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Passover – Ten Commandments
“Uploaded on Apr 16, 2008
This is a montage I found on http://www.tsofar.com/zofar/mashtap/s… and wanted you all to see. It shows us how much G-d loves us. He didn’t do these miracles for any other nation! We should think about that at the Pesach (Passover) Seder. Happy Passover!
What is Passover – Important History and Christian Traditions Russ Jones ChristianPress.com crosswalk.com
“.. In many circles there appears to be an increasing interest in the Jewish roots of the Christian faith. This Easter season numerous congregations across the globe will hold a “Passover Haggadah” or more traditionally known as a “Seder” to gain a greater understanding of the Christian – Jewish relationship. To understand more about the holiday of Passover and how Christians can meaningfully celebrate it today, let’s dig into the history and traditions.
A Brief Passover History
Passover is the oldest and most important religious festival in Judaism, commemorating God’s deliverance of the Hebrews from slavery in Egypt and His creation of the Israelite people.
The festival of Passover begins at sunset on the 14th of Nisan (usually in March or April) and marks the beginning of a seven day celebration which includes the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The highlight of Passover is a communal meal, called the Seder (which means “order,” because of the fixed order of service), which is a time to rejoice and celebrate the deliverance for the Hebrews that God accomplished through the exodus.
What every Christian needs to know about Passover
As many prepare to celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus, knowing the cultural Jewish soil on which Jesus walked is important to a mature and growing Christian faith. Here are a few steps for help along the Passover journey…”
A brief overview of Passover – Hebrew for Christians hebrew4christians.com
“..Pesach, Passover, Pesah. … an unblemished lamb (pesach) and smeared its blood upon the doorposts of the house would … This is the real meaning of Passover. … According to various Jewish sources, the basic timeline for the seven days of …..”
CHRONOLOGY OF THE PASSOVER home.hiwaay.net
Secrets of Bible Time Markers: Passover, Death & Resurrection of Messiah
Published on Aug 10, 2014
You thought you knew everything about the calvary week? The Bible holds many secrets openly available to all. Discover God’s perfect timeline through this study of the holy text.”
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Mainstream Media’s Version
Sanitation crews work to remove massive amounts of garbage from DAPL protest camp before spring thaw
By Sara Berlinger |
Posted: Mon 5:36 PM, Feb 06, 2017 |
Updated: Mon 6:53 PM, Feb 06, 2017 kfyrtv.com
Sanitation crews work to remove massive amounts of garbage from DAPL protest camp before spring thaw
Standing Rock Activists Clear Trash as Tribes Ask Court to Halt Pipeline By Bethania Palma snopes.com
Demonstrators in North Dakota are still on the ground and cleaning up trash left after a blizzard evacuation, and bracing as a new deadline approaches.
“..In early February 2017, news outlets began to report on large quantities of trash left behind at protest camps by demonstrators at Standing Rock — although hundreds of people have remained in the unforgiving North Dakota winter in a nearly year-long standoff over a multi-billion dollar oil pipeline. Organizers told us much of the debris was left behind due to a forced evacuation of the protest camps amid a series of severe December 2016 blizzards, and subsequent sub-zero temperatures froze it to the ground, hindering cleanup.
The Standing Rock Sioux and environmental activists have bitterly opposed the $3.8 billion Energy Transfer Partners pipeline under the Missouri River, fearing a pipeline leak would destroy the tribe’s only source of drinking water and contaminate the supply for millions of people who live downstream from the pipe crossing. The Sioux have also tried to preserve cultural and religious landmarks spread throughout the area, some of which they say have already been destroyed by pipeline construction. Thousands of people have cycled through the encampments since the protest was launched on 1 April 2016, including non-Native activists who oppose fossil fuels as an energy source because it contributes to climate change.
Joye Braun, a front line community organizer with Indigenous Environmental Network and member of the Cheyenne River Sioux tribe, told us that demonstrators have been working in freezing temperatures to clean after two blizzards bore down on North Dakota. Just as thousands had arrived at protest encampments, many were forced to evacuate. The first storm struck on 5 December 2016 and the second came several days later. Since then, freezing temperatures have been an obstacle for cleaning efforts:
We had about 17,000 people here and then there was that big blizzard, then three or four days later, another big blizzard. So we had about 300 or 400 people left cleaning up stuff, some of which has been frozen to the ground… Everybody at camp is working so hard.
Michael A. Wood, Jr., a Marine Corps veteran who founded Veterans Stand for Standing Rock (the organization’s name has since shortened to Veterans Stand), told us 100 to 200 veterans are en route to the site to help with clean-up efforts. Braun said the veterans will be housed on reservation land. Several camps, including the largest, Oceti Sakowin, remain standing with a total of about 800 demonstrators, despite extreme weather. While one media report quoted a police officer saying, “As bad as it sounds, we’re looking for people that may have died and could be wrapped up in a canvas or a tarp or tent,” Wood and Braun both said they know of no fatalities…”
Video Shows Morton County Re-Dumping Trash Inside Standing Rock Camp
Published on February 8, 2017 in Environmental/Freshest News by Claire Bernish thedailyhaze.com
Water protectors stand accused of leaving behind mountains of trash
Mainstream media jumped to believe misinformation over fact.
Morton County was captured on video moving trash, rather than transporting it to the dump.
The operation appears to be staged to make water protectors look careless.
“Much talk has circulated over the last two weeks about appalling quantities of trash left behind by water protectors in the Dakota Access Pipeline opposition camps at Standing Rock — but those rumors were created through mainstream media’s hyperbole and sensationalism — without much basis in reality.
Now, there is proof corporate media failed by reporting on a nonexistent problem — going so far as to say cleanup crews were on the lookout for ‘dead bodies’ — with the release of a video showing city crews dumping heaps of garbage in one area for no apparent reason.
An extra-capacity garbage truck and other city vehicles can be seen dumping full loads of trash in a pile among scattered contractors’ dumpsters, in video posted to Facebook by Jesse Puente from inside one of the Standing Rock Camps.
Puente narrates that a man — whom he describes as employed by Morton County — can be seen standing near the quickly amassing pile of waste, taking pictures of the progress and attempting to persuade a few of the crew to pose in lawn chairs in front of it.
And as Puente notes, there would be no logical reason for crews to fully load a vehicle with trash in one location and dump it en masse in another — if clearing garbage were the goal, the loaded truck would take it to the dump.
Also, he explains, the massive heap of garbage only recently began — and it isn’t entirely certain the untold volume of trash came from inside the camps.
Despite media rumors scores of water protectors evacuated camps, abandoning refuse and supplies without regard for the environment, several inside the camps told The Daily Haze a massive, group-organized cleanup effort has been underway in Standing Rock for some time.
“I’m kind of amazed at what I’m seeing,” he tells viewers.
Headlines blaming water protectors for leaving an ecological disaster worse than the pipeline they’re opposing could putatively cause, have largely been driven by the ever-perturbed Morton County Sheriff’s Department — which is hell bent on shining the murkiest possible light on Standing Rock camps.
As Puente explains, the sheriff’s department recently launched a self-aggrandizing PR campaign showing personnel taking charge of camp cleanup.
Yet, instead of taking mounds of garbage to the nearby dump, officials busy themselves playing musical Hefty bags.
What the media reports on Morton County makes it appear as though law enforcement are the ‘good guys,’ but, Puente notes, “They’re lyin’ to you.”
He adds, authorities are only trying to make water protectors appear “trashy” and unable to clean up after themselves. Puente even filmed camp-organized work crews hurrying to clean the area, “everybody’s trying to clean but, these guys,” he says, motioning to the suspicious garbage operation, “these guys are bringing their dump and dumping it right here.”
Video Shows Morton County Dumping Trash Inside Standing Rock Camp To Frame Protesters
“Published on Feb 10, 2017
Puente suggests the only possible explanation for such an operation is to stage the scene to make water protectors and environmentalists look terrible to the public — thus subtly undermining some of the earned legitimacy of the movement against fossil fuels.
Of course, mainstream and pseudo-mainstream media pounced on the chance to fall in line with the comfortable government narrative — let the facts be damned.
While Puente’s video doesn’t evince die-hard proof the Morton County Sheriff’s Department had malintent in its creative refuse collection exercise, the lack of evidence showing otherwise — backed up by accounts from camp cleaning crews and independent media on the ground — certainly raise a number of questions.”
“Ronald H. · Rancher at Self-Employed
You are not doing your job as journalists! Those trucks are hired by the Tribe to clean up the camp. The trucks get loads from different areas of the camp and dump in a central point in the camp. Then they have have a different set of trucks to haul to the dumps in Walworth county dump in South Dakota, not to the Morton County dump. These are not Morton County trucks! Get your facts straight, don’t just assume!..”
“..”I worked on clean up at #NoDAPL camp this last weekend. It is obvious that the 3 back to back storms, SRST advising people to leave, and the frequent assaults by police in the midst of extreme cold weather all had the unexpected effect of burying many people’s camps who likely planned to return, yet did not given the circumstances. Props to those helping with clean up. Many items that are usable have been donated to local places that could use them. Many items recycled. Yes if there was time and place to clean and dry out other items, much more could be recycled – yet those resources and human power are not locally available. People have been working to clean up and move to higher ground while facing externally placed deadlines. Of course the local racist biased media use this as opportunity to talk smack once again. (Including looking for “bodies” lmao) Some empty tents and cardboard can be recycled, etc… benzene, oil, and other chemicals in the water cannot be removed. So… when it comes to trash and waste, I will take some jacked up tarps any day, over 50 – 100 years of contaminated water from oil pipeline spills and frack waste contamination. It’s too bad that Morton County doesn’t look in their own trash – maybe they would find their integrity, honesty, and humanity buried in there somewhere. They likely burned them while they were busy taking selfies with half naked freezing water protectors in cages in the background ala Guantanamo Bay and Auschwitz.” – a #waterprotector..”–Standing Rock Dakota Access Pipeline Opposition facebook.com
February 7 at 12:29am ·
Video Shows Morton County Dumping Trash Inside Standing Rock Camp To Frame Protesters February 9, 2017 Admin Uncategorized 0alternativemediasyndicate.com
“..Now, there is proof corporate media failed by reporting on a nonexistent problem — going so far as to say cleanup crews were on the lookout for ‘dead bodies’ — with the release of a video showing city crews dumping heaps of garbage in one area for no apparent reason.
