up Moses is introduced in The Ten Commandments when he returns to Pharoah after bringing Ethiopia into alliance with Egypt. There is no record of Moses conquering Ethiopia on behalf of Pharaoh. However, there is a Midrash (narrative from the Oral Torah) that details how, after fleeing Egypt, Moses went to Ethiopia and was named king. This occurred before he came to the tent of Jethro, where he married and became a shepherd…”

The Ten Commandments – Moses Raises an Obelisk (Ancient Egypt …

Moses & Pharaoh biblehistory.net

“.. The Bible says that the Israelites built Raamses, and since Ramesses the second, who began his rule around 1290 B.C., built a royal city named Pi-Ramesses, many just assume him to be the pharaoh of the Exodus.
But the Bible never specifically identifies the pharaoh of the Exodus by name, although it does tell us the exact date of the Exodus.
1Kings 6:1 states that Solomon began building the Temple in the fourth year of his reign, 480 years after the Exodus. The temple was started in 1012 B.C., which was derived by adding up ..

The calculation is as follows: Total reign of the Judean kings & Solomon = 434 years x 360 day Biblical year/365= 428 years + 587 B.C. = 1015 B.C. the beginning of Solomon’s reign. The temple was started in the 4th year of his reign which would be 1012 B.C.
Bishop Usher also calculated 1012 B.C. in his work “Annals of the World” way back in 1650 A.D.
So the approximate date of the Exodus can be calculated: 1012 + (480 x 360 day Biblical year/365) = 1486 B.C. And according to history, Pharaoh Ramesses did not begin his reign until around 1290 B.C., so he couldn’t have been the Exodus pharaoh….
The interesting thing about Avaris was that it was a major city of the “shepherd kings” whom some refer to as “Hyskos” while others refer to them as “Asiatics.” You see Joseph brought his father Jacob and his brothers, who were shepherds, into the land of Egypt and they were given the land of Goshen in which to raise their flocks. Pharaoh also made them the chief herdsman over all his livestock.
They basically were allowed to live independently in Goshen as subject to Joseph, who was second only to Pharaoh. After Joseph died this arrangement continued. Israel had their own rulers in the land of Goshen subject only to Pharaoh. And the capital of their kings appeared to be the supply city of Avaris, which later became part of Raamses…”

Hyksos ancient.eu
“..The Hyksos were a Semitic people who gained a foothold in Egypt c. 1782 BCE at the city of Avaris in Lower Egypt, thus initiating the era known in Egyptian history as the Second Intermediate Period (c. 1782 – c. 1570 BCE). Their name, Heqau-khasut, translates as ‘Rulers of Foreign Lands’ (given by the Greeks as Hyksos), suggesting to some scholars that they were kings or nobility driven from their homes by invasion who found refuge in the port city of Avaris and managed to establish a strong power base during the decline of the 13th Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom (2040-1782 BCE). Most likely, they were traders who were at first welcomed at Avaris, prospered, and sent word to their friends and neighbors to come join them, resulting in a large population which was able to finally exert political and then military power…”

Avaris (Tell ed-Dab’a) – the capital of the Hyksos Written by Felgr Pavel on 06 April 2013. ancientegypt.eu
“…We have documents from Avaris (Tell ed-Dab’a) with information that an Asian community operated there already in the beginning of the 13th dynasty. But this is the only convincing archaeological proof of Asian population in Egypt (who lived in a different way of life in comparison with the Egyptians) from the Middle Kingdom. There are mentions about “Asian workers camps” in contemporary texts…”

Tell el-DabaM google.com

‘.. “Pharaoh’s daughter, Thermthis, was walking along the river bank. Seeing a basket floating by, she called to her swimmers to retrieve it for her. When her servants came back with the basket, she was overjoyed to see the beautiful little infant inside . . . Thermuthis gave him the name Moses, which in Egyptian means “saved from the water” . . . Having no children of her own, she adopted him as her own son.”..”

“.. The Bible also says in Psalm 136:13-15: “To him who divided the Red Sea asunder, and brought Israel through the midst of it, but swept Pharaoh and his army into the Red Sea.”
These passages seem to indicate that Pharaoh was killed during this event…


“.. Unlike Hatshepsut and Thutmose III who said no Asiatic remained in Egypt, Thutmose I indicates the Hebrews were still in the land during his life. He states: “He who smites the Nubians and overthrows the Asiatics . . . From the marshes of Kebeh (near Heliopolis) to Elephantine. The sand dwellers bore their tribute like that made from the south (Ethiopia) and that of the North (Asiatics/Hebrews).” ..”

“.. Thutmose I also had a son by the name of Amenmose who was his eldest son and designated heir to his throne. Yet he predeceased his father, possibly in the firstborn plague. He also had another daughter named Nefrubity who also seems to have died very young. This and the fact that the mummy, of what was once identified as Thutmose I, is no longer considered to be his, gives a high probability that he is the Exodus pharaoh. For if his mummy is missing, this could possibly account for his death in the Red sea, while the mummies of all the other pharaohs who lived during the Exodus time frame have been found..”

Midianites

10 Fascinating Facts About The Ten Commandments (The Movie) huffingtonpost.com
“..5) Muslims in Midian
Jethro and his seven daughters are subtly presented as followers of an Islam-like faith. They claim Ishmael as their forefather and state that Ishmael was the son brought to the mountain as a sacrifice to God. While Jethro is portrayed in the Midrash as a man who tried a wide variety of religions and who was serving as a priest in Midian when Moses met him, he is never associated with Islam — perhaps because Islam developed hundreds of years later. Even if one were to assume that he was part of a pre-Islamic tribe descended from Ishmael, this would be false because the Midianites were descendants of Abraham and Keturah (his wife after Sarah) and not from Ishmael….”

Burning Bush

Burning Bush Scene-How can we hear God today?… – YouTube

Passover

Leaving Egypt

Crossing of the Red Sea

Moses Parts the Sea – The Ten Commandments (6/10) Movie CLIP …

Judaism: Moses Parts the Red Sea (Prince of Egypt) – YouTube

Ten Commandments

TEN COMMANDMENTS – YouTube

Miscellaneous

11 Things “The Ten Commandments” Movie Got Wrong | | Jew in the City jewinthecity.com
“.. In the Torah account of the story, although Moshe was taken from the Nile by Batya and lived in Pharoah’s house, he continued to maintain a relationship with his birth family –..

3) Moses’ Oratory Skills: Unlike Charlton Heston, a classically-trained, masterful orator, the Torah says that Moshe had a severe speech impediment, and had to relay all of his messages through his brother, Aaron..

Full Movie

The Ten Commandments 1956 Full Movie Charlton Heston … – YouTube

The Ten Commandments 1956

The Ten Commandments 2007 Full Movie HD – YouTube

Good News Movies
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Archaeology

EXODUS REVEALED!!- Hard Evidence in Red Sea of Israel’s Escape From Egypt

SAUDI ARABIA

Mount Sinai

Mount Sinai- proof of the supernatural

The Real Mount Sinai Found!

Tabuk journey (Elim in saudi arabia 12 wells of water & 70 palm trees …

-Elim

The Exodus Route: Elim bible.ca

Other Languages


The Ten Commandments Movie in urdu Part 1 – Video Dailymotion

Good News Movie
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Deep Thought: Where are the “original” Tribes of Israel?

12 Tribes of Israel Today: Who Are They? lifehopeandtruth.com

“..Two kingdoms

After they spent time as slaves in Egypt, God delivered Abraham’s descendants and allowed them to form the ancient nation of Israel. Over time, 10 of the tribes formed the northern kingdom of Israel and two of the tribes formed the southern kingdom of Judah. Due to their breaking of His laws, God allowed the northern kingdom to be taken captive by the Assyrians and, later, the southern kingdom to be taken by the Babylonians…”

The 12 Tribes Of Israel And Who They Are – YouTube

Biblical History

Just Thoughts – The Lost Tribes of Israel REVEALED 2012 .wmv

1hr 42 minute mark: US History

Who Are the Lost Tribes of Israel? – YouTube

Jul 5, 2018 – Uploaded by ASKDrBrown

Where are the 10 Lost Tribes of Israel Today? The Prophecy of the Return

What Are Judaism’s Lost Tribes? By MJL Staff myjewishlearning.com
Who were they and where are they now?

“..After King Solomon died around 922 BCE, the tribes split into two kingdoms as a result of a power struggle. The northern kingdom consisted of Reuben, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Ephraim, and Menasseh. The southern kingdom was composed of Judah, Simeon, and most of Benjamin (often it was referred to simply as Judah).

In 722 BCE Assyria invaded Israel, and the northern kingdom was conquered. Many of the people who lived in the northern kingdom were exiled, mainly to Assyria, Media, and Aram-Naharaim…”

Where Did the Lost Tribes of Israel Go? Part 1: Kurdistan? Philippines? Africa?

*see Neutral Perspective: Spanish (others) Colonialism in the Philippines was “good” and “bad”? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Northern Kingdom-10 Tribes

THE NORTHERN KINGDOM ISRAEL – YouTube

Where are The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? geni.com
“..This project hopes to explore academic studies, and historical sources regarding the quest to find the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel. Please feel free to add any information you may have…

These are the 12 Israeli tribes (sons of Jacob):
Reuben
Shimon
Levites
Judah
Dan
Naphtali
Gad
Asher
Issacher
Zebulun
Joseph
In addition to these two tribes which make the total 14 :

Manasseh
Ephraim
Benjamin..

Quest for the Lost (10) Tribes of Israel – Documentary [Full] – YouTube

The Ten Lost Tribes | Where They Went, What They Are … – YouTube

Where Are the Ten Lost Tribes? By Yehuda Shurpin chabad.org/
The saga of the ten lost tribes of Israel—Part 3
“..So, Where Are They?

While there haven’t been any other major reports of “actual” emissaries from the ten lost tribes, there have been many other supposed discoveries and sightings of the ten lost tribes by travelers and explorers throughout history.27 This has resulted in an abundance of theories, however far-fetched they may be, about their present-day whereabouts. The list includes places such as Africa, Japan, China, India, Afghanistan, Kurdistan, the Caucasus, Yemen, Persia, and even the Americas.

