Now you Know: History of Resources in Changing Times

Standing Rock and the Dakota Access Pipeline drcinfo.org

“…Furthermore, this characterization of water protector violence is a distraction from the lawlessness the state administration has allowed to occur in the Bakken, the heart of oil and gas extraction. The State does not seem to be concerned with the seemingly constant environmental crimes that occur from countless oil and salt water spills, wasted uncaptured natural gas, and abandoned radioactive waste. The companies responsible of these crimes are not fined or taken to jail. The damage to farmers, ranchers, and others who’ve lived and worked here are considered by the state as “collateral damage” and efforts to help are rejected by the Oil and gas extraction has brought in a massive influx of out-of-state workers, overwhelming demands for infrastructure, urban sprawl, and negative social impacts to communities…”

The “Indian Problem”


“Published on Mar 3, 2015

As American power and population grew in the 19th century, the United States gradually rejected the main principle of treaty-making—that tribes were self-governing nations—and initiated policies that undermined tribal sovereignty. For Indian nations, these policies resulted in broken treaties, vast land loss, removal and relocation, population decline, and cultural decimation.

The “Indian Problem” was produced to serve as the central video in the exhibition “Nation to Nation: Treaties Between the United States and American Indian Nations,” on view at the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC. This video introduces visitors to the section of the exhibition titled “Bad Acts, Bad Paper.””
*see Deep Thought: Broken Promises-Who to trust? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Two Approaches to Economic Development on American Indian Reservations: One Works, the Other Doesn’t · January 2006 with 21 Reads researchgate.net
“..There are concrete, bottom-line payoffs to tribal self-rule. For example, a Harvard Project study of
75 tribes with significant timber resources found that, for every timber-related job that moved
from BIA forestry to tribal forestry—that is, for every job that moved from federal control to tribal
control—prices received and productivity in the tribe’s timber operations rose.
16
On average,
tribes do a better job of managing their forests because these are their forests.

But the evidence is even broader. After fifteen years of research and work in Indian Country, we
cannot find a single case of sustained economic development in which an entity other than the
Indian nation is making the major decisions about development strategy, resource use, or internal
organization. In short, practical sovereignty appears to be a necessary (but not sufficient) condition
for reservation economic development. ..”

Global Connections . Natural Resources | PBS pbs.org

“…

Like oil and water

The Middle East has always had a rich abundance of natural resources, although which resources are coveted and valued has changed over time. Today, abundant petroleum fields dominate the area’s economy. The Middle East is similarly disproportionately rich in natural gas (32 percent of the world’s known natural gas reserves are in the region) and phosphate (Morocco alone has more than half of the world’s reserves).

Water has always been an important resource in the Middle East — for its relative scarcity rather than its abundance. Disputes over rights to water (for example, building a dam in one country upstream from another) are a fundamental part of the political relationships in the region. Water for irrigation is necessary for many of the ecosystems to sustain crops…”

Humans and Energy: Crash Course World History 207


“Published on Aug 28, 2014

In which Stan Muller subs for John Green and teaches you about energy and humanity. Today we discuss the ideas put forth by Alfred Crosby in his book, Children of the Sun. Historically, almost all of the energy that humans use has been directly or indirectly generated by the sun, whether that be food energy from plants, wind energy, direct solar energy, or fossil fuels. Stan looks into these different sources, and talks about how humanity will continue to use energy in the future as populations grow and energy resources become more scarce.

You can directly support Crash Course at https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we’re doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content.

SUBBABLE SPONSOR MESSAGES!
TO: Dana
FROM: Cameron
you’re wonderful, I can’t wait for our faces to meet 🙂

TO: TheGeekyBlonde
FROM: Arbace

Thanks for your outstanding Youtube Abuse Recovery video! http://youtu.be/3Uc5eNNG60o

You can get Alfred Crosby’s Children of the Sun here: http://smile.amazon.com/Children-Sun-…”

How resource scarcity is driving the third Industrial Revolution mckinsey.com
“..Will shortages of energy, materials, food, and water put the brakes on global growth? Far from it. By combining information technology with industrial technology, as well as through harnessing materials science and biotechnology, innovators are showing that it is possible to produce more with less and to access resources at far lower costs…”

The End Of The Oil Age, How Much Is Left And What Will Happen When We Run Out


“…What we use it for-
Oil is the life blood that is pumped though our modern world, with out it we could not fly to popular holiday destinations, travel to work in the comfort of our vehicles or maybe even watch this video on YouTube, plus many more little perks of modern life. We rely on oil to power many applications within our lives and as of early 2015, the IEA Oil Market Report forecast the average demand would be 34 billion barrels of oil for the year. At this rate, how long can we go on pumping oil out of the ground without exhausting our supplies?
..”

The Hidden Costs of Fossil Fuels ucsusa.org
The costs of coal, natural gas, and other fossil fuels aren’t always obvious—but their impacts can be disastrous.
“..There are two main methods for removing fossil fuels from the ground: mining and drilling. Mining is used to extract solid fossil fuels, such as coal, by digging, scraping, or otherwise exposing buried resources. Drilling methods help extract liquid or gaseous fossil fuels that can be forced to flow to the surface, such as conventional oil and natural gas. Both processes carry serious health and environmental impacts…”

Why can’t we quit fossil fuels? theguardian.com
“..So coal use kept rising too – and oil use in turn kept increasing as cleaner gas, nuclear and hydro came on stream, helping power the digital age, which unlocked more advanced technologies capable of opening up harder-to-read fossil-fuel reserves…

Indeed, though our governments now subsidise clean-power sources and efficient cars and buildings – and encourage us all to use less energy – they are continuing to undermine all that by ripping as much oil, coal and gas out of the ground as possible. And if their own green policies mean there isn’t a market for these fuels at home, then no matter: they can just be exported instead…
This extraordinary double-think is everywhere to be seen. Take the US. Obama boasts that American emissions are now falling due to rising auto efficiency standards and gas displacing dirtier coal in the energy mix. But the US is extracting carbon and flowing it into the global energy system faster than ever before. Its gas boom has simply allowed it to export more of the coal to other countries such as China – which of course uses it partly to produce goods for US markets. Not happy with increasing US carbon extraction, Obama is also set to approve the Keystone XL Pipeline that will enable Canada to flood the global markets with crude produced from dirty tar sands. So much for carbon cuts.
Advertisement

Or take Australia, which in the same year introduced a carbon tax and started debating plans for a series of “mega-mines” that would massively increase its coal exports, helping build confidence among the companies and governments planning no fewer than 1,200 new coal-fired power stations around the world. Even the UK, with its world-leading carbon targets, gives tax-breaks to encourage oil and gas recovery and has been growing its total carbon footprint by relying ever more on Chinese factories – and therefore indirectly its reliance on American and Australian coal. And not just that. Although it rarely gets commented on, Britain – along with other supposedly green nations such as Germany – regularly begs Saudi Arabia and the other Opec nations to produce not less oil, but more. As journalist George Monbiot once put it, nations are trying simultaneously to “reduce demand for fossil fuels and increase supply”…

How would all this affect the global economy, or pension funds, or the financial health of the Middle East, the US and other carbon-rich nations doing most to resist a global climate deal? For all the confident opinion on both sides, no one can say for sure, just as no one can be certain how human society will fare in a warming world. But with so much money and power bound up with oil, coal and gas, one thing seems clear: constraining global fossil fuel supplies will take bigger thinking, harder politics and – crucially – a whole lot more public pressure. Voluntary carbon cuts are a great start but they are no match for a system-level feedback in human energy use…”

-Natural Gas

Will Natural Gas Power the Future? August 9, 2012 pbs.org
“Colorado, like many other states around the country, gets most of its energy from burning coal. Skeptics have criticized coal for being a pollutant, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has increased regulations on emissions from electric power plants, thereby making companies scale back their involvement with coal.