An extra-capacity garbage truck and other city vehicles can be seen dumping full loads of trash in a pile among scattered contractors’ dumpsters, in video posted to Facebook by Jesse Puente from inside one of the Standing Rock Camps…”
#NoDAPL Archive – Standing Rock Water Protectors nodaplarchive.com
About that garbage:
2/2/17 photo and article – KFYR TV
February 2 at 7:02pm ·
Picking up and uncovering waste and belongings is what many people are doing at the Oceti Sakowin Camp where #DakotaAccessPipeline protesters were camped out for months.
Some are disappointed by how much was left behind.http://bit.ly/2jD05fI..”
Cleanup continues at the Oceti Sakowin protest camp
By Sara Berlinger | Posted: Thu 4:10 PM, Feb 02, 2017 | Updated: Thu 5:55 PM, Feb 02, 2017 kfyrtv.com
“..About 100 people have helped in clearing the camp. Besides the amount of trash and belongings, other challenges make it more difficult.
Having to chip away at snow and ice to remove trash is slowing the cleanup process; some say it will take weeks for the camp to be cleared.
But there is a bright side to what’s left behind.
“It’s like a shelving for pantry for people that come down from churches and other communities around here to pick up, and, you know, can be useful too,” says Patrick Mantich, Nebraska.
Blankets and tents are among the goods being saved by those cleaning up for reuse at other protest camps.
The effort is a coordination between the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, leaders of the camps and Nick Tilsen from Thunder Valley Community Development Corporation…”
The media spin on the garbage:
2/7/17 NoDAPL environmentalists left behind hundred of truckloads of garbage – Sayanythingblog
2/9/17 Environmental protesters at DAPL left behind 25- truckloads of trash – Independent Sentinel
2/8/17 Linda Black Elk’s Clarification:
“… Let’s also not forget the fact that THOUSANDS of people left their tents and belongings with every intention of returning…until they were asked to not return (a lot of folks took that to heart and didn’t even come collect their stuff). I think a lot of these folks “donated” their items to people who were still at camp, but a lot of it just froze under the snow.
We also had some dumb people with no ears who didn’t believe us when we told them about the weather, so after the first blizzard, they were like “screw this!” and headed out, leaving all their frozen, buried crap behind. In their defense, a lot of them left on busses and in packed cars and didn’t have room for their stuff. ..”
2/14/17 Update by kfyr tv – shows melted areas but not anyone working… but, people are working on other areas… – KFYR tv
February 13 at 11:08pm ·
An update from the Oceti Sakowin protest camp where warm temperatures have caused serious flooding in some areas but clean up efforts continue..”
2/14/17 Ecological disaster looms at Dakota Access protest site – Water Contamination Threat Rises At DA Protest Site – Forbes
2/14/17 (Slightly less sentationalist) – State officials warn of river contamination – Bismarck Tribune
2/15/17 Another voice of reason, good read – Redhawk, SRR
Watch How trash was dealt with in December (one very unique method of moving it through camp…) –
12/23/16 – Trash Canoe and one crazy marine – Julie Kurylowicz 2:47 #######
2/18/17 about those 200-300 abandoned cars… NOT! – “I don’t know what the Governor’s been smoking…” – Mike Fasig 4:40
2/18/17 Interview with Bismarck resident, clarifying NOT “Trashpocolypse – Ed Higgens 5:32
Jordan Reports From Standing Rock Clean Up
“Published on Jan 31, 2017
#NoDAPL Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list…
TYT Politics Reporter Jordan Chariton reported from the Oceti Sakowin camp on January 30th, 2017 as bulldozers began the process of cleaning up the camp before Standing Rock Sioux Tribe’s deadline for water protectors to leave the camp.
Any feedback, thoughts, etc..?
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What is Human Trafficking? exoduscry.com
“..“The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.”..”
What is Human Trafficking
“Published on Dec 12, 2016
In a small town, people are dreaming: a man dreams of buying a house; a woman dreams of travelling; and an adolescent dreams of attending university. As each story plays out, we watch the devastating, step-by-step process of human traffickers taking advantage of these dreams. This five-minute animated video illustrates how human trafficking doesn’t happen all at once, but rather is a process of three elements: Act, Means and Purpose.”
25 Painfully Disturbing Facts About Human Trafficking
“Published on Jun 4, 2014
Did you know that there are more slaves today than ever before in history? These are 25 painfully disturbing facts about human trafficking.
Check out the text version too! – http://list25.com/25-painfully-distur…
Here’s a preview:
The average cost of a slave in 2013 was between $90 and $100
In most regions, 80% of trafficking involves sexual exploitation
The remaining 20% is generally for labor exploitation
The number of slaves on Earth today is estimated between 20 and 30 million
Nearly 1 million of them are moved across an international border every year on the black market
70% of those slaves are female
50% are children
Behind drugs and weapons, human trafficking is the third largest international crime industry in the world
It generates approximately $33 billion ever year
Over half of that comes from industrialized countries
Even for purposes of labor exploitation, women still constitute over half of Earth’s enslaved population
Organ harvesting is another seldom mentioned but quickly growing industry that benefits from human trafficking
An estimated 30,000 victims of sex trafficking die each year from abuse, disease, torture, and neglect
Eighty percent of those sold into sexual slavery are under 24, and some are as young as six years old
Ludwig “Tarzan” Fainberg, a convicted trafficker, said, “You can buy a woman for $10,000 and make your money back in a week if she is pretty and young. Then everything else is profit
A 2003 study in the Netherlands found that, on average, a single sex slave earned her pimp at least $250,000 a year
A human trafficker can earn 20 times what he or she paid for a girl. Provided the girl was not physically brutalized to the point of ruining her beauty, the pimp could sell her again for a greater price because he had trained her and broken her spirit, which saves future buyers the hassle
The end of the Cold War has resulted in the growth of regional conflicts and the decline of borders. Many rebel groups turn to human trafficking to fund military actions and garner soldiers.
According to a 2009 Washington Times article, the Taliban buys children as young as seven years old to act as suicide bombers.
The price for child suicide bombers is between $7,000-$14,000
UNICEF estimates that 300,000 children younger than 18 are currently trafficked to serve in armed conflicts worldwide
Babies are sold on the black market, where the profit is divided between the traffickers, doctors, lawyers, border officials, and others.
Researchers argue that as the economic crisis deepens, the number of people trafficked for forced labor will increase.
Human trafficking is one of the fastest growing criminal enterprises because it holds relatively low risk with high profit potential. Criminal organizations are increasingly attracted to human trafficking because, unlike drugs, humans can be sold repeatedly
There are more slaves in the world today than ever before in history..”
Personal testimonies of victims of human trafficking
“Published on Jun 19, 2012
Video of testimonies presented at the press conference on 19/6/2012.”
Children for Sale: The Fight to End Human Trafficking (2015) from youtube.com
“Published on Jul 22, 2015
Jada Pinkett uncovers the horrific realities of modern-era slavery in the U.S., where children are kidnapped and exploited by traffickers. CNN Special Report – Children for Sale: The Fight to End Human Trafficking.”
4 Causes of Human Trafficking centerforglobalimpact.org
“…Human trafficking varies from country to country, but it usually preys on vulnerable situations.
People in vulnerable and precarious situations are looking for a way out and in their desperation can fall prey to human traffickers. We see these in multiple different circumstances.
The following four scenarios are examples of the conditions and/or realities people may be fleeing…”
5 Prevailing Causes of Human Trafficking borgenproject.org
“…According to a 2012 International Labour Organization Report, 21 million people are victims of forced labour. The Asia-Pacific region accounts for the largest number of forced labourers in the world with 11.7 million victims (56 percent of the global total), followed by Africa with 3.7 million (18 percent) and Latin America with 1.8 million victims (nine percent).
According to the Huffington Post, approximately 75 to 80 percent of human trafficking and slavery is for sex. The rest are forced into economic labour exploitation, such as agriculture and construction work. In 2015, 5,544 cases of human trafficking were reported, as stated in a study by the National Human Trafficking Resource Center.
Human trafficking can be separated into sex trafficking and labour trafficking. Though they have different purposes, there are general trends that explain the overall root causes of human trafficking.
Here are the five main causes of human trafficking:..”
What are the causes of human trafficking?
“Published on Nov 22, 2016
Ioana Sandescu, Director of Prevention and Advocacy, eLiberare, answers the question “What are the causes of human trafficking?” related to her talk “Human Trafficking: The Sexy Cause and Why the Church Is Not Called to Rescue” given at the 2016 European Leadership Forum.
– See more at http://www.FOCLonline.org “
Human Trafficking: Modern Day Slavery | Part 2: Causes of Human Trafficking , from youtube.com
“Published on Apr 30, 2015
Many people believe that slavery ended when Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1865. Slavery has not ended – it still exists in the form of human trafficking. So why is human trafficking such a big issue? In this episode, we discuss the multiple causes of human trafficking.
See what Bellarmine College Prep is doing to inform its students about the issue and our public awareness demonstration in downtown San Jose: https://youtu.be/vbx-ZX6jZVc?t=17m42s
This video is part of a three-part series. See Part 1 https://youtu.be/bl_bDK0fibU and Part 3 https://youtu.be/vbx-ZX6jZVc. This series is a school project and is fully for nonprofit and educational purposes.
Prevent Human Trafficking preventhumantrafficking.org
“..is a Washington, D.C., based non-profit organization working to build a bridge between South East Asia and the United States to prevent human trafficking. PHT empowers individuals, organizations and governments to tackle the root causes of human trafficking through direct support and technical assistance. PHT uses its expertise and networks to promote best practice and inspire sustainable solutions in the movement to prevent human trafficking…”
Preventing the Horrors of Human Trafficking
January 14, 2015 • Cambodia samaritanspurse.org
“..Preventing the horrors of human trafficking is a major initiative of Samaritan’s Purse in Cambodia. Through our Safe Migration and Trafficking Awareness program, we are working with vulnerable populations to both provide education about the risks of unsafe migration and also offer income generation opportunities. By equipping local village leaders, pastors, school principals, and business owners with knowledge and providing livelihood projects for poor families, like growing mushrooms or raising chickens, at-risk communities are better able to protect themselves…”
How To Prevent Human Trafficking January 21, 2011 by Crystal Rowe soulmunchies.com
“..Unfortunately, human trafficking is difficult to stop because the victims are hard to find. There are many organizations trying to raise awareness of the issue, but it still remains an “out of sight, out of mind” problem. Last month, President Obama declared January to be National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month. Because it’s such a “hidden” problem, it can be hard to know how one person can help stop human trafficking. Here are 8 things you can do to help prevent human trafficking:..”