Before the entire globe was explored, people postulated that perhaps the tribes were in some yet undiscovered region. Speculation spiked with the discovery of the Americas, the “new world.”28 In 1655, the great Jewish philosopher and advocate Rabbi Manasseh ben Israel used the theory that the Native Americans were descended from the ten tribes to support his petition to Oliver Cromwell for the Jews’ readmittance into Britain.29 (They had been expelled by King Edward I in 1290.)..”

Where are the Ten Lost Tribes? pbs.org

AFRICA

Where are The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? geni.com
..Beta Israel of Ethiopia
“The Beta Israel (also known as Falashas) are Ethiopian Jews. Some members of the Beta Israel as well as several Jewish scholars believe that they are descended from the lost Tribe of Dan, as opposed to the traditional story of their descent from the Queen of Sheba…”

-Ethiopia

THE ISRAELITES: BETA ISRAEL OF ETHIOPIA/ TRIBE OF DAN …

The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel and the Ethiopian Jew By: Edgar Mana-ay thedailyguardian.net
“..According to an old Jewish tradition, Ethiopian Jews are descendants from the Israelite tribe of Dan. Whatever their antecedents, they clearly split from the rest of the Jewish people at a very early time. How they have changed from fair skinned to black is a puzzle that no anthropologist can explain. Though conversant with the Bible, Ethiopian Jews were totally ignorant of the TALMUD (Jewish traditions) and their practice of Judaism (the religion of the Jewish people) differed greatly from the rest of the Jewry…

Black Jews in Ethiopia PART 1.wmv – YouTube

Dec 6, 2011 – Uploaded by oWiSeKiDo

The lost tribes of Israel salamboinaddis.com
“..According to scholars, Bieta Israel may be the descendants of one of the ten lost tribes of Israel, the tribe of Dan, which fled the Northern Kingdom of Israel in the 10th century BC during the destructive civil war between King Solomon’s sons. Another version says that they are the descendants of the Israelite tribe who accompanied Menelik I, the first King of Ethiopia, supposed son of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, when he travelled from Jerusalem back to northern Ethiopia. According to the legend, after her visit to King Solomon in Jerusalem the Queen of Sheba returned to Ethiopia pregnant. She gave birth to a son, Menelik, who as a adult returned to Jerusalem to visit his father and bring the Ark of the Covenant to Ethiopia. It is believed that since that day, the Ark of Covenant, containing the tablets of the ten commandements, has been kept in the Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion in Axum. However, it is the first version of the origins of Bieta Israel which is officially accepted…”

Lost Tribes of Ethiopia – YouTube

Aug 28, 2013 – Uploaded by Jewish Voice

Sudan connection: Are Ethiopian Jews descendants of the ancient Israelites? Ibrahim Omer | Genetic Literacy Project | July 22, 2013 geneticliteracyproject.org
…The Beta Israel

“Until they were forced to leave Ethiopia in the 1980s, Ethiopian Jews lived in small villages scattered in the northwestern region of the Ethiopian plateau around Lake Tana and in the Semien mountains area. They traditionally referred to themselves as the Beta Israel, and were referred to by other Ethiopians as Falasha, meaning “strangers” in the indigenous Semitic language Ge’ez. Thus, the term Beta Israel will be used throughout this article to label the community.

The community has venerated the Old Testament of the Ethiopian Bible and its religious language has been Ge’ez. Today, the Beta Israel show closest resemblance in external cultural characteristics to their surrounding Habash, i.e. the ethnic category that encompasses the Amhara and Tigray-Tigrinya populations. And although both the Habash-Christians and the Beta Israel claim royal descent from the time of King Solomon and Queen Sheba, an important difference exists (Entine, 2007, p.148-9). While the Christians claim descent from King Menelik—the offspring of Solomon and Sheba in Ethiopia—the Beta Israel claim descent from first-generation Israelites from the tribe of Dan who some believe accompanied Menelik as guards of hono..

It wasn’t until recently that scholars realized that the name Ethiopia, in ancient and medieval sources, denoted the Nile valley civilization of Kush, also known today as ancient Nubia, in what is today Northern Sudan. On the other hand, the geographical area that encompasses the modern country of Ethiopia had in the past housed the ancient kingdom of Aksum, which developed in the northern parts of the plateau, and was sometimes referred to as Abyssinia….”

Ark of the Covenant Actually Found in Ethiopia

The Truth about The Ark of The Covenant

Acolyte Morningstar
Published on Apr 25, 2014
This movie proves that The Ark of The Covenant is neither in Aksum in Ethiopia, nor Rosslyn Chapel in Scotland, and it reveals its true location.

It is compiled from JAH’s research; which can be found throughout this site; and selected and corrected footage from “The Lost Ark” by Bruce Burgess.

=>Returning

A Lost Tribe of Israel Returns from Ethiopia – YouTube

-Nigeria

The Igbo/Israel connection & the Lost Tribes of Israel – YouTube

Where are The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? geni.com
..Igbo Jews of Africa

“The Igbo Jews of Nigeria claim descent variously from the tribes of Ephraim, Naphtali, Menasseh, Levi, Zebulun and Gad…”

The lost tribe of Israel. Igbos are Hebrews – YouTube

Nigeria’s Igbo Jews: ‘Lost tribe’ of Israel? By Chika Oduah, for CNN Updated 6:00 AM ET, Mon February 4, 2013 cnn.com
“..”I am a Jewish Igbo,” he says.
The Igbo are one of Nigeria’s largest ethnic groups with population estimates ranging from 20 to 50 million. Abor is convinced that the Igbo’s ancestors were Jews.
“The son of Yaakov, Jacob, [was] Gad and I learned that he was among those people who went out of Israel to exile,” Abor says. “So from there he had a son called Eri and a son gave birth to a son called Aguleri and that’s how the Igbo race began.”
..”

M. O. Eneoko – Ndi Igbo The Lost Tribe Of Israel | How The … – YouTube

Here’s why there is a possibility that this tribe is from Israel Published: 10.01.2018
Duke Oreva pulse.ng
However, apart from the story of how they came into being, the Igbos also shares some similar practices with the biblical Jews
“..

An Igbo man practicing Judiasm (Dady can do it)
To believe that the Igbos is one of the lost tribes of Israel might sound ridiculous to a lot of people. But upon factual analysis, one is forced to re-think the possibility of this claim.

Known to be third largest of the three major ethnic groups in Nigeria, the typical Igbo communities are found in the southeastern part of Nigeria.

And according to oral tradition and many writers of Igbo history, Eri is to the Igbos, what Oduduwa is to the Yoruba.

But unlike Oduduwa whose father is unkown, Eri was the fifth son of Gad, the seventh son of Jacob (Genesis 46:15-18 and Numbers 26:16:18).

He was said to have migrated from Egypt with a group of companions just before the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt thousands of years ago.

Eri and his group were said to have traveled by water and finally arrived at the confluence of Ezu and Omambala Rivers, located in present-day Aguleri, Anambra State. ..”

Igbo tribe of Nigeria: Scattered Israelites – YouTube

-South Africa

Where are The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? geni.com
…Lemba people of Africa
“The Lemba people (Vhalemba) from Southern Africa claim to be descendants of a lost tribe which fled from what is now Yemen and journeyed south. DNA testing has genetically linked the Lemba with modern Jews.

They have specific religious practices similar to those in Judaism and a tradition of being a migrant people with clues pointing to an origin in West Asia or North Africa. According to the oral history of the Lemba, their ancestors were Jews who came from a place called Sena several hundred years ago and settled in East Africa. Some research suggests that “Sena” may refer to Wadi Masilah (near Sayhut) in Yemen, often called Sena, or alternatively to the city of Sanaa, also located in Yemen….”

Lemba tribe of South Africa lost tribe of Israel – YouTube

The Lemba, The Black Jews of Southern Africa pbs.org
“..
In an interview with NOVA, team member Dr. David Goldstein commented on the team’s findings: “The first striking thing about the Y chromosomes of the Lemba is that you find this particular chromosomal type (Cohen modal haplotype) that is characteristic of the Jewish priesthood in a frequency that is similar to what you see in major Jewish populations. Something just under one out of every 10 Lemba that we looked at had this particular Y chromosomal type that appears to be a signature of Jewish ancestry. ..”

Revealing the mysteries of a Lost Tribe, the Lemba and … – YouTube

African ‘Jewish’ tribe displays its lost ark thejc.com
“..The item is a ngoma, a sacred drum made of wood. According to oral tradition, a ngoma was carried from Israel by the Lemba, a South African tribe who believe they are descendants of Jews from the Middle East. After it burst into flame and was destroyed, another ngoma – the one currently on display – was constructed from the ruins…

By contrast, Perez Hamandishe, member of parliament from the Movement for Democratic Change and a pastor in the Pentecostal church, says that the Lemba believe that they are Jews.

“We are Jews by blood,” he insists, adding that like the majority of the Lemba, he is Christian by religion, but Jewish by culture.

“My lifestyle is Jewish, we observe everything Jewish – we only eat kosher,” he said. “If I go to a Gentile house, I don’t eat their food. When I travel, I carry my own pots and food. I don’t eat prawns, fish without scales or rabbit.”

Sam Benatar, president of the Zimbabwe Jewish Board of Deputies, said that there were “all sorts of claims all over Africa by people purporting to be Jewish”, but the Lemba’s belief “may well be true”.

Peter Sternberg, former president of the Board, said that the Lemba “are virtually all either Christians or Muslims – one should really leave it at that.”..”

The Lemba Tribe ~ The Never Lost Tribe of Israel 1 – YouTube

The Lemba Jewish Tribe
Prophecy Fulfilled
By MJBI Staff mjbi.org
“..The Lemba Tradition Begins

Lemba oral tradition, passed on through generations, says they came from the Rabbinical Tribe, the Levites. The Lemba say they fled their original home and traveled to Sena, in modern-day Yemen, where they became traders and craftsmen until they were forced to escape war or natural disaster. This drove the Lemba across the Red Sea to Africa.

During their journey down the African continent, tradition says the Lemba built great cities of stone. This is where science comes in….

MJBI learned of the Lemba, and has been involved on the ground with them since 2012. At that time, there were no Messianic congregations amongst the Lemba.

Today, just five years later, there are now 72 congregations of people meeting on the Sabbath to worship Yeshua the Messiah. Each of them are led by some of the 140 MJBI Lemba graduates.

