Neutral Perspective: U.S.A. did NOT and did have a Christian founding?

5 Uncommon Facts About July 4th Independence Day – YouTube

National Treasure – Official® Trailer [HD] – YouTube

DID NOT…

The Government of the United States of America is not, in any sense founded on the Christian religion

by Jim Walker
Originated: 11 Apr. 1997
Additions: 26 Dec. 2004 .nobeliefs.com
“…Of course many Americans did practice Christianity, but so also did many believe in deistic philosophy. Indeed, most of our influential Founding Fathers, although they respected the rights of other religionists, held to deism and Freemasonry tenets rather than to Christianity…

Moreover, the mentioning of God in the Declaration does not describe the personal God of Christianity. Thomas Jefferson who held deist beliefs, wrote the majority of the Declaration. The Declaration describes “the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God.” This nature’s view of God agrees with deist philosophy and might even appeal to those of pantheistical beliefs, but any attempt to use the Declaration as a support for Christianity will fail for this reason alone…”

-Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson, a Brief Biography (Born April 13, 1743, at Shadwell, Virginia; died July 4, 1826, Monticello) monticello.org
‘..Jefferson inherited slaves from both his father and father-in-law. In a typical year, he owned about 200, almost half of them under the age of sixteen. About eighty of these lived at Monticello; the others lived on adjacent Albemarle County plantations, and on his Poplar Forest estate in Bedford County, Virginia. Jefferson freed two slaves in his lifetime and five in his will and chose not to pursue two others who ran away..”

10 Things You Should Know About Thomas Jefferson* Before You Tour ‘Slavery at Jefferson’s Monticello’
By Michael Coard · 4/11/2014, 9:00 a.m. .phillymag.com
*America’s great, patriotic (slaveholding and slave-raping) third president.
“..
9. He was a liar

His friend from the American Revolution, Polish nobleman Tadeusz Kosciuszko, came to America in 1798 to receive back pay for his military service. He then wrote a will directing Jefferson to use all of Kosciuszko’s money and land in the U.S. to “free and educate slaves.” Jefferson agreed to do so. After Kosciuszko died in 1817, Jefferson refused to free or educate any of them..”

Anti-Christian Thomas Jefferson quotes – YouTube

The Masonic Influence In The Foundation Of America

Freemasonry and the Founding Fathers of America
Disclosure Nation
“Published on Jun 11, 2014

Masonic conspiracy theories are conspiracy theories involving Freemasonry; hundreds of such conspiracy theories have been described since the late 18th century. Generally, these theories fall into three distinct categories: political (usually involving allegations of control of government, particularly in the United States and the United Kingdom), religious (usually involving allegations of anti-Christian or Satanic beliefs or practices), and cultural (usually involving popular entertainment). Many conspiracy theory writers have connected Freemasons (and the Knights Templar) with worship of the devil; these ideas are based on the doctrines of those organizations.

Of the claims that Freemasonry exerts control over politics, perhaps the best-known example is the New World Order theory, but there are others. These mainly involve aspects and agencies of the United States government, but actual events outside the US (such as the Propaganda Due scandal in Italy) are often used to lend credence to claims.

Another set of theories has to do with Freemasonry and religion, particularly that Freemasonry deals with “the occult”. These theories have their beginnings in the Taxil hoax. In addition to these, there are various theories that focus on the embedding of symbols in otherwise ordinary items, such as street patterns, national seals, etc.

There are Masonic conspiracy theories dealing with every aspect of society. The majority of these theories are based on one or more of the following assumptions:

That Freemasonry is its own religion, requires belief in a unique Masonic “god”, and that belief in this Masonic “god” is contrary to the teachings of various mainstream religions (although usually noted in terms of being specifically contrary to Christian belief)

That the 33rd degree of the Scottish Rite is more than an honorary degree, coupled with the belief that most Freemasons are unaware of hidden or secretive ruling bodies within their organization that govern them, conduct occult ritual, or control various positions of governmental power

That there is a centralized worldwide body that controls all Masonic Grand Lodges, and thus, all of Freemasonry worldwide acts in a unified manner

Scott Wolter has investigate many of these claims and here He Joins Capricorn Radio’s James Swagger to discuss his findings.

http://www.jamesswagger.com/ Interview by James Swagger with Scott Wolter @ Capricorn Radio”
*see 17:00 minute mark on Runestone in Kensington, Minnesota

America Was Founded by the Illuminati November 4, 2015 by David Livingstone henrymakow.com
“..We speak about the occult “conspiracy” as if it were going to erode the status quo.

In fact, as David Livingstone explains, the occult conspiracy is a fait accompli. Modern Western “civilization” is built on the denial of spiritual Reality, i.e. man’s connection to God through our soul. The United States was created by occultists to impose this Godless, i.e. Satanic, dispensation on the world. Society truly is a satanic cult…

These ideals were then enshrined in the American Declaration of Independence, the United States Bill of Rights and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. As a cryptic clue to their true origin, the Declaration of Human Rights adopted in France after the Revolution features several prominent occult symbols.

First, is the Illuminati symbol of the All Seeing Eye within a triangle, now found on the Great Seal of the United States. Underneath the title is an Ouroboros, an ancient Gnostic symbol of Satan, found in Western alchemy. Underneath it is a red Phrygian cap, derived from the pagan Mysteries of Mithras. The entire Declaration is guarded by the twin Masonic pillars. As the Bonnet, the orator at the Grand Orient Assembly boasted in 1904:

All the members of the Boston Tea Party were Freemasons who belonged to the St. Andrews lodge in the city. Arguments about the taxes levied on the American colonies by the British finally came to a head in 1773, with the passing of the Tea Act.

The British, attempting to save the East India Company from bankruptcy, arranged for the delivery of tea directly to the colonies. In revolt against the new tax they had to pay, a group of Boston citizens disguised as Native Americans raided the East India Company’s ships in the city harbor, and threw their cargo overboard.
..

Among the fifty-six American rebels who signed the Declaration of Independence, only six were not members of the Masonic Order. Their success lead to the establishment of the first modern secular state. The purpose of removing the role of religion from the state was ostensibly to limit the sort of persecution that had become habitual in Europe…

In September 18, 1793, President George Washington dedicated the United States Capitol. Dressed in Masonic apron, the president placed a silver plate on the cornerstone and covered it with the Masonic symbols of corn, oil and wine.

The plan of the city of Washington DC itself was designed by Freemason and architect Pierre Charles L’Enfante in the form of a pentagram, or five-pointed star. In 1848, in a Masonic ceremony, the cornerstone was laid of the Washington Monument, an obelisk or pillar, like those formerly dedicated to the dying gods of ancient Middle East…

Another great piece by Livingstone. Only thing I would add is that the Declaration of Independence was not written by Thomas Jefferson, who did not claim authorship until 1821. It was written by Thomas Paine, ideological hit man dispatched by Ben Franklin from Britain to America in 1774 to write COMMON SENSE and then the Declaration…

Paine could not be acknowledged as author of the Declaration because (1) he was not an elected official; (2) he was not an American; and (3) he was virulently anti-Christian, as seen in his book THE AGE OF REASON, written in France where he became an honorary citizen and member of the French National Convention after the bloody revolution there.

..”

-Thomas Paine

Thomas Paine – Journalist, Inventor – Biography.com biography.com
“..born in Thetford, England, in 1737, to a Quaker father and an Anglican mother. Paine received little formal education, but did learn to read, write and perform arithmetic. At the age of 13, he began working with his father as stay maker (the thick rope stays used on sailing ships) in Thetford, a shipbuilding town…

..Paine arrived in Philadelphia on November 30, 1774, taking up his first regular employment—helping to edit the Pennsylvania Magazine—in January 1775. At this time, Paine began writing in earnest, publishing several articles, anonymously or under pseudonyms. One of his early articles was a scathing condemnation of the African slave trade, called “African Slavery in America,” which he signed under the name “Justice and Humanity.”..

Thomas Paine and Christianity By Smilodon’s Retreat • Jan 3, 2015 skepticink.com

“..Arguably, Thomas Paine is the Father of the American Revolution. His two pamphlets, Common Sense and The American Crisis (both published in 1776), were the foundation of a break from Britain and independence for the colonies.

Many people have heard the phrase “These are the times that try men’s souls”. That came from The American Crisis.

He was also a very early (if not the first) Humanist. He argued for the ending of slavery. He accepted science and social progress. He was unafraid to consider new ideas, looking at how the Iroquois could live in nature and have democracy.
..”

There are quite a few good lines in there, but the upshot is that it appears Thomas Paine believes in a god. This would make him a deist.

Look at how he describes Christianity; “strange fable”, “the notion of a Trinity of Gods has enfeebled the belief of one God”, “notion instead of principle”, “all this nonsense”, “there is none more derogatory to the Almighty, more unedifying to man, more repugnant to reason, and more contradictory in itself, than this thing called Christianity”.

