Environment: Clean Water Rights?

Human right to water and sanitation | International Decade for Action …

-Copper Mines

Thousands of Snow Geese Die After Landing in Poisonous Mine Waters By Alisa Opar December 07, 2016 audubon.org
A snowstorm likely forced the migrating flock to make an emergency stop in Montana’s toxic Berkeley Pit.
“..Officials are still tallying the death toll, but they estimate that thousands of geese have died from ingesting the contaminated waters of the former open-pit copper mine…”

-Drinking Water
(see Health: What’s the “best” quality drinking water? goodnewshealthandfitness.wordpress.com)

Nestle CEO: Water Is Not A Human Right, Should Be Privatized by Anthony Gucciardi Posted on April 23, 2013 naturalsociety.com
“…So is water a human right, or should it be owned by big corporations? Well, if water is not here for all of us, then perhaps air should be owned by major corporations as well. And as for crops, Monsanto is already working hard to make sure their monopoly on our staple crops and beyond is well situated. It should really come as no surprise that this Nestle Chairman fights to keep Monsanto’s GMOs alive and well in the food supply, as his ideology lines right up with that of Monsanto.
..”

->Oregon

Drinking Water in Several Oregon Schools Found To Be Contaminated with Multiple Pesticides September 11th, 2012 | Category: Health, News, Oregon, United States defendingwater.net
“…Washington, DC–(ENEWSPF)–September 10, 2012. Traces of pesticides in drinking water were found in eleven rural elementary schools in Oregon, according to a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) study released on August 30. The study shows a disturbing variety of pesticides that when combined could have dramatic impacts on the health of the children that consume this water on a daily basis.
The study found traces of several different types of pesticides in the drinking water of Dixie and Fairplay, the elementary schools that service Corvallis, Oregon.

Some of the pesticides that were found in the Dixie school water include atrazine, bromacil, diuron, imidacloprid, metolachlor, norflurazon, and simazine. In the nine other schools that were found to have pesticides in their drinking water, seven different pesticides were found in the water at Applegate Elementary in Eugene, and multiple pesticides were also found in the drinking water of Ontario’s Pioneer and Cairo elementary.

Children face unique hazards from pesticide exposure. They take in more pesticides relative to their body weight than adults in the food they eat and air they breathe. Their developing organ systems often make them more sensitive to toxic exposure. The body of evidence in scientific literature shows that pesticide exposure can adversely affect a child’s neurological, respiratory, immune, and endocrine system, even at low levels. The Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 directs EPA to set pesticide residue standards ten times stricter than those considered acceptable for adults, however, this standard has often been ignored…”

-Earthquakes?

Earthquake Hazard – Pipelines
May 5, 2011, by Ken Jorgustin modernsurvivalblog.com
“…When contemplating what could happen as a result of a significant earthquake, anywhere in the world, serious consideration should be given towards the potential damage to buried infrastructure such as water supply pipelines, sewage pipes, natural gas pipelines, and communications and electrical cables…”
Designing Pipelines in Areas with Moderate or High Seismic Risk : Geohazard Assessment Beyond EC8 Provisions pipeline-conference.com
Building a Natural Gas Pipeline Through Earthquake Country
Rod Combellick geotimes.org
“..With proposals now being considered to build a natural gas pipeline, it is ever-important to understand the seismic hazards along potential routes, so that the pipeline and its spurs can be properly designed and managed for seismic safety. Many variables will surely play into the construction of the natural gas transporter; fortunately, earth scientists already know much about the geology and seismology of the region, and they have learned much more in the 30 years since the oil pipeline’s construction. ..”

->Oklahoma

Disaster Warning: The Area Under The Keystone XL Pipeline Is Likely To Experience Earthquakes By Rmuse on Sat, May 10th, 2014 at 6:28 pm politicususa.com
“..Both the USGS and OGS reported that there have been a stunning 183 earthquakes of magnitude 3.0 and greater in the Sooner state between October 2013 and April 2014. The two agencies issued the warning advisory because the increase in the rate of earthquakes above 3.0 on the Richter Scale since last October increases the possibility of a “damaging” quake of 5.0 magnitude or higher in central Oklahoma as a result of injecting chemical-laden water used in hydraulic fracturing (fracking) of tight rock formations to “fracture” rock deep underground to extract oil and gas.