In order to meet the EPA guidelines, some power plants in Colorado are converting some of their plants to burn natural gas instead of coal, and shutting some coal-burning plants down altogether.

Natural gas is currently cheaper than coal and more environmentally friendly. It was therefore an easy decision for U.S. Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar to endorse as a centerpiece of his platform for America’s energy future.

At the same time, the low prices of natural gas are making it difficult for renewable energy sources like wind and solar to make a case for being cost-effective. While environmentalists are worried that the push for natural gas will simply get us hooked on another fossil fuel, Salazar says that the government will continue to pursue both gas and renewable energy sources going forward.

However, change may be slow and coal companies are not willing to give up their market share to newcomers. It is estimated that at the end of the decade, 48% of our energy will still come from coal-fired plants, but natural gas and renewables will make up a larger market share than ever before. “

-Racism?
*see Deep Thought: Does it matter if your part of another “ethnicity or race”? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Avatar hit by accusations of racism
By Anita Singh, Showbusiness Editor

6:31PM GMT 11 Jan 2010 telegraph.co.uk

James Cameron’s $1 billion sci-fi epic Avatar has been hit by accusations of racism.
“..vatar is set on a distant planet populated by the Na’vi, an eco-conscious, blue-skinned alien tribe with no understanding of modern technology. A disabled Marine, played by the Australian actor Sam Worthington, is sent to infiltrate the tribe but soon “goes native” and leads them in a defence of their homeland against the white invaders.

He also falls in love with an alien woman, who rejects a Na’vi suitor and becomes his wife. The main Na’vi characters are played by black actors, including Zoe Saldana and Laz Alonso.

David Brooks, a columnist writing in the New York Times, said: “Avatar is a racial fantasy par excellence … It rests on the stereotype that white people are rationalist and technocratic while colonial victims are spiritual and athletic. It rests on the assumption that non-whites need the White Messiah to lead their crusades. It rests on the assumption that illiteracy is the path to grace…

The ruthless treatment of the Na’vi has been interpreted as a metaphor for the plight of American Indians. Brooks said Avatar followed a long tradition of “white Messiah” movies which began in the 1970s with A Man Called Horse, , starring Richard Harris as an English aristocrat who is captured by a Sioux Indian tribe and becomes their leader, and which includes Kevin Costner’s Dances With Wolves and the Tom Cruise film, The Last Samurai…”
*see Avatar the Movie Reflections-Importance of Cultural Awareness goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

-Conflict
*see Deep Thought: Is “Oil” causing wars? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

9 Wars That Were Really About Commodities Mamta Badkar Aug. 15, 2012, 2:27 PM businessinsider.com
“..The recent rise in tensions over the disputed South China Sea has drawn attention to the possibility that the conflict is really about natural resources located in the islands of the South China Sea.

With the help of Waverly Advisors we point out that wars over commodities go back centuries.

We re-examine the real motivations behind the Pearl Harbor attack and the German invasion of Russia. We also consider more current geo-political tensions that are being driven by commodities…”

Iron, Steel and Oil – The Fight For Resources I THE GREAT WAR Week 18


“Published on Nov 27, 2014

Four months after the outbreak of the war, a new objective develops: the fight for the most valuable resources. The modern warfare and its war machines need one thing more than anything: Oil, iron, steel or cole can be a matter of life and death. The British advance into the Ottoman Empire and conquer the city Basra. Their goal is to secure their drilling facilities at the Arab Gulf. Meanwhile, the situation at the front is gridlocked, especially in the trenches on the Western Front.

The communication and organisation in the trenches becomes far more complex in course of time. If you want to know how life was in the trenches and how the structure works, click here and watch our special about trenches: http://bit.ly/1vT9Wxr

» HOW CAN I SUPPORT YOUR CHANNEL?
You can support us by sharing our videos with your friends and spreading the word about our work.You can also support us financially on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thegreatwar

Patreon is a platform for creators like us, that enables us to get monthly financial support from the community in exchange for cool perks.

-Syria & Russia vs. U.S. & Allies (e.g. Turkey, Saudi Arabia, etc..)?
*see Peace: Avoiding War?

Refugee Crisis & Syria War Fueled By Competing Gas Pipelines By Mnar Muhawesh @mnarmuh | September 9, 2015 mintpressnews.com
“…Media outlets and political talking heads have found many opportunities to point fingers in the blame game, but not one media organization has accurately broken down what’s driving the chaos: control over gas, oil and resources.

Indeed, it’s worth asking: How did demonstrations held by “hundreds” of protesters demanding economic change in Syria four years ago devolve into a deadly sectarian civil war, fanning the flames of extremism haunting the world today and creating the world’s second largest refugee crisis?

While the media points its finger to Syrian President Bashar Assad’s barrel bombs and political analysts call for more airstrikes against ISIS and harsher sanctions against Syria, we’re four years into the crisis and most people have no idea how this war even got started…

Foreign meddling in Syria began several years before the Syrian revolt erupted. Wikleaks released leaked US State Department cables from 2006 revealing U.S. plans to overthrow the Syrian government through instigating civil strife, and receiving these very orders straight from Tel Aviv. The leaks reveal the United State’s partnership with nations like Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Qatar and even Egypt to use sectarianism to divide Syria through the Sunni and Shiite divide to destabilize the nation to weaken Iran and Hezbolla. Israel is also revealed to attempt to use this crisis to expand its occupation of the Golan Heights for additional oil exploration, according to Wikileaks editor Julian Assange…

It’s no secret that Syria’s government is a major arms, oil and gas, and weapons ally of Iran and Lebanon’s resistance political group Hezbollah.

But it’s important to note the timing: This coalition and meddling in Syria came about immediately on the heels of discussions of an Iran-Iraq-Syria gas pipeline that was to be built between 2014 and 2016 from Iran’s giant South Pars field through Iraq and Syria. With a possible extension to Lebanon, it would eventually reach Europe, the target export market…

This “civil war” is not about religion..”
*see Neutral Perspective: Pro & Anti-Pipeline

Thoughts, feedback, comments, etc..?

Good News Education
https://www.facebook.com/groups/707482649266495/

Now You Know: What are some popular “petroleum based” made products?

non-renewable energy nationalgeographic.org
“..
Once the oil has been drilled, it must be refined. Oil contains many chemicals besides carbon, and refining the oil takes some of these chemicals out.

We use oil for many things. About half of the world’s petroleum is converted into gasoline. The rest can be processed and used in liquid products such as nail polish and rubbing alcohol, or solid products such as water pipes, shoes, crayons, roofing, vitamin capsules, and thousands of other items.
..”

Everyday Petroleum-based Products


“Published on Oct 2, 2013

Did you know that last year 36% of our energy consumption came from petroleum? What petroleum-based items do we use on a daily basis? Sneakers, bubblegum, bath soap and sweaters? These are only a few things made from petroleum. Watch this video and find out more!”
In the video above, some “renewable energy” sources are “dependent” on petroleum ..

-Wind Turbines

Can You Make a Wind Turbine Without Fossil Fuels? February 25, 2014 by Robert Wilson theenergycollective.com
“..The current feasibility of 100% renewable energy is easily tested by asking a simple question. Can you build a wind turbine without fossil fuels? If the machines that will deliver 100% renewable energy cannot be made without fossil fuels, then quite obviously we cannot get 100% renewable energy…

What is it made of? Lots of steel, concrete and advanced plastic. Material requirements of a modern wind turbine have been reviewed by the United States Geological Survey. On average 1 MW of wind capacity requires 103 tonnes of stainless steel, 402 tonnes of concrete, 6.8 tonnes of fiberglass, 3 tonnes of copper and 20 tonnes of cast iron. The elegant blades are made of fiberglass, the skyscraper sized tower of steel, and the base of concrete…

However I will note at the outset that the requirement for fiberglass means that a wind turbine cannot currently be made without the extraction of oil and natural gas, because fiberglass is without exception produced from petrochemicals…

Now, none of this is to argue against wind turbines, it is simply arguing against over-promising what can be achieved. It also should be pointed out that we cannot build a nuclear power plant, or any piece of large infrastrtucture for that matter, without concrete or steel. A future entirely without fossil fuels may be desirable, but currently it is not achievable. Expectations must be set accordingly.”