God is faithful to His ancient promises. He is regathering his Covenant People from the four corners of the earth in preparation for the return of the Messiah. MJBI exists to train leaders for this great restoration around the world because every revival has influential leaders, and every influential leader needs to be equipped.”
*see Now You Know: Who was/is Jesus…to “you”? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

The Lemba: Our Israelite Brothers – YouTube

-Zimbabwe

The Lemba: Israelites in Zimbabwe – YouTube

Unlike Many ‘Lost Tribes,’ Zimbabwe Clan Has Science on Its Side AFP May 08, 2012 1:19 AM haaretz.com
The secretive Lemba observe strict rules that have more in common with norms in Jerusalem than Harare: a ban on pork, ritual slaughter of livestock and male circumcision.
“..He is a member of the country’s Lemba tribe, which still observes Jewish traditions. DNA evidence from tribe members show that these traditions were brought here from the Middle East thousands of years ago. ..

There is no written history of their forefathers’ passage to what is now Zimbabwe, but the Lemba believe their forefathers arrived with a replica ark – known as the ngoma lungundu – that went missing.

The Lemba say they are descendants of white men who came from a place believed to be modern Yemen. But their ties to Judaism are cultural and not religious, they say. ..”

Americas
*see Neutral Perspective: U.S.A. did NOT and did have a Christian founding? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Christopher Columbus: The Secret Jew jerusalemprayerteam.org
“…Among the men, de Torres spoke Hebrew—a great part of Columbus’ belief that he would need someone conversant in Hebrew if or when he encountered members of the ten Lost Tribes. He, and others of his time, firmly believed the stories of the wandering Hebrew children who had, after their Babylonian captivity, migrated throughout Asia and imprinted numerous civilizations with their cultural mores. Today, there are Asian people, mostly Muslim, who light candles on Friday nights but have never known where this custom originated. There is said to be a group in Japan who once a year drive a goat over a cliff in a ceremony that resembles the Yom Kippur service observed by the Jews.

..

Columbus was adamant that the Temple in Jerusalem had to be rebuilt and the Antichrist revealed. In his writings Columbus reiterated that the world would soon end with the second coming of Christ. His manuscript Libro de las Profecias (Book of Prophecies) includes a letter of theological proportions which reads: “At this time I both read and studied all kinds of literature: cosmography, histories, chronicles, and philosophy and other arts, to which our Lord opened my mind unmistakably to the fact that it was possible to navigate from here to the Indies, and He evoked in me the will for the execution of it… All those who heard of my plan disregarded it mockingly and with laughter. All the sciences of which I spoke were of no profit to me nor the authorities in them… Who would doubt that this light did not come from the Holy Spirit, anyway as far as I am concerned, which comforted with rays of marvelous clarity and with its Holy and Sacred Scriptures.”

…”

God Save America Again documentary (Full) Crusade to Save our Nation!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FdyaIyxDVuw
*see Neutral Perspective: U.S.A. did NOT and did have a Christian founding? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

-Multiculturally Diverse

Who are the 12 tribes of Israel today?

THE 12 TRIBES OF ISRAEL ARE NEGROS, LATINOS, & NATIVE AMERICAN INDIANS

[North America]

-Hispanic

crypto jews 10 PKG transfer

Mexican Jews Secretly Migrated to New Mexico? Tell Me More.

-Natives (Ephraim)

Native American Indians: Descendants of the Lost Tribe of Israel …

Are Native Americans Part of the Ten Lost Tribes? By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz October 25, 2016 , 12:30 pm breakingisraelnews.com
“..Unmistakable traces of Jewish prayer echo in the voice of Joseph Riverwind, the Amahura (war chief) of the Northern Arawak Nation, the indigenous peoples of South America and Caribbean, as he sings, “Shema, shema, nayena, popaska hoya yah”. He translated this ancient Native American song for Breaking Israel News:

“Listen, listen, people, as you gather together, we will dance before the creator.” This is strongly reminiscent of the Jewish prayer, Shema, which literally means ‘hear’. ..

“Among my people, our ancient name for God is Yah Yah ‘The Supreme Spirit of Spirits’, very similar to Yahweh,” Chief Riverwind explained. “Among my wife’s ancestors, the AniKituwahYah (Cherokee), they called God YoHeWaH. And the similarities don’t stop there. They carried an ark into battle, celebrate seven feasts, kept a seventh day of rest, had cities of refuge, and don’t eat pork.”..

“Some Anishnabi (Chippewa) believe they are from the Tribe of Ephraim,” Chief Riverwind explained. “Anishnabi” is amazing similar to the Hebrew words, “Anshe Navi” (people of the Prophet). “They lived on the coast, but their legends say that before that, they came from across the great waters. We have cave-drawings of these ships that are very similar to drawings of Phoenician ships in history books.”..”

Lost Jewish Tribe thought to be Cherokee Native Americans – YouTube

=> Gad

WE ARE FALSELY CALLED INDIANS. WE ARE THE TRIBE OF GAD. 1 OF THE 12 TRIBE OF ISRAEL

Where are The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? geni.com

…Native Americans

Several explorers, especially during the 17th and 18th centuries, claimed to have collected evidence that some of the Native American tribes might be descended from the Ten Lost Tribes. Several recent books and articles have focused on these theories.

The belief that some Native Americans were a Lost tribe of Israel goes back centuries and includes individuals like the 1782 President of the Continental Congress Elias Boudinot and Mordecai Noah, the most influential Jew in the United States in the early 19th Century. Some sources such as Howshua Amariel and various researchers assert that there is DNA evidence, linguistic research and other research which indicates links between the Cherokee Nation and the Jewish people…

Yuchi/Yuchee Indians
Yuchi/Yuchee Indians last seen in Kentucky. They were comprised of two colonies of Jews who left Palestine around 135 AD.

Kentucky Tribes

 Kentucky Natives
Native Languages
Scientists have found waste products in a cave in Kentuky (ancient name Ken-take: it was a designated battlefield. Some say that the soil there is so rich because of all the blood spilled over the years)

==============..

Native Elder Speaks With Israelites

The Myth of the Ten Lost Tribes Haim F. Ghiuzeli bh.org.il

..The New World

“The discovery of the American continent with its various populations generated among the Jews and the Christians alike a number of speculations about the supposed Israelite origin of the American Indians. The Spanish bishop Bartolomeo de Las Casas (1484-1566), a fervent defender of the rights of the native nations of the Americas, forwarded a theory according to which the American Indians were descendants from the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. The same idea was advanced by some English missionaries. Thomas Thorowgood is his book Jewes in America, or Probabilities that the Americans are of the Race (London, 1650) strongly supported the idea of relating the American Indians to the ancient Israelites. Although Thorowgood’s theory was disputed soon after its publication, among others by members of the clergy, it nevertheless did not loss its attractiveness for other seekers of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel who continued to raise new ideas and speculations in support of the Israelite origin of all or part of Native American nations in both the Northern and Southern American continents.

In South America the hypothesis connecting the American Indians to the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel was advanced mainly by Spanish missionaries and travellers while coming across impressive archaeological remains of the pre-Columbian civilizations or investigating the way of life of local tribes believed to recognize various costumes and beliefs that they related to the Bible and Judaism. Most reports referred to native tribes living in regions that today are part of Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Peru, but also in the countries of Central America, especially Mexico. Among the prominent expositors of those theories a mention should be made of Father Diego Duran (d.c.1588), author of The Aztecs: the History of the Indies of New Spain, Father Gregorio Garcia and his Origen de Los Indios de la Nuevo Mundo (Madrid, 1729).

The supposed connection between the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel and the Native American nations of North America gained support during the 18th century with the increase of European exploration of the continent. James Adair (1709-1783), a trader with the Indians who lived amongst them for forty years was one of the earliest to believe in a connection between the Ten Lost Tribes and the various Indian tribes of North America, a theory that he formulated in his History of the American Indians (London, 1775). At the same period, this theory also received the support by Charles Beaty, a missionary to the territories west of the Allegheny Mountains, who detailed it in his Journal of a Two Months Tour with a View of Promoting Religion among the Frontier Inhabitants of Pennsylvania, and of Introducing Christianity among the Indians to the Westward of the Allegheny Mountains, (London, 1768).

In the 19th century a connection with the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel was made again by the believers of the Jesus Christ Church of the Latter-Day Saints. Believing to be descendants of Israel, the Mormons identify themselves with all tribes of Israel and while most are regarded as sons of Joseph through his son Ephraim, some see themselves as belonging to other tribes of Israel….”

THE LOST TRIBES OF ISRAEL CAME TO THE AMERICAS – YouTube

Conclusion – North & South American Indians are 10 Lost Tribes of Israel

[South America]

-Ecuador

The Tribe of Reuben in Ecuador, South America – YouTube

Mystery of the Ten Lost Tribes Ecuador by Rabbi Marvin Tokayer rotter.ne
“..Manasseh was fully convinced of the authenticity of the Sambatyon legend. He wrote in his book that all think that the Ten Tribes dwelled beyond this Sabbatical river. He cites many authorities in support of his belief including the statement of Josephus that Titus himself had seen the river. Later on, after his meetings with a remarkable missionary, the Marrano Jew (Jew who was forced to convert to Christianity in Spain and Portugal), Antonio de Montezinus, he became fully convinced that the American Indians constituted some of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel.

..
Menorah Was Found in South America

As for the Indians in South America and the Lost Tribes of Israel, there was an interesting article in a newspaper published in Israel (Maariv, Dec 31, 1974) as follows:…

In 1587, a Jesuit Nicholas Delttsu was sent to South America by the king of Spain to convert the Indians. In Argentina, he found a tribe with Hebrew names, Abraham, David, Moshe, etc.. When he asked them if they were circumcised, they answered, “Yes, just as our ancestors.” In the same area were found knives of stone used for circumcision. Sharpened stone knives are cited in the Bible as used for circumcision.

Of equal interest is the recent find of a tribe in Argentina related to the Incas of Peru. On a stone tablet were found 3 commandments – “Do not steal.” “Do not lie.” and “Do not murder.” Scholars concluded that these commandments come from the Ten Commandments of Moses but existed hundreds of years before the Spaniards arrived.