And note the last bit of that last paragraph, where Paine describes what Christianity really is. It’s an engine of power, of control. It takes wealth from the people and gives to the church leaders and gives nothing in return.

Thomas Paine could have been writing about Joel Osteen, the Pope, or L. Ron Hubbard for that matter. All of these (and more like them) have more control, power, and wealth than their position and their religion requires.
..

The Most Shocking, Rare Quotes of THOMAS PAINE – YouTube

EVERYONE MUST KNOW THIS before it is deleted, Why is the US government always hiding it

Click on pic below for more “Social Studies & U.S. History” References….

Christopher Columbus: The Secret Jew jerusalemprayerteam.org
“..In 1492, Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand had issued an edict of ejection regarding the Jews. It decreed that every person of Jewish ancestry had to leave Spain or be executed. As a result, several Jewish businessmen went to Christopher Columbus, a Genoese Jew whose family had supposedly converted to Christianity under duress, and pledged to finance his efforts to discover a new land. They purchased two of the three ships that carried Columbus and his sailors across the ocean to find the territory that would later become known as the Americas…

Why was this so crucial? King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella were seeking a means to unite the country and had selected Tomás de Torquemada as the Inquisitor General for most of Spain. The harassment began with attempts to drive out Jews, Protestants, and nonbelievers. Benzion Netanyahu, father of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, was one of the world’s leading scholars on this era, and wrote a great deal about the Marranos and conversos (Spanish Jews) and the basic reasons behind the attacks on them. According to Professor Netanyahu, the persecution launched against the Jews was mainly based on “racial hatred and political considerations rather than by religious zeal.”

..Columbus’ initial voyage was funded not so much by Queen Isabella’s jewels, but mostly by a group of wealthy Jews
Columbus hoped to find a source of gold — perhaps King Solomon’s mines — in Asia in order to recapture the city of Jerusalem from the Muslims and fund the restoration of the Temple
Columbus hoped to find a place of refuge for Christians and Jews alike in order for them to escape the horrors of persecution descending upon Spain
Columbus traveled with a Jew who spoke Hebrew in hopes of finding the ten Lost Tribes during his trip to the New World….

But, as we have just read, that was not his only aim: he wanted to deliver the gold of Ophir, the bounty of King Solomon’s mines, to the monarchs who had financed his endeavor…

Columbus had also mentioned to those willing to listen that he was seeking a route to India. Why would this have piqued the interest of Jews in Spain and made some of the wealthy willing to invest in Christopher’s voyage? The answer is a bit convoluted but provides great insight.

Judah was not the only son of Jacob the patriarch; he also fathered the heads of the other eleven tribes of Israel: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Issachar, Zebulon, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Joseph, and Benjamin. From the vagaries of Hebrew history two dominions developed, one in the South (Benjamin and Judah) and one in the North (the remaining ten tribes). Some 700 years before Christianity emerged, Assyrian kings attacked the northern tribes and carried the inhabitants—except for those in Samaria—to Babylon. The number of captives is impossible to calculate. Three years after the initial invasion, Samaria was captured, and its peoples taken into captivity….

At a juncture in history when anti-Semitism had reached a fanatical note in Spain, Columbus discovered a New World to which the Jews could escape the oppression of the Church in Europe. With abundant determination and bravery, the Jews eventually won the privilege of observing their religion in that New World.

…”
*see Deep Thought: Where are the “original” Tribes of Israel? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

NEUTRAL

-Debate

Was America Founded As A Christian Nation? Bill Flax , Contributor Sep 25, 2012 @ 09:51 PM 368,782 views
I explore the intersection of economics and culture.
“…The most damning evidence of a non-Christian past is a humiliating 1797 treaty with the Barbary Pirates. President Adams sought to stem unremitting Muslim raids against Mediterranean shipping and protect American sailors from African slavery. This obscure treaty submitted, “The Government of the United States of America is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religion.”..”

Did America Have a Christian Founding? from heritage.org

“…A fourth possibility is that the Founders acted as Christians in their private and/or public lives. Some historians have argued that the Founding cannot be called Christian because some Founders did not join churches, take communion, or remain faithful to their spouses. Moreover, in their public capacity, they did not act in a Christian manner because they did things such as fight an unjust war against England and did not immediately abolish slavery.[5]..

2. The War for Independence

On the surface, the War for American Independence appears to be an inherently un-Christian event. The Apostle Paul, in Romans 13, seems to leave little room for revolution: “Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained by God. Whosoever therefore resists the power, resists the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.”

Historically, Christian thinkers have taken this and similar biblical passages to prohibit rebellion against civic authorities. However, in the 12th century, some Christian scholars began to allow for the possibility that inferior magistrates might overthrow evil kings. …

The 56 Men who Signed The 1776 Declaration Of Independence 4 Jul 2014 by Volubrjotr politicalvelcraft.org
“..THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE JULY 4, 1776

IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,

When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.–That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.–Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
..”

The Forgotten Signers of the Declaration of Independence

Bill of Rights

Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, and American Government

Bill of Rights (Amendments 1-5) | Principles of the … – YouTube

Bill of Rights Guaranteed Religious Liberty Dan Graves, MSL christianity.com
“…For the most part, those who were for the federal system were for the constitution as it stood. Those who opposed a federal system, wanted more guarantees of rights. Several state conventions asked for such a bill. Thomas Jefferson urged that they be given their wish. A “bill of rights is what the people are entitled to against every government on earth, general or particular, and what no just government should refuse, or rest on inference.” The U. S. Congress agreed and by a two thirds majority passed ten amendments to the constitution, called the Bill of Rights.

On this day, December 15, 1791, the Bill of Rights was ratified. It is significant to church history because of its first Amendment: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof..” This amendment was the result of long centuries of efforts by religious groups such as the Quakers and Baptists to obtain religious liberty.

The first amendment meant that the Federal government of the United States could not establish a national church, such as was common in many other nations. Anyone could worship as he or she pleased and the Federal government could not say “boo” except under special circumstances.

Federal civil rights are not obligatory for states, however. At the state level, established churches continued to exist for some years.

Many battles have been fought in the courts over just what this amendment means. Today, when its words are used as an excuse to forbid children to pray in school or read a Bible on school property, it is good to remember that in the understanding of the generation that adopted the amendment was not that the government should oppose religion or deny it the same rights of expression enjoyed by other organizations, but rather that it not impose a national religion nor stop people from engaging in their preferred form of worship. It guaranteed freedom for worship, not freedom from religion.”

The Separation of Church and State in the United States
Online Publication Date:
Dec 2014 Steven K. Green americanhistory.oxfordre.com
‘..Scholars of American religion have long debated whether and to what extent religion served as an “energizing propulsion” for the American Revolution and informed the political principles that underlie the nation’s founding documents. Unquestioningly, however, matters of religious liberty were of great concern to the founding generation, though they were secondary to the more pressing issues of military success and national unity. As the new states organized their governments and experimented with various models of representative democracy, they also addressed questions about the appropriate relationship between religion and government. The change that transpired over a short period was truly remarkable. In fifteen years, after the onset of the American Revolution, the number of religious establishments was effectively reversed with ten of fourteen states (now including Vermont) either disbanding their establishments or declining to enact legislation to support their previous systems. Most states also liberalized rules that had imposed political disabilities (e.g., public office holding) on dissenting groups. At the national level, the authors of the Constitution inserted a ban on any religious test for public office holding, while the First Congress drafted a constitutional amendment prohibiting a religious establishment and protecting the free exercise of religion. By the time the last state (Massachusetts) disestablished in 1833, a phrase had arisen to represent the distinctly American pattern of church-state relations: separation of church and state.3

Separation of church and state has been part of the nation’s legal and cultural nomenclature since the early 1800s. Judges, politicians, educators, and even religious leaders have embraced church-state separation as central to church-state relations and a cornerstone of American democracy. The Supreme Court first employed the term “separation of church and state” in 1879 as shorthand for the meaning of the First Amendment’s religion clauses, stating “it may be accepted almost as an authoritative declaration of the scope and effect of the amendment.” To this day, most Americans support the principle of church-state separation as one of the hallmarks of American government. Although the phrase is not found in the Constitution, no organizing theory has had a greater impact on the way Americans conceptualize the intersection of religion, culture, and politics than the principle of church-state separation.4..”

DID Have..

Faith of Our Fathers-

Christianity and America’s Founders faithofourfathers.net
“…The pilgrims were followed to New England by the Puritans, who created bible-based commonwealths. Those commonwealths practiced the same sort of representative government as their church covenants. Those governmental covenants and compacts numbered more than 100, and were the foundation for our Constitution.

New Haven (Connecticut) and Massachusetts were founded by Puritans who wanted to reform the Church of England, who later became known as Congregationalists. Roger Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island based on the principle of freedom of conscience. Pennsylvania was established by William Penn as a Quaker colony. Maryland was a haven for Catholics from Protestant England.