Human Trafficking Solutions justiceforyouth.org
“…We are committed to human trafficking solutions focusing on prevention, using an “all of the above” approach at the grassroots level.
Grassroots Human Trafficking Solutions
Human Trafficking: 30 million people are slaves today and have the right to be free. We address this need by bringing awareness and providing support. Short term projects include a poster campaign in Eastern Europe bringing human trafficking awareness in the schools by placing posters and conducting seminars systematically throughout Moldova, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. Our long term commitment includes extensive mass media campaigns, partnerships for job creation and crisis counseling for victims…”
The Pixel Project’s “16 For 16” Campaign 16days.thepixelproject.net
A campaign in honour of 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence while raising funds for the cause to end Violence Against Women
“..A huge part of addressing this immense problem starts with finding individual efforts, organising in communities and organisations to brainstorm and implement, working with and through governments and intergovernmental organisations and international organisations to stop this problem! This article provides 16 ways to be a champion whether you’re working alone, in community, or at the national or international level. Let’s make a difference!..”
Human Trafficking Survivor Story: Dellena, California
“..Published on Jun 20, 2012
Add your name to support the CASE Act against human trafficking and online predators: http://www.caseact.org/
In California, many vulnerable women and young girls are held against their will and forced to sell their bodies. The victims are often girls as young as 12 who are sexually exploited for the financial gain of human traffickers. They are afraid for their lives and abused — sexually, physically, and mentally.
Human trafficking is said to be one of the fastest growing criminal enterprises in the world — and it is taking place right here in our own backyard. Three cities in California — San Francisco, Los Angeles, and San Diego — are recognized by the FBI as high intensity child sex trafficking areas. In addition, a recent national study by a victims’ rights group gave California an “F” grade for its weak laws dealing with child sex trafficking.
The CASE Act, a partnership of California Against Slavery and the Safer California Foundation, will protect children in California by: Increasing prison terms for human traffickers. Requiring convicted sex traffickers to register as sex offenders. Requiring all registered sex offenders to disclose their internet accounts. Requiring criminal fines from convicted human traffickers to pay for services to help victims.
The CASE Act has also been endorsed by organizations representing over 90,000 rank and file California Peace Officers, advocates for the protection of children, including Marc Klaas and the KlaasKids Foundation, and victims who survived sexual exploitation when they were children…”
Music: Prayer-“NO longer a slave to Human Trafficking” creativemusicartsy.wordpress.com
#pray and ask God how you can you help?
Thoughts, suggestions, comments, etc..? Would love to hear more personal stories and experiences with this “social issue”! What can “we” do to #makeadifference in this generation to “decrease” this growing social epidemic? Feel free to share below as “we” all can “work together” to #stophumantrafficking !
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Standing Rock and the Dakota Access Pipeline drcinfo.org
“…Furthermore, this characterization of water protector violence is a distraction from the lawlessness the state administration has allowed to occur in the Bakken, the heart of oil and gas extraction. The State does not seem to be concerned with the seemingly constant environmental crimes that occur from countless oil and salt water spills, wasted uncaptured natural gas, and abandoned radioactive waste. The companies responsible of these crimes are not fined or taken to jail. The damage to farmers, ranchers, and others who’ve lived and worked here are considered by the state as “collateral damage” and efforts to help are rejected by the Oil and gas extraction has brought in a massive influx of out-of-state workers, overwhelming demands for infrastructure, urban sprawl, and negative social impacts to communities…”
The “Indian Problem”
“Published on Mar 3, 2015
As American power and population grew in the 19th century, the United States gradually rejected the main principle of treaty-making—that tribes were self-governing nations—and initiated policies that undermined tribal sovereignty. For Indian nations, these policies resulted in broken treaties, vast land loss, removal and relocation, population decline, and cultural decimation.
The “Indian Problem” was produced to serve as the central video in the exhibition “Nation to Nation: Treaties Between the United States and American Indian Nations,” on view at the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC. This video introduces visitors to the section of the exhibition titled “Bad Acts, Bad Paper.””
*see Deep Thought: Broken Promises-Who to trust? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
Two Approaches to Economic Development on American Indian Reservations: One Works, the Other Doesn’t · January 2006 with 21 Reads researchgate.net
“..There are concrete, bottom-line payoffs to tribal self-rule. For example, a Harvard Project study of
75 tribes with significant timber resources found that, for every timber-related job that moved
from BIA forestry to tribal forestry—that is, for every job that moved from federal control to tribal
control—prices received and productivity in the tribe’s timber operations rose.
tribes do a better job of managing their forests because these are their forests.
But the evidence is even broader. After fifteen years of research and work in Indian Country, we
cannot find a single case of sustained economic development in which an entity other than the
Indian nation is making the major decisions about development strategy, resource use, or internal
organization. In short, practical sovereignty appears to be a necessary (but not sufficient) condition
for reservation economic development. ..”
Like oil and water
The Middle East has always had a rich abundance of natural resources, although which resources are coveted and valued has changed over time. Today, abundant petroleum fields dominate the area’s economy. The Middle East is similarly disproportionately rich in natural gas (32 percent of the world’s known natural gas reserves are in the region) and phosphate (Morocco alone has more than half of the world’s reserves).
Water has always been an important resource in the Middle East — for its relative scarcity rather than its abundance. Disputes over rights to water (for example, building a dam in one country upstream from another) are a fundamental part of the political relationships in the region. Water for irrigation is necessary for many of the ecosystems to sustain crops…”
Humans and Energy: Crash Course World History 207
“Published on Aug 28, 2014
In which Stan Muller subs for John Green and teaches you about energy and humanity. Today we discuss the ideas put forth by Alfred Crosby in his book, Children of the Sun. Historically, almost all of the energy that humans use has been directly or indirectly generated by the sun, whether that be food energy from plants, wind energy, direct solar energy, or fossil fuels. Stan looks into these different sources, and talks about how humanity will continue to use energy in the future as populations grow and energy resources become more scarce.
You can directly support Crash Course at https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we’re doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content.
SUBBABLE SPONSOR MESSAGES!
you’re wonderful, I can’t wait for our faces to meet 🙂
Thanks for your outstanding Youtube Abuse Recovery video! http://youtu.be/3Uc5eNNG60o
You can get Alfred Crosby’s Children of the Sun here: http://smile.amazon.com/Children-Sun-…”
How resource scarcity is driving the third Industrial Revolution mckinsey.com
“..Will shortages of energy, materials, food, and water put the brakes on global growth? Far from it. By combining information technology with industrial technology, as well as through harnessing materials science and biotechnology, innovators are showing that it is possible to produce more with less and to access resources at far lower costs…”
The End Of The Oil Age, How Much Is Left And What Will Happen When We Run Out
“…What we use it for-
Oil is the life blood that is pumped though our modern world, with out it we could not fly to popular holiday destinations, travel to work in the comfort of our vehicles or maybe even watch this video on YouTube, plus many more little perks of modern life. We rely on oil to power many applications within our lives and as of early 2015, the IEA Oil Market Report forecast the average demand would be 34 billion barrels of oil for the year. At this rate, how long can we go on pumping oil out of the ground without exhausting our supplies?
The Hidden Costs of Fossil Fuels ucsusa.org
The costs of coal, natural gas, and other fossil fuels aren’t always obvious—but their impacts can be disastrous.
“..There are two main methods for removing fossil fuels from the ground: mining and drilling. Mining is used to extract solid fossil fuels, such as coal, by digging, scraping, or otherwise exposing buried resources. Drilling methods help extract liquid or gaseous fossil fuels that can be forced to flow to the surface, such as conventional oil and natural gas. Both processes carry serious health and environmental impacts…”
Why can’t we quit fossil fuels? theguardian.com
“..So coal use kept rising too – and oil use in turn kept increasing as cleaner gas, nuclear and hydro came on stream, helping power the digital age, which unlocked more advanced technologies capable of opening up harder-to-read fossil-fuel reserves…
Indeed, though our governments now subsidise clean-power sources and efficient cars and buildings – and encourage us all to use less energy – they are continuing to undermine all that by ripping as much oil, coal and gas out of the ground as possible. And if their own green policies mean there isn’t a market for these fuels at home, then no matter: they can just be exported instead…
This extraordinary double-think is everywhere to be seen. Take the US. Obama boasts that American emissions are now falling due to rising auto efficiency standards and gas displacing dirtier coal in the energy mix. But the US is extracting carbon and flowing it into the global energy system faster than ever before. Its gas boom has simply allowed it to export more of the coal to other countries such as China – which of course uses it partly to produce goods for US markets. Not happy with increasing US carbon extraction, Obama is also set to approve the Keystone XL Pipeline that will enable Canada to flood the global markets with crude produced from dirty tar sands. So much for carbon cuts.
Or take Australia, which in the same year introduced a carbon tax and started debating plans for a series of “mega-mines” that would massively increase its coal exports, helping build confidence among the companies and governments planning no fewer than 1,200 new coal-fired power stations around the world. Even the UK, with its world-leading carbon targets, gives tax-breaks to encourage oil and gas recovery and has been growing its total carbon footprint by relying ever more on Chinese factories – and therefore indirectly its reliance on American and Australian coal. And not just that. Although it rarely gets commented on, Britain – along with other supposedly green nations such as Germany – regularly begs Saudi Arabia and the other Opec nations to produce not less oil, but more. As journalist George Monbiot once put it, nations are trying simultaneously to “reduce demand for fossil fuels and increase supply”…
How would all this affect the global economy, or pension funds, or the financial health of the Middle East, the US and other carbon-rich nations doing most to resist a global climate deal? For all the confident opinion on both sides, no one can say for sure, just as no one can be certain how human society will fare in a warming world. But with so much money and power bound up with oil, coal and gas, one thing seems clear: constraining global fossil fuel supplies will take bigger thinking, harder politics and – crucially – a whole lot more public pressure. Voluntary carbon cuts are a great start but they are no match for a system-level feedback in human energy use…”
Will Natural Gas Power the Future? August 9, 2012 pbs.org
“Colorado, like many other states around the country, gets most of its energy from burning coal. Skeptics have criticized coal for being a pollutant, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has increased regulations on emissions from electric power plants, thereby making companies scale back their involvement with coal.