And in 1974 in the same area, round stones were found with Hebrew Menorah (candlestick with 7 arms of ancient Israel) on the stone, and on the side is written in Aramaic, Pascha (Passover). Aramaic is an ancient language which ancient Israelites used and this itself means very old.
A few meters away was found a long stone in the shape of a brick with an engraving of a boat (the emblem of Zevulun is ship) with the word Tzipora (the same name as the wife of Moses and one of names of Israelites. The name of the ship?) written on it. Does this mean that they came here on boat? Scholars believe it is 3000 years old…”

Few in number, strong in faith By NORMA DAVIDOFF SHULMAN, RICHARD H. SHULMAN
April 27, 2011 23:28 jpost.com
Though there are only 1,000 Jews in Ecuador, others are increasingly ‘returning’ to the religion.
“..Franco, 36, remembers keeping many Jewish holidays. “My father always said, ‘We’re not Jewish; we’re B’nai Israel. We don’t know our own tribe. We don’t know if we’re descendants.’” Franco believes a person is a Jew because that person lives according to the Torah. He describes himself and his followers as “b’nei anusim,” the sons of converts…

His website, SEMY.com, calls his synagogue both Emunat Yisrael and Emunat Yahshua (Jesus), which can be construed as Messianic. While Franco’s congregation is not on the website list of worldwide Messianic congregations, the rabbi under whom he studied in the US, Caleb Alcala, is on the list….

He states, “You have probably heard of the association Jews for Jesus; they teach Jews to become Christians. Our work is the opposite of it. We teach Christians that were unaware of their Jewish heritage to return to Judaism.”..”

Asia

-Chiang Min people of (Kaifeng, China)

Chiang Min people of China .geni.com
“…
The Chiang Min people of northwest China claim to be descendents of Abraham. Tradition holds that their forefather had 12 descendents.

The Jews of Kaifeng, China According to historical records, a Jewish community with a synagogue built in 1163 existed at Kaifeng from at least the Southern Song Dynasty until the late nineteenth century. A stone monument in the city suggests that they were there since at least 231 BC.

For the first time, a group of seven descendants of the Jewish community of Kaifeng, China has moved to Israel.The new arrivals, who were brought here by the Shavei Israel organization, arrived at Ben-Gurion airport late Tuesday night…”

Sinim, the Land Of – Easton’s Bible Dictionary – Blue Letter Bible blueletterbible.org
“..
Sinim, the Land Of:

(Isa 49:12), supposed by some to mean China, but more probably Phoenicia (Gen 10:17) is intended….”

The Lost Tribes of Israel Who Came to China 15 July, 2013 jewsofchina.org
“..In the mountainous area of northwest China, west of the Min River, near the border of Tibet, in Szechuan lives the ancient people called by the Chinese, Chiang or Chiang-Min, who numbers about 250 thousand people.
In 1937, a book was published entitled, China”s First Missionaries, subtitled, Ancient Israelites, by Rev. Thomas Torrance, who was a missionary in this area of China and was the first to write about this tribe and what he believed to be their ancient roots of the Lost Tribes of Israel…

The language of the Chiang tribe had been forgotten and they had also lost their ancient script. Today they speak Chinese.
They themselves see themselves as immigrants from the west who reached this area after a journey of three years three months. The Chinese treated them as Barbarians, while Chiang people related to the Chinese as idol worshipers…
This God gives them the opportunity to do repentance and to gain atonement for their actions. In times of trouble, they call God in the name of “Yawei”, the same as Yahweh.
They also believe in spirits and demons and they are forbidden to worship them, but this is probably a Chinese influence. In the past they had written scrolls of parchment and also books but today they only have oral traditions. They themselves do not understand the prayers that they recite every week…

These priests wear clean white clothes and perform the sacrifices in a state of purity as the priests in ancient Israel did (1 Samuel 15:27). I recall that Japanese Shinto priests also wear clean white clothes at holy events.

..”

-Japan

Israelites Came To Ancient Japan .biglobe.ne.jp
…The Lost Tribes of Israel Went East Along the Silk Road

“I have mentioned above about the people of the Yusufzai and the Pathans in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the people of Kashmir, the Menashe tribe in India and Myanmar, and the Chiang (Chiang-Min) tribe in China. These places are all along the Silk Road. Are these all where they went?
Otherwise, were there any other people who went further east along the Silk Road?
Where is the destination of the Silk Road? Japan. Did the Ten Tribes of Israel come to Japan?
If the Ten Tribes came to China, we must say that there is a strong possibility that they came to Japan also, for next to China is Japan. But someone may think, “There is a sea between China and Japan, which makes it difficult to get to Japan.”
However, it was not a big problem for the Israelites. Scholars say that Israelites already traded in the time of King Solomon (the 10th century B.C.E.) with India and other countries of the Mediterranean Sea with a fleet of ships (see 1 Kings 10:22, Some of the words are from Sanskrit). Israelites knew well about ships even in the times before the country of Japan started..

Japan Which Kaempfer Saw

Engelbert Kaempfer was a German medical doctor who stayed at Dejima, Nagasaki Japan during 1690-1693 C.E.. He came to Japan after he traveled and saw various countries of the world. He was an erudite man and published a book about Japan after he went back to Europe.
In the book Kaempher states that the Japanese language, customs and religion are much different from the ones of the Chinese or the Koreans, and that the main race of the Japanese are not derived from the Chinese or Koreans but rather a tribe from the area of Babylon came to Japan and became the main race of the Japanese. He wrote:
“The Japanese must be of a tribe who emigrated directly from the area of Babylon.”
The area of Babylon is the Middle East where there was the Assyrian Empire which the Ten Tribes of Israel were exiled to. Kaempher also states:..”

*see Deep thought? Where did all these cultures come from? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

The Mystery of Jews in Japan – YouTube

Where are The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? geni.com
..The Japanese

Some writers have speculated that the Japanese people themselves may be direct descendants of part of the Ten Lost Tribes. There are some parallels between Japanese and Israelite rituals, culture, traditions, and language, which provide some evidence for this possibility.
An article that has been widely circulated and published, entitled “Mystery of the Ten Lost Tribes: Japan” by Arimasa Kubo (a Japanese writer living in Japan who studied the Hebrew Bible), concludes that many traditional customs and ceremonies in Japan are very similar to the ones of ancient Israel and that perhaps these rituals came from the religion and customs of the Jews and the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel who might have come to ancient Japan.

Joseph Eidelberg’s “The Biblical Hebrew Origin of the Japanese People” makes a similar case: Late in his life, Joseph Eidelberg began analyzing ancient traditions, religious ceremonies, historical names, haiku poems, Kana writings and Japanese folk songs, discovering thousands of words with similar pronunciations, sounds and translations between Hebrew and Japanese.

These discoveries are history in the making, giving credible new information on the meanings of many unknown Japanese words, numbers, songs and cultural traditions – and this book is the first time that these remarkable similarities are combined into a single consistent theory….

Israelites Records Found In Japan -The Gathering of Israel … – YouTube

Transit to Freedom: How Ordinary Japanese Citizens Helped Jewish Refugees in WWII

Israel Scattered Amongst the Chinese and Japanese!

LIonsRoar 12 Tribes
Published on Oct 21, 2016
Some Information in this video came from a book called “The World of Ancient China” and maps from”The Lost Tribes A Myth” by Godbey (Harvard University).

-Cont…China

The Jews of Kaifeng, China: History, Culture, and Religion 1st Edition by Xin Xu (Author) amazon.com
“..From the ninth century on, there was an indigenous Jewish community in the city of Kaifeng in northeastern China. Separated by thousands of miles from the rest of the world, and largely cut off from contact with the main centers of Jewish life, the Kaifeng Jews developed a distinctive culture that was unquestionably Jewish, but progressively absorbed Chinese elements. Their greatest problem was not separation from other Jews so much as the openness and tolerance of Chinese society. Intermarriages occurred frequently, and Jews were fully accepted as merchants, .”

THE CHIANG-MIN JEWS haruth.com
“..In the book Isaiah we find the Hebrew name Sinim. Sin is Hebrew name for China. And the inhabitants (Chinesare called “Sinim”. The verse reads:..

Torrance notes that the Chiang-Min “…retain unquestionable marks of being members of the Israelitish branch of the Semitic race…”..

among them unmistakable Semitic features. He finds many customs common to ancient Israelite religion. The Chiang-Min believe in one God and serve the Abbah Molan, reminiscent of the Israelite Malach or messenger of God (angel). “In times of calamity or acute distress, the people have a moan or cry of a ‘Yawei’ sound – very suggestive…of the Biblical name of G’d.” ..

There are Jews who established communities in various parts of China, chiefly in Kaifeng, who probably arrived in the region in the 10th-11th centuries as traders via the “Silk Route.”

..

the Lost Tribes of Israel in Kaifeng, China【文章轉載】開封 … – YouTube

Evolutionism Is Anti-Science Lie
Published on Dec 29, 2016
Credit to MrThesagamanga

以Isa 49:12 看哪,這些從遠方來;這些從北方、從西方來;這些從秦(原文作秦吶Sinae)國來。 “Behold, these shall come from far:… and these from the land of Sinim.” ie. land of Qin
Standing at the magnificent and historic Great Wall of China (built by the emperor Qin Shi Huang during the Qin dynasty 260 BC-210 BC), this video reveals the divine mission of this most important information regarding the Lost Tribes of Israel pursuant to their travel along the Silk Route through ancient Persia, modern day Afghanistan and India, integrating into the Chinese culture and population approximately 800 years before the birth of the Messiah Yahushua. Traces of some ancient Jewish rituals have been observed in some places.

Lost Tribes of Jews from China

WhiteMinar
Published on Aug 3, 2011
Lost Tribes of Jews from China. This is the Reason why Jesus had to come to Asia, to teach the Lost Tribes of Israel.
The life, Death and Tomb of Jesus are proofs that Jesus was only a Humble Prophet of God, Not the So of God, Was Crucified but Survived Crucifixion, Migrated to Asia to teach the Lost Tribes of Israel and Died like a Normal Human Being in Kashmir India.

Visit http://www.tombofjesus.com to know more about this Truth.
Visit http://www.alislam.org to know more about the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community

-Ophir Philippines
*see Neutral Perspective: Spanish (others) Colonialism in the Philippines was “good” and “bad”? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Where Did the Lost Tribes of Israel Go? Part 2A: Ophir, Philippines?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H-wtbrrGfp4
*19 minute mark
Isaiah 11

-Karen People (Southeast Asia)

the lost tribe of Israël

lesfilmsdePierre
Published on Feb 22, 2012
(English Version), 26 minutes, documentary showing of the situation so complex that Karen Poeple on the Burmese border, in relation with the military Junta. Special mention of the Jury international reportings and social phenomenons, FIPA Biarritz 1998

[Russia}

Where are The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? geni.com
…Tribe of Dan.