The Solar Power Paradox: Alternative Energy Can’t Run on Oil .. altenergymag.com
“…As demand for alternative energy increases and green technologies progress at an unprecedented rate, the solar industry has undoubtedly taken massive strides toward making the world a greener place. Global photovoltaic (PV) production is currently the world’s fastest-growing energy technology – doubling every two years by an average of 48 percent per year. However, the reality remains that the manufacture of PV solar modules (like many green renewable energy sources) is heavily petroleum dependent, presenting a fundamental contradiction in the green energy movement…”

Products Made from Oil and Natural Gas .oilandgasinfo.ca
“..
Products Made from Oil and Natural Gas

What’s the first thing that comes to mind when you think about something made from petroleum? Gasoline, probably. Or maybe plastic bags. But there are actually thousands of products made from crude oil and natural gas!

Even if you don’t drive a car or carry your groceries home in plastic bags, you still use dozens – or even hundreds – of petroleum-based products every day.

Click a group of products below to see for yourself. It’s amazing what oil and natural gas become…”

Action:

Comfort comes with a cost
Convenience comes with a cost

List of Ways to Reduce the Use of Fossil Fuels education.seattlepi.com
“..Nearly 85 percent of the U.S. energy supply comes from fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas and oil. Fossil fuels take millions of years to form and are thus considered to be nonrenewable. Higher energy demands and poor efficiency practices have increased fossil fuel usage, and it’s now critical to find alternative means of energy generation before depleting the global supply. It takes individual and community actions to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels…”
Reducing Dependency on Fossil Fuels April 29, 2010• Fossil Fuels• by EconomyWatch economywatch.com
“..Reducing dependency on fossil fuels is a major challenge for most economically advanced countries of the world as there is a very important link between the usage of fossil fuels and the economic conditions of individual.

One of the major reasons behind the increasing demand to reduce the reliance on fossil fuels is the fact that they are expected to run out at a certain point of time in the future. This is where sustainable energy is expected to be useful as it would last longer than any other form of fuel source…”

Investing in a Clean Energy Future: Reducing Dependence on Foreign Oil (2012)


“..Published on Apr 9, 2012

http://thefilmarchive.org/

March 10, 2012..”

Learned anything new? What “action” can we take now ? How can we decrease the “dependence” of fossil fuels? Consume less?

Good News Education
https://www.facebook.com/groups/707482649266495/

Deep Thought: Should we “divest” or “not” in banks that funds “oil” projects ?

The Big Banks Are Corrupt — and Getting Worse
05/22/2015 12:15 am ET | Updated May 22, 2016 huffingtonpost.com
“..According to the report, “Nearly one-third of respondents (32%) believe compensation structures or bonus plans in place at their company could incentivize employees to compromise ethics or violate the law. “

In fact, bankers’ bonuses do incentivize unethical and criminal behavior – and anything else it takes to generate profits. “Clawbacks” for ill-gotten gains are still few and far between. Remarkably few bankers have been fired for the widespread fraud that continues to characterize their industry. Prosecution for criminal behavior is extremely rare.

A system which rewards antisocial behavior begets social tragedy. It’s also a law enforcement nightmare. Criminology teaches that the presence of reward for criminal behavior, along with the absence of deterrence, almost inevitably leads to more crime…”

Top 10 Corporate Criminals List globalexchange.org

“…Global Exchange has compiled a new list of “most wanted” corporations of 2016 based on issues like unlivable working conditions, low pay, violations of human right and voting rights; climate change denial, and environmental destruction, just to name a few.

Four corporations, Koch Industries, McDonald’s, Chevron and Monsanto were on earlier lists but are included again, as the corporate behavior of these companies has reached egregious levels this year and merits repeat attention.

The Ten Top Corporate Criminals list is a guide to what companies like Energy Transfer Partners, Exxon Mobil, H&M and others are doing to undermine human rights and the environment. Share the list with friends, family, and co-workers. Use the Take Action section to add your voice and increase the pressure…

1. Energy Transfer Partners

..The pipeline is supposed to stretch from North Dakota to a market hub in Illinois, and from there another pipeline is to ship the oil to the gulf coast for Asian export. It would deliver up to 570,000 barrels of what the company calls its “light, sweet crude,” fracked in North Dakota’s Bakken and Three Forks fields.

The pipeline is to cross 209 rivers, creeks and tributaries, including the nations longest river, the Missouri, which is the Standing Rock Sioux tribe’s main source of drinking and irrigation water. It will also destroy tribal burial grounds and sacred sites.

The Bakken Pipeline Resistance Coalition representing farmers, ranchers, environmentalists, student and local community organizations along the pipeline route as well as nationwide, has been fighting the pipeline since late 2014. On August 25, just days before the September 3rd assault, more than 30 national and tribal environmental organizations had joined together to write President Obama a letter calling on President Obama to stop the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline. And on September 9, minutes after a federal judge declined the Tribe’s request for an injunction to stop construction on the pipeline, the Obama administration made a surprise announcement that it would not permit the project to continue for now. Continued action is essential to keep the pipeline from being built…”

Pipelines

-Funding

Defund DAPL: Divest from banks funding the pipeline


“Published on Nov 17, 2016

Lakota People’s Law Project is calling on individuals and organizations to divest from banks funding the Dakota Access Pipeline. Sign our petition at http://lakotalaw.org/pipeline-action
Check out our DAPL Timeline at http://lakotalaw.org/oceti-sakowin-camp.

Who’s Financially Supporting it?

38 banks are directly supporting the companies building the pipeline, totaling $10.25 billion in loans and credit facilities. These banks are increasing our dependence on fossil fuels.

Energy Transfer Family:

Sunoco Logistics: ($2.5 billion revolving credit from 24 banks) (provides transportation, terminalling and acquisition and marketing services to crude oil markets. Energy Transfer Partnership owns a 99.9% interest in Sunoco Partners LLC.)

Energy Transfer Partners: ($3.75 billion revolving credit from 26 banks, going toward expanding oil and gas infrastructure holdings)

Energy Transfer Equity: ($1.5 billion revolving credit from 26 banks) (a sister partnership to Energy Transfer Partners)

Dakota Access: ($2.5 billion project-level loans by 17 banks for construction of pipeline) (subsidiary of Energy Transfer Crude Oil Company, which is part of the Energy Transfer Company)

List of banks:

RSA ANIMATE: Crises of Capitalism


“Uploaded on Jun 28, 2010

In this RSA Animate, celebrated academic David Harvey looks beyond capitalism towards a new social order. Can we find a more responsible, just, and humane economic system?

The RSA is a 258 year-old charity devoted to creating social progress and spreading world-changing ideas. For more information about our research, RSA Animates, free events programme and 27,000 strong fellowship.

Follow the RSA on Twitter: https://twitter.com/RSAEvents
Like the RSA on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/rsaeventsoff…
Listen to RSA podcasts: https://soundcloud.com/the_rsa
See RSA Events behind the scenes: https://instagram.com/rsa_events/

——
Produced and edited by Abi Stephenson, RSA.