America was indeed founded by bible-believing Christians and based on Christian principles. When they founded this country, the Founding Fathers envisioned a government that would promote and encourage Christianity.

All but two of the first 108 universities founded in America were Christian. This includes the first, Harvard, where the student handbook listed this as Rule #1: “Let every student be plainly instructed and earnestly pressed to consider well, the main end of his life and studies is to know God and Jesus Christ, which is eternal life, John 17:3; and therefore to lay Jesus Christ as the only foundation for our children to follow the moral principles of the Ten Commandments.”

In 1777. Continental Congress voted to spend $300,000 to purchase bibles which were to be distributed throughout the 13 colonies! And in 1782, the United States Congress declared, “The Congress of the United States recommends and approves the Holy Bible for use in all schools.”

So, let us take a look at some of the lives and words of our Founding Fathers to see whether they were Christians or whether history has been revised…”

3:47 / 11:06
AMERICA’S CHRISTIAN FOUNDING FATHERS


“Published on Nov 22, 2012

Most Americans have been conditioned to believe and to assume that the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution requires a “wall of separation between Church and State.” This concept is seldom challenged today.

But it is not actually a part of the Constitution or any of the Amendments;
It did not exist until well into the twentieth century.

The establishment and free-exercise clauses of the First Amendment state: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.”

The meaning was crystal clear to Americans and American jurisprudence for generations.

Very simply, the federal government was prohibited from establishing a single national denomination above all others (a state religion—endowed with public funding, special privileges, and penalties on other faiths that reject its doctrines—as Great Britain had) and secondly, the federal government could not interfere with the individual’s right to freedom of worship.

The purpose of the First Amendment was not to protect Americans from religion, it was to protect religion from government intrusion. This “understanding” is in full and obvious accord with the raison d’etre of the Bill of Rights to limit the federal government’s power and thereby secure the freedom of individuals and the rights of the states. The Bill of Rights was a declaration of what the federal government could not do. …”

-Thomas Jefferson

A True Story About Thomas Jefferson July 18, 2014 daleebel.org
“..With regard to Thomas Jefferson, deconstructionism is alive and well.

Many historians considered Jefferson the brightest of the Founding Fathers. He was a true renaissance man. The election of 1800 between Jefferson and John Adams was said to be the dirtiest election in American history. Stories were printed daily about both candidates that were flat out false, but many believed what they read and had an impression of Jefferson that simply wasn’t true. In David Barton’s The Jefferson Lies he writes about a story that more accurately portrays Jefferson’s personality:

“Jefferson was not only unassuming and humble but he was also good-natured, and his manners never deserted him—even to those who opposed him. For example, on one occasion while returning on horseback to Washington, he greeted a passing pedestrian. The stranger did not recognize President Jefferson, but the two began a friendly conversation that soon turned to politics. The man began to attack and deride the president, even repeating several of the lies that had been spread about him. Jefferson was amused and he asked the man if he knew the President personally? ‘No,’ was the reply, ‘nor do I wish to.’ ‘But do you think it fair,’ asked Jefferson, ‘to repeat such stories about a man and condemn one you dare not face?’ ‘I will never shrink from meeting Mr. Jefferson should he ever come in my way’ replied the stranger.

Jefferson then promised him that if he would come to the White House at a certain time the next day, he would personally introduce him to the president. The next day the stranger appeared for the meeting and was taken to meet President Jefferson. The man was immediately embarrassed and began to apologize, but Jefferson, with a grin on his face, laughed off the apology and extended his hand in welcome greeting. The two then spent several hours in delightful conversation, and when the man rose to depart, Jefferson prevailed on him to stay for dinner.” Barton, 211-212

An Action to Take: Communicate this story and the concept of “deconstructionism” with two other people this week.
..”

Charles Carroll 1737-1832 ushistory.org
“..Charles Carroll was the last surviving member of those who signed the Declaration. He died, the last survivor of the signers of the Declaration, in 1832 at the age of 95…

Charles Carroll of Carrollton – The Signer charlescarrollhouse.org

CHARLES CARROLL OF CARROLLTON 1737- 1832

“..By 1800, Carroll had retired from politics to concentrate on his business affairs. Considered the largest slaveholder at the time of the Revolution, and owning nearly 400-500 blacks, he became president of the American Colonization Society (1828-1831) seeking to solve America’s slave problem by resettling them in Africa. Carroll became one of the founders of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company and invested in the Bank of Maryland, the Bank of Baltimore and the First and Second Bank of the United States. He held many shares in canal, turnpike, bridge and water companies in the Washington-Baltimore regional area. He purchased $40,000 of state-backed securities to build the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, serving on its first board of directors…”

James Madison and Religion in Public wallbuilders.com
“..First, Madison was publicly outspoken about his personal Christian beliefs and convictions. For example, he encouraged his friend, William Bradford (who served as Attorney General under President Washington), to make sure of his own spiritual salvation:..

Madison even desired that all public officials – including Bradford – would declare
openly and publicly their Christian beliefs and testimony:

…Second,
Madison was a member of the committee that authored the 1776 Virginia Bill of Rights and approved of its clause declaring that:

It is the mutual duty of all to practice Christian forbearance, love, and charity toward each other.[3]
(emphasis added)

Third,
Madison’s proposed wording for the First Amendment demonstrates that he opposed only the establishment of a federal denomination, not public religious activities. His proposal declared:

The civil rights of none shall be abridged on account of religious belief or worship, nor shall any national religion be established. [4] (emphasis added)

(Madison reemphasized that position throughout the debates. [5])

Fourth,
in 1789, Madison served on the Congressional committee which authorized, approved, and selected paid Congressional chaplains. [6]

Fifth,
in 1812, President Madison signed a federal bill which economically aided a Bible Society in its goal of the mass distribution of the Bible. [7]

Sixth,
throughout his Presidency (1809-1816), Madison endorsed public and official religious expressions by issuing several proclamations for national days of prayer, fasting, and thanksgiving. [8]..”

The Christian Belief of James Madison Bill Fortenberry increasinglearning.com
“..So, does this letter by James Madison support the claim that he was not really a Christian but rather a deist? Not in the least. In fact, it proves the exact opposite since in the first section of the letter, Mr. Madison stated expressly that Christianity is the best and purest religion, and in the same paragraph as the quoted portion, he affirms that Mr. Adams “ably maintained” his position that America is a Christian nation. ..”

God Save America Again documentary (Full) Crusade to Save our Nation!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FdyaIyxDVuw
*see Deep Thought: Where are the “original” Tribes of Israel? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

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Neutral Perspective: Minneapolis Police Department & James Clark Case at Fault?

Timeline Of Events In The Jamar Clark Case
November 19, 2015 6:50 PM By Rachel Slavik minnesota.cbslocal.com
“MINNEAPOLIS (WCCO) — This is the fifth day that protesters have made their presence known outside Minneapolis Police’s 4th Precinct building.

Demonstrators have taken their message to the streets and faced arrest, while investigators figure out what led to the shooting of 24-year-old Jamar Clark.

Related: Jamar Clark Shooting: 4 Things To Know

Below is a look back at all of the events so far.
…”

Law Enforcement Side:

Jamar Clark shooting: Videos don’t show complete incident, police say By Doug Criss, Dave Alsup and Steve Almasy, CNN Updated 9:16 PM ET, Tue November 17, 2015 CNN.com
“..Evans said it would be weeks before the videos are disclosed publicly. Authorities don’t want to influence potential witnesses, he said.

On Monday, a spokesman for the Minneapolis Police Department, John Elder, said Clark was shot by one officer during a struggle with police.

Evans said investigators found handcuffs at the scene and are trying to determine whether Clark was wearing them at the time he was shot.

Police have said Clark was not handcuffed when he was shot, but protesters have disputed that.

The FBI is investigating the case.
…”

Union: Clark shot while trying to take officer’s gun,
BCA ID’s officers involved in Clark shooting
KARE 11 Staff, KARE 6:54 p.m. EST November 18, 2015 kare11.com
“..MINNEAPOLIS – The President of the Minneapolis Police Union says the man shot and killed by officers Sunday was trying to take one of their weapons.

Lt. Bob Kroll, President of the Minneapolis Police Federation, told KARE 11’s Lou Raguse Wednesday afternoon that Jamar Clark was trying to disarm one of the officers during a physical altercation after squads responded to reports of a domestic assault.

Kroll says handcuffs were never put on Clark, and emphasizes that his officers, identified by the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension as Mark Ringgenberg and Dustin Schwarze, have no disciplinary incidents on their records while Clark has a history of convictions, some of them violent.
..”

Police union: Jamar Clark went for cop’s gun, wasn’t cuffed By: Rachel Chazin Posted:Nov 18 2015 03:19PM CST fox9.com
“…Thursday afternoon, the Police Federation doubled-down, once again emphasizing their stance that Jamar Clark seized control of an officer’s gun and engaged in a “life-or-death struggle for an officer’s weapon.”..”