“..The Tribe of Dan had been carried off by the Assyrians (modern day Germans and Austrians). But when the Babylonians destroyed Assyria, the slave tribes scattered. Dan headed northwest.

Interestingly, many note that maps of Russia, Ukraine and eastern Europe have rivers with names that start with Don, Dan, Dun, etc. The tribe of Dan, it is speculated, followed these rivers and renamed them along the way, as well as this the name Denmark means: the mark of Dan…”

Scythian / Cimmerian Theories

Several theories claim that the Scythians and / or Cimmerians were in whole or in part the Lost Tribes of Israel. The theories are generally based on the belief that the Northern Kingdom of Israel, which had been deported by the Assyrians, became known in history as the Scythians and / or Cimmerians. Various points of view exist as to which modern nations these people became.

The Behistun Inscription is often cited as a link between the deported Israelites, the Cimmerians and the Scythians (Saka). George Rawlinson wrote: We have reasonable grounds for regarding the Gimirri, or Cimmerians, who first appeared on the confines of Assyria and Media in the seventh century B.C., and the Sacae of the Behistun Rock, nearly two centuries later, as identical with the Beth-Khumree of Samaria, or the Ten Tribes of the House of Israel.

Adherents often believe that the Behistun Inscription connects the people known in Old Persian and Elamite as Saka, Sacae or Scythian with the people known in Babylonian as Gimirri or Cimmerian. It should be made clear from the start that the terms ‘Cimmerian’ and ‘Scythian’ were interchangeable: in Akkadian the name Iskuzai (Asguzai) occurs only exceptionally. Gimirrai (Gamir) was the normal designation for ‘Cimmerians’ as well as ‘Scythians’ in Akkadian.

The archeologist and British Israelite, E. Raymond Capt, claimed similarities between King Jehu’s pointed headdress and that of the captive Saka king seen to the far right on the Behistun Inscription. He also posited that the Assyrian word for the House of Israel, “Khumri”, which was named after Israel’s King Omri of the 8th century BCE, is phonetically similar to “Gimirri.” (Cimmerian)

Critics of the Israel / Scythian theory argue that the customs of the Scythians and Cimmerians contrast those of the Ancient Israelites and that the similarities and theories proposed by adherents stand in contradiction to the greater body of research on the history of ancient populations, which does not provide support for the purported links between these ancient populations..

The 12 Tribes of Israel in Russia

Russia’s Scythian Past: Lost Tribes and Lost Origins AUGUST 7, 2015 06:40 PM
by PHIL BUTLER our-russia.com
‘..One of the more interesting theories of the origins of these Scythians is that they were of the lost tribes of Israel. The name Scythian is at its root “Isaac”, or “Saka” or “Sacae.” Depending on which language or dialect one applies, most of the lands that now surround what was Scythia used variations of the name to describe the warlike herdsmen. It’s interesting to note here, It is always been assumed that the missing ten tribes of Israel had been either “abandoned by God,” or that they simply “died out.” However far fetched this idea may sound, around 730 years before the birth of Christ, the people of Israel were scattered to the four winds, and simultaneously a nomadic people appeared in South Russia that would eventually conquer anyone who attacked them. The name “Scythian” (tribe of Isaac) spread across much of the known world before Roman times. Looking at the biblical record, Genesis 21:12 foretells:..”
Asher, Dan, and Naphtali hebrewnations.com
“… Dan, Asher, and Naphtali in Northern Europe

The spatial arrangement of Dan, Asher, and Naphtali in the Land of Israel was repeated after the tribes had moved westward and settled there.
We find Dan in Denmark, Naphtali in Norway, Asher in Scandinavia in general (as the As, Aseir, as well as in Sweden).
[Sweden on the whole however pertains more to the Tribe of Gad.]..”

[SOUTH ASIA]

Where are The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? geni.com
…Bene Israel of South Asia:

The Bene Israel (Hebrew: “Sons of Israel”) are a group of Jews who live in various Indian cities, Mumbai, Pune, Ahmadabad, and in Pakistan such as in Karachi, Peshawer and Multan.

Prior to their waves of emigration to Israel and still to this day, the Bene Israel form the largest sector of the subcontinent’s Jewish population, and constitute the bulk of those sometimes referred to as Pakistani Jews. The native language of the Bene Israel is Judæo-Marathi, a form of Marathi. Most Bene Israel have now emigrated to Israel. Some researchers believe that the Bene Israel are descended from the Ten Tribes…

Tribal Groups – Afghanistan, Pakistan & Kashmir

Straddling the boundaries between Afghanistan, Pakistan and Kashmir lives the world’s largest tribal grouping—the Pathans. All of the 15 million Pathans, who comprise some 60 tribes, claim descent from Kish, an ancestor of the Biblical King Saul.

Many of them also claim to be them children of the Lost Israelites. The Pathans perform circumcision of the eighth day, wear a fringed garment similar to the Jewish tzizit, light candles on Friday nights and observe food taboos similar to the laws of Kashrut.

Kashmir is renowned as one of the most spectacularly beautiful places in the world. Kashmir consists of a wide and beautiful valley, surrounded by tall mountains and is one of the most beautiful places in the world.

There have been many controversies regarding its history. Till now many references about the origin of Kashmiri people have been given but controversies are still present. One such theory is about kashmiries being the Lost Tribe of one of the twelve tribes of Bani-Israel .

The history of the Kashmir is shrouded in mystery, as is the history of other people in Kashmir. Many researchers are of the opinion that many inhabitants of Kashmir are descendants of the Lost Tribes who were exiled in 722 BC. They wandered along the Silk Road into the countries of the East, Persia and Afghanistan until they reached the Kashmir valley and settled there.

Others say the wanderings began approximately 300 years later. The wanderers settled in Kashmir, kept their traditions until they slowly started idol worship and gradually got converted to Hinduism & ultimately they got converted to Islam when the word of Allah (Islam) reached the valley and thus once again started worshiping the one GOD “ALLAH”.

There are 5 to 7 million people here. Generally speaking, they have clearer complexions and are different from the other citizens of India.

The priest Monstrat said that in the time of Vasco da Gama in the 15th century, “all the inhabitants of this area who have been living here since ancient times can trace their ancestry, according to their race and customs, to the ancient Israelites…”

Pashtun lost tribe of Israel – YouTube

Connecting with Pashtuns: The Ten Lost Tribes By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz February 19, 2018 , 4:00 pm breakingisraelnews.com
“..At a groundbreaking conference on Thursday, experts will gather in Jerusalem to discuss the status of Pashtun, a tribal nation of tens of millions of Afghani and Pakistani Muslims who believe they are descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. The experts will discuss how reconnecting Israel to the Pashtun will have enormous consequences, most notably as their prophesied return…

The Pashtun, an Iranic ethnic group of 50 million Muslims living, refer to themselves as the “Bani Israel,” very similar phonetically to the Hebrew term for the “children of Israel,” Bnei Yisrael.

“The Pashtun have an intricate and strong tribal system and are meticulous about family genealogy (Shijra), but within this tribal framework is a strong oral tradition that they are descended from the lost Ten Tribes of Israel,” Sofy explained to Breaking Israel News.

“Many Pashtun have family traditions identifying with specific tribes. Those from the tribe of Yusufzai, for example, believe they are descended from Joseph, Lewani from Levi, Rebbani from Reuven, Afridi from Ephraim, Gaghai from Gad, and Benyamin from Benjamin.”

Sofy described a surprisingly long list of customs among the Pashtun, which are also observed by Jews. Pashtun men wear four-cornered fringed garments that are similar, though not completely identical to, Jewish prayer shawls. …

Quest for the lost tribes of Israel (Pashtuns or Pathans) – YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9nFZJeh9Bo
*Kandahar -Aramaic writings found, but destroyed during Soviet Union war with Taliban

Pashtun everyculture.com
“..Pashtun (also spelled Pushtun, Pakhtun, Pashtoon, Pathan) are a people who live in southeastern Afghanistan and the northwestern province of Pakistan. They are one of the largest ethnic groups in Afghanistan. There is no true written history of the Pashtun in their own land. Pashtun are traditionally pastoral nomads (herders who move frequently to find grazing land) with a strong tribal organization. Each tribe is divided into clans, subclans, and patriarchal families.
..”

Pashtun – Semitic People, Lost Tribes of Israel, Army of Jesus – YouTube

-Afghanistan

The Lost Tribes of Israel in Afghanistan & the hidden … – YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BvKSDLhr39k
“..Theological Research Institute
Published on Apr 6, 2017
Rabbi Harry Rozenberg interviews the famed traveler Amir Dromi on his travels across the Silk Road in search of a very specific remnant of the ancient Israelite exile; The Bnei Moshe (the children of Moses). This specific family was said to have been in hiding for thousands of years in a location behind the River Sambatyon. Watch and listen to the incredible journey Amir undertook in search of these Tribes.
..”

Where are The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? geni.com
…Pashtuns of the Afghan region: Is One of the Lost Tribes the Taliban?

“The Pashtuns are a predominantly Muslim people, native to Afghanistan and Pakistan, who adhere to their pre-Islamic indigenous religious code of honour and culture Pashtunwali. They traditionally claim descent from the Lost Tribes. The Yousafzai (Yusafzai) are a large group of Pashtun tribes. Their name means “Sons of Joseph”.

There are also similar names in other areas of the region, such as the disputed land of Kashmir. There are a variety of cultural and ethnic similarities between Jews and Pashtuns. A visit by a Western journalist in 2007 revealed that many currently active Pashtun traditions may have parallels with Jewish traditions. The code of Pashtunwali is strikingly similar in content and subject matter to the Mosaic law.

A book which corresponds to Pashtun historical records, Taaqati-Nasiri, states that in the 7th century a people called the Bani Israel settled in Ghor, southeast of Herat, Afghanistan, and then migrated south and east. These Bani Israel references are in line with the commonly held view by Pashtuns that when the twelve tribes of Israel were dispersed, the tribe of Joseph, among other Hebrew tribes, settled in the region. Hence the tribal name ‘Yusef Zai in Pashto translates to the ’sons of Joseph’.

This is also described extensively in great detail by Makhzan-i-Afghani, a historical work from the 17th Century by Nehamtullah, an official in the royal court of Mughal Emperor Jehangir. A similar story is told by Iranian historian Ferishta.

