Deep Thought: A Day Without Hispanics ?

A Day Without a Mexican – Trailer – YouTube

Demographics


Hispanic Heritage Month 2018 SEPTEMBER 13, 2018
RELEASE NUMBER CB18-FF.07 census.gov
“..In 1989, Congress expanded the observance to a month long celebration (Sept. 15-Oct. 15) of the culture and traditions of those who trace their roots to Spain, Mexico and the Spanish-speaking nations of Central America, South America and the Caribbean…

Did You Know?
58.9 million
The Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2017, making people of Hispanic origin the nation’s largest ethnic or racial minority. Hispanics constituted 18.1 percent of the nation’s total population….”

The 10 MOST HISPANIC STATES in AMERICA

Nick Johnson
Published on Mar 14, 2019
In order to rank the most hispanic states in America, we had to look at which US state populations have the highest number of hispanic (or latino) residents, as a percentage of the state’s total population.

History

How Latino Americans Shaped the U.S., Fought for Acceptance

PBS NewsHour
Published on Sep 13, 2013

From Spanish settlers to immigration reform, the Hispanic-American experience stretches centuries and predates Plymouth Rock. A new PBS documentary series chronicles those often untold stories. Gwen Ifill talks to NewsHour’s own Ray Suarez about his companion book, “Latino Americans: The 500-Year Legacy that Shaped a Nation.”

Latino Contributions To U.S. History huffpost.com
“..Bernardo de Gálvez, the Spanish governor of Louisiana in 1777, played a key role in General George Washington’s battles against British soldiers….

Helped Win Texan Independence
It wasn’t only Anglos at the Alamo when the Mexican army arrived — there were a handful of Tejanos as well. In fact, Anglo immigration into the territory was largely engineered by Tejanos who favored independence and commerce with the United States. Tejano leaders like José Antonio Navarro and Francisco Ruiz joined the independence movement and later served as lawmakers.

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Helped desegregate schools
Before Brown v. Board of Education, there was Mendez v. Westminster. In the landmark case, a judge decided in 1946 that California could not segregate its school system based on national origin or language ability….

6 / 12
Gave us a bunch of words
New Yorkers call their corner stores “bodegas,” cowboys get together at “rodeos” and yuppies drive “mustangs.” Spanish is so ever-present in the United States that Americans often speak the language without even knowing it.

8 / 12
Fought in World War II
Somewhere between 250,000 and 500,000 Latinos fought the Axis powers in World War II. Because military records didn’t track ethnicity and generally counted Latinos as white, researchers have trouble pinpointing the figure…

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Helped revitalize the housing market
Immigrants — of whom people from Latin America are the great majority — boosted the housing market by a whopping $3.7 trillion from 2000 to 2010, according to a study by the Americas Society…

Hispanic American Contributions to American Culture – YouTube

Studies Weekly
Published on Aug 11, 2016
The United States is known as the Great Melting Pot and Hispanic Americans have always been an essential ingredient to our great nation. This video highlights some of their great accomplishments.

Learn all about science and history with Studies Weekly at http://www.studiesweekly.com!

Agriculture

KVIE’s Los Braceros: Strong Arms to Aid the U.S.A.

The Bracero Program Explained – YouTube

Ben Clark
Published on Jan 21, 2016
This documentary was a finalist at the National History Day state competition in California. The theme for this year was “Rights and Responsibilities in History.” Created by Ben Clark, Elijah Gross-Sable, and Drew Schmid

The Bracero Program: Migrant Workers in America Documentary Part 2 (1959)

Xicana Corner
Published on Nov 28, 2010
In the 1930s, during the Great Depression, over 500,000 Mexican Americans were deported or pressured to leave, during the Mexican Repatriation. There were thus fewer Mexican Americans available when labor demand returned with World War II.

When The U.S. Government Tried To Replace Migrant Farmworkers With High Schoolers August 23, 201810:41 AM ET GUSTAVO ARELLANO npr.org
“…The year was 1965. On Cinco de Mayo, newspapers across the country reported that Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz wanted to recruit 20,000 high schoolers to replace the hundreds of thousands of Mexican agricultural workers who had labored in the United States under the so-called Bracero Program. Started in World War II, the program was an agreement between the American and Mexican governments that brought Mexican men to pick harvests across the U.S. It ended in 1964, after years of accusations by civil rights activists like Cesar Chavez that migrants suffered wage theft and terrible working and living conditions.

..

But farmers complained — in words that echo today’s headlines — that Mexican laborers did the jobs that Americans didn’t want to do, and that the end of the Bracero Program meant that crops would rot in the fields.