Animation by Cognitive Media. Andrew Park, the mastermind behind the Animate series and everyone’s favourite hairy hand, discusses their appeal and success in his blog post, ‘Talk to the hand’: http://www.thersa.org/talk-to-the-hand/”

Bank of Nova Scotia: $100 million (Sunoco Logistics)

Citizens Bank: $72.5 million (Sunoco Logistics)

Comerica Bank: $72.5 million (Sunoco Logistics)

US Bank: $275 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners)

PNC Bank: $270 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Barclays: $370.5 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

JP Morgan Chase: $312.5 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Bank of America: $350.5 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Deutsche Bank: $275.5 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Compass Bank: $340.5 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Credit Suisse: $340.5 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

DNB Capital/ASA: $340.5 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Sumitomo Mitsui Bank: $265.5 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Royal Bank of Canada: $340.5 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

UBS: $336.4 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Goldman Sachs: $243.9 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Morgan Stanley: $225.1 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Community Trust: $30 million (Energy Transfer Partners)

HSBC Bank: $189 million (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Wells Fargo: $467 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity) (Dakota Access)

BNP Paribas: $444.5 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity) (Dakota Access)

SunTrust: $435 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity) (Dakota Access)

Royal Bank of Scotland: $250.5 million (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity)

Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi UFJ: $548 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity) (Dakota Access)

Mizuho Bank: $589.5 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity) (Dakota Access)

Citibank: $521.8 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity) (Dakota Access)

TD Securities: $365 million (Sunoco Logistics) (Dakota Access)

ABN Amro Capital: $45 million (Energy Transfer Equity)

Credit Agricole: $344.5 million (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity) (Dakota Access)

Intesa Sanpaolo: $339 million (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity) (Dakota Access)

ING Bank: $248.3 milllion (Energy Transfer Partners) (Energy Transfer Equity) (Dakota Access)

Natixis: $180 million (Energy Transfer Equity) (Dakota Access)

BayernLB: $120 million (Dakota Access)

BBVA Securities: $120 million (Dakota Access)

DNB First Bank: $120 million (Dakota Access)

ICBC London: $120 million (Dakota Access)

SMBC Nikko Securities: $120 million (Dakota Access)

Societe Generale: $120 million (Dakota Access)”

-Divesting effective?

How to Contact the 17 Banks Funding the Dakota Access Pipeline Emily Fuller posted Sep 29, 2016 Updated Nov. 30, 2016 yesmagazine.org
Here are CEO names, emails, and phone numbers—because banks have choices when it comes to what projects they give loans to.
“..Food & Water Watch researcher Hugh MacMillan: “Ask these banks to clarify whether funds they are providing are being used, in any amount, to pay for the heavily militarized response to the Standing Rock Sioux, including the attack dogs, sound-cannon trucks, heavily armed officers.”

“People should also ask these institutions why they are sinking so much money into maximizing the amounts of oil and gas that can be brought to the surface and burned at a time when climate science is clear we have to maximize what we keep in the ground instead,” said MacMillan.

The organization’s deputy communications director, Seth Gladstone, suggests saying: “As a customer of your financial institution, I reject the notion of my money helping to support your investment in the Dakota Access pipeline, an inherently dangerous and unjust oil pipeline that threatens air and water quality in many states, and violates sacred lands of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe. I urge you to give up your financial stake in the Dakota Access pipeline immediately.”

Here are names of CEOs and other bank executives involved in these decisions—along with their phone numbers and email addresses. The first 17 banks (*) are directly funding the Dakota Access pipeline. The rest of these banks are offering credit lines to its parent companies: Sunoco Logistics, Energy Transfer Partners, and Energy Transfer Equity.

The following bank information has been updated periodically, most recently Nov. 30, 2016. Some banks have disconnected phones and disabled email addresses since the start of the campaign. Contact us with adjustments..”

Wells Fargo*

CEO Timothy J. Sloan
timothy.j.sloan@wellsfargo.com
BoardCommunications@wellsfargo.com
866-249-3302

Corporate Office:
Wells Fargo
420 Montgomery Street
San Francisco, CA 94104


*pic of their hq’s in Minnesota

U.S. Bank

Chairman and CEO Richard K. Davis
richard.davis@usbank.com

Senior Vice President of Corporate Communications Dana Ripley
dana.ripley@usbank.com
612-303-3167

Brand, Corporate Social Responsibility, Sponsorships:
Susan Beatty
susan.beatty@usbank.com
612-303-9229

Corporate Office:
U.S. Bancorp Center
800 Nicollet Mall
Minneapolis, MN 55402
800-685-5065 and 651-466-3000

An Open Letter To Investors In The Dakota Access Pipeline November 29th, 2016 by Susanna Schick cleantechnica.com
“..While Norwegian investors pull out because the DAPL does not meet their Corporate Social Responsibility requirements, and Energy Transfer Partners sells its company to Sunoco to better compete against Russia, I would like to propose that all investors pull their funds from this project, as there are other energy projects with a much higher ROI that actually build a stronger US economy. I am addressing Goldman Sachs because of its stated commitment to environmental stewardship and its long track record of successful investments.

Dear Mr. Blankfein,

As one of the best investment banks in the world, Goldman Sachs’ job is to keep one foot firmly planted in the future. The oil industry is dying, and “energy” companies that refuse to expand into other forms of energy will die along with it. Do you wish you’d invested in a film camera company 15 years ago? This is the same situation, but with a much bigger industry.

As a journalist covering clean tech, I’ve seen the future, and it’s electric. This was never more clear than on October 28th, when Tesla announced its Powerpack 2 batteries, grid-scale batteries twice as energy dense at the same price. Customers like SoCal Edison will install them next month to decrease their dependency on natural gas, the main commodity ETP offers. The same commodity which recently caused the biggest methane leak ever in the US…”

DeFund DAPL: Crashing JP Morgan Party in NYC (12/15/2016)


“Published on Dec 15, 2016

#DeFundDAPL #BankExit #NoDAPL DeFund DAPL is Live in New York City Crashing a JP Morgan Party…join the movement: http://www.defunddapl.org/ Check out DeFund DAPL on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DeFundDAPL/”
Major Victory! One of the Largest Banks Funding DAPL Just Pulled Its Assets from the Project Claire Bernish November 18, 2016 thefreethoughtproject.com
“Water protectors from the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe can now declare their most tangible victory to date — one of the heftiest investors in the Dakota Access Pipeline, Norway’s largest bank, has pulled its assets from the project.

Just 10 days ago, DNB warned it might withdraw funding for construction of the contentious pipeline if concerns raised by the Standing Rock Sioux were not addressed promptly…

“The news that DNB has sold its assets and is considering terminating its loans is a victory for the water protectors who are fighting to stop this disaster of a project. All financial institutions with a stake in the pipeline must quickly realize that financing this project is toxic. It would be smart for them to get out ahead of the growing movement of customers looking to divest from banks that finance the destruction of our planet and ignore Indigenous rights and sovereignty. Citigroup, TD Securities, Wells Fargo, SunTrust, and the other banks backing this project should see this as a sign to get on the right side of history…”
Financing Dakota Access Pipeline puts US bank in more hot water Frank Hopper • December 13, 2016 indiancountrymedianetwork.com
“…Under the proposed legislation the city’s current contract with Wells Fargo, which ends in one year, on December 31, 2017, would not be renewed. In the meantime, the city would “enter into a voluntary debarment agreement with Wells Fargo Bank for a period of at least one year, and refrain from conducting banking, investment, or other business with Wells Fargo Bank for a period of at least one year when it is in the City’s discretion.”..

Why Wells Fargo?

While many different banks are financing the Dakota Access Pipeline, research by Food & Water Watch identifies 17 banks as loaning directly to Dakota Access LLC. Most are located in other countries such as France, Japan, the Netherlands, Canada, Italy, Germany, England and Spain. Of those located in the U.S., only two are large with many branch offices: Wells Fargo and Citibank. Wells Fargo is being targeted because it is the most visible of the U.S. banks financing the pipeline, loaning close to $500 million for its construction.