This account is also substantiated by the fact that the Bnei Menashe of India also have traditions which trace their wanderings as going originally from the Persian Empire to Afghanistan. In their case, they then went to China, where they encountered persecution, then pressed on to India and Southern Asia.

The Bani-Israelite theory about the origin of the Pashtun is based on Pashtun traditions; the tradition itself is documented in a source titled Makhzan-i-Afghani, the only written source addressing Pashtun origins. It was written in 1612, by Nematullah Harvi, a scribe at the court of Mughal Emperor Jehangir of Hindustan.

Nematullah compiled his book on the order of Khan Jehan Lodhi of the Lodhi dynasty, a Pashtun noble and a courtier of the Emperor Jehangir. Some sources state that the Makhzan-i-Afghani has been discredited by historical and linguistic inconsistencies. The oral tradition is believed to be a myth that grew out of a political and cultural struggle between Pashtuns and the Mughals, which explains the historical backdrop for the creation of the myth, the inconsistencies of the mythology, and the linguistic research that refutes any Semitic origins. There are also other sources which disagree strongly with the hypothesis that the Pashtuns have Israelite origins…”

The Jews of Afghanistan bh.org.il
“..It is a city of commercial importance…, Naisabur – to the mountains of Naisabur by the river Gozan…., four of the tribes of Israel dwell, namely the tribe of Dan, the tribe of Zebulun, the tribe of Asher and the tribe of Naphtali, who were included in the first captivity of Shalmanaser, king of Assyria… The extent of their land is twenty days’ journey, and they have cities and large villages in the mountains; the river Gozan forms the boundary on the one side. They are not under the rule of the Gentiles, but they have a prince of their own, whose name is R. Joseph Amarkela the Levite. There are scholars among them. And they sow and reap and go forth to war as far as the land of Cush by way of the desert.”..”

-India

..Bnei Menashe of India


The Bnei Menashe (from northeast India) claim descent from the lost Tribe of Manasseh. Their oral traditions depict them as originally going from the Persian Empire into Afghanistan. (They may have been in the Persian Empire because it occupied the lands of Assyria when it conquered Babylonia.) According to their traditions, they then went to China, where they encountered persecution, then pressed on to India and Southern Asia…”

India’s Bnei Menashe – A Lost Tribe of Israel – YouTube

Mar 4, 2009 – Uploaded by Shavei Israel

These incredible photos show members of an Indian-Jewish ‘lost tribe’ moving to Israel By Josefin Dolsten February 13, 2017 2:50 pm jta.org
“..The immigrants, who hail from the northeastern Indian state of Mizoram — home to the second largest concentration of the country’s Bnei Menashe community, as they are called — will arrive in Israel on Tuesday and Thursday. The move is being facilitated by Shavei Israel, a nonprofit that seeks to connect “lost” and “hidden” Jews to the Jewish state…”

With DNA Tests, Mystery of the “Lost Tribe” of Indian Jews Finally Solved By Adam Eliyahu Berkowitz April 15, 2016 , 8:00 am breakingisraelnews.com
“..When the Bnei Israel first came to Israel from India in 1952, little was known about their history, and their connection to the Jewish people was rejected by the Chief Rabbi of Israel. However, a new genetic study has justified their claims, opening up new possibilities that one of the Lost Tribes of Israel has been found…”

Legends of the Lost Tribes Chapter 02 – Bene Israel – India – YouTube

Mystery of 10 lost tribes of Israel solved? TNN | Update Jan 14th 2016 timesofindia.indiatimes.com
“… They also asserted that the first Jews arrived on Indian shores about 1,500 years ago. In a study titled Genetic Affinities of the Jewish Populations of India’ published on Tuesday , the scientists said the Diaspora in India was concentrated in three pockets: Cochin, the Bene Israel in Mumbai and he Baghdadi Jews of Kolkata…”

India’s ‘lost tribe’ of Jews looks to Israel – YouTube

Mar 28, 2012 – Uploaded by AFP news agency

India: The Kuki people, possible descendants of one of Israel’s lost tribes
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=057TwFlGz10
Feb 24, 2017 – Uploaded by FRANCE 24 English

One of The Lost Tribes of Israel is Brahmin Hindus of India – YouTube

LOST TRIBE OF ISRAEL IN INDIA RETURNS TO ISRAEL – YouTube

India’s Jewish ‘Lost Tribe’ Faces Hard Times in Israel
Shira Rubin July 5, 2016TEL AVIV forward.com
“..Haokip, who works as a community liaison for Shavei Israel, embodies many of the paradoxes that currently characterize the rough process of immigration and absorption for this tribe who, indeed, often seem lost in the maze of Israel’s complex bureaucracy and hurly-burly culture. Reinforced and encouraged in their convictions that they are descended from ancient Jewish roots by Shavei Israel, a group funded in part by evangelical Christians, some 3,000 Bnei Menashe have relocated to Israel with support from the organization. Most arrived without state recognition as Jews, and the benefits in aid and support this brings. Most converted only after they moved to Israel with help from Shavei Israel, which is devoted to searching the earth for groups that it believes share Jewish lineage…”

A Lost Tribe of Israel Returns from India – YouTube

-Iranians/Persians

Ten Lost Tribe Is In Iran,Yewish Persian Blood Is The Same – YouTube

IranIsraelPersian
Published on Nov 18, 2007
The Iranian Persian Race Is A Mongol Türk Yewish Mix From Mesopotamia They Went To The Arab Area And To Europ.

Where are the Ten Lost Tribes? pbs.org

…Benjamin of Tudela
“..The great medieval Jewish traveler is familiarly known as Benjamin of Tudela. We know little about him other that what emerges in his famous Book of Travels. In whichever community he visited, and even in those he didn’t, Benjamin recorded his observations, many of which are quite imaginative.

When visiting in Persia and in the Arabian peninsula, Benjamin came across Jewish tribesmen whom he was convinced were descendants of the Lost Israelites. The self-sufficiency and fierceness of these tribesmen deeply impressed him. He writes as follows: ..”

The Myth of the Ten Lost Tribes Haim F. Ghiuzeli bh.org.il
“..At various periods, indigenous tribes and peoples over all continents were identified as possible descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes. The supposed offspring of the Ten Lost Tribes have included different ethnic groups living in Asia – Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Burma (Myanmar), Kurdistan, Kashmir, China, Japan; in various countries and regions of West Africa – Mali, Ghana, Nigeria; in Southern Africa – Zimbabwe, Lesotho, South Africa, Mozambique, in East Africa – Uganda, Ethiopia, Eritrea; in Europe – the Celts of the British Isles; in Oceania – the native people of New Zealand; in South America – Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; and in North America, where various native American nations as well as the Mormons were linked to the Ten Lost Tribes. Occasionally, beliefs disseminated by European travellers, Jews and Christians alike, were eventually adopted by some of the indigenous ethnic groups and sometimes, after being further elaborated by them, evolved into an integral part of their ethos and identity…”

Abbas Amanat: Iran’s Relationship with the Jewish People – YouTube

CAUCASIAN (Europe)

Europeans Are The “Lost” Tribes Of Israel – A Rare … – YouTube

Where Did The Lost Tribes Of Israel Go? – To EUROPE! – YouTube

Where are The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? geni.com
British Israelism variant

“British Israelism (also known as ‘Anglo-Israelism’) is the theory that people of Western European descent, especially Britain and the United States, are descended from the ‘Lost Tribes’ of Israel. Adherents believe that the deported Israelites became Scythians / Cimmerians who are then alleged to have become the Celts / Anglo-Saxons of Western Europe. This theory also provides the meaning why we use the term Caucasian to the Anglo Saxon people of today. Caucasian means white skin tone, with this following meaning it explains how Anglo Saxons are called Caucasian within the British Israel Preaching in many churches today. Caucasian is the name given to the Israelites when they were put into captivity between the Caspian and the Black sea, this place was named the Caucasus Mountains, the Tribes when released did not move back into Palestine but headed Westward into the Isles. British Isles. Then after this they continued Eastward, then Northward, then Southward. We see history matching this as the colonies of the Commonwealth of England. This also is backed up by the Bible explaining the Lord will return again to take back the throne of David. The tribe of Judah. Judah was promised his son Pharez to be the family of royals. Judah then had the child Pharez who begat Ezrom, who begat Aram, who begat Aminadab, who begat Nashon, who begat Salmon, who begat Boaz m Ruth, who then Obed the father of Jesse the father of King David. There is no monarch in Israel but in the British Israel Message we see the throne of David being the Royal Throne in Britain…”

THE ORIGIN OF BRITISH ISRAELISM seeking4truth.com
..I. THE ORIGIN OF BRITISH ISRAELISM.

“An obscure person named Richard Brothers who lived in England between 1757 to 1824 is credited with the origination of this farfetched fantasy. He was true to the form of religious fanatics and his movement was strikingly parallel with Joseph Smith and the Mormons. Richards was as eccentric as Smith was ignorant. There is a distinct similarity in the origination of these episodes, a resemblance in the characters of the men, and in the cues to their religious fictions, particularly in the purported saga of the ten tribes of Israel upon which the respective movements were founded. The religious lunacy of these men was about identical in degree, the difference being in the circumstances of Richard Brothers’ commitment to an asylum and Joseph Smith to a jail. The dignity which the movement lost by this circumstance in connection with its originator was later regained by one Piazzi Smyth, a Scot astronomer, who evolved the British Israel theory by complicated mathematical calculations in some remote connection with the Great Pyramids upon which he based the claim that the throne of England is the throne of David, and the kings and queens of England Queen Victoria in 1800 and George VI in 1944— are of the royal lineage of David, and the British people, therefore, the real Israel today, which they claim descends not through Judah or the Jews but from the ten tribes. The true Israel, they claim, does not include Jews but are the Anglo Saxons. There are numerous adherents of this theory, in the main Britishers of the Anglican church. In America it was confined to the parts of the country named, Canada and the New England states, until its recent infiltration into the Pacific coast region, which is due to the fact that California in particular is a sort of rallying ground for all of the fanatical sects from everywhere. The Anglo-Israelists have made a significant showing along the coast from Vancouver, B. C., to San Diego, Calif., if their claims are true that they had upwards of fifty thousand adherents in these coast sections…”

The Myth of British Israelism By Albert Emanuel yahowah.net
“..Many have claimed the distinction of having discovered the lost tribes of Israel. When Christopher Columbus arrived in the new world, he thought he had found lost Israel. Joseph Smith was supposed to have received divine revelation on the identity of lost Israel. According to one estimate, there are twenty-seven lost tribe theories. The Indians of America, the Kaffirs of South Africa, the Subbotniki of Russia, the Moussai of Persia, the Shindai of Japan, the Karens of Burma, are all people who have enjoyed the distinction of being called the lost tribes of Israel…”

-Irish

Dan & Judah in Ireland – YouTube

Aug 19, 2014 – Uploaded by Yair Davidiy

Are the Celts one of the ten lost tribes of Israel? James O’Shea @IrishCentral Jun 13, 2016 irishcentral.com
“.. Proponents of this theory in historical essays and elsewhere point to various parallels between Irish and ancient Hebrew culture. For example, they note that the harp, the symbol of Ireland, also plays a role in Jewish history, as the musical instrument of King David…

The most celebrated Danite was Samson, who some suggest is derived from Danyen tribal legends. The anti-Christ is also said to be a member of the tribe of Dan.