Jamar Clark Video: Shooting Videos Exist, But Won’t Yet Be … inquisitr.com

-Anti-Supporters

Armed white supremacists threaten protesters at 4th precinct shutdown

By Susan Du

Friday, November 20, 2015 | 1 day ago citypages.com
“…Thursday night, two guys wearing camo with their faces covered arrived at the precinct to film. They went up to a livestreamer with Unicorn Riot and stated they were curious about how the protest was going.

“I don’t know if this is what [protesters] were planning, just standing here,” one of the white supremacists said. “It’s almost as if they expect one of us to do something. They expect one of us to be in the wreckage of all this. It’s boiling. It’s going to be happening soon.”
..”

Later, Black Lives Matter discovered a video that the two men filmed en route to the 4th precinct from Uptown. It shows one brandishing a gun. “We’re gonna go see what these fucking dindus are up to,” he said. “We’re going to knock this shit out… a little reverse-cultural enriching. Let the fire rise.”

Thankfully, that bravado didn’t translate into action once they got to the protest. The guys and other cyber anons have been posting on their own thread that they might return Friday night in larger numbers, however, packing to agitate what they’ve termed the “chimpout.”

Police spokesman Scott Seroka says that MPD is aware of the threat to protesters.

“The Minneapolis Police Department has received information that a group may attempt to cause a disturbance this evening in front of the Police Department’s 4th Precinct,” he wrote in a statement. “We are asking gathered demonstrators to be vigilant and report any actions that may seem out of the ordinary. If anyone notices something suspicious, please contact a nearby officer or call 9-1-1. A physical description, clothing description, and/or vehicle description is helpful. Also, please report any ‘out of the ordinary’ actions you have observed.”

Earlier this week, some protesters were also criticized for fueling tensions by throwing bricks and Molotov cocktails, spraying mace, and challenging cops to shoot at them. Black Lives Matter organizers worked to de-escalate potential violence by linking arms and using their bodies to cordon upset protesters off from police.

“We understand the frustration of community members who may take actions not sanctioned by our group; this is a time of grief and rage and we remain committed to nonviolent direct action,” BLM said in a statement. “As has always been the case, our members remained committed to peaceful protest even in the face of growing escalation.”

Five people were shot near Black Lives Matter protest site m.startribune.com
“.Five protesters were shot late Monday night near the Black Lives Matter encampment at the Fourth Precinct police station in north Minneapolis, according to police.

Those who were shot sustained non-life-threatening injuries, said police spokesman John Elder in a statement.

Miski Noor, a media contact for Black Lives Matter, said “a group of white supremacists showed up at the protest, as they have done most nights.”

One of the three men wore a mask, said Dana Jaehnert, who had been at the protest site since early evening.

When about a dozen protesters attempted to herd the group away from the area, Noor said, they “opened fire on about six protesters,” hitting five of them. Jaehnert said she heard four gunshots…”
wcco-talks-with-protest-shooting-suspects-father/Minnesota.cbslocal.com

Minnesota NAACP leader shocks CNN: Police are ‘behind’ the Black Lives Matter shooting DAVID EDWARDS
24 NOV 2015 AT 15:52 ET rawstory.com
” Raeisha Williams, communications chair of the Minneapolis NAACP, told CNN that members of law enforcement were “behind” the Monday night shooting of Black Lives Matter protesters.

During an interview on Tuesday, CNN host Brooke Baldwin asked Williams to react to breaking news that two men had been arrested in connection to shootings that injured at least five people who were protesting the killing of Jamar Clark.

“We’re hearing two [arrests] at this time,” Williams explained. “But we don’t necessarily trust that. We know that the police department is behind this, this is our personal belief after receiving witness accounts.”

“Wait, wait, wait,” Baldwin interrupted. “You said you believe the police department is behind what?”

“We believe the police department is facilitating the injustice, bullying the protesters,” Williams replied. “And we also believe that they’re involved in this shooting. We know from blackboards and chat rooms and also videos that we have posted on our website that police that are from different counties, police from different districts have come down to entice the protesters, have come down to bully the protesters.”

Baldwin, who was broadcasting from Paris, noted that Williams had made “serious allegations” on national television.

“And we are standing behind it, we do not back down from these allegations,” Williams insisted.

“Where is your evidence that they were involved in the shooting?” Baldwin pressed.

According to Williams, police were “lurking” near the shooting and then refused to provide help to the injured protesters.

“This is what you’ve been wanting,” she recalled one of the officers saying.

“It took 15 minutes for the police to even arrive and shortly after that, they began to Mace the crowd,” Williams said. “So if you’re not part of the problem, if this is not something you’re trying to cover up, why would you not attend to victims who paid for your salaries?”

Williams said that her group had “video evidence of an undercover cop getting into an unmarked car.”

“We believe — and we stand behind our belief — that the Minneapolis Police Department is not protecting us and therefore they stand with racist white supremacists who want to destroy a peaceful movement,” she concluded.

Watch the video below from CNN, broadcast Nov. 24, 2015.”

NEUTRAL

Governor: Jamar Clark shooting video doesn’t confirm either side’s story Posted:Nov 23 2015 12:57PM CST fox9.com

Jamar Clark Side

-Who is Jamar?

Family of Jamar Clark said he Tried to Escape Troubled Past Updated: 11/20/2015 4:34 PM kstp.com
“..Family members and friends say the 24-year-old was on the right track in the months leading up to the shooting early Sunday. He cared deeply about his parents – biological and adoptive – and his 14 siblings, and had a job and hopes of going to college.

But police union representatives point to Clark’s criminal history as proof that he was a bad actor, and they contend he was reaching for an officer’s gun when he was shot. Beyond the domestic assault call alleging Clark had hurt his girlfriend that brought police to the north Minneapolis neighborhood, he spent three years in and out of prison for a robbery conviction. More recently, he was on probation for threatening to burn down an ex-girlfriend’s house after a bitter break-up and was awaiting trial for a July arrest for fleeing police in a high-speed chase.

Black Lives Matter protesters outside the police precinct insist Clark was handcuffed before he was shot, which police dispute. His death laid bare the tension between Minneapolis’ black community and law enforcement and, the protesters say, exposed deeply embedded societal problems that made Clark’s history impossible to move past.

“None of our children deserve to be shot and killed, and then talked about like they are animals,” said Bettie Smith, who joined protesters Monday to discuss her son’s death in a 2008 officer-involved shooting.

Amid federal and state investigations into Clark’s death, several family members declined to talk with The Associated Press and 5 EYEWITNESS NEWS. Wilma and James Clark, who adopted Jamar Clark when he was 4, acknowledged his legal trouble in an interview with MPR News but said he was fixing it.

“He was trying to do right. He was trying to turn his life around,” James Clark said.

Clark spent much of his 20s in and out of prison, serving a three-year sentence for a first-degree robbery conviction in 2010. He had been convicted of a petty misdemeanor for possessing a small amount of marijuana in 2009.

In a letter on behalf of one of the officers involved in the shooting, an attorney and Minneapolis police union president Bob Kroll listed some of his past crimes, saying Clark was “not a peaceful, law-abiding citizen.”

But when Tim Hoag and his wife hired Clark earlier this year – first to help out with painting and cleanup at their rental homes, then at Hoag’s moving and trucking company – Hoag said they found an energetic yet polite young man, a hard and trustworthy worker with a bright personality and a “million-dollar smile.”

Hoag also saw that Clark couldn’t escape the trouble from his past: the familiar signs of a felon recently released from prison, struggling to get his footing. At times he couldn’t afford bus fare for work and struggled with stable housing. Hoag put him up at a motel for a few days to help out, and gave him as many hours of work at Copeland Trucking as he could, helping in the warehouse or on moves.

Clark was ashamed of his past, he said. Hoag was sure he could move past it, maybe to become a full-time truck driver for the company.

“Jamar was a troubled youth that was put into the correction system. The system failed miserably,” Hoag said. “He didn’t know what he wanted to do. He needed to earn money,”

Tiffany Truitt saw two sides of Clark in the few months last winter they dated. When things were going well, he was a nurturing, loving man who was drawn to her four children, giving them advice and helping them sell candy for school.

“He was always talking about family. He wanted a family,” Truitt said. “He cared about his family being connected with each other. He cared about having somebody care about him.”

But when their relationship soured, she saw a man who snapped while gathering his things from her house after the breakup. He threw a brick through Truitt’s window and threatened to burn her apartment unit down – leaving behind a trail of lighter fluid to prove it, according to court documents. Clark pleaded guilty to terroristic threats for the March incident, getting a probation sentence and an order not to contact Truitt.

Despite the order, Clark eventually reached out through Facebook to apologize – and Truitt accepted. He was going to sign up for community college, he told her.