Additionally, federal regulators recently revealed a scandal involving Wells Fargo employees who opened over 2 million unauthorized bank and credit card accounts in the names of customers, apparently to hit sales targets and make money on fees. Approximately 5,300 Wells Fargo employees have been fired.

And if that weren’t reason enough, in 2012 the U.S. Department of Justice forced Wells Fargo to pay $175 million after it was determined they engaged in discriminatory lending practices against black and Hispanic borrowers…”
How Standing Rock’s Divest Campaign Can Stop Future Pipelines
By Colby Devitt | December 19, 2016 billmoyers.com
As banks begin to respond, environmental movements are learning the importance of speaking clearly about the financial risks of fossil fuel investment.
Between Now and Trump, We Must #DefundDAPL December 16, 2016 gofossilfree.org
“…On December 4th, the Obama Administration announced that it will not grant Energy Transfer Partners the final permit for the Dakota Access Pipeline to drill under the Missouri River, and called for an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) on the project. This milestone is a testament to the amazing movement that indigenous leadership and the camps at Standing Rock have led, and has re-defined what is possible when thousands of people come together to peacefully resist.

But the fight to stop Dakota Access isn’t over — and right now, before Trump comes into office, is a critical moment.

We can’t say for certain what will happen when Trump’s in office, and we don’t know how an attempt to reverse this decision will play out in the courts – so right now it’s crucial that we use another source of our strength to stop this project: our financial power and collective pressure.

The divestment movement has already shown the power of moving our money and rejecting the social license of the fossil fuel industry. Just this week, it was announced that total assets committed to divest surpass $5 trillion. Now we need to turn that power and momentum to Dakota Access.

The Dakota Access pipeline is being financed in various ways by 17 banks (here’s a list with contact info for each). ..”

-Japan

「日本の大手銀行:人権侵害と環境破壊に配慮し、DAPLへの資金提供を打ち切ってください!」に関するお願い


“Published on Dec 19, 2016

日本語で署名をご覧になるには
https://www.change.org/japan-stands-w…

For English petition please click
https://www.change.org/p/japanese-big…

詳しいは/More information
http://aaexchangeactivity.blogspot.jp…

Petition endorsement: Japanese Big Banks: Stop funding human and environmental rights abuses at DAPL now!
PDFはこちらです。PDF here.
https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B7v…”

-Australia

Protestors rally in Auckland against ANZ’s investment in fossil fuels video TAO LIN Last updated 14:43, May 4 2016 stuff.co.nz
“..Climate change activists have kicked off a global campaign against fossil fuels by throwing a beach dance party outside one of ANZ’s Auckland offices.

The Break Free campaign targets fossil fuel projects around the world through demonstrations with the aim of keeping coal, oil and gas in the ground.

350 Aotearoa, the New Zealand arm of an international climate movement, is behind the protests and is targeting ANZ for its “heavy investment” in fossil fuels…”

Where to Invest?

Is Your Bank Funding DAPL? Here’s How to Find One That Isn’t Gerald Mitchell posted Dec 01, 2016 yesmagazine.org
There’s an entire industry of ethically minded banks and financial institutions out there to choose from.
“..Every day in December has been declared a day of action for those protecting sacred ground and water from the construction of the Dakota Access pipeline. While most of us can’t be there in person, a growing number of supporters are taking action by breaking up with banks that are funding the pipeline. As an act of solidarity with the water protectors at Standing Rock, this also helps put pressure on the banks to change their practices now and in the future. But closing your megabank account raises the question: Where should I move my money?

Luckily, there’s an entire industry of ethically minded banks and financial institutions out there to choose from. While they aren’t always guaranteed to have a clean environmental record, they do invest locally and in underserved areas. And they are also almost certainly not funding DAPL and trampling on indigenous sovereignty…”
Ethical Banks moveyourmoney.org.uk

Oil Industries that are “unethnical”?

The 12 Least Ethical Companies In The World: Covalence’s Ranking … 03/30/2010 05:12 am ET | Updated May 25, 2011 huffingtonpost.com

“…Among those companies with the most awful records are some of the usual suspects in the oil and mining industries but Covalence also found some lesser-known offenders….

#10 Total SA
French oil and gas company Total has been accused of building a pipeline with the aid of slave labor in Myanmar. In addition, in 1999 one of the company’s oil tankers, the Erika, which had 30,000 tons of oil on board, sunk off of the coast of Brittany. A French court later asked the company to compensate the victims of the spill…

#6 Occidental Petroleum Corporation
Occidental, one of America’s largest oil and gas companies, has been involved in a number of territory disputes in multiple countries, including Ecuador and Colombia. The company also drew ire from environmentalists in 2005, when it proposed building a road through Ecuador’s Yasuní National Park.

..”

10
of
13
#3 Chevron Corp.
Chevron, the oil and gas behemoth, has been accused of tax evasion as well a number of environmental infractions in several countries around the world. But perhaps most controversial was a 1998 episode in Nigeria: after protesters took hostages as part of a demonstration against the company, Nigerian soldiers shot at the demonstrators, killing two. Chevron was accused of facilitating the transport of the soldiers, known for their “general history of committing abuses,” to the scene. The company, however, was cleared of the charges in 2008…

#2 Halliburton Company
After the invasion of Iraq in 2003, Halliburton, the oil and gas company famously associated with former Vice President Dick Cheney, was accused of unfairly procuring billions of dollars in government contracts for oil repair in the country.

Currently still re”searching” on this controversial issue. Feel free to share any info. Any other newsworthy items that needs to be told?

Good News USA
https://www.facebook.com/groups/141726762684036/?ref=br_tf

Deep Thought: Is “Renewable Energy” the answer to the “polluted” fossil fuels (e.g oil) crisis?

Transition to a world without oil
TEDGlobal 2009 · 16:40 · Filmed Jul 2009
22 subtitle languages ted.com
“Rob Hopkins reminds us that the oil our world depends on is steadily running out. He proposes a unique solution to this problem — the Transition response, where we prepare ourselves for life without oil and sacrifice our luxuries to build systems and communities that are completely independent of fossil fuels. “>

Fossil Fuels vs. Renewable Energy Resources By Eric McLamb, September 6, 2011 ecology.com
“..The sun also provides enough energy that can be stored for use long after the sun sets and even during extended cloudy periods. But making it available is much easier said than done. It would be cost prohibitive to make solar energy mainstream for major world consumption in the near future. The technology is pretty much ready for many business and consumer applications, but it would be way too expensive to replace the current energy infrastructure used for fossil fuel energy. Still, according to the European Photovoltaic Industry Association, solar power could provide energy for more than one billion people by 2020 and 26 percent of global energy needs by 2040…”

Alternative Energy vs. Fossil Fuels , from youtube.com

Alternative Sources of “Green” Energy

-Community Models

Burlington is first U.S. city to hit 100 percent renewable energy pbs.org
“..Vermont’s largest city just became the first in the U.S. to use 100 percent renewable energy, in a move that they say could serve as a model for the rest of the country.

Burlington’s switch to renewable energy will reduce greenhouse gas emissions, save $20 million over the next 20 years and keep energy prices stable, according to Ken Nolan, manager of power resources for Burlington Electric…”

-Wind

Pros & Cons of Wind Energy windustry.org
“In the U.S., the greatest source of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions is the power sector, at about 38%. The largest source of power is coal, which, even though it produces less than 40% of the power, produces over 70% of the power sector’s greenhouse gas emissions. (20% of the greenhouse gas emissions are from natural gas-fired power plants.) Although wind turbines have become familiar in much of the U.S., wind power still (2013) only accounts for about 4% of the power sector.

The potential for wind energy is immense, and experts suggest wind power can easily supply more than 20% of U.S. and world electricity. The advantages and disadvantages of wind energy are detailed here to help you decide what the future of wind should be in the United States.
..”