Modern artists use the “scales of justice” to represent the Tribe of Dan due to Genesis 49:16 referencing Dan judging his people. However, more traditional artists use a snake to represent Dan, based on Genesis 49:17…”

Israelites in Ireland – YouTube

Oct 30, 2013 – Uploaded by Yair Davidiy

The Irish-Jewish connection By RORY FITZGERALD March 17, 2010 12:48 jpost.com
Today, when we remember the feast of St. Patrick, we remember more than just the coming of Christianity to Ireland.
“..TODAY, WHEN we remember the feast of St. Patrick, we remember more than just the coming of Christianity to Ireland. Embedded intrinsically within Christianity is the Jewish law, the sacred Ten Commandments, and the knowledge of the one God, which both peoples..”

the celtic white europeans are from the lost tribes of israel – YouTube

-Scots

SCOTS ARE LITERALLY FROM THE LOST TRIBES OF ISRAEL …

MIDDLE EAST

East Asia-Middle East/b>

-Kurds

There are Israelites amongst the Kurds!!! – YouTube

Kurds are the ten lost tribes of Israel? barcelona.indymedia.org
“..“So where do these Kurds come from? One theory is that they may actually be the 10 lost tribes of Israel. The Jews of today are descended from the two southern tribes (Judah and Benjamin), but the ten northern tribes were conquered by Assyria in the 8th century B.C., and settled in the exact same area where the Kurds dwell. The Yazidi religion traces their descent from Adam, moreover they have a yearly pilgrimage in the month of September/October, which is the same time as one of the Jewish festivals required Jews to attend the temple in Jerusalem.” ..

2 Kings 15:29 and 17:6 record that the northern tribes of Israel were taken into “Assyria” and “Halah and in Habor by the river Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes”. (It was the Assyrians who took the Israelites to those places, but later when the Persians conquered Assyria, the areas in question came to lie within the Medo-Persian area.)

Further, regarding this search for ethnic groups which might belong to the “lost” tribes: According to the biblical criteria – see for instance Deuteronomy 28:64 and 65 with their context – those groups must be (relatively) few in number, and again, they would not have a country of their own.
…”

History of the Jews in Kurdistan – YouTube

Kurdish- Jewish Kingdom of Adiabene – YouTube

Where are The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel? geni.com
“..The Kurds
Some have promoted the notion that the Kurds represent a Lost Tribe. Some claims have been made regarding a genetic relationship between the Kurds and the Jews on the basis of a similarity between Kurdish Y-DNA and a Y haplotype that is associated with the Jewish priesthood.

However, in genetic testing of the Y chromosome of 95 Muslim Kurds, only one sample (1.05% of the Kurds tested) matched the so-called Cohen Modal Haplotype (CMH), consisting of six specific Y-STR values. Various misleading statements have associated typical Kurdish Y-DNA with that of the Jews. However, these attempts are based on several sources of confusion:..”

Southern Kingdom-2 Tribes

Lost Tribes Series Part 3A: Southern Kingdom of Israel Migration Into Africa

“It’s time for the final migration of the Southern Kingdom in which Isaiah, Zephaniah, etc. tell us went into Africa. Notice neither of these 3 groups migrated into the Russian Steppes nor Europe as traditional tells us and this according to scripture. Review all the evidence from ancient maps, history and language and see how they support the Bible. Enjoy the journey.

*see Deep Thought: Who to “blame” for the world’s corruption? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Debate able ???

Genetic Roots of the Ashkenazi Jews Oct 8, 2013
KATE YANDELL
the-scientist.com
Most Ashkenazi Jews, traditionally believed to have descended from the ancient tribes of Israel, may in fact be maternally descended from prehistoric Europeans.

“..The majority of Ashkenazi Jews are descended from prehistoric European women, according to study published today (October 8) in Nature Communications. While the Jewish religion began in the Near East, and the Ashkenazi Jews were believed to have origins in the early indigenous tribes of this region, new evidence from mitochondrial DNA, which is passed on exclusively from mother to child, suggests that female ancestors of most modern Ashkenazi Jews converted to Judaism in the north Mediterranean around 2,000 years ago and later in west and central Europe.

..”

12 tribes: is Ashkenazi jews one of them? judaism.stackexchange.com
New genetic study: More evidence for modern Ashkenazi Jews’ ancient Hebrew patrimony Bruce Goldman
Published on December 20, 2013scopeblog.stanford.edu
“..Tradition holds, though, that Ashkenazi Jews ultimately trace their origins straight back to ancient Israel, whence most Jews were expelled en masse in 70 CE by their Roman conquerors and sent skittering to all parts of the globe. (Jews who initially fled to Spain and Portugal are referred to as Sephardic. Those who took up residence in Iran, Iraq and Northern Africa are designated as Mizrahi.)..

Plausible at the time, the Khazar-origin premise has crumbled under the onslaught of modern molecular genetics. The latest volley: a study published this week in Nature Communications. The study’s senior author, Stanford geneticist Peter Underhill, PhD, works in the lab of Carlos Bustamante, PhD, whose high-resolution techniques have highlighted the historical hopscotch of other migratory peoples.

..”

Ashkenazi Jews are not Khazars – Jewish DNA

The Tribe of Dann and the Lost Tribe of Israel
by Mary Sutherland 2005 bibliotecapleyades.net

*see Deep Thought: Should I get my DNA Tested? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

DNA ties Ashkenazi Jews to group of just 330 people from Middle Ages By KAREN KAPLAN SEP 09, 2014 | 2:20 PM latimes.com
“…Today there are more than 10 million Ashkenazi Jews around the world, including 2.8 million in Israel, according to the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
..



Who Were the Ashkenazi Jewish People, and Are You Related to Them?
“..If you ever get your DNA tested, you might be surprised to discover a certain percentage of Ashkenazi Jewish DNA. Many people with European ancestry who are not practicing Jews and know of no Jewish ancestors do discover some Ashkenazi in them. There is a lengthy discussion on the topic on 23andme.com, a popular DNA testing site. People are using the discussion to try to determine their Jewish ancestors and their origins after discovering they are descended from some of the Ashkenazi population. Here’s what you need to know about the Ashkenazi Jewish people, and how they are different genetically from the general Jewish community.


The name Ashkenazi comes from a Biblical person named Ashkenaz. He was the eldest son of Gomer. Gomer was a grandson of Noah through Noah’s son Khaphet. This makes Ashkenaz a great-grandson of Noah. The Jewish population in eastern and central Europe began being distinguished from the Holy Land Jewish people by the use of the name Ashkenazi in the early Medieval period of history. There was a Christian custom at this time of calling areas of Jewish settlement in Europe with Biblical names, which is how the Ashkenzazis received their name. By the later Medieval period, the term Ashkenazi was used for the German and French Jewish populations alone and was even adopted by the Jewish people and scholars of the area themselves.

It was only with the rise of Emperor Charlemagne, who joined the mini-kingdoms of France into one country in 800 A.D. that the history of the Ashkenazi Jewish people in Europe becomes well documented. Charlemagne gave them the same freedoms they once enjoyed under the Romans, and they began opening businesses in finance and commerce. They also got into banking, as Christians were prohibited from charging interest by their religion. By the 11th century A.D., the Ashkenazi Jewish people were well known for their Talmudic studies and halakhic learning. They were also criticized by Jewish people in the Holy Land for their lack of knowledge in traditional Jewish law and the Hebrew language. They spoke Yiddish instead, which was a combination of traditional Hebrew and various German dialects from the communities in which they lived. The Yiddish language was still written with Hebrew letters, however, while also being influenced with Aramaic.

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DNA

Jewish DNA – The Kohanim Gene and the Lost Tribes of Israel …
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ioYAjdDALqk
“Joniversity
Published on Sep 25, 2010
Excerpt of a lecture by Dr. Jon Entine discussing the Kohanim (Cohanim) Gene, also known as the Y chromosomal Aaron hypothesis. And how it can help us establish the truth or fiction behind the ten lost tribes of Israel. Also discussed are groups such as the Ethiopian Jews, the Lemba tribe and crypto-Jewish communities.”

Who’s Who At Family Tree DNA familytreedna.com

Bennett Greenspan | DNA Testing for Jewish Ancestry

Misc

12 Tribes of Israel – History, Charts & Maps

(The True Hebrew Israelites) Scattered Among the Nations: Part 1

Israelite Communities Thruout the world losttentribes-tenlosttribes.blogspot.com

Beyond Today — The Lost Tribes of Israel: Why They Matter – YouTube

Deep Thought: Did you know “Yeshua” was “mentioned” in the “Torah”-“Old Testament”? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Good News Yeshua
https://www.facebook.com/groups/1388157841493644/

Now You Know: What is “discipleship”?

The True Meaning of “DISCIPLESHIP” – YouTube

What does it mean to “make disciples”? jesusfilm.org
“..What’s a disciple?

The Greek word that’s translated “make disciples” is mathēteuō, which comes from the root mathētēs, meaning “learner” or “pupil.” In ancient Greece, this word typically denoted someone who was an apprentice to a trade like masonry or shipbuilding. In philosophy, it spoke of someone who had developed a master/student relationship with a teacher.