He had a good heart but he didn’t have the structure to be the person he wanted to be, Truitt said.

“He was trying to learn,” she said. “He was looking for direction.”

As pictures of Clark circulated online after his death, Hoag saw Clark’s sly grin in a selfie, wearing his Copeland Trucking hat. Hoag let out a sigh pierced with pain.

“It makes me feel like a failure,” he said of that photo. “I’m sitting here wishing I had done more. I wish I had made one more phone call. I wish we would have been able to give him a few more hours.”

-Supporters

Union Members To Rally With 4th Precinct Protesters
November 21, 2015 10:56 AM minnesota.cbslocal.com
“…Some of the local unions brought breakfast to protesters Saturday morning, and they will join in a solidarity rally at noon.

Related: MPD Chief, Union Head Spar Over 4th Precinct Protests On WCCO Radio

A few hundred people gathered for a candlelight vigil and prayer Friday night. All races and ages turned up looking for answers, change and to pray.

Cornell William Brooks, the head of the national NAACP, spoke about last weekend’s shooting, but he also had a message of peace for the protesters.
..”

Related News

Chicago charges officer in black teen’s death, releases video of shooting
Reuters By Mary Wisniewski and P.J. Huffstutter
2 minutes ago (11.24.15) By Mary Wisniewski and P.J. Huffstutter news.yahoo.com
“CHICAGO (Reuters) – A white Chicago policeman who fatally shot a black teenager was charged with murder on Tuesday, hours before authorities released a long-awaited video that shows the youth walking away from officers as he is slain by a volley of 16 gunshots…”
chicago-protests-after-dashcam- yahoo.com
burger-king-manager-says-chicago-cops-deleted-surveille- from gawker.com

-Movie

Mississippi Burning (1/10) Movie CLIP – We Into It Now, Boys (1988) HD

What can “we” do as a community about this? Once they released the tapes, what would our reaction be..peacefully? Any other sources (e.g. websites) that would support any of the sides-content above? Feel free to share below…thanks and may you continue to pray for peace!

Good News Minneapolis
https://www.facebook.com/groups/777562795593931/

Neutral Perspective: Spanish (others) Colonialism in the Philippines was “good” and “bad”?

My name is Salvador, who is a second generation Filipino American living in Minnesota-U.S.A. My great great grandparents (father’s side) is Spanish, so I would have to say it was “good” that the the “Spanish” colonized the Philippines, but “bad” about the “other stuff” that will be mentioned above.

The Spanish Influence on the Philippines


“Published on May 29, 2012

The Spanish and how they influenced the history and culture of the Philippines.”

Pre-History

Where is OPHIR, Is it the Philippines?

Philippines is Ophir | Ishmael | Ham (Son Of Noah) – Scribd scribd.com
“..The western writers garlanded the Philippine land with more names such as Maniolas,
Ophir,
Islas del Oriente, Islas del Poniente, Archipelago de San Lazaro, Islas de Luzones(Island of Mortars), Archipelago de Magallanes and Archipelago de Legaspi. The western writers and ocean navigators called the islands
Ophir
before the Western peoplearrived and re-named it as Felipinas from the name of King Felipe of Spain. When thefirst European historian set their foot in the land of
Ophir
, it was written by historianGregorio F. Zaide in page 2 and page 24 of History of the Filipino People, that
PadreChirino an eminent

Jesuit historian found in Tagalog language tha
t “it hasthe Mystery and obscurities of the Hebrew language”…”

WHERE IS THE GOLD OF OPHIR? PHILIPPINES

Chapter 1.7: The Philippines is Ophir, but what part of the country was the seat of Ophir? sites.google.com
“..Only the present-day Philippines, could fit the description. Spanish records also mention the presence of Lequios (big, bearded men, probably descendants of the Phoenicians, whose ships were always laden with gold and silver) in the Islands to gather gold and silver. Some historians believe that the seat of Ophir in the Philippines is the Pacific Ocean side of the Island of Samar which was led once upon a time by a Samaritan Hadi Iberein, who was a staunch ally of the Kingdom of Tondo. The Pacific side of Samar is also recognized by some historians as the ancestral homeland of the Polynesians.

The Timeline of the Pre – Hispanic Philippines..

1800 BC – ancient Lawan pacific settlement: Ophir, the ancestral homeland of the Polynesians and forebear of Tondo and other Philippine ancient settlements because travel by sea was the fastest and easiest mode of ancient migration compared to migration by land (some historians believe that the estimated location of Ophir settlement is in the present – day Northern Samar, the name Samar was derived from Samaria, the ancestral homeland of Lawan chieftain Hadi Iberein)…”

WHERE IS THE GOLD OF OPHIR? PHILIPPINES

Solomon’s Gold Series – Part 7: Track of the Hebrew to the Philippines

‘..
john hancock espina
1 year ago
im from philippines.try to research eskaya tribe of bohol they claim that thier ancestor is from israel.they have thier own form of writing,culture and tradition...”

Mysterious Tribal Village of Eskaya, Philippines | Ride N’ Seek Philippines S4

“..HISTORY Asia
Published on Nov 17, 2016
Seeking to discover the rest of the island, Jaime heads eastward, where she gets lost and stumbles upon the ancient tribal village of the Eskaya.

The Eskaya are the oldest settlers of Bohol, and are known as one of the Philippines’ most mysterious tribes, due to their unique language and method of writing, which are believed to be based on human body parts…”
*see Deep Thought: Where are the “original” Tribes of Israel? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Where Did the Lost Tribes of Israel Go? Part 1: Kurdistan? Philippines? Africa?

EXPLOSIVE FIND Secret World War II treasure worth billions ‘found in Philippines cave’… but massive stash of gold bars and rubies has been booby-trapped with BOMBS By MARK HODGE
6th January 2017, 12:21 pmUpdated: 6th January 2017, 5:41 pm thesun.co.uk
The fabled Yamashita Treasure was reportedly stolen and dumped by Japanese soldiers towards the end of the brutal conflict
“..The loot was reportedly stashed in underground tunnels and caves by fighters under the command of General Tomoyuki Yamashita before Japan surrendered to the US in 1945.

Yamashita’s unit allegedly stole the booty before stashing it…

In the newly released video, explorers are shown wiping away mud from bars revealing their shiny gold surface.

After it was shared on social media site Reddit the footage has been viewed nearly 200,000 times.

But despite the excitement around the clip, anthropologist Piers Kelly insists that Yamashita Treasure is a myth conjured by locals to boost morale….”
Yamashita’s Gold-
Did the world’s biggest treasure fall into the hands of the American government after WW2?
theunredacted.com/
“..It was in a huge tunnel complex dug by the Japanese at the Cagayan Valley in the Philippines. Inside the tunnel was treasures of a staggering proportion.

Labeled tunnel 8, this was just one of 175 tunnels dotted around the Japanese occupied islands of the Philippines. Each filled with billions of dollars worth of gold, jewels and priceless statues and art…”

‘..Marcos had discovered the treasure vault’s location, and over the next year his troops would extract an estimated 10,000 gold bars from the tunnels, worth tens of billions of dollars.

The story has a strange footnote. In 1996, after the deaths of both Marcos and Roxas, a US court in Hawaii awarded Roxas’ heirs a judgment of a staggering $43 billion dollars against the Marcos estate.

To date, not a cent of it has been paid…

But Marcos had a problem, the gold only made him theoretically rich. He couldn’t sell plundered WW2 gold without its origins becoming obvioUS To realize the wealth, he had to make it look like it was mined in the Philippines.

In 1975, Marcos turned to an American mining engineer named Robert Curtis. Curtis was an expert in changing the metallurgical fingerprints of gold to disguise its origins.

Marcos courted Curtis with talk of incredible stashes of WW2 loot hidden on the island. He told Curtis he had acquired Japanese maps entrusted to a Filipino man by none other than Prince Takeda himself, the architect of Golden Lily…

The American managed, somehow, to talk his way out of a bullet in the head. He told the men he had the maps to the other vaults and Marcos would never find them if they killed him. The bluff bought his life.

Having narrowly escaped death, Curtis immediately fled the Philippines and returned to the US But the American did claim one small victory in the sorry affair — he had photographed the treasure maps and could perhaps return one day to resume the search…”

“Good”

Advantages of spanish colonization in Philippines? answers.com
“..Spanish colonization in the Philippines brought several advantages, including wealth and monetary prosperity. It also brought the advantage of improved technology to the area. ..”