Advantages and Disadvantages of Wind Energy First published June 19th, 2013 by James Bratley. Last updated September 10th, 2016. clean-energy-ideas.com
“There are many advantages and disadvantages of wind energy, most of which will be discussed in this article. We’ll take a look at the pros and cons of wind turbines to determine whether the controversy surrounding this clean and renewable energy technology is justified…”
EES-4 Understanding Why Wind and Ground Solar Energy Cannot Replace Fossil Fuels

-Solar Panels

Solar Created More Jobs in 2016 Than Oil, Gas and Coal Combined


“Published on Feb 9, 2017

Carbon Tracker Initiative’s Luke Sussams says the dropping costs of renewable energy could see global demand for oil and coal peak by 2020

Help support The Real News by making a donation today: http://therealnews.com/donate”
A Road Not Taken


“Uploaded on Jul 7, 2010

http://facebook.com/ScienceReason … In 1979, Jimmy Carter, in a visionary move, installed solar panels on the roof of the White House. This symbolic installation was taken down in 1986 during the Reagan presidency. In 1991, Unity College, an environmentally-minded centre of learning in Maine acquired the panels and later installed them on their cafeteria roof.

In “A Road not Taken”, Swiss artists Christina Hemauer and Roman Keller travel back in time and, following the route the solar panels took, interview those involved in the decisions regarding these panels as well as those involved in the oil crisis of the time. They also look closely at the way this initial installation presaged our own era.

..”
Obama puts $15M into solar power
By Laura Barron-Lopez – 04/17/14 10:03 AM EDT thehill.com

How Green Are Those Solar Panels, Really? By Christina Nunez, National Geographic PUBLISHED November 11, 2014 news.nationalgeographic.com
As the industry grows, so does concern over the environmental impact.
“..Fabricating the panels requires caustic chemicals such as sodium hydroxide and hydrofluoric acid, and the process uses water as well as electricity, the production of which emits greenhouse gases. It also creates waste. These problems could undercut solar’s ability to fight climate change and reduce environmental toxics…

Right now, solar panel recycling suffers from a chicken-or-egg problem: There aren’t enough places to recycle old solar panels, and there aren’t enough defunct solar panels to make recycling them economically attractive….

The silicon used to make the vast majority of today’s photovoltaic cells is abundant, but a “silicon-based solar cell requires a lot of energy input in its manufacturing process,” said Northwestern’s You. The source of that energy, which is often coal, he added, determines how large the cell’s carbon footprint is…”

=>Roads

France Solar Roads Could Power 8% of Country


“Published on Feb 2, 2016

The French government has announced plans to install solar panels on 621 miles of road over the next five years as part of the “Positive Energy” initiative. The goal of the project is to supply electricity to 5 million people, or about 8 percent of the country. The “Wattway” photovoltaic solar panels that will be used in the project were jointly developed by the French road construction company Colas and the National Institute for Solar Energy and were unveiled last October. We look at the major step forward for green energy on the Lip News with Jo Ankier and Elliot Hill.

http://inhabitat.com/france-to-pave-1…

..”
Solar Road Panels Offer Asphalt Alternative By Sören Harder .spiegel.de
“..The idea is as simple as it is ingenious. Wherever roads are laid, solar panels could go instead. They would generate electricity, which would in turn be fed into the grid. Thus, oil is conserved twice: Electric cars could be charged with the energy produced by the panels, and the panels would replace the use of asphalt, the production of which requires petroleum…
The Brusaws’ work was impressive enough that this spring, they are launching a pilot project, for which the state awarded them $750,000. In their hometown of Sandpoint, Idaho, near the Canadian border, the couple has built their first parking lot made from solar panels…
There’s just one catch: Currently the solar road panels cost about three times as much as conventional roads, the Brusaws say. But over time, they add, the technology could begin to actually turn a profit. It sounds almost too good to be true. “

First AMAZING Solar Roadway UNVEILED!


“Published on Oct 11, 2016

The words failure of epic proportion are thrown around a lot these days….. however Solar Roadways grand unveiling may have just raised the bar on what that actually means.

We were promised roads that would generate power, be computer controlled, modular, replaceable, with programmable lights that would function as road markings that would be visible during the day.

What was delivered was a ‘road’ that couldnt be driven
DIDNT GENERATE ANY POWER
had LED lights on that just cycled
LED that were not visible even when the STREET LIGHTS WERE STILL ON, let alone in full daylight!
and of course 75% of them died within a week of instillation.

You too can now watch the brilliance of the REALITY of solar freakin roadways live!
http://www.cityofsandpoint.com/visiti…

You would have thought such a failure to achieve anything would have dampened their bold claims…. but not at all, they are now claiming the road will recharge your electric car while you are actually driving……sigh…. and they STILL get wall to wall favorable media coverage!


Could Solar Panels Replace Concrete Or Asphalt Roads? Quora , Contributor Jun 5, 2014 @ 11:54 AM forbes.com
“Yes, they could. The basic engineering of Solar Roadways seems robust and fairly well thought through. Could they do so economically? It’s very difficult to see how…

Solar Roadways make them a lot more expensive — 10 to 40 times more expensive depending on assumptions — and in theory create the ability to avoid some costs and make some other costs more viable, but a lot of the additional value seems pretty flimsy. They will be unable to overcome this massive cost increase through generating electricity.

For example, they want to replace painting road markings — which would degrade the light hitting the solar panels — with LED road markings. Well, this just adds a lot of cost and heat, won’t necessarily be particularly visible during the day and will put LEDs and their wiring between the panels and the sunlight too. Ditto magically moving lane markings allowing shifts in traffic patterns will likewise be an expensive technical solution to some paint which needs to be restored every year or two and maybe some overhead signage…

So what’s the problem with snowplows? Well, they have heavy metal blades that scrape across the road. And the road in this case is a bumpy glass surface, because a slick surface would become a sheet of ice in the rain, so it needs to be textured. And the snowplow blade is going to be blasting across these bumps at 30-50 miles per hour scraping them off and shattering them. Oh, and leaving a lot of snow packed into the cracks between the bumps, degrading the effectiveness yet again. Salt, gravel and other substances will likely be required as well, which is fun when you have a bunch of glass panels with cracks between them allowing salty water in among the solar panels, LEDs, wires and heating coils…”
U.S.’s First Public Solar Road Will Roll Out On Route 66 by Barbara Eldredge@barbaraeldredge Jun 21, 2016, 9:35am EDT curbed.com

Solar streets are finally having their moment in the sun
“..Missouri’s transportation department is set to launch their own crowdfunding campaign to support their energy experiment, and expects the hexagonal solar panels to be fully installed and operational by the end of the year…”

Is Solar Energy Sustainable? 4 Problems to Solve Before the Solar Revolution Joel Lee June 12, 2015 8 minutes makeuseof.com
“…Seriously, we could run out of fossil fuels by 2060.

Solar energy is our best hope, but the development of said technology over the past few decades has been lackluster. How long before solar energy lives up to its promises? What’s taking so long? Will the energy revolution arrive in time?…

Alternative Energy: Pros and Cons

-Biomass

Advantages and Disadvantages Of Biomass Energy conserve-energy-future.com
“..Now these biomass fuel products are harvested and mass-produced and used in everything from engines to power plants. … Carbon dioxide released by fossil fuel are released into the atmosphere and are harmful to the environment. 3. Abundant and Renewable: Biomass products are abundant and renewable…”

Biomass Energy Pros and Cons You Absolutely Have to Know


Published on Sep 7, 2016

“Biomass Energy Pros and Cons You Absolutely Have to Know
Advantages and disadvantages of biomass – Bioenergy bioenergy.org
“..Disadvantages
Cost

The initial cost of a biomass boiler is higher than a regular gas or oil boiler.
Space

Biomass boiler systems are generally larger than gas or oil boilers and require a separate storage area for fuel so therefore a large amount of space is required.