To get an idea of the inordinate increase is seismic activity in Oklahoma due to fracking, the long-term average between 1978 and 2008 was about two 3.0 magnitude earthquakes per year. In the past 24 hours there were 5 significant (2.5 magnitude or greater) quakes that accounted for 13% of the quakes worldwide. Oklahoma experienced more earthquakes in 2014 than tremor-prone California that is also well over twice the size of Oklahoma. In the jointly-issued warning advisory, geologists identified the culprit as oil industry wastewater injected into deep geologic rock formations that increases underground pressure, lubricates faults, and causes earthquakes in a process geologists refer to as “injection-induced seismicity.” That is right; geologists have named the cause of the earthquakes that are the result of hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking.”..”
Oklahoma Suffers Earthquake Near Oil Pipeline Hub and Mammoth Oil Storage Facility By Rmuse on Wed, Nov 9th, 2016 at 10:38 pm politicususa.com
“…it is true that Oklahoma is historically about as likely to suffer the effects of an earthquake as Kansas will be inundated with an ocean surge during an East-coast hurricane, but that was before the oil industry began injecting chemical-laced water at extremely high pressure into rocks to fracture them and release oil and natural gas. That oil extraction method, fracking, has been linked to all manner of adverse health effects, but it is nearly a certainty that there is more than “a link” to the increasing number, frequency, and strength of earthquakes in and around fracking areas. This is becoming increasingly true in Oklahoma…”

-Fracking

Frackers Turn to Toilet Water in Drought-prone Texas


“..Published on Aug 21, 2015

Top shale oil producer Pioneer Natural Resources Co (PXD.N) has found an unusual way to both save water and cut costs for its wells: tapping the treated runoff from toilets, sinks and showers in west Texas.

Pioneer has signed an 11-year, $117 million deal with the city of Odessa, Texas that will guarantee it access to millions of gallons of treated municipal wastewater each day, for use in nearby oilfields. Deliveries of the so-called effluent, are expected to start at the end of the year.

As crude oil has slid to its lowest level in six years, currently about $40 a barrel, oil and gas companies pumping from shale rock have tried to cut every unnecessary penny from their operations. Water acquisition and transportation can be up to 10 percent of the cost of drilling and fracking a well, according to consulting firm IHS.

Producers are also trying to mitigate long-term risks of water scarcity in the arid Permian Basin of West Texas, where the top U.S. oilfield is situated.

Oil and gas companies operating in area, including Pioneer and Apache Corp (APA.N), have long sought cheaper; more environmentally sound sources of water to use for fracking…”
North Dakota pipeline spews saltwater into Native American reservation
July 11, 2014| 3:57 PM CST| | By Blake Skylar peoplesworld.org
“…The area involved is in the hear to the state’s oil boom patch. The number of saltwater spills in the state has grown in tandem with its oil development, as well as the rate of pure oil spills. In 2012, there were 141 pipeline leaks reported – 99 of them spilled 8,000 barrels or more of saltwater. For the Native Americans’ part, this latest incident has rattled them – and a worse one could happen and end up truly polluting their only clean water source…”

-Gravel Pit


Scott County Homeowners Fighting Gravel Pit Project September 2, 2016 4:39 PM By John Lauritsen minnesota.cbslocal.com
“…..M. Hentges and Sons Inc. is a construction company looking to build that gravel pit in Sand Creek Township. It wants to mine gravel on an 85-acre parcel of land.

But homeowners said it would be too close to Sand Creek, and they are worried about groundwater contamination.

“The neighborhood and the citizens have been really, really against it,” said homeowner Peggy Jo Dunnette….”

Pipelines

AFRICA

->Nigeria

Shell Accused of Failing to Clean Up Nigeria Oil Spills November 03, 2015 10:04 AM Chris Stein voanews.com
“..ACCRA —

Amnesty International and the Center for Environment, Human Rights and Development in Nigeria say multinational oil company Shell has not cleaned up four oil spill sites in the Niger Delta, as the company claims.

Oil pollution in the Ogoniland region of the Niger Delta is so severe the U.N. Environmental Program said in a 2011 study it will take decades to clean up.

Amnesty International says it found “visible pollution” at four oil spill sites there it says Shell claimed to have cleaned up “years ago.”