-British Occupation

Colonialism, how did the PH benefit?
March 31, 2015 8:35 pm manilatimes.net
“…In their tramping around the world, they put in place parliamentary systems of government, legal systems that work, infrastructural administrative systems, postal services and educational systems which, at a glance, appear to be counter to the colonialist model of exploitation, rape and pillage. They also built railways; Argentina, China, Thailand, Chile, Brazil, Mexico (not formal colonies), India, South Africa, Uganda, Malaysia, the USA and Canada. They built roads and established marine passenger transport and air routes. They set up and ran the Chinese customs and postal services for over 100 years even though China was not officially a colony…”

SONA: “Great British Festival,” ipinagdiriwang ngayon sa Metro Manila

-U.S. Occupation
*see Neutral Perspective: U.S.A. did NOT and did have a Christian founding? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

“Legacies of Colonialism”what benefits, if any, there were in colonialism? Give examples. If there were no benefits, explain this view. Examine and explain what you consider to be the most serious… Topic: History enotes.com
“…There were some benefits to colonialism, depending on the country. For example, the United States brought more democracy and economic expansion to the Philippines than would (arguably) have existed if the US had never colonized the islands. As someone who is half-Filipino myself, I am not trying to claim that the US occupation was all for the good. However, the Philippines were, for example, the first country in Asia to have a freely elected national legislature. This, along with the sorts of economic and social (education, hygiene) changes brought by the Americans show that colonialism was not always 100% bad…”

Manila During American Occupation (1920s) – YouTube

-Roads

Kennon Road and Baguio by Ernesto R. Zárate, FPIA gobaguio.com
The epic of Kennon Road is a part of the story of Baguio.
Without it, Baguio would not have survived.
“..La Trinidad, became a foothold to the Cordillera Mountains. Through the years the Spanish tried to institute order, build churches and schools, make trails and introduce the planting of vegetables and coffee…

The coming of the Americans

…As early as 1892, a young American zoologist from Michigan,
Dean Conant Worcester, heard about this fabulous place from one Domingo Sanchez, a member of the Spanish Forestry Bureau. (Worcester would later become a member of the Philippine Commission.) In July 1900, he led a group of Americans on an expedition to the Benguet region and that trip resulted in the birth of Baguio.

The first American explorers were smitten with the weather and landscape and decided that it would be an ideal site for a future city and summer retreat from the sweltering heat of the lowlands. It did not take long for Gov. William Howard Taft (who later became President of the United States) and other officials to agree that this should be the location for the summer capital and health resort of the Philippines…

..Disquieting rumors were also rife as to the practicability of completing the road. There was a difference of opinion between the engineer in charge and one of his immediate subordinates. They could not agree on which route should be followed. The consulting engineer of the commission was thus ordered to make a survey. He reported that the route that was started was the more feasible course, but to complete the project, at least $1,000,000.00 would be needed. Not wanting to relive the experience the Commission had with Engr. Meade, they solicited expert advice, from Colonel Lyman W. V. Kennon, a man of great energy and executive ability, who had had vast experience in engineering work in mountainous country…”


*see Philippines: Baguio City in Benguet Province smiletravelingblog.wordpress.com

…In addition to the roadbed itself, Colonel Kennon constructed 40 bridges—two of which were made of steel, the others of wood. Except for the use of dynamite to blast out solid rock, it must be noted that there were no heavy equipment then—work was done usually with ordinary picks and shovels. This was no small feat in 1905. Still, according to engineering experts, it was the most expensive engineering work at that time, a big drain on the colonial budget….

In other words, what we see and admire as the Zigzag portion of Kennon Road was actually the result of a grave engineering error—a basic blunder where the lower portion of the road did not meet as it should with the upper section. But the Americans did not condemn this mistake—they glorified it. To paraphrase an old Tagalog maxim: “Bato na ginawang ginto.”

Nevertheless, it cannot be denied that the completion of the Kennon Road in 1905, just five years after the American colonial government authorized its construction, opened up Baguio and soon the rest of the Cordillera region to the world. More than that, it spurred the development of Baguio and nearby areas so that in 1920, the city was already a thriving population center.”

Zigzaging Kennon Road, Baguio City, Philippines

DEBATE

-Christianized?
*see Religion: What is Christianity? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Spanish Influence on Language, Culture, and Philippine History filipinokastila.tripod.com
“..The Filipino populace embraced Spanish Roman Catholic Christianity almost unquestioningly. The Spanish authorities congregated the scattered Filipino population into clustered village settlements, where they could more easily be instructed and Christianized under a friar’s eye. This policy paved the way for the emergence of the present system of politico-territorial organization of villages, towns, and provinces. At the same time, the compact villages which were literally under the bells of the Roman Catholic Church permitted the regular clergy to wake up the villagers each day, summon them to mass, and subject them to religious indoctrination or cathechismal instruction. This process enabled the Church to play a central role in the lives of the people because it touched every aspect of their existence from birth to growth to marriage to adulthood to death. Whether the natives clearly understood the tenets and dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church is of course another matter. Some scholars claim that the Spaniards only superficially Christianized the Filipinos, most of whom learned to recite the prayers and chants by rote, without any idea as to their meaning. Some native inhabitants became only nominal Christians. At any rate, there is no denying the fact that many Filipinos defended the Catholic faith devotedly. ..”
CHRISTIANITY IN THE PHILIPPINES Professor Susan Russell
Department of Anthropology seasite.niu.edu

“…Christianity in the Philippines Today:

Christianity in the Philippines today, unlike during the Spanish period, is a mixture of nationalistic efforts by local peoples to ‘Filipinize’ Roman Catholicism and the efforts of a variety of Protestant missionizing successes. In the American colonial period, 1900-1946, a lot of Protestant teachers and missionaries came to the Philippines to ‘purify’ what they viewed as the incorrect or ‘syncretic’ characteristics of charismatic blends of Filipino Roman Catholicism. The Aglipayans were among the first to try to Filipinize Roman Catholicism and were popular in the early part of American colonial rule. The Iglesia ni Kristo is another Filipino-founded sect that has found strong support among well-to-do Filipinos.

In remoter parts of the Philippines, where Spanish colonialism and Roman Catholicism never penetrated until the beginning of the 20th century, a variety of Christian missionaries compete for new converts. Seventh Day Adventists and Jehovah’s Witnesses typically go door-to-door, spreading the specific messages that their sects support. In traditional, staunchly Roman Catholic areas, their missionizing efforts and attacks on syncretic forms of Roman Catholicism are often unwelcome. In areas where Roman Catholicism is still fairly recent, the missionaries carry messages that are more carefully listened to by local Filipinos. What was once a truly Roman Catholic country in terms of the population has given way to a variety of forms of Christianity.

In the Luzon highlands, for example, where many indigenous ethno-linguistic groups resisted Spanish rule, Roman Catholic or Anglican priests today have a fairly comfortable accommodation with indigenous forms of ritual and belief. Local peoples follow traditional customs related to burial rites, but often invite Christian priests to celebrate the last rites or formal burial rites in addition. The advantage of this kind of syncretism is that people’s beliefs and support for their traditions are not lost, but simply accommodated with beliefs and practices associated with the newer religion. Many recent Protestant missionaries, in contrast, fail to recognize the value of supporting indigenous customs, and simply attack local religious practices as evil. Their meager success in attracting converts speaks to the need for understanding the context in which American religious practice can flourish…”

Catholicism in the Philippines rlp.hds.harvard.edu

“..By his second term in office, Marcos blamed Catholic priests, many of whom were now openly criticizing him, for fomenting student and leftist protests against his rule. As elsewhere in the world, the Catholic Church in the Philippines was profoundly impacted by Vatican II and was working more closely with impoverished Filipinos on basic issues of social justice. Marcos worked to discredit the Catholic Church, accusing it of sympathizing with Filipino communists. To heighten his own Catholic credentials, he invited Pope Paul VI to the Philippines, though the Pope himself was unwilling to play the role assigned to him and both he and the Church made a clear and concerted effort to sideline Marcos and his wife from official functions…”
*see Deep Thought: What are considered “idols”? goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com
What are the positive and negative effects of spanish contributions in the Philippines? answers.yahoo.com
“Let’s answer this via the timeline. First and foremost, the colonization of the Spaniards introduced the Philippines to the “modern world”. As a matter of fact, the Philippines wasn’t even a country when the Spaniards came. It was just a series of islands with different tribes living in different “barangays.” BUT they did have a form of organization. The positive effect simply is that the coming of the Spaniards, aside from bringing together the 1000+ islands under one flag, helped the Philippines become a modern country. The Europeans were at the forefront of progress and modernity at the time. Clearly, one negative effect was the maltreatment of the Spaniards (most particularly the friars) towards the Indios. But a positive effect that grew out of that was the birth of Nationalism, which Rizal and the other ilustrados brought into fruition. Now fast-forward to today. If you notice how divided the nation is in terms of social classes (the poor are the majority in terms of numbers but are the minority in terms of power while the rich are the complete opposite), as well as the corruption, it all goes back to the Spanish colonial times. The way the friars and the Spanish government ran the country is still the same way people run the country today. It’s whoever has the money has the power. Don’t get me wrong, I think it’s unfair to blame the Spaniards for it, since the Philippines has gone this far already. All I’m saying is that corruption, this hacienda mentality, goes all the way back to the Spanish colonial period. I hope this answers your question.
By the way, I think the Church, originally wasn’t so good, but at the same time it wasn’t so bad either. The Spaniards used it to “brainwash” the Indios into doing what they (the colonizers) wanted (e.g. the friars were one of the most corrupt people during the Spanish colonial period but no one could touch them because they were “God’s servants”). But the Church also brought the people together and now is part of the beautiful and colorful Filipino culture…”- DJA · 6 years ago …

Effects Of Spanish Colonization In The Philippines Free … studymode.com
Conflict in Philippines: The After-Effects of Colonization
History Day

by Mark Reniel Zarsadias on 29 May 2013 prezi.com

-U.S. Occupation

American Influences in the Philippines – YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cyGwnCj8RVg
*education system, colonial mentality, resources taken, etc…

Impact of American Colonization in the Philippines

American Colonial Period

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF IMPERIALISM IN THE PHILIPPINES

A War of Empire and Frontier: The Philippine-American War, 1899-1902

The American Occupation of the Philippines 1898–1912 By James H. Blount gutenberg.org

=>Muslim ‘s Teaming with U.S.