“They can do the work,” Wirtz said at a press conference in Washington, D.C., announcing the creation of the project, called A-TEAM — Athletes in Temporary Employment as Agricultural Manpower. “They are entitled to a chance at it.” Standing beside him to lend gravitas were future Baseball Hall of Famers Stan Musial and Warren Spahn and future Pro Football Hall of Famer Jim Brown.

Despite such skepticism, Wirtz’s scheme seemed to work at first: About 18,100 teenagers signed up to join the A-TEAM. But only about 3,300 of them ever got to pick crops.

Problems arose immediately for the A-TEAM nationwide. In California’s Salinas Valley, 200 teenagers from New Mexico, Kansas and Wyoming quit after just two weeks on the job. “We worked three days and all of us are broke,” the Associated Press quoted one teen as saying. Students elsewhere staged strikes. At the end, the A-TEAM was considered a giant failure and was never tried again.

..

But he says the experience also taught them empathy toward immigrant workers that Carter says the rest of the country should learn, especially during these times.

“There’s nothing you can say to us that [migrant laborers] are rapists or they’re lazy,” he says. “We know the work they do. And they do it all their lives, not just one summer for a couple of months. And they raise their families on it. Anyone ever talks bad on them, I always think, ‘Keep talking, buddy, because I know what the real deal is.’ ”

Education

Sciences


Mario Molina
sciencehistory.org
As a postdoctoral researcher, Molina proposed that CFCs had the potential to destroy the earth’s protective ozone layer. He eventually received a Nobel Prize for his discovery.
“..Mario Molina (b. 1943) was the first to realize that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) could destroy ozone. In the two decades following his discovery, he and his mentor became voices alerting the world to the danger of CFCs and ozone depletion. Their warnings often fell on deaf ears. Once confirmed, however, their findings earned them a Nobel Prize…

Early Life

Molina was born in Mexico City, where his father was a successful lawyer and a diplomat. As a child Molina was fascinated with chemistry and converted one of the family bathrooms to a chemistry laboratory for himself. His aunt, Esther Molina, was a chemist, and she encouraged and mentored the boy by helping him carry out more advanced experiments than normally possible with a child’s chemistry set. Recognizing his passion for science, Molina’s parents sent him to a boarding school in Europe, where they thought his interests would be nurtured…

By 2009 all nations in the United Nations had ratified the original protocol. In 1996 Molina and Rowland were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with Swedish scientist Paul Crutzen, for the work they had done in helping unravel the mysteries and dangers of CFCs…

Misc

Facts About Hispanics in the United States: Hispanic Heritage Month

Speaking Latino
Published on Sep 9, 2013

Famous Hispanic Americans – YouTube

Hispanic Culture in USA – YouTube

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Neutral Perspective: “Body Exposing” has a “positive” or “negative” affect in Social Media?

Body Shaming

9 Body-Shaming Behaviors We All Need To Stop Sophia Rinaldis
September 11, 2014 — 10:59 AM By Sophia Rinaldis mindbodygreen.com
“..Sometimes, it is simply because shaming has grown to be so automatic that it becomes difficult to identify the instances in which we are engaging in body-shaming. Here are nine ways in which we inadvertently body-shame. Once these become easily identifiable, we can work toward stopping, questioning, and correcting those thoughts…”

All About That Bass | Body Shaming

Positive Effects

Nudity Found to Offer New Social Benefits By Gary W. Lewandowski Jr., The Conversation on December 4, 2013 scientificamerican.com
“..These studies show that focusing on a person’s body instead of their mind has its positives. Though it certainly has positive aspects, it is important to note that this does not mean being body-focused is entirely positive. Seeing others as lacking agency may make them seem easier to control, less moral, or incapable of making decisions. But it certainly provides something to think about when choosing your next outfit..”

Neutral

The Positive and Negative Effects of Social Media – YouTube

Negative Effect

Your Body on Display: Social Media and Your Self-Image
Beware the dangers of getting too caught up with your online look.

Posted Dec 03, 2013
Susan Krauss Whitbourne Ph.D.