For Christians, discipleship communicates the same sort of idea. The disciple is a believer who’s learning to obediently follow and serve Jesus as their master. Discipleship emphasizes more than simply accepting Jesus. It’s an enduring, long-term commitment to uncovering and discovering what it means to be devoted to Jesus. We do this through constant exposure to Scripture, commitment to communities of faith, and the direct involvement of mature believers in our lives…”

Various Ways?

6 Simple Ways to Make Disciples Without Adding Anything To Your Schedule – Caesar Kalinowski
https://youtu.be/qb7_YbdaDEQ
“..In the video clip above he says, “Let me give you six rhythms we’ve been using in community… First one is Know the Story. Okay, we all have a story. Is our story apart of God’s story or are we believing a different story that’s been told to us by maybe our parents, our boss, people growing up, the culture? Do we know God’s story as a story? We need to. If we’re going to be living as disciples who make disciples, we need to know God’s story. We need to get to know each other’s story deeply enough to apply the gospel… That leads us to another rhythm of Listening. We’re always listening to someone, but are we listening to God…We need to listen backwards through the Word of God—Who is God? How has He always been? We need to listen forward through the Holy Spirit. Like my prayer times are mostly filled up with me telling God what to do, then I shoot off into my day. But to cultivate a rhythm of listening to God and in community is how you get to know peoples stories… Next rhythm: Celebrate. Life is living in a rhythm of celebration. Think about all the holidays that are just coming around, and birthdays (everybody you know has one), and anniversaries, and graduations, and all. We need to join those celebrations and be the bringers of the better wine…Throw the best parties. The church should be the most celebratory people of the planet. We get to live forever! Party! Rhythm of Eating. Talk about moving from additional to intentional. We’re already eating like 21 times a week…What if I were to have three meals a week with people I’m trying to make disciples of? Then this rhythm of Bless…Ask the spirit to reveal to you three people that you could bless intentionally each week through either words, action, or gift. Imagine a community of people in a neighborhood, like ten or twelve, all blessing three people a week. You think that neighborhood would notice? It’ll transform a place. This last rhythm is ReCreate. It’s this idea of rest in Christ’s completed work and then out of that we create beauty and we work and we create value. Resting in what Christ has done for us, not to earn, but then we work. It’s the idea of sabbath.” ..”

How to Disciple | 10 tips on Discipleship

EHS: A Strategy for Discipleship that Deeply Changes Lives

Francis Chan – The Cost Of Discipleship

The Great Commission, Making Disciples – Francis Chan

What’s your thoughts of these definitions or descriptions above?

Who Were Jesus’ Disciples

The 12 disciples/apostles of Jesus were the foundation stones of His church, several even wrote portions of the Bible. bibleinfo.com
“..In Revelation 21:14 we are told that the twelve foundations of the wall of the New Jerusalem will have in them the names of the twelve disciples/apostles. It is evident, therefore, that God attaches great importance to these 12 men.

Read more about the disciples:
Peter
James
John
Andrew
Bartholomew or Nathanael
James, the Lesser or Younger
Judas
Jude or Thaddeus
Matthew or Levi
Philip
Simon the Zealot
Thomas

The Apostles.
..”

Who were the Twelve Disciples of Jesus Christ | 12 … – YouTube

Who Are the Apostles of Jesus? | The Bible – YouTube

Who Were The Twelve Disciples? – YouTube

In the Footsteps of the Apostles BY ANDREW TODHUNTER
nationalgeographic.com/
They were unlikely leaders. As the Bible tells it, most knew more about mending nets than winning converts when Jesus said he would make them “fishers of men.” Yet 2,000 years later, all over the world, the Apostles are still drawing people in.

“IN THE TOWN of Parur, India, in the southern state of Kerala, the polished stone floor of the old church of Kottakkavu gleams so brightly that it mirrors the crimson, pine green, and gold-upon-gold altarpiece like a reflecting pool.

..

“..Around the altarpiece, painted clouds hover in a blue sky. Small statues stand in niches backlit with brilliant aqua. On a rug near the church wall a woman in a blue sari with a purple veil covering her hair kneels motionless, elbows at her sides, hands upraised. In a larger, newer church adjacent, a shard of pale bone no bigger than a thumbnail lies in a golden reliquary. A label in English identifies the relic as belonging to St. Thomas. On this site, tradition says, Thomas founded the first Christian church in India, in A.D. 52.

..’

Peter was the movement’s first champion; in the Acts of the Apostles we hear of his mass conversions and miraclemaking—healing the lame, raising the dead—and in an un-Christian flourish, calling down a supernatural death upon one couple who held back a portion of their donation to the community…

The faith’s first martyr, according to the Bible, was St. Stephen, a young Christian leader who enraged a Jewish community by suggesting that Christ would return and destroy the Temple of Jerusalem…

In the year 44 King Herod Agrippa I imprisoned and beheaded James the Greater, the first of the Apostles to die…

Tradition holds that 11 of the Twelve Apostles were martyred. Peter, Andrew, and Philip were crucified; James the Greater and Thaddaeus fell to the sword; James the Lesser was beaten to death while praying for his attackers; Bartholomew was flayed alive and then crucified; Thomas and Matthew were speared; Matthias was stoned to death; and Simon was either crucified or sawed in half. John—the last survivor of the Twelve—likely died peaceably, possibly in Ephesus, around the year 100.

..”

“..Mark the Evangelist too spread the word, bringing Christ’s message to Egypt and founding the Coptic faith. But for some Catholics, Mark represents most emphatically the saint as political symbol, powerfully linked with the identity of Venice. Although a figure from the ancient past, he retains a stronger grip on the consciousness of modern-day Venetians than Washington or Lincoln holds on most Americans.

..”

Who are Egypt’s Coptic Christians? By Matt Rehbein, CNN Updated 10:00 AM ET, Fri May 26, 2017 cnn.com
“..The largest Christian community in the Middle East, Coptic Christians make up the majority of Egypt’s roughly 9 million Christians. About 1 million more Coptic Christians are spread across Africa, Europe, the United Kingdom and the United States, according to the World Council of Churches.
..

Coptic Christians base their theology on the teachings of the Apostle Mark, who introduced Christianity to Egypt, according to the St. Takla Church in Alexandria, the capital of Coptic Christianity.
..”

WHERE DID THE DISCIPLES GO? 12tribehistory.com
This information is based on the research of Dr. Herman Hoeh from an Article called “Where did the apostles go?” It was co-authored by John Keyser.

“..
First, Paul was to teach the Gentiles – he did that in Cyprus, Asia Minor and Greece. Second, he was to appear before kings – an event which landed him in prison in Rome for two-years. At the end of that two-year period, during which no accusers had appeared, Paul would automatically have been released according to Roman law. At that point, Luke stops the story of Paul. See Acts 28:31. Thirdly, he ended his work by going to the Lost Ten Tribes.

..”
*see Deep Thought: Where are the “original” Tribes of Israel? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com


“..Andrew went to Scythians. Andrew had Scythia, and the neighboring countries primarily allotted him for his province.

Speaking of Andrew,
“went next to Trapezus, a maritime city on the Euxine Sea, whence after many other places he came to Nice, where he stayed two years, preaching and working miracles with great success: thence to Nicomedia, and so to Chalcedon; whence sailing through the Propontis he came by the Euxine Sea [BLACK SEA] to Heraclea, and from thence to Amastris..

Hence he removed into…Asiatic Scythia or Sarmatia, but finding the inhabitants very barbarous and intractable, he stayed not long among them, only at Cherson, or Chersonesus, a great and populous city within the Bosporus (this Bosporus is the modern Crimea)…

…, he continued for some time, instructing them and confirming them in the faith. Hence taking ship, he sailed across the sea to Sinope, situa..”

Simon:
“directed his journey toward Egypt, then to Cyrene, and Africa … and throughout Mauritania and all Libya..

, preaching the gospel … . Nor could the coldness of the climate benumb his zeal, or hinder him from whipping himself and the Christian doctrine over to the Western Islands, yea, even to Britain itself. Here he preached and wrought many miracles … .” “that he went at last into Britain, and … was crucified … and buried there

‘..James Alphaeus

There were 2 apostles named James. James of Alphaeus went to Spain. James, the brother of the Messiah, was martyred by Herod. (Acts 12:2). James, son of Alphaeus, was the one who left Palestine after the first twelve years. The deeds of this apostle are sometimes mistakenly assigned to James, John’s brother.

“The Spanish writers generally contend, after the death of Stephen, he came to these Western parts, and particularly into Spain (some add Britain and Ireland) where he planted Christianity”
(Cave, Antiquitates Apostolicae, p. 148 )…”

Bartholomew

Bartholomew worked with Thomas in the Parthian Empire. According to Nicephorus recorded that Bartholomew also spent part of his time in Armenia and Upper Phrygia in Asia Minor. Nicephorus called the area the “Western and Northern parts of Asia,” .(Asia Minor, modern Turkey today)…

Jude

Jude, his other name was Libbaeus Thaddaeus, had his ministry in Assyria and Mesopotamia. That is part of Parthia Empire also. All lands north of the Eurphates River belonged to the lost tribes of Israel according to Josephus. During the New Testament times, Parthia ruled most ruled over most of the Gentiles. Part of their possession was Assyria and Mesopotamia. They controlled the famous city of Babylon…

Philip

Philip was assigned to Scythia. Scythia was the land area located aroung the Black and the Caspian Seas. In 331 A.D. the Parthian Empire fell to Persia. The Parthians migrated to this region.

Matthew

Matthew [Levi], Metaphrastes tells us,

“went first into Parthia, and having successfully planted Christianity in those parts, thence traveled to Aethiopia, that is, the Asiatic Aethiopia, lying near India.”

Metaphrastes was the principal compiler of the legends of saints in the “Menologia” of the Byzantine Church. Also Dorotheus declares Matthew was buried at Hierapolis in Parthia.


Matthias

Ethiopia and Greek sources tell us Matthias went to Dacia. Dacia is modern day Romania and Macedonia…

. sources designate Dacia. Dacia was the extreme western part of Scythia. From Dacia came the Normans who ultimately settled in France and Britain.

John

John may have been sent to Gaul which is modern day France. This is only based on a French legend that Mary mother of Jesus went to Gaul. We know that the Messiah told John to take care of his mother. There is a legend that Mary went with John to France and later to Britain. Paul may have passed by Gaul on his way from Italy to Spain (Romans 15:24, 28). This is no historical proof that John went to Gaul.

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