A Brief History of America and the Moros 1899-1920
morolandhistory.com
“..In the agreement the U.S. would have the prerogatives and external responsibilities of a sovereign power over Sulu in exchange for defending its borders from foreign powers and promoting its trade and commerce. The American flag would fly above all others on buildings and on vessels. With it went the commensurate right to establish military garrisons and naval facilities, and move freely about the territory.

In turn, the Moros were entitled to continue governing themselves through their traditional datus and headmen and according to adat, their interpretation of Islamic Sharia law. Traditional property rights and ownership would be respected by the U.S. Moros would be judged by Moros in Moro courts according to Moro law. Americans or other nationalities charged with offenses would be judged in American courts under American law, while taking care to respect Moro law. Of greatest importance, the U.S. pledged it would not attempt to displace or interfere with the practice of the religion of Islam. This was the deal-breaker/deal-clincher for the Moro leadership. It was a unique arrangement of shared power…”

THIS MAN IS THE REASON WHY DUTERTE HATE U.S.A. WATCH!!
https://youtu.be/Tuj2LmAQB-A
“.. Georgy Zhukov
Georgy Zhukov
1 year ago
Between the years 1899 and 1913 the United States of America wrote the darkest pages of its history. The invasion of the Philippines for no other reason than acquiring imperial possessions, prompted a fierce reaction of the Filipino people. 126,000 American soldiers were brought in to quell the resistance. As a result, 400,000 Filipino “insurrectos” died under the American fire and one million Filipino civilians died because of the hardship, mass killings and scorched earth tactics carried out by the Americans. ..”

“Bad”

10 Reasons Why Life Was Better In Pre-Colonial Philippines
By FilipiKnow | 11/11/2014 filipiknow.net
“While Filipinos nowadays are fairly knowledgeable of the Spanish, American, and Japanese eras in the Philippines, the same cannot be said when it comes to the country’s pre-colonial era. Which is a shame actually, because even before the coming of the three foreign races, our ancestors were pretty much living in a veritable paradise….”

-U.S. Occupation

Colonial Mentality, “Damaged Culture,” IMSCF of Filipinos: Its Roots thefilipinomind.com
“…Americanized: conditioned to knowingly or unknowingly think and analyze economic and political issues in his own homeland (and abroad) from the American point of view.

In the long-run, his alienated heart and mind brought to the Filipino and the homeland only ever-deepening poverty, and its consequent illiteracy, hunger and damaged culture. ..”
US War Crimes in the Phillipines – world future fund worldfuturefund.org
“…For all the talk of bringing “civilization” to the Philippines, American commanders responded to the Filipino insurgency with the utmost brutality. Over the course of the next decade, and especially in the first few years of the conflict, it became commonplace for entire villages to be burned and whole populations to be imprisoned in concentration camps. No mercy was accorded to Filipino prisoner, a large number of whom were shot. This certainly was not in keeping with the spirit of “benevolent assimilation” proclaimed by President McKinley.

From Liberators to Killers: American Attitudes Toward Filipinos

The attitudes of American commanders involved in pacifying the Philippines are remarkable for both their disdain for the people they had allegedly “liberated” and their willingness to resort to the most ruthless methods in suppressing resistance. For example, General J.M. Bell, wrote in December 1901:..”

The Filipino-American War 1899-1902 – YouTube

The Philippine American War in 4 Minutes – YouTube

The Philippine American War-The Shocking Truth
https://youtu.be/bN2wrZGcs8s
“OurPlanetExplained
Published on Jun 25, 2016
Hi my name is Joshua Petrikat. This video is about the shocking truth of the Philippine-American War. Many textbooks including the one used for the school I went to purposely hid this topic because of facts that embarrass the United States and contradict what the US originally said about foreign policy. In this video I talk about many ignored and hidden facts of the Philippine-American War and prove that textbooks often hide this part of American history. The series Hidden History will be a new regular series where I will talk about history that is usually not covered in history books. This is my first video for this series so I hope you will enjoy it. Please share, like, and subscribe!

Why did the U.S. buy the Philippines?

Kirby Araullo
Published on Sep 11, 2017
#AskKirby: “Why did the United States buy the Philippines from Spain?” – Mystique, California

Like: facebook.com/kirbynoodle

America’s forgotten war ..The Filipino American War 1898-1902 ..A war of conquest

-Japanese

CULTURAL BRIDGE PRODUCTIONS:
Amerikanitos, life during the japanese occupation of the philippines
johnsheaodonnell.com
“..[The Japanese invasion of Luzon consisted of air attacks from December 9 through the 12th. On the evening of the twelfth, the Japanese were reported to be landing at Vigan in Northern Luzon and Japanese naval forces were sited off Pangasinan Province heading south.]

After a while we were informed that it wasn’t safe underneath the house because the Japanese might parachute to the ground. We could hear gunfire, but I didn’t know what was happening. We decided to abandon the house and go sleep outside with numerous other families (about fifty) on the grass away from the houses and other buildings. There were lots of rumors about deaths of soldiers and everyone was praying. We heard that gas masks were being distributed at the community store so I went to get some for our family. When I arrived, I was told that each family was only to receive one gas mask so I went back to where our family was and told my mother. She told me, “Don’t take one then. If only one will live, the rest will die. We might as well all die together. So we’ll pray, and God will protect us.” ..”

*see GoodnewsEverybody.com Filipino: Military-Spanish-American War, World War II History, etc.. asian.goodnewseverybody.com

Philippine History World War 2 and Japanese Occupation – YouTube

MISC.

Philippine independence declared history.com
“June 12th 1898-This Day in History..”

What are your thoughts? Any other sources that can support any of the sides above?

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Neutral Perspective: Marijuana (“weed”) is “good” and “bad” for you?

Legalities

State Marijuana Laws in 2017 Map governing.com

‘..Information is current as of Sept. 14, 2017…”

Housing

Pot and Rental Properties: What Landlords and Property Managers Should Know zillow.com

Minnesota

Minnesota Marijuana Laws statelaws.findlaw.com
“..Possession of more than 42.5 grams of the drug is charged as a felony, with a maximum possible sentence of five years in prison and a $5,000 fine. The most severe penalty is reserved for those convicted of selling more than 50 kg. of marijuana, with a possible 30-year prison sentence and $500,000 fine…”
The Landlord’s Guide to U.S. Marijuana Laws April 21, 2014 renterswarehouse.com

GOOD

Medical Cannabis and Its Impact on Human Health a Cannabis Documentary

“Published on Mar 15, 2011
In this myth shattering, information packed documentary, learn from physicians and leading researchers about medicinal cannabis and its demonstrated effects on human health.

This game-changing movie presents the most comprehensive synopsis to date of the real science surrounding the world’s most controversial plant.

Topics include: * What the consensus is from over 1500 scientific and medical trials * What conditions have been proven to benefit from medical marijuana * Its historical use as medicine dating back over 5300 years * Methods of delivery and their different advantages * Government sponsored studies intended to show Marijuana having negative effects that yielded the exact opposite results * Common myths about negative effects of Marijuana and what the research really says about these topics

Visit: http://www.MarijuanaMovie.Org
Directors YT: MindzEyeFilm..