In order to meet the EPA guidelines, some power plants in Colorado are converting some of their plants to burn natural gas instead of coal, and shutting some coal-burning plants down altogether.
Natural gas is currently cheaper than coal and more environmentally friendly. It was therefore an easy decision for U.S. Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar to endorse as a centerpiece of his platform for America’s energy future.
At the same time, the low prices of natural gas are making it difficult for renewable energy sources like wind and solar to make a case for being cost-effective. While environmentalists are worried that the push for natural gas will simply get us hooked on another fossil fuel, Salazar says that the government will continue to pursue both gas and renewable energy sources going forward.
However, change may be slow and coal companies are not willing to give up their market share to newcomers. It is estimated that at the end of the decade, 48% of our energy will still come from coal-fired plants, but natural gas and renewables will make up a larger market share than ever before. “
*see Deep Thought: Does it matter if your part of another “ethnicity or race”? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
Avatar hit by accusations of racism
By Anita Singh, Showbusiness Editor
6:31PM GMT 11 Jan 2010 telegraph.co.uk
James Cameron’s $1 billion sci-fi epic Avatar has been hit by accusations of racism.
“..vatar is set on a distant planet populated by the Na’vi, an eco-conscious, blue-skinned alien tribe with no understanding of modern technology. A disabled Marine, played by the Australian actor Sam Worthington, is sent to infiltrate the tribe but soon “goes native” and leads them in a defence of their homeland against the white invaders.
He also falls in love with an alien woman, who rejects a Na’vi suitor and becomes his wife. The main Na’vi characters are played by black actors, including Zoe Saldana and Laz Alonso.
David Brooks, a columnist writing in the New York Times, said: “Avatar is a racial fantasy par excellence … It rests on the stereotype that white people are rationalist and technocratic while colonial victims are spiritual and athletic. It rests on the assumption that non-whites need the White Messiah to lead their crusades. It rests on the assumption that illiteracy is the path to grace…
The ruthless treatment of the Na’vi has been interpreted as a metaphor for the plight of American Indians. Brooks said Avatar followed a long tradition of “white Messiah” movies which began in the 1970s with A Man Called Horse, , starring Richard Harris as an English aristocrat who is captured by a Sioux Indian tribe and becomes their leader, and which includes Kevin Costner’s Dances With Wolves and the Tom Cruise film, The Last Samurai…”
*see Avatar the Movie Reflections-Importance of Cultural Awareness goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
*see Deep Thought: Is “Oil” causing wars? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
9 Wars That Were Really About Commodities Mamta Badkar Aug. 15, 2012, 2:27 PM businessinsider.com
“..The recent rise in tensions over the disputed South China Sea has drawn attention to the possibility that the conflict is really about natural resources located in the islands of the South China Sea.
With the help of Waverly Advisors we point out that wars over commodities go back centuries.
We re-examine the real motivations behind the Pearl Harbor attack and the German invasion of Russia. We also consider more current geo-political tensions that are being driven by commodities…”
Iron, Steel and Oil – The Fight For Resources I THE GREAT WAR Week 18
“Published on Nov 27, 2014
Four months after the outbreak of the war, a new objective develops: the fight for the most valuable resources. The modern warfare and its war machines need one thing more than anything: Oil, iron, steel or cole can be a matter of life and death. The British advance into the Ottoman Empire and conquer the city Basra. Their goal is to secure their drilling facilities at the Arab Gulf. Meanwhile, the situation at the front is gridlocked, especially in the trenches on the Western Front.
The communication and organisation in the trenches becomes far more complex in course of time. If you want to know how life was in the trenches and how the structure works, click here and watch our special about trenches: http://bit.ly/1vT9Wxr
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You can support us by sharing our videos with your friends and spreading the word about our work.You can also support us financially on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thegreatwar
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-Syria & Russia vs. U.S. & Allies (e.g. Turkey, Saudi Arabia, etc..)?
*see Peace: Avoiding War?
Refugee Crisis & Syria War Fueled By Competing Gas Pipelines By Mnar Muhawesh @mnarmuh | September 9, 2015 mintpressnews.com
“…Media outlets and political talking heads have found many opportunities to point fingers in the blame game, but not one media organization has accurately broken down what’s driving the chaos: control over gas, oil and resources.
Indeed, it’s worth asking: How did demonstrations held by “hundreds” of protesters demanding economic change in Syria four years ago devolve into a deadly sectarian civil war, fanning the flames of extremism haunting the world today and creating the world’s second largest refugee crisis?
While the media points its finger to Syrian President Bashar Assad’s barrel bombs and political analysts call for more airstrikes against ISIS and harsher sanctions against Syria, we’re four years into the crisis and most people have no idea how this war even got started…
Foreign meddling in Syria began several years before the Syrian revolt erupted. Wikleaks released leaked US State Department cables from 2006 revealing U.S. plans to overthrow the Syrian government through instigating civil strife, and receiving these very orders straight from Tel Aviv. The leaks reveal the United State’s partnership with nations like Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Qatar and even Egypt to use sectarianism to divide Syria through the Sunni and Shiite divide to destabilize the nation to weaken Iran and Hezbolla. Israel is also revealed to attempt to use this crisis to expand its occupation of the Golan Heights for additional oil exploration, according to Wikileaks editor Julian Assange…
It’s no secret that Syria’s government is a major arms, oil and gas, and weapons ally of Iran and Lebanon’s resistance political group Hezbollah.
But it’s important to note the timing: This coalition and meddling in Syria came about immediately on the heels of discussions of an Iran-Iraq-Syria gas pipeline that was to be built between 2014 and 2016 from Iran’s giant South Pars field through Iraq and Syria. With a possible extension to Lebanon, it would eventually reach Europe, the target export market…
This “civil war” is not about religion..”
*see Neutral Perspective: Pro & Anti-Pipeline
Thoughts, feedback, comments, etc..?
Tags: 1868, American, Arapaho, Arcs, betrayal, Blackfeet, broken, Brule, congress, Conjou, Cuthead, Fort, government, History, Hunkpapa, Indians, Indigenous, Kettle, know, Laramie, Mini, MiniConjou, Native, natives, now, Oglala, reservation, reservations, rock, Sans, Santee, Sioux, Standing, treaty, tribal, Tribe, tribes, Two, Yanktonai, You
How many Native American tribes are in the U.S.? Lake County updated: 6/7/2011 9:45 AM dailyherald.com
“…Within the U.S., there are 562 Native American tribes. The largest are Navajo, Cherokee and Sioux. More than 3 million people in the U.S. are Native people..
-Understanding the Treaties of Standing Rock Sioux
*see Neutral Perspective: Dakota Access pipeline project’s Pros & Cons goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
Fort Laramie Treaty APRIL 29, 1868 standingrock.org
“..REATY WITH THE SIOUX– BRULÉ, OGLALA, MINICONJOU, YANKTONAI, HUNKPAPA, BLACKFEET, CUTHEAD, TWO KETTLE, SANS ARCS, AND SANTEE–AND ARAPAHO
15 Stat., 635.
Ratified, Feb. 16, 1869.
Proclaimed, Feb. 24, 1869
Articles of a treaty made and concluded by and between Lieutenant-General William T. Sherman, General William S. Harney, General Alfred H. Terry, General C. C,. Augur, J. B. Henderson, Nathaniel G. Taylor, John B. Sanborn, and Samuel F. Tappan, duly appointed commissioners on the part of the United States, and the different bands of the Sioux Nation of Indians, by their chiefs and head-men, whose names are hereto subscribed, they being duly authorized to act in the premises.
ARTICLE 1. From this day forward all war between the parties to this agreement shall forever cease. The Government of the United States desires peace, and its honor is hereby pledged to keep it. The Indians desire peace, and they now pledge their honor to maintain it…”
Broken Promises: Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Cites History of Government Betrayal in Pipeline Fight By EVAN SIMON Nov 22, 2016, 4:31 AM ET abcnews.go.com
“..The proposed route passes through land that was once set aside for the Sioux in the 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie. That historic agreement ensured the Sioux could retain portions of five states, but ceded all of their land east of the Missouri River to the U.S. government in exchange for money, agricultural aid and strict rules about any access to Sioux territory by outsiders. However, the agreement was short-lived. ..
Things only got worse for the Sioux after gold was discovered at the headwaters of the Missouri River in 1861, prompting a flood of settlers. The tribes repeatedly objected to the intrusions and demanded government recognition of the 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty, but their complaints fell on deaf ears.
By 1868, the U.S. government and representatives of various Sioux tribes convened once again at Fort Laramie. The resulting treaty established a much smaller territory known as the Great Sioux Reservation, but under Article 12 no further land loss could occur unless approved by three-fourths of adult Sioux males.
Nevertheless, after gold was discovered in the sacred Black Hills of South Dakota deep in Sioux territory, Congress passed the Act of 1877 which ceded the Black Hills to the United States without tribal approval in one of the most controversial land grabs in U.S. history. ..
Since then, the Standing Rock Reservation’s borders have essentially remained the same, though the tribe claims it lost thousands of acres of its best lands to flooding after the government erected several dams along the Missouri River without consulting the tribe in the mid-20th century. ..”
*see Deep Thought: Broken Promises-Who to trust? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
Phyllis Young from Standing Rock Sioux Nation in Denver, Colorado <-click on youtube video , ..