..”

-Hydro Power
*NOT sustainable?

Ontario puts stop on renewable energy projects amid hydro rates uproar September 27 2016 6:32pm globalnews.ca

With Kathleen Wynne’s government tanking in the polls, and consumers angry over soaring hydro rates in rural Ontario, the province is cancelling its latest round of costly renewable energy projects. As Shirlee Engel reports, it’s still won’t make much of a dent in hydro bills…”

Costa Rica Running on 100% “Renewable” Energy…or Are They? – David Pakman Show September 12, 2016 trofire.com
“Costa Rica has been running on 100% “renewable” energy, but is it truly renewable?”

-Overall

Wyoming proposal would require utilities to use fossil fuels
Mead Gruver, Associated Press Wed, Jan 25 2:36 PM PST yahoo.com
“..The legislators’ push to punish renewable energy use “clearly picks a preferred energy source regardless of cost. This may not only cost ratepayers and consumers in Wyoming, but it could harm our potential to attract new industry,” Godby said.

The bill would penalize utility-scale solar and wind because those producers are less able to respond quickly to fluctuating demand for power. Natural gas power plants can fire up quickly when millions of people turn on their air conditioners during a heat wave.

But the wind does not blow all the time and solar energy installations cannot produce electricity at night, making them less versatile than fossil fuels that can be burned whenever electricity is needed…”

Conservation

(we need to “save” )

Renewable energy: can it ever replace fossil fuels, or do other sources have to be explored?


“..Uploaded on May 4, 2010

For more information, transcripts and to join the discussion, visit: http://www.commentvisions.com/2008/05…

Renewable energy has been both praised and derided as an alternative source of power over the past two decades. To its detractors it is inefficient, unreliable and economically unsound. To its advocates it is free, clean, and unlimited in its potential. With global reliance on dwindling oil reserves an international political priority, attention continues to focus on renewable energy and its applications…”

“..change our energy behavior of energy consumption..increase efficiency in one end and other save…increase renewable energy”

Greed of Oil Industry?

Alternate Energy Sources


Uploaded on Jul 18, 2009

“There is abundance of energy on earth, but these corporations and their profit based systems wont allow anyone to produce cheap energy. Because all the profit goes to these oil selling companies.

Deep Thought: Is “Renewable Energy” the answer to the “polluted” fossil fuels (e.g oil) crisis?

Please feel free to share any additional information, suggestions, comments, etc…

Good News Education
https://www.facebook.com/groups/707482649266495/

Environment: Clean Water Rights?

Human right to water and sanitation | International Decade for Action …

-Copper Mines

Thousands of Snow Geese Die After Landing in Poisonous Mine Waters By Alisa Opar December 07, 2016 audubon.org
A snowstorm likely forced the migrating flock to make an emergency stop in Montana’s toxic Berkeley Pit.
“..Officials are still tallying the death toll, but they estimate that thousands of geese have died from ingesting the contaminated waters of the former open-pit copper mine…”

-Drinking Water
(see Health: What’s the “best” quality drinking water? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com)

Nestle CEO: Water Is Not A Human Right, Should Be Privatized by Anthony Gucciardi Posted on April 23, 2013 naturalsociety.com
“…So is water a human right, or should it be owned by big corporations? Well, if water is not here for all of us, then perhaps air should be owned by major corporations as well. And as for crops, Monsanto is already working hard to make sure their monopoly on our staple crops and beyond is well situated. It should really come as no surprise that this Nestle Chairman fights to keep Monsanto’s GMOs alive and well in the food supply, as his ideology lines right up with that of Monsanto.
..”

->Oregon

Drinking Water in Several Oregon Schools Found To Be Contaminated with Multiple Pesticides September 11th, 2012 | Category: Health, News, Oregon, United States defendingwater.net
“…Washington, DC–(ENEWSPF)–September 10, 2012. Traces of pesticides in drinking water were found in eleven rural elementary schools in Oregon, according to a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) study released on August 30. The study shows a disturbing variety of pesticides that when combined could have dramatic impacts on the health of the children that consume this water on a daily basis.
The study found traces of several different types of pesticides in the drinking water of Dixie and Fairplay, the elementary schools that service Corvallis, Oregon.

Some of the pesticides that were found in the Dixie school water include atrazine, bromacil, diuron, imidacloprid, metolachlor, norflurazon, and simazine. In the nine other schools that were found to have pesticides in their drinking water, seven different pesticides were found in the water at Applegate Elementary in Eugene, and multiple pesticides were also found in the drinking water of Ontario’s Pioneer and Cairo elementary.

Children face unique hazards from pesticide exposure. They take in more pesticides relative to their body weight than adults in the food they eat and air they breathe. Their developing organ systems often make them more sensitive to toxic exposure. The body of evidence in scientific literature shows that pesticide exposure can adversely affect a child’s neurological, respiratory, immune, and endocrine system, even at low levels. The Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 directs EPA to set pesticide residue standards ten times stricter than those considered acceptable for adults, however, this standard has often been ignored…”

-Earthquakes?

Earthquake Hazard – Pipelines
May 5, 2011, by Ken Jorgustin modernsurvivalblog.com
“…When contemplating what could happen as a result of a significant earthquake, anywhere in the world, serious consideration should be given towards the potential damage to buried infrastructure such as water supply pipelines, sewage pipes, natural gas pipelines, and communications and electrical cables…”
Designing Pipelines in Areas with Moderate or High Seismic Risk : Geohazard Assessment Beyond EC8 Provisions pipeline-conference.com
Building a Natural Gas Pipeline Through Earthquake Country
Rod Combellick geotimes.org
“..With proposals now being considered to build a natural gas pipeline, it is ever-important to understand the seismic hazards along potential routes, so that the pipeline and its spurs can be properly designed and managed for seismic safety. Many variables will surely play into the construction of the natural gas transporter; fortunately, earth scientists already know much about the geology and seismology of the region, and they have learned much more in the 30 years since the oil pipeline’s construction. ..”

->Oklahoma

Disaster Warning: The Area Under The Keystone XL Pipeline Is Likely To Experience Earthquakes By Rmuse on Sat, May 10th, 2014 at 6:28 pm politicususa.com
“..Both the USGS and OGS reported that there have been a stunning 183 earthquakes of magnitude 3.0 and greater in the Sooner state between October 2013 and April 2014. The two agencies issued the warning advisory because the increase in the rate of earthquakes above 3.0 on the Richter Scale since last October increases the possibility of a “damaging” quake of 5.0 magnitude or higher in central Oklahoma as a result of injecting chemical-laden water used in hydraulic fracturing (fracking) of tight rock formations to “fracture” rock deep underground to extract oil and gas.

To get an idea of the inordinate increase is seismic activity in Oklahoma due to fracking, the long-term average between 1978 and 2008 was about two 3.0 magnitude earthquakes per year. In the past 24 hours there were 5 significant (2.5 magnitude or greater) quakes that accounted for 13% of the quakes worldwide. Oklahoma experienced more earthquakes in 2014 than tremor-prone California that is also well over twice the size of Oklahoma. In the jointly-issued warning advisory, geologists identified the culprit as oil industry wastewater injected into deep geologic rock formations that increases underground pressure, lubricates faults, and causes earthquakes in a process geologists refer to as “injection-induced seismicity.” That is right; geologists have named the cause of the earthquakes that are the result of hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking.”..”
Oklahoma Suffers Earthquake Near Oil Pipeline Hub and Mammoth Oil Storage Facility By Rmuse on Wed, Nov 9th, 2016 at 10:38 pm politicususa.com
“…it is true that Oklahoma is historically about as likely to suffer the effects of an earthquake as Kansas will be inundated with an ocean surge during an East-coast hurricane, but that was before the oil industry began injecting chemical-laced water at extremely high pressure into rocks to fracture them and release oil and natural gas. That oil extraction method, fracking, has been linked to all manner of adverse health effects, but it is nearly a certainty that there is more than “a link” to the increasing number, frequency, and strength of earthquakes in and around fracking areas. This is becoming increasingly true in Oklahoma…”

-Fracking

Frackers Turn to Toilet Water in Drought-prone Texas


“..Published on Aug 21, 2015

Top shale oil producer Pioneer Natural Resources Co (PXD.N) has found an unusual way to both save water and cut costs for its wells: tapping the treated runoff from toilets, sinks and showers in west Texas.