Why Cannabis is the Future of Medicine By Sayer Ji

Contributing Writer for Wake Up World
wakeup-world.com

“…When it comes to cannabis’ medical applications, cannabis’ ‘healing properties’ is a loaded term. In fact, it is extremely dangerous, as far as the medical industrial complex goes, who has the FDA/FTC to enforce it’s mandate: anything that prevents, diagnoses, treats or cures a disease must be an FDA approved drug by law, i.e. pharmaceutical agents which often have 75 or more adverse effects for each marketed and approved “therapeutic” effect…

Let’s look at the actual, vetted, published and peer-reviewed research – bullet proof, if we are to subscribe to the ‘evidence-based’ model of medicine – which includes over 100 proven therapeutic actions of this amazing plant, featuring the following:…

The Healthiest Way To Smoke Marijuana: As Cannabis Culture Evolves, Vaporizers May Be The Safest Way To Avoid Carcinogens
Feb 27, 2014 04:58 PM By Matthew Mientka .medicaldaily.com

“…Everything considered, the healthiest way to smoke marijuana is to not smoke at all. Despite much potential for marijuana as a medicine and safe recreational drug, smoking any herbal blend presents a dangerous long-term health risk to the user, including a possibly increased susceptibility to some cancers. Instead, the magic bullet lies with the vaporizer, a handheld device gaining popularity in the United States and around the world.

Rather than burning marijuana to produce smoke, a vaporizer heats the herb to an optimal temperature of approximately 338 F., just above the threshold at which inhalable vapors are produced, smelling lightly of smoke and, curiously, like popcorn. As for the science, Donald I. Abrams, a professor of clinical medicine at the University of California, San Francisco, reported in 2007 in the Journal of the American Academy of Neurology “there was virtually no exposure to harmful combustion products” using the vaporizing device…”
Smoking Weed Has No Negative Effect On Health | The Rubin Report

“Published on Oct 4, 2013
According to U.S. researchers, marijuana has no negative effects on human health. They that determined that the weed users they studied were no more likely to go see the doctor than non-drug consumers.

This episode of The Rubin Report is brought to you by Coupaw! Click to get 20% off of all your pet needs using promo code “RR” http://bit.ly/18ulXel

Researchers from the Boston Medical Center and the Boston University School of Medicine randomly sampled patients who tested positive for marijuana to see if the marijuana-use had any impact on their health. They found that there’s no difference between people who smoke cannabis daily and those who do not.

Should this study come as a surprise, or are people finally beginning to come around on weed?
..”

DEBATE

Should marijuana be legalized? .debate.org

Should Marijuana Use Be Legalized? usnews.com

BAD

The Health Effects of Marijuana
In this installment of a regular feature, the author attempts to present a balanced assessment of the health effects of marijuana.

By Michael Castleman
May/June 1981 motherearthnews.com

“…
Although research into the health effects of marijuana often produced contradictory results, relatively disinterested assessments concluded the smoke irritates the throat and lungs and has as many carcinogenic compounds as tobacco…

Two years ago, investigators at the UCLA Pulmonary Research Laboratory published the abstract of a study on the respiratory effects of heavy marijuana smoking among 75 young men who consumed an average of five marijuana cigarettes, or joints, a day for two months. Among other less dramatic findings, this “Tashkin Report” suggested: “Smoking four joints a week may cause more respiratory impairment than smoking 16 cigarettes a day…”

Health Risks of Marijuana
by Dr. Anna Grace Tagliaferro narconon.org

“…Marijuana is known to causes risks to the lungs, brain, stomach and intestines, and mind. It can also cause birth defects. Here are the details…”
What smoking marijuana does to the brain By DENNIS THOMPSONHEALTHDAYNovember 11, 2014, 9:38 AM cbsnews.com

“…MRI scans revealed that people who use pot for years have a smaller-than-usual orbitofrontal cortex, a region in the frontal lobes of the brain that is involved in decision-making and assessing the expected rewards or punishments of an action, said study author Francesca Filbey, from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas…

How teenagers addicted to cannabis risk damaging their IQ and show signs normally seen in early Alzheimer’s By FIONA MACRAE FOR THE DAILY MAIL
PUBLISHED: 16:07 EST, 27 August 2012 | UPDATED: 10:54 EST, 28 August 2012
dailymail.co.uk

*see Health: How to “get out” of drug addiction?, goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com

Health

Mysterious illness tied to marijuana use on the rise in states with legal weed
By Jonathan Lapook |
Posted: Wed 7:01 PM, Dec 28, 2016 |
Updated: Thu 6:25 AM, Dec 29, 2016 .kktv.com
“NEW YORK (CBS) – For more than two years, Lance Crowder was having severe abdominal pain and vomiting, and no local doctor could figure out why. Finally, an emergency room physician in Indianapolis had an idea.

“The first question he asked was if I was taking hot showers to find relief. When he asked me that question, I basically fell into tears because I knew he had an answer,” Crowder said.

The answer was cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome, or CHS. It’s caused by heavy, long-term use of various forms of marijuana. For unclear reasons, the nausea and vomiting are relieved by hot showers or baths.

“They’ll often present to the emergency department three, four, five different times before we can sort this out,” said Dr. Kennon Heard, an emergency room physician in Aurora, Colorado.

He co-authored a study showing that since 2009, when medical marijuana became widely available, emergency room visits diagnoses for CHS in two Colorado hospitals nearly doubled. In 2012, the state legalized recreational marijuana.

“It is certainly something that, before legalization, we almost never saw,” Heard said. “Now we are seeing it quite frequently.”…”

Law Enforcement

-Shootings

=>Deep Thought: “Hands Up or Down to get ID?” goodnewseverybodycom.wordpress.com

Philando Castile’s Killer Says Castile’s Marijuana Use Made Him Dangerous
News Luria Freeman @CandidlyLuria | June 23, 2017 – 11:46 am vibe.com
“..The Washington Post reports that Officer Jeronimo Yanez, the police officer who killed Philando Castile in 2016 during a traffic stop, pinpointed the smell of marijuana in Castile’s car as a sign that the deceased was potentially dangerous.

READ Philando Castile’s Mother On Case Verdict: “The System Continues To Fail Black People”

“I thought, I was gonna die,” Yanez reportedly told investigators from the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension 15 hours after the shooting. “And I thought if he’s, if he has the, the guts and the audacity to smoke marijuana in front of the five year old girl and risk her lungs and risk her life by giving her secondhand smoke and the front seat passenger doing the same thing then what, what care does he give about me.”

Claims that Castile was “stoned” and failed to follow the officer’s instructions during the fatal traffic stop made up Yanez’s defense team’s central argument during the trial…

A local Minnesota publication recounted Defense Attorney Earl Gray’s closing argument from the trial: “Had it not been for Castile’s decision to “get stoned” on marijuana before operating a vehicle while armed with a gun, and further his decision to “ignore” Yanez’s commands not to reach for his firearm, “none of this would have happened,” Gray told jurors.”..”

-Crazy

Florida teens laugh, film disabled man drowning instead of helping (video) Updated on July 21, 2017 at 8:14 AM Posted on July 21, 2017 at 7:56 AM syracuse.com
“..”The kids were at the park that day smoking marijuana and apparently saw him walk into the water,” Martinez told the newspaper. “They were watching him.”..

“While the incident depicted on the recording does not give rise to sufficient evidence to support a criminal prosecution under Florida statutes, we can find no moral justification for either the behavior of persons heard on the recording or the deliberate decision not to render aid to Mr. Dunn,” the office said.

According to CNN, the state of Florida does not have any laws requiring citizens to render aid or call for help for anyone in distress…”

theheatmagSomeone mailed a giant bucket of #weed to a random stranger 🍁📦📫 (Via @nowthisnews) @theheatmag #theheatmag insagram.com

Second – Hand

What are the effects of secondhand exposure to marijuana smoke? drugabuse.gov
“..The known health risks of secondhand exposure to cigarette smoke—to the heart or lungs, for instance—raise questions about whether secondhand exposure to marijuana smoke poses similar health risks. At this point, very little research on this question has been conducted. A 2016 study in rats found that secondhand exposure to marijuana smoke affected a measure of blood vessel function as much as secondhand tobacco smoke, and the effects lasted longer.88 One minute of exposure to secondhand marijuana smoke impaired flow-mediated dilation (the extent to which arteries enlarge in response to increased blood flow) of the femoral artery that lasted for at least 90 minutes; impairment from 1 minute of secondhand tobacco exposure was recovered within 30 minutes. T..”
Hazards of secondhand marijuana smoke By Dennis Thompson HealthDay November 17, 2014, 10:06 AM cbsnews.com
“..”Smoke is smoke. Both tobacco and marijuana smoke impair blood vessel function similarly,” said study senior author Matthew Springer, a cardiovascular researcher and associate professor of medicine in the university’s cardiology division. “People should avoid both, and governments who are protecting people against secondhand smoke exposure should include marijuana in those rules.”..”

How Dangerous Is Secondhand Marijuana Smoke? – YouTube

New study shows risks of second hand marijuana smoke – YouTube

Nov 30, 2017 – Uploaded by NEWS 1130

Can You Get Bronchitis From Second Hand Smoke? – YouTube


Can You Get A Cough From Second Hand Smoke? – YouTube

Any other feedback, information, etc..?

Good News Mind

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What are your personal thoughts, feedback, opinion?