“…We want no pipeline. We want no oil going through our river, through our land. We want alternative energy sources—the sun is our brother. The sun is our natural world, and we need to utilize the solar and the natural energies that probably will devastate the capitalist world, but that’s how it has to be. We’re at a new threshold of human rights. It’s not about just us. It’s about the whole world. It’s about Mother Earth, having endured her suffering for this long, she needs our help. She needs our protection. She’s a female, and Indigenous people are the keepers of Mother Earth. We’re obligated to keep her water for her, and maintain the life as created, and for us. We have deep spiritual obligation to protect our place—so we’re petitioning the United Nation’s Human Rights Commission to send observers here, and we’re petitioning the commission to eliminate racial discrimination with a formal charge on the Bismarck route being changed to Standing Rock. We are invoking all of our rights to the water, to the treaty crossing, and we need allies to help us continue … We are here for the long haul. We are here. We’re staying here until there is no pipeline…”–15 Indigenous Women on the Frontlines of the Dakota Access Pipeline Resistance ecowatch.com
*see Neutral Perspective: Pro & Anti-Pipeline
Native American Prophecy Chief Red Cloud about Earths Destruction
“Published on Jul 22, 2010
HD Version – See my channel for Non-HD Version. World in Peril: Chief Red Cloud, Native American leaders, Medicine Men and Medicine women talk about an Environment in Crisis. About the BP oil spill and water shortage. We must live and teach Love and Respect for everything.”
*see Deep Thought: Who to “blame” for the world’s corruption? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
500 Nations – The story of native Americans – part I
Apocalypto (2006) imdb.com
“..As the Mayan kingdom faces its decline, the rulers insist the key to prosperity is to build more temples and offer human sacrifices. Jaguar Paw, a young man captured for sacrifice, flees to avoid his fate. ..”
THE TRUTH OF NATIVE AMERICANS BEFORE THE GENOCIDE from youtube.com
“..Published on Aug 24, 2014
Still Celebrate Thanksgiving?! TRUE Native American History (Pre-American Colonialism) The American “Education” System Is A Joke. The TRUTH Shall Prevail In The End! (No Copyright Infringment Intended) Source: Russia Today News LINK : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lHZWG_….”
The American Indian: Descended From The Ten Lost Tribes? (Part II) By: Dr. Yitzchok Levine
Published: February 4th, 2015 jewishpress.com
“..If the American Indians were of Hebrew descent, their DNA would correlate with Middle Eastern genetic markers, which it does not. Thus, DNA testing contradicts the doctrine that the aborigine peoples living here when the New World was discovered were descended from the ten lost tribes…”
Anomalous Native American DNA: New Tests Show Middle East Origins? By Tara MacIsaac, Epoch Times October 26, 2014 AT 1:24 PM Last Updated: May 3, 2016 9:41 am theepochtimes.com
“..He found what he sees as strong evidence that Cherokee Native Americans have Middle Eastern ancestry—ancestry that cannot be accounted for by modern admixture, but which is rooted in the ancient origins of the people…”
Maps of United States Indians by State native-languages.org
The Map Of Native American Tribes You’ve Never Seen Before June 24, 2014·4:03 PM ET Heard on All Things Considered native-languages.org npr.org
“..For more than a decade, he consulted history books and library archives, called up tribal members and visited reservations as part of research for his map project, which began as pencil-marked poster boards on his bedroom wall. So far, he has designed maps of the continental U.S., Canada and Mexico. A map of Alaska is currently in the works.
What makes Carapella’s maps distinctive is their display of both the original and commonly known names of Native American tribes, according to Doug Herman, senior geographer at the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C.
Tribes by State – Native American SuperSite! 500nations.com
Different Native American Tribes
“..Published on Sep 12, 2016
Alphabetic listing of Native American Indian tribes of South, Central, and North America, … Vocabulary lists from the languages of various American Indian tribes. In the United States, an Indian tribe, Native American tribe, tribal nation or similar concept is. The term is also used to refer to various groups of Native Americans bound together for social, political, or religious purposes, including descendants .Native Americans – Tribes/Nations HistoryOnTheNetThere is a list of federally recognized tribes in the contiguous United States of America. There are also federally recognized Alaska Native tribes. As of January . 0 Tribe (Native American) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaApr 8, 2014 – There were many different Native American tribes and those with similar characteristics formed a main tribe or nation. Each had its own .List of federally recognized tribes – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Native American Cultures – Native American History – HISTORYFind out more about the history of Native American Cultures, including. It was also more diverse: Its estimated 100 different tribes and groups spoke more .
TOP 50 QUESTIONS ABOUT AMERICAN INDIAN TRIBES Frequently.Comprehensive guide to Indian Tribes including the Apache, Sioux, Cherokee,. The clothes and clothing of all the different tribes of Native American Indians.Diversity of Native American Groups [ushistory]Because many Native American Indian tribes have occupied North America for. Various types of tribal rolls are used by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and .Native Indian Tribes ***There were over 200 North American tribes speaking over 200 different languages. The United States used the uniqueness of the Navajo language to its .
My experience at #Standing Rock increased my interest in the Native culture that will be an on-going learning lesson…
American Indian Tribes and the United States Government by James Riding In
“Uploaded on Feb 14, 2011
Nebraska State Historical Society Brown Bag Lecture “American Indian Tribes and the United States Government” by Dr. James Riding In filmed on November 16, 2010 at the Nebraska History Museum in Lincoln, NE.”
Meet the 11 state recognized Indian tribes of Virginia in this video from the Virginia Department of Education.”
Famous Known Natives
Mix Ethnicity/Racial Backgrounds
Deep Thought: Does it matter if your part of another “ethnicity or race”? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
Tags: are, based, cost, crude, Dakota, debate, dependance, energy, fiberglass, fossil, fossils, fracking, fuels, future, gas, green, infrastructure, know, made, movement, natural, North, now, oil, panels, petrochemicals, petroleum, plastic, popular, production, products, question, Renewable, rock, solar, some, Standing, tents, total, turbines, what, wind, You
non-renewable energy nationalgeographic.org
Once the oil has been drilled, it must be refined. Oil contains many chemicals besides carbon, and refining the oil takes some of these chemicals out.
We use oil for many things. About half of the world’s petroleum is converted into gasoline. The rest can be processed and used in liquid products such as nail polish and rubbing alcohol, or solid products such as water pipes, shoes, crayons, roofing, vitamin capsules, and thousands of other items.
Everyday Petroleum-based Products
“Published on Oct 2, 2013
Did you know that last year 36% of our energy consumption came from petroleum? What petroleum-based items do we use on a daily basis? Sneakers, bubblegum, bath soap and sweaters? These are only a few things made from petroleum. Watch this video and find out more!”
In the video above, some “renewable energy” sources are “dependent” on petroleum ..
Can You Make a Wind Turbine Without Fossil Fuels? February 25, 2014 by Robert Wilson theenergycollective.com
“..The current feasibility of 100% renewable energy is easily tested by asking a simple question. Can you build a wind turbine without fossil fuels? If the machines that will deliver 100% renewable energy cannot be made without fossil fuels, then quite obviously we cannot get 100% renewable energy…
What is it made of? Lots of steel, concrete and advanced plastic. Material requirements of a modern wind turbine have been reviewed by the United States Geological Survey. On average 1 MW of wind capacity requires 103 tonnes of stainless steel, 402 tonnes of concrete, 6.8 tonnes of fiberglass, 3 tonnes of copper and 20 tonnes of cast iron. The elegant blades are made of fiberglass, the skyscraper sized tower of steel, and the base of concrete…
However I will note at the outset that the requirement for fiberglass means that a wind turbine cannot currently be made without the extraction of oil and natural gas, because fiberglass is without exception produced from petrochemicals…
Now, none of this is to argue against wind turbines, it is simply arguing against over-promising what can be achieved. It also should be pointed out that we cannot build a nuclear power plant, or any piece of large infrastrtucture for that matter, without concrete or steel. A future entirely without fossil fuels may be desirable, but currently it is not achievable. Expectations must be set accordingly.”
The Solar Power Paradox: Alternative Energy Can’t Run on Oil .. altenergymag.com
“…As demand for alternative energy increases and green technologies progress at an unprecedented rate, the solar industry has undoubtedly taken massive strides toward making the world a greener place. Global photovoltaic (PV) production is currently the world’s fastest-growing energy technology – doubling every two years by an average of 48 percent per year. However, the reality remains that the manufacture of PV solar modules (like many green renewable energy sources) is heavily petroleum dependent, presenting a fundamental contradiction in the green energy movement…”
Products Made from Oil and Natural Gas .oilandgasinfo.ca
Products Made from Oil and Natural Gas
What’s the first thing that comes to mind when you think about something made from petroleum? Gasoline, probably. Or maybe plastic bags. But there are actually thousands of products made from crude oil and natural gas!
Even if you don’t drive a car or carry your groceries home in plastic bags, you still use dozens – or even hundreds – of petroleum-based products every day.
Click a group of products below to see for yourself. It’s amazing what oil and natural gas become…”
Comfort comes with a cost
Convenience comes with a cost
List of Ways to Reduce the Use of Fossil Fuels education.seattlepi.com
“..Nearly 85 percent of the U.S. energy supply comes from fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas and oil. Fossil fuels take millions of years to form and are thus considered to be nonrenewable. Higher energy demands and poor efficiency practices have increased fossil fuel usage, and it’s now critical to find alternative means of energy generation before depleting the global supply. It takes individual and community actions to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels…”
Reducing Dependency on Fossil Fuels April 29, 2010• Fossil Fuels• by EconomyWatch economywatch.com
“..Reducing dependency on fossil fuels is a major challenge for most economically advanced countries of the world as there is a very important link between the usage of fossil fuels and the economic conditions of individual.
One of the major reasons behind the increasing demand to reduce the reliance on fossil fuels is the fact that they are expected to run out at a certain point of time in the future. This is where sustainable energy is expected to be useful as it would last longer than any other form of fuel source…”
Investing in a Clean Energy Future: Reducing Dependence on Foreign Oil (2012)
“..Published on Apr 9, 2012
March 10, 2012..”
Learned anything new? What “action” can we take now ? How can we decrease the “dependence” of fossil fuels? Consume less?