Pioneer has signed an 11-year, $117 million deal with the city of Odessa, Texas that will guarantee it access to millions of gallons of treated municipal wastewater each day, for use in nearby oilfields. Deliveries of the so-called effluent, are expected to start at the end of the year.

As crude oil has slid to its lowest level in six years, currently about $40 a barrel, oil and gas companies pumping from shale rock have tried to cut every unnecessary penny from their operations. Water acquisition and transportation can be up to 10 percent of the cost of drilling and fracking a well, according to consulting firm IHS.

Producers are also trying to mitigate long-term risks of water scarcity in the arid Permian Basin of West Texas, where the top U.S. oilfield is situated.

Oil and gas companies operating in area, including Pioneer and Apache Corp (APA.N), have long sought cheaper; more environmentally sound sources of water to use for fracking…”
North Dakota pipeline spews saltwater into Native American reservation
July 11, 2014| 3:57 PM CST| | By Blake Skylar peoplesworld.org
“…The area involved is in the hear to the state’s oil boom patch. The number of saltwater spills in the state has grown in tandem with its oil development, as well as the rate of pure oil spills. In 2012, there were 141 pipeline leaks reported – 99 of them spilled 8,000 barrels or more of saltwater. For the Native Americans’ part, this latest incident has rattled them – and a worse one could happen and end up truly polluting their only clean water source…”

-Gravel Pit


Scott County Homeowners Fighting Gravel Pit Project September 2, 2016 4:39 PM By John Lauritsen minnesota.cbslocal.com
“…..M. Hentges and Sons Inc. is a construction company looking to build that gravel pit in Sand Creek Township. It wants to mine gravel on an 85-acre parcel of land.

But homeowners said it would be too close to Sand Creek, and they are worried about groundwater contamination.

“The neighborhood and the citizens have been really, really against it,” said homeowner Peggy Jo Dunnette….”

Pipelines

AFRICA

->Nigeria

Shell Accused of Failing to Clean Up Nigeria Oil Spills November 03, 2015 10:04 AM Chris Stein voanews.com
“..ACCRA —

Amnesty International and the Center for Environment, Human Rights and Development in Nigeria say multinational oil company Shell has not cleaned up four oil spill sites in the Niger Delta, as the company claims.

Oil pollution in the Ogoniland region of the Niger Delta is so severe the U.N. Environmental Program said in a 2011 study it will take decades to clean up.

Amnesty International says it found “visible pollution” at four oil spill sites there it says Shell claimed to have cleaned up “years ago.”

“There were leaks, spills, in one case dating back to 1970, which have still not been cleaned up,” said Mark Dummett, the business and human rights researcher at Amnesty…”
Oil and Gas Drilling/Development Impacts nature.berkeley.edu
“…Because of this massive oil exploration in the
Niger Delta, the ramifications for human health,
local culture, indigenous
self-determination, and the environment are severe. As is the case in
most oil producing regions of less developed co
untries, the economic and
political benefits are
given significantly more weight by the government than the resulting damage to the environment
and human health (O’Rourke and Connolly
2003). ..”

USA

-> Florida

Critics Call $3 Billion Sabal Trail Pipeline Florida’s Dakota Access Pipeline By Larry Buhl • Sunday, December 4, 2016 – 05:57 desmogblog.com
“…They also say Sabal Trail threatens the fragile limestone surrounding the Floridan Aquifer, one of the largest freshwater aquifers in the world. ..

Eminent Domain Displaces Homeowners

In April FERC granted Sabal Trail a certificate of public convenience and necessity, giving the company a right to eminent domain. Thanks to a 2005 Supreme Court decision, local governments can force homeowners to sell their properties for private economic development projects.

Along the Sabal Trail project route, several residents have been forced out, some surprised that they were even in the path of the pipeline.

Two Georgia brothers are now faced with paying Sabal Trail’s legal fees in defending their property against the pipeline.

James Bell, one of the brothers, documents the company’s aggressive tactics in a video, saying:

“In my personal opinion I don’t see how a private for-profit company should be allowed eminent domain…I might understand it if it was for the greater good of the country but this is not. And it is certainly not the federal government or the state government building some road or highway.”

Bell and others along the Sabal Trail pipeline aren’t the only private landowners who have been displaced by pipeline companies’ right to eminent domain. The issue has sparked outrage among landowners in the way of the Dakota Access, Transco, and Sunoco Logistics pipeline routes. ..”

-Minnesota

Enbridge puts on hold proposed Sandpiper oil pipeline across northern Minnesota Dan Kraker · Duluth · Sep 1, 2016 mprnews.org

->Mexico

2 Pipelines to Mexico Approved by President Obama
By
Marlee Kokotovic –

September 20, 2016 | News Report nationofchange.org
“…Permits for the two pipelines were quietly approved in May shortly after the Sacred Stone Camp was getting off the ground. Together they will move U.S. fracked gas across the U.S.-Mexican border to flood the energy grid in Mexico.

Shortly after the approval of these two pipelines, the U.S. and Mexican governments announced the signing of an agreement creating the U.S.-Mexico Energy Business Council. This council is full of major oil and gas players, including the CEO of Hunt Consolidates Energy (former energy policy advisor for George W. Bush) and the CFO of Sempra Energy’s Mexican subsidiary…”

-> North Dakota (DAPL)

ND PSC says Dakota Access Pipeline will not come into physical contact with Missouri River
By Bo Evans |
Posted: Thu 6:18 PM, Aug 18, 2016 |
Updated: Tue 5:18 PM, Sep 06, 2016 kfyrtv.com
‘…And the Dakota Resource Council says many pipelines in operation are owned by offenders of repeat spills. They say the company which was responsible for the Bear Den Bay Spill had a record of spills.

“That same company Crestwood Arrow had four previous spills that year. So we have repeat offense, we have repeat offenders here in North Dakota that are running these pipelines,” says Donaghy…”

~Bear Den Bay Spill:
Spill Contamination Lingering Years Later, Study Says Posted on April 27, 2016 oilpatchdispatch.areavoices.com
“…Researchers found that streams polluted by produced water, also known as saltwater or brine, contained levels of contaminants that often exceeded federal guidelines for safe drinking water or aquatic health.

The study, published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology, also found that soil at spill sites was contaminated with radium, a naturally occurring radioactive element.

A North Dakota Department of Health official who reviewed the study Wednesday said the agency has long been concerned about the impacts of brine spills, which is why it has staff working in the field following up on spills.
..”

-Sinkhole

Florida Fertilizer Plant Sinkhole Reportedly Leaks 215 Million Gallons of Radioactive Water Into Aquifer

“.. After learning of the water loss, “Mosaic immediately implemented additional and extensive groundwater monitoring and sampling regimens and has found no offsite impacts,” the company said. Additionally, Mosaic “began pumping water out of the west cell” of the affected phosphogypsum stack “into an alternative holding area on site to reduce the amount of drainage.”
..

-Storm Sewer Over Flooding Incidents

Millions of Gallons of Raw Sewage Dumped Into Tampa Bay Since Hermine
Published: Sep 9 2016 07:15 AM EDT weather.com

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