Fulfillment at Any Age psychologytoday.com
“Sharing pictures of yourself in various stages of dress, or undress, can result in significant threats to your future relationship and career opportunities, as we know from studies of Facebook exhibitionism. Apart from the potential external damage caused by showing your rowdy, party-animal, side to the world, placing undue focus on your online appearance may also threaten the health of your own bodily self-image…”

Is Social Media Giving Your Teen a Negative Body Image?
By Caroline Knorr 4/28/2014 commonsensemedia.org

As if adolescence weren’t painful enough, the pressure to be “camera-ready” may be adding to teens’ body dissatisfaction – and leading to self-destructive behavior.
“..Not too long ago, girls might have stressed about being “bikini-ready” every spring when the bathing suit magazines would hit the stands. And boys might have done a few extra pushups after seeing Wolverine’s abs. But now, thanks to photo-centric social media like Instagram, Snapchat and other messaging apps, kids are exposed to a constant drumbeat of bikini bodies, six-pack abs, and just-right hair 24/7. And it’s not just celebrities pushing idealized images of human perfection. It’s your teens’ friends posting pictures of themselves and one another for all the world to see and comment on. What’s worse, many of these moments are captured seemingly unplanned, increasing kids’ anxiety about looking “perfect” — but effortlessly so — at all times…”

Advertising Study Proves Naked Women Don’t Actually Sell Cheeseburgers ByJR Thorpe July 21 2017 bustle.com
“..A research group led by Dr. John Wirtz, head of the advertising faculty at the Center for Media at the University of Illinois, recently published an analysis of studies examining how consumers react to sexy ads, and the results were particularly notable: while male consumers had a more positive reaction to sexualized ads than female consumers, when it came to “purchase intention” — whether a consumer was interested in buying a specific product — the researchers found that the sexy ads had “no effect” on either group. As Wirtz said in a press release, “We found literally zero effect on participants’ intention to buy products in ads with a sexual appeal. This assumption that sex sells — well, no, according to our study, it doesn’t. There’s no indication that there’s a positive effect.”..”

Women

Social Media Negative Effects On Body Image

Does social media impact on body image? 13 October 2014 By Philippa Roxby Health reporter, BBC News bbc.com
Magazines and television are often blamed for portraying an ideal body image that causes people to question their looks and lose confidence in themselves. But what about the role social media plays in moulding attitudes to the way we look?
“..”I’d always been tall, and I was a bit podgy too,” she says.

“No-one seemed to notice at primary school, but then in Year 7 everyone started pointing at me, noticing things, making me think I was ugly and not special.”

She became increasingly conscious of even tiny things such as the shape of her eyebrows and size of her forehead.

“I would have been subject to much more abuse if I’d had more friends on social media,” she says.

Kelsey describes the bullying she experienced between the ages of 11 and 16 as “absolutely awful”.

“It was all about my body and how I looked,” she says…

“You put forward your best self, and that can be a bit dangerous, because you naturally compare yourself to others,” she says….”

The Media’s Effect On Women’s Body Image Posted on July 30, 2017, at 11:19 p.m. claudiap4f1030a7e Community Contributor buzzfeed.com
“..According to an article by the University of the West of England, over 10 million photographs are uploaded to Facebook every hour, approximately a quarter billion every day. Many of these photos being shared online involve some form of editing to enhance body appearance. The use of photo editing software in mass media advertisements has been prevalent for more than two decades but with the increased use of social media to share photos, more and more people are using photo-editing apps to alter their online appearance. For example, men might edit their photos to enhance their muscular physique in an effort to meet a socially idealized appearance. Today, a major concern is not the idealized appearances of models in mass media but rather the idealized appearances that have developed on social media between peer groups. It is thought to be because mass media pictures are perceived to be unrealistically achievable, whereas the appearance of a friend seems more realistic..”

I Sent Pictures To A Boy I Liked And Shouldn’t Have

-Former Models

I gave up modeling for God By Post Staff Report April 24, 2013 | 4:00am nypost.com
“..“This is what Victoria’s Secret models do,” he said. “This is why they hired you. If you want to be like Gisele, this is what you have to do.”

That’s when it hit me. I was being paid to strip down and pose provocatively to titillate men. It wasn’t about modeling clothes anymore; I felt like a piece of meat.

The next day, I broke down and started sobbing. I was in my bedroom and dropped to my knees and started to pray.

“God, why did you have me win the Victoria’s Secret Angel competition if it was going to make me feel this way? I’m not honoring my husband. I just want answers!”

That was two years ago. Today, I’m living in Montana with my husband, enjoying the fresh air and volunteering with our church.

The old me would never have believed that I gave up my career for this quiet, country life. When I was a little girl growing up in Las Vegas, surrounded by billboards of half-dressed women, I dreamed of becoming a Victoria’s Secret Angel…

Over the next two years, New York really opened my eyes to the dark side of the modeling industry. One of my roommates was so bulimic she would involuntarily throw up when she ate. She would go to sleep crying every night and just look at herself in the mirror thinking that she was so fat. And she was so thin.

Self-Worth

How Social Media Can Effect Your Self Worth

Thoughts,suggestions, etc..?

Good News Sociology
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