Tags: Aleppo, anti-christ, Armageddon, Asad, Asyria, bible, British, Christ, church, Civil, Damascus, Ebla, education, Empire, end, French, Gog, Going, Gospel, Hebrew, Hermon, History, in, Iran, Isaiah, Israel, Jesus, Judaism, know, Lebanon, Magog, Matthew, Mount, Muslim, Nephilim, now, on, Ottoman, prophecy, Russia, Syria, times, Turkey, UN, war, what's, You
History of Syria nationsonline.org
“..The ancient city of Ebla existed at the center of an expansive empire around 2400 B.C. The chief site, unearthed in the vicinity of Aleppo in the 1970s, contained tablets providing evidence of a sophisticated and powerful indigenous Syrian empire that was involved with, and probably controlled, a vast commercial network linking Anatolia (today part of Turkey), Mesopotamia (an ancient region of southwestern Asia in present-day Iraq), Egypt, and the Aegean and Syrian coasts. The language of Ebla is believed to be the oldest Semitic language, and the extensive writings of the Ebla culture are proof of a brilliant culture that rivals those of the Mesopotamians and ancient Egyptians.
After the King of Akkad (Mesopotamia) destroyed Ebla, Amorites ruled the region until their power was eclipsed in 1600 B.C. by the Egyptians. The following centuries saw Syria ruled by a succession of Canaanites, Phoenicians, Hebrews, Aramaeans, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Seleucids, Romans, Nabataeans, Byzantines, Muslim Arabs, European Christian Crusaders, Ottoman Turks, Western Allied forces, and the French. Although Syria has absorbed the legacies of these many and varied cultures, the very existence of this string of foreign dominating powers exemplifies the political, economic, and religious importance of Syria’s strategic location. ..
The Coming of Islam
Syria remained at the center of the new Christian religion until the seventh century, when the area succumbed to Muslim Arab rule. Prior to the Arab invasion, Byzantine oppression had catalyzed a Syrian intellectual and religious revolt, creating a Syrian national consciousness. The Muslim Arab conquest in A.D. 635 was perceived as a liberating force from the persecution of Byzantine rule, to which Syria had been subjected since A.D. 324. But with Damascus as the seat of the Islamic Umayyad Empire, which extended as far as Spain and India between 661 and 750, most Syrians became Muslim, and Arabic replaced Aramaic. Syrian prestige and power declined after 750 when the Abbasids conquered the Umayyads and established a caliphate in Baghdad. Syria then became a mere province within an empire. ..”
Difference Between US-Russian Bombing in syria . Must watch to understand, from youtube.com
“…Published on Oct 22, 2016
Please watch: “Hidden Message In US Dollar Bills You’ve Never Seen Before .”
How the Illuminati Run & Control HOLLYWOOD Exposed.
Top 25 Illuminati Agenda Explained by Ted Gunderson, a former FBI Agent.
NEW WORLD ORDER Illuminati Agenda & World War III .
Freemasons & Illuminati The Secret Societies connection
illuminati – New World Order card game 1995 (Full Cards set ).
Illuminati Subliminal Secret Messages .
Facebook Work’s For CIA/Mossad and Illuminati !!
The Illuminati Card THE 9/11 ” Terrorist Nuke & Pentagon ”
Illuminati Card Game Predictions Events 2001 – 2020
Why PIG/PORK Is Forbidden/Haram In BIBLE & ISLAM ?
Hidden Message In US Dollar Bills You’ve Never Seen Before
Zionist America playing Satanic Game & Reshaping Middle East For N.W.O .
9/11 & The Rebuilding of the Temple of Solomon
“..Syria, remember how was your status in ancient history as compared to today? Did you change history or cover your face? you were so called the” Holy Land”, making tourists come from the west and east. Why? Because the Lord, Jesus Christ’s Holy feet walked on your land, and made it to be called Holy. We read in( Math 4:24) ”News about Him spread all over Syria, and people brought to Him all who were ill with various diseases, those suffering severe pain, the demon-possessed, those having seizures, and the paralyzed, and he healed them”
Jesus gave the greatest sermon in history, (Sermon on the Mount) on Mount Hermon, in Syria according to the Gospel of( Matthew ch-5-7 ) Syria, you are the cradle of the prophets and apostles and the center that spreads the gospel from Antioch in Syria to the world, and paved the way of the Forefathers of the Church to continue…
…Syria, do you remember you are called “the cradle of civilizations and Semitic peoples, and their languages?” God spoke on Mount Horeb, Hermon, and Golgotha, and most of the prophecies on your land were fulfilled. Do you remember well, with the entire world, of the biblical history and privileges of what God has done through all of Syria and also to the whole world! It seems that the world ignored or disregarded to study such great history of Syria!! Here today as they sit and only to watch TV, they are amazed of what they see happening in Syria right now.
7 things you need to know about Mount Hermon blog.eteacherhebrew.com
“…2. The name Hermon is derived from the Hebrew word pronounced ker-mone, meaning abrupt.
3. Mount Hermon is mentioned a few times in the Hebrew Bible. One example can be found in Deuteronomy 3:8-
” וַנִּקַּח בָּעֵת הַהִוא, אֶת-הָאָרֶץ, מִיַּד שְׁנֵי מַלְכֵי הָאֱמֹרִי, אֲשֶׁר בְּעֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן–מִנַּחַל אַרְנֹן, עַד-הַר חֶרְמוֹן.”
” And we took the land at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites that were beyond the Jordan, from the valley of Arnon unto mount Hermon”.
The Bible also refers to Mount Hermon as Mount Senir or Mount Sirion.
4. Mount Hermon is called ” the eyes of the state” to mark the Third Battle of Mount Hermon during Yom Kippur war, between the Israeli Army and the Syrian Army.
5. Mount Hermon is also mentioned in the New Testament. The Book of Matthew tells of Jesus and his disciples journeying north from Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee to the city of Caesarea Philippi at the southern base of Mount Hermon. Many people believe that The Transfiguration occurred somewhere on Mount Hermon.
Holy Land’s Mount Hermon: A United Nation’s Base Built to Deliver the Anti-Christ and Open the Gates of Hell (Shocking Video and Photos)
Sunday, January 5, 2014 23:45 beforeitsnews.com
“..“Jabal Haramun”; Hebrew: הר חרמון, Har Hermon, “Mount Hermon”) is a mountain cluster in the Anti-Lebanon mountain range. Its summit straddles the border between Syria and Lebanon and, at 2,814 m (9,232 ft) above sea level, is the highest point in Syria. On the top there is “Hermon Hotel”, in the buffer zone between Syria and Israeli-occupied territory, the highest permanently manned UN position in the world. The southern slopes of Mount Hermon extend to the Israeli-occupied portion of the Golan Heights, where the Mount Hermon ski resort is located. A peak in this area rising to 2,236 m (7,336 ft) is the highest elevation in Israeli-controlled territory.
Hermon Hotel, highest UN base @ 2814m on the peak of Mt. Hermon, UNDDOF-Zone, Syria, Lebanon, Israel–Google Maps–Panoramio
Encyclopedia Britannica states that Hermon means “Forbidden Place.” A 4th-century translator of the Latin Vulgate, Jerome, interpreted Hermon as “anathema.” Mount Hermon was the port of entry for a group of evil angels, who corrupted the human race in the days of Noah.
This is a plan Satan and his fallen angels have been developing since the beginning, and you had better believe that the nephilim are here among us today! They can appear as humans, demons, or remain completely invisible, operating in the shadows. The exciting part of all this is that we ARE the generation who will see these things unfold! Some of them are terrifying, while others are exciting. Nonetheless, we are on the brink of the appearance of the Antichrist, who will come from Mt. Hermon—the United Nations, NWO, Illuminati, Nephilim, Freemasons, Elitists, Serpent Seed—yes! He will come through this people! A race whose bloodlines have been kept pure (evil) ever since Lucifer and one third of his angels were cast to earth!
With that in mind, howbeit the United Nations has strategically placed their biggest and most important base at the very top of Mt. Hermon—the highest point—exactly where the fallen angels landed? The place where ancient Baal worship and blood sacrifice took place? The place that has been spiritually marked as evil!
Here is another interesting note that might surprise you, according to J.R. Church:
In 1666, Louis XIV of France, authorized the building of an observatory in Paris to measure longitude. This was the beginning of the Paris Zero Meridian. Believe it or not, according to the “Paris Zero Meridian” Mount Hermon (and the ancient territory of Dan) is located at 33 degrees east of the Paris Zero Meridian (longitude), and 33 degrees north of the Equator (latitude)! The 33rd degree became an important part of Freemasonry, probably due to a history that dates back to the Knights Templar, the French Merovingian Dynasty, and their family ties to the Danites (see our chapter on Dan in Guardians of the Grail).
Can you believe that? The most significant Illuminati/Freemason number there is—33! “A 33-degree Freemason…” What are the chances of that happening? Very slim. You see, as I mentioned, this has all been strategically planned out since the beginning. The reason why these things are unfolding as they are is because we are in the days spoken of by Jesus Christ Himself, where He said:
New King James Version (NKJV)
Does the Bible Predict End Times Destruction in Syria? Expert’s Key Question About ‘Prophetic Implications’ Involving Russia and Iran Billy Hallowell October 2, 2015 11:08 am 283 theblaze.com
“…“The Hebrew prophet Ezekiel wrote 2,500 years ago that in the ‘last days’ of history, Russia and Iran will form a military alliance to attack Israel from the north,” Rosenberg wrote. “Bible scholars refer to this eschatological conflict, described in Ezekiel 38-39, as the ‘War of Gog & Magog.’”
He added, “Are these sudden and dramatic moves by Moscow and Tehran are simply coincidental, or have prophetic implications?”