“There were leaks, spills, in one case dating back to 1970, which have still not been cleaned up,” said Mark Dummett, the business and human rights researcher at Amnesty…”
Oil and Gas Drilling/Development Impacts nature.berkeley.edu
“…Because of this massive oil exploration in the
Niger Delta, the ramifications for human health,
local culture, indigenous
self-determination, and the environment are severe. As is the case in
most oil producing regions of less developed co
untries, the economic and
political benefits are
given significantly more weight by the government than the resulting damage to the environment
and human health (O’Rourke and Connolly
2003). ..”

USA

-> Florida

Critics Call $3 Billion Sabal Trail Pipeline Florida’s Dakota Access Pipeline By Larry Buhl • Sunday, December 4, 2016 – 05:57 desmogblog.com
“…They also say Sabal Trail threatens the fragile limestone surrounding the Floridan Aquifer, one of the largest freshwater aquifers in the world. ..

Eminent Domain Displaces Homeowners

In April FERC granted Sabal Trail a certificate of public convenience and necessity, giving the company a right to eminent domain. Thanks to a 2005 Supreme Court decision, local governments can force homeowners to sell their properties for private economic development projects.

Along the Sabal Trail project route, several residents have been forced out, some surprised that they were even in the path of the pipeline.

Two Georgia brothers are now faced with paying Sabal Trail’s legal fees in defending their property against the pipeline.

James Bell, one of the brothers, documents the company’s aggressive tactics in a video, saying:

“In my personal opinion I don’t see how a private for-profit company should be allowed eminent domain…I might understand it if it was for the greater good of the country but this is not. And it is certainly not the federal government or the state government building some road or highway.”

Bell and others along the Sabal Trail pipeline aren’t the only private landowners who have been displaced by pipeline companies’ right to eminent domain. The issue has sparked outrage among landowners in the way of the Dakota Access, Transco, and Sunoco Logistics pipeline routes. ..”

-Minnesota

Enbridge puts on hold proposed Sandpiper oil pipeline across northern Minnesota Dan Kraker · Duluth · Sep 1, 2016 mprnews.org

->Mexico

2 Pipelines to Mexico Approved by President Obama
By
Marlee Kokotovic –

September 20, 2016 | News Report nationofchange.org
“…Permits for the two pipelines were quietly approved in May shortly after the Sacred Stone Camp was getting off the ground. Together they will move U.S. fracked gas across the U.S.-Mexican border to flood the energy grid in Mexico.

Shortly after the approval of these two pipelines, the U.S. and Mexican governments announced the signing of an agreement creating the U.S.-Mexico Energy Business Council. This council is full of major oil and gas players, including the CEO of Hunt Consolidates Energy (former energy policy advisor for George W. Bush) and the CFO of Sempra Energy’s Mexican subsidiary…”

-> North Dakota (DAPL)

ND PSC says Dakota Access Pipeline will not come into physical contact with Missouri River
By Bo Evans |
Posted: Thu 6:18 PM, Aug 18, 2016 |
Updated: Tue 5:18 PM, Sep 06, 2016 kfyrtv.com
‘…And the Dakota Resource Council says many pipelines in operation are owned by offenders of repeat spills. They say the company which was responsible for the Bear Den Bay Spill had a record of spills.

“That same company Crestwood Arrow had four previous spills that year. So we have repeat offense, we have repeat offenders here in North Dakota that are running these pipelines,” says Donaghy…”

~Bear Den Bay Spill:
Spill Contamination Lingering Years Later, Study Says Posted on April 27, 2016 oilpatchdispatch.areavoices.com
“…Researchers found that streams polluted by produced water, also known as saltwater or brine, contained levels of contaminants that often exceeded federal guidelines for safe drinking water or aquatic health.

The study, published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology, also found that soil at spill sites was contaminated with radium, a naturally occurring radioactive element.

A North Dakota Department of Health official who reviewed the study Wednesday said the agency has long been concerned about the impacts of brine spills, which is why it has staff working in the field following up on spills.
..”

-Sinkhole

Florida Fertilizer Plant Sinkhole Reportedly Leaks 215 Million Gallons of Radioactive Water Into Aquifer

“.. After learning of the water loss, “Mosaic immediately implemented additional and extensive groundwater monitoring and sampling regimens and has found no offsite impacts,” the company said. Additionally, Mosaic “began pumping water out of the west cell” of the affected phosphogypsum stack “into an alternative holding area on site to reduce the amount of drainage.”
..

-Storm Sewer Over Flooding Incidents

Millions of Gallons of Raw Sewage Dumped Into Tampa Bay Since Hermine
Published: Sep 9 2016 07:15 AM EDT weather.com

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