Rosenberg’s question is at the center of the very debate surrounding Iran, Syria and Russia and their purported involvement in the end times — one that has attracted a great deal of attention both in Christian circles and in media over the years…
“This whole notion is fulfilled in biblical history when the king of the Assyria captured and destroyed Damascus … if you look at Isaiah chapter 7, there’s a permutation of this as well … you see the fulfillment in the very next chapter, Isaiah chapter 8,” he continued…”
In emotional interview, Syrian who survived 2013 chemical attack pleads with Trump, rips Obama Jon Street Apr 5, 2017 5:42 pm theblaze.com
Kassem Eid talked with CNN about surviving the 2013 sarin gas attack in Syria. He said former President Barack Obama broke his promise and failed to take decisive action against Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad. (Image source: YouTube screen cap)
Syria Airstrikes Instantly Added Nearly $5 Billion to Missile-Makers’ Stock Value
Apr 07, 2017 fortune.com/
“..Raytheon stock surged Friday morning, after 59 of the company’s Tomahawk missiles were used to strike Syria in Donald Trump’s first major military operation as President…”
US Syria Strike Was Illegal, No Matter Who Carried Out Gas Attack
“Published on Apr 7, 2017
The US had no right to launch a unilateral attack on Syria Phyllis Bennis tells Paul Jay, and it’s a violation of the UN charter”
Wilkerson: Trump Attack on Syria Driven by Domestic Politics , from youtube.com
“Published on Apr 7, 2017
Former Chief of Staff to Colin Powell, Col. Lawrence Wilkerson, tells Paul Jay that the Syrian Government may not be responsible for the chemical attack and that Trump’s response was a violation of international law
Tags: allies, America, Americas, Cambodia, Cambodians, causes, Chi, Chinese, Communists, Cong, Diem, Dinh, dirty, Environmental, for, French, happened, History, Ho, Ho Chi Minh, in, in the, Indochina, involvement, Japanese, know, Laos, Laotians, longest, lost, military, Minh, Nationalist, Ngo, non-communists, North, now, peace, really, rock, South, Standing, States, the, treaty, truth, United, VC, veterans, Vets, Viet, Vietnam, war, what, You
“Pic I took while at Standing Rock: Oceti Sakowin Camp”
Veterans For Peace at Standing Rock veteransforpeace.org
“…The Standing Rock Sioux and their many Indigenous allies have inspired thousands of others to join them on the front lines at Standing Rock. Activists from a spectrum of struggles, including the peace and environmental movements to the Movement for Black Lives and Muslim civil rights, stood on the ground in solidarity. As a result, millions of people have been attracted to the cause. The arrival of thousands of veterans to Standing Rock, covered by national and international media, almost certainly put additional pressure on the Obama administration to do the right thing. The effort and outcome thus far is an example of the power of solidarity and non-violent resistance to right injustice. The people have won an important victory the struggle…”
Viet Nam Vet at Standing Rock Reports 1
“Published on Dec 2, 2016
Listen to this patriot explain is experience at Standing Rock”
AIM Co-Founder Talks about Forgiveness, Nonviolence, and What Comes After Standing Rock Posted: December 7, 2016 Dennis J. Bernstein progressive.org
“…Among the veterans at Standing Rock Monday was Bill Means, a Vietnam vet who returned from fighting a bloody U.S. war of aggression overseas to take on the U.S. government at Wounded Knee. Bill Means is a founding member of the International Indian Treaty Council and co-founder of the American Indian Movement (AIM). Means is a key adviser to the Standing Rock Tribe on their resistance to the pipeline. I spoke with him shortly after he met with the Standing Rock leaders this week about future strategies for the tribe on its continuing resistance to the pipeline…
Bill Means: I feel a brotherhood to those veterans. I was there in Vietnam representing the United States, but one of the things that was beautiful about coming home from that terrible war was that our people still honored us, not because we fought for America but because we fought for the honor of our people. When I returned from Vietnam my cousin gave me an Indian name, my friend gave me a horse, and I was welcomed back to the community with open arms. I think that helped us in our healing from what they now call post traumatic stress. “
*see Deep Thought: What can “we” do to help Veterans with P.T.S.D.? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
“…I met a farmer from Iowa, a World War II veteran, who said he had to join the fight against this black snake, this pipeline, because the corporations had taken his land under what they call eminent domain. He told me,
“Years ago they had taken some of my father’s land. But it was for a highway, they took some school or churches. But now, they’re taking our land for private corporations, for corporate America. … So, I found out what it is to be an American Indian.”
*see Neutral Perspective: Pro & Anti-Pipeline goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
The Causes of the Vietnam War – History Learning Site Citation: C N Trueman “The Causes of the Vietnam War” historylearningsite.co.uk. The History Learning Site, 27 Mar 2015. 16 Aug 2016.
“..Before World War Two, Vietnam had been part of the French Empire. During the war, the country had been overrun by the Japanese. When the Japanese retreated, the people of Vietnam took the opportunity to establish their own government lead by Ho Chi Minh. However, after the end of the war, the Allies gave back South Vietnam to the French while the north was left in the hands of the non-communist Chinese. The Nationalist Chinese treated the North Vietnamese very badly and support for Ho Chi Minh grew. He had been removed from power at the end of the war. The Chinese pulled out of North Vietnam in 1946 and the party of Ho Chi Minh took over – the Viet Minh…
South Vietnam also had a population of 16 million. Its first proper leader was Ngo Dinh Diem who was a fanatical catholic. As communism hated religion, Diem hated all that communism stood for. This is why he got America’s support – he had a poor record on human rights but his rule was in the era of the “Domino Theory” and anybody who was anti-communist in the Far East was likely to receive American backing – regardless of their less than savoury background. Ngo ruled as a dictator along with his brother – Nhu. Their government was corrupt and brutal but it was also backed by America…”
Why we went to war in Vietnam BY MICHAEL LIND Dec 20, 2012 legion.org
Confronting the Ugly Truth about America’s Dirty War in Vietnam by William J. Astore 2-11-13 historynewsnetwork.org
“..“to kill Communists and to kill as many of them as possible. Stack ’em like cordwood. Victory was a high body-count … war a matter of arithmetic. The pressure [from the top] on unit commanders to produce enemy corpses was intense, and they in turn communicated it to their troops. This led to such practices as counting civilians as Viet Cong. ‘If it’s dead and Vietnamese, it’s VC,’ was a rule of thumb in the bush It is not surprising, therefore, that some men acquired a contempt for human life and a predilection for taking it.”..
..A line that has always stayed with me from Caputo’s memoir came from one of his NCOs, a Sergeant Colby, who in 1965 told then-Lieutenant Caputo that, “Before you leave here, sir, you’re going to learn that one of the most brutal things in the world is your average nineteen-year-old American boy.” Turse’s study plumbs the depths of such brutality, to include a racist subculture (dehumanizing the Vietnamese as “gooks” and “slopes”) within the U.S. military that facilitated it. Draft an American teenager, teach him to kill, send him to an utterly foreign land in which he can’t distinguish friend from foe, give him power over life and death against a dehumanized enemy, and reward him for generating a high body count in which “If it’s dead and Vietnamese, it’s VC,” and you have an ineluctable recipe for murderous violence…
It’s time our nation found the courage to face those twenty (or fifty) walls of Vietnamese dead. It’s time we faced them with the same sorrow and same regret we reserve for our own wall of dead. Only after we do so can our nation stop glorifying war. Only after we do so can our nation fully heal.
“How the U.S. Got Involved In Vietnam”
By Jeff Drake vietvet.org
“… By the end of 1943, small groups of Vietminh commandos were penetrating into Tonkin, led by Vo Nguyen Giap,(13) the future strategist of Dienbienphu and eventual Commander in Chief of the armies of North Vietnam. By 1945, the Vietminh controlled wide regions of the northernmost provinces and had engaged the full attention of most of the Japanese 21st Division.(14)
Being the only recognized force of some strength opposing the Japanese, the Vietminh received support from the American OSS (Office of Strategic Services). In return, the Vietminh helped rescue downed pilots and provided important intelligence information to OSS agents. A number of OSS officers voiced their admiration for the Vietminh and helped convince OSS leaders to back the Vietminh’s struggle for independence.(15) The Vietnamese fully expected American support due to Roosevelt’s Atlantic Charter, which emphasized self-determination for all peoples — not merely Europeans. In addition, the Vietnamese listened to broadcasts from the US Office of War Information, which often cited US support for colonial peoples struggling for their freedom. ..
As Japan faced defeat at the hands of the Allies, the Vietminh looked forward to Allied support in any future struggle against French colonialism. After all, the Vietminh had given valuable support to the Allies, and Ho expected support and recognition for his newly-established government, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, in turn. A statement to this effect was even included in his government’s Declaration of Independence, established on September 2, 1945, which stated: “We are convinced that the Allied nations… will not refuse to acknowledge the independence of Viet Nam.”…
With the British and the Chinese finally gone, the Vietminh came under direct pressure from the French. By this time it was obvious that Ho Chi Minh would be receiving no aid from either the US or Russia. Indeed, from Ho’s perspective he had been abandoned by the international community and left alone to deal with France. Economic disaster, spurred by the Chinese occupational forces, and starvation due to Allied bombing of Northern damns, strengthened France’s position. On March 6th, 1946, Ho Chi Minh felt compelled to reach a compromise with the French. Essentially, Ho was forced to make the maximum concessions possible short of forfeiting his dominant position within the Vietnamese nationalist movement. It took everything Ho could do to quell the dissatisfaction of other various nationalist groups with this agreement.
[Note that during 1945 to 1946, Ho Chi Minh had written at least eight letters to Truman and the State Department, asking for America’s help in winning Vietnam’s independence from the French. Ho wrote that world peace was being endangered by French efforts to reconquer Indochina and he requested that the four powers (US, USSR, China and Great Britain) intervene in order to mediate a fair settlement and bring the Indochinese issue before the United Nations.
This was a remarkable repeat of history, for in 1919 following the First World War, Ho Chi Minh had appealed to US Secretary of State Robert Lansing, to gain America’s help in achieving basic civil liberties and an improvement in the living condition for the colonial subjects of French Indochina. This plea was also ignored and no admission was even made that the US had even received the letters.(19)] ..”
What Really Happened in Vietnam The North, the South, and the American Defeat Review Essay November/December 2012 Issue By Fredrik Logevall foreignaffairs.com
“…Victory never came. Despite the more than half a million U.S. soldiers President Lyndon Johnson sent to Vietnam, and the more than eight million tons of bombs the U.S. Air Force dropped on Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1962 to 1973, Washington could not achieve its core objective: to preserve an independent, noncommunist South Vietnam for the indefinite future. In January 1973, U.S. and North Vietnamese negotiators signed a cease-fire agreement in Paris; two months later, the last U.S. ground troops left South Vietnam. Both the North and the South soon violated the cease-fire, and large-scale war resumed. On April 29, 1975, the South Vietnamese government collapsed, and Vietnam was reunified under a communist government based in Hanoi. By the time the fighting stopped, it had claimed the lives of three to four million Vietnamese, hundreds of thousands of Cambodians and Laotians, and more than 58,000 Americans. Now, Hanoi’s War, a pathbreaking new book by the historian Lien-Hang Nguyen, illuminates the decision-making behind the North’s relentless resistance, helping readers better understand why the struggle lasted as long as it did and why all those people died. ..”
Vietnam War: What really happened
The Truth about the Vietnam War Jun 23, 2014 Presented by Bruce Herschensohn prageru.com
“..Did the United States win or lose the Vietnam War? We are taught that it was a resounding loss for America, one that proves that intervening in the affairs of other nations is usually misguided. The truth is that our military won the war, but our politicians lost it. The Communists in North Vietnam actually signed a peace treaty, effectively surrendering. But the U.S. Congress didn’t hold up its end of the bargain. In just five minutes, learn the truth about who really lost the Vietnam War..”
The Vietnam War: 5 things you might not know By Katie McLaughlin, CNN Updated 3:47 PM ET, Mon August 25, 2014 cnn.com
“..The Vietnam War began in the decade before, but the conflict, and especially U.S. involvement, escalated in the 1960s. For the first time, Americans witnessed the horrors of war, played out on television screens in their living rooms.
This week’s episode of “The Sixties” explores the war and its impact on American culture, then and now. Here are five facts from the episode that may surprise those too young to remember the Vietnam War:..
“What Vietnam did to America via television was introduce us to a new kind of America,” said author Lawrence Wright. “One that was not pure, one that committed the same kinds of atrocities that are always committed in war, but we had never allowed ourselves to see them.”
Reporter Morley Safer recalled the shock of witnessing Marines burn down 150 houses on the outskirts of the village of Cam Ne. An officer told the newsman that he had been ordered to level the area. Three women were wounded in the attack, one baby was killed, and four people were taken prisoner.
Safer asked a soldier if he had regrets about leaving people homeless, and the soldier replied, “You can’t expect to do your job and feel pity for these people.”
Another soldier told Safer, “I think it’s sad in a way, but I don’t think there’s any other way you can get around it in this kind of a war.”
Americans back home were stunned when the CBS report about the Cam Ne village hit the news.
After the broadcast, Johnson reportedly called then-CBS president, Frank Stanton, and said, “Frank, this is your President, your boys just s–t on the flag of the United States.”..”
The Vietnam War Was Worse Than You Could Ever Imagine | Alternet alternet.org
Facts, information and articles about The Vietnam War historynet.com
“..Vietnam War summary: Summary of the Vietnam War: The Vietnam War is the commonly used name for the Second Indochina War, 1954–1973. Usually, it refers to the period when the United States and other members of the SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization) joined the forces of the Republic of South Vietnam in contesting communist forces comprised of South Vietnamese guerrillas and regular-force units, generally known as Viet Cong (VC), and the North Vietnamese Army (NVA). The U.S. had the largest foreign military presence and basically directed the war from 1965 to 1968. For this reason, in Vietnam today it is known as the American War. It was a direct result of the First Indochina War (1946–1954) between France, which claimed Vietnam as a colony, and the communist forces then known as Viet Minh. In 1973 a “third” Vietnam war began—a continuation, actually—between North and South Vietnam but without significant U.S. involvement. It ended with communist victory in April 1975.
The Vietnam War was the longest in U.S. history, until the war in Afghanistan that began in 2002 and continues at this writing (2013). It was extremely divisive in the U.S., Europe, Australia and elsewhere. Because the U.S. failed to achieve a military victory and the Republic of South Vietnam was ultimately taken over by North Vietnam, the Vietnam experience became known as “the only war America ever lost.” It remains a very controversial topic that continues to affect political and military decisions today..”
Pray for Vietnam War vets and Inodochina region (e.g. Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Hmong people, etc..)
This is an on-going topic I’ll be researching for a long time. Feel free to share any additional insights (e.g. websites) that may help with this “controversial” war…
Tags: barrels, commodity, Creek, D., disasters, education, History, industry, John, know, now, of, oil, Pennsylvania, petroleum, pipelines, Pithole, price, rig, rigs, Rockefeller, World, You
Extreme Oil . The History | PBS pbs.org
“..The early days of oil were nearly the opposite of today in that the supply was almost infinitely greater than the demand. Formed millions of years ago, oil remained beneath the earth, largely untapped, until relatively recently. For thousands of years, humans utilized oil as a lubricant, adhesive, and many other purposes — including for medicinal use. But through the early 19th century, large-scale production and use of oil was unknown.
Through the early 19th century, large-scale production and use of oil was unknown.
Yet this changed quickly as oil wells sprang up across the United States in the late 19th century; such discoveries were paralleled by scientific developments that found more and more uses for petroleum products in an assortment of industries. Oil refining became the keystone to the empire of Standard Oil, and gasoline-powered vehicles changed travel, warfare, and countless other aspects of 20th-century life.
Inevitably, issues related to the global oil supply — and access to it — have come to the fore. Oil is now a key player in the ever-overlapping realms of technology, business, and geopolitics. The future is uncertain, but one can always hope to learn from the past.
History of the World Petroleum Industry (Key Dates) geohelp.net
HISTORY OF OIL – Part 1
“Uploaded on May 15, 2010
This is part 1 of 5 part series of videos from a documentary called The History Of Oil. All parts combined is about 45 minutes total video viewing.
Watch part 2 here: https://youtu.be/9TfRH-atfLQ?list=PLk…
Part 5: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WtNtl….”
A Town Named Pithole roadsideamerica.com
“..In early 1865, oil was struck at the base of a wooded hillside in Western Pennsylvania. Within nine months there were 15,000 fortune-seekers on that hillside, and the woods had been replaced by a small city named Pithole. It was named after nearby Pithole Creek, which was named after a nearby stinking crack in the ground that was generally assumed to be a portal to hell. That pithole is still here, although it’s off-limits on private property. Pithole the city, however, has vanished. The price of oil dropped to $4.50 a barrel, the hoped-for underground ocean of oil turned out to be more like a puddle, the fortune-seekers left, and the buildings were burned down or broken up for scrap. Trees once again cover the hillside. ..”
John D. Rockefeller Biography biography.com
Famous Business Leaders, Entrepreneur, CEO (1839–1937)
“John D. Rockefeller was the head of the Standard Oil Company and one of the world’s richest men. He used his fortune to fund ongoing philanthropic causes.”
Our History of Petroleum Use Posted on Dec 30 2010 by Alex Wilson greenbuildingadvisor.com
“..While most of us think of the petroleum age starting in the late 1850s, when North America’s first oil well began gushing oil, human use of petroleum actually goes back much further.
Asphalt, a heavy constituent of petroleum (see last week’s blog), was used four thousand years ago in constructing the walls of Babylon. During the Roman era, oil was collected and used in the province of Dacia (now Romania), where it was referred to as “picula.”
Fourth-century oil wells in China
The first oil wells are believed to have been drilled in China around 350 AD; these wells were drilled using bits attached to bamboo poles and extending as deep as 800 feet. That oil was burned to evaporate brine to produce salt. By the 10th Century the Chinese even built bamboo pipelines to transport oil from those wells to salt springs where the brine was collected.
In Japan, petroleum was used for lighting at least as far back as the 7th century. Baghdad’s first streets were paved with asphalt. Marco Polo described oil fields in what is now Azerbaijan, where naphtha was produced. And in the 9th century, petroleum was distilled by the Persian alchemist Muhammad ibn Zakariya Razi into kerosene that was used in lamps.
The first North American reference to petroleum was in 1595 when Sir Walter Raleigh wrote about Pitch Lake on the Caribbean island of Trinidad. With a surface area of about 100 acres and a depth as great as 250 feet, this is the world’s largest natural deposit of asphalt; it is a significant tourist attraction, and asphalt from this deposit has long been exported — some was used in early paving of some New York City streets.
Oig Rig “The World’s Largest Oil Rig” – Big Bigger Biggest| National Geographic documentary HD
“..Published on Dec 1, 2015
Oig Rig “The World’s Largest Oil Rig” – Big Bigger Biggest| National Geographic documentary
This film reveals the technological leaps forward that have allowed the world’s largest Oil Platform – the Perdido Spar in the Gulf of Mexico – to be built. The Perdido Spar sits in deeper water than any other oil platform, in an ocean over 2 kilometres deep. This floating factory is capable of drilling in any direction, and in depths of up to 3 kilometres below the sea floor. At maximum production it can generate enough oil daily to fill 132,000 cars with petrol. This film explores how this groundbreaking structure was made possible through a series of six engineering breakthroughs. The film explores how six landmark oil platforms – including the Beryl Alpha platform – each feature a major technological innovation that allowed oil platforms to be built and survive in ever deeper waters. Using high-end computer generated imagery that makes up 50% of the film, this film reveals the incredible stories behind these structures and the inventions that have driven them deeper. Six ingenious leaps forward that enabled oil platforms to evolve …from BIG to BIGGER into the World’s BIGGEST..”
Deadliest Accidents oilrigdisasters.co.uk
Oil Industry history.com
Oil, the Hamill Brothers and Spindletop</a?
History of America history.co.uk
“.. They start again but the walls keep collapsing in because the sand is too fine. They need a thicker liquid. So, using only the materials on hand, water, dirt, and cows, they make a small herd of cattle stomp in a small pool. This makes mud. They then inject the mud down and it’s this that holds up the walls.
“From then on we operated the rig for 24 hours a day”
10 January 1901
The Hamills have been drilling for over two months. They’ve gone past 330ms. Another 30, and they’ll have to quit. They hear a bubbling. Oil that’s been contained for 160 million years shoots up in a geyser 60m high.
The Hamills had been hoping for 50 barrels a day. They’ll soon be pumping out over 80,000. Overnight the backers of the rig are nearly $40m richer. Oil production increase 50% and within a year 500 oil companies are born, such as Texaco and Golf, The price of oil plummets from $2 a barrel to 3 cents. It’s cheaper than water and cheap enough to turn into petrol. At the turn of the century, millions of Americans work within 30km of their home petrol makes them mobile…”
Pipeline Accident Reports ntsb.gov
Did you learn anything new? Anything else you know that you would like